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thirds of the members elected thereto. the proposed amendment, with the yeas and nays thereon, shall be entered on the journal, and it shall be the duty of the Legislature to provide by law, for submitting the same to the voters of the State for ratification or rejection at the next general election thereafter, and cause the same to be published at least three months before such election in some newspaper in every county in which a newspaper is printed. And if a majority of the qualified voters, voting on the question at the polls held pursuant to such law, ratify the proposed amendment, it shall be in force from the time of such ratification, as part of the Constitution of the State. If two or more amendments be submitted at the same time the vote on the ratification or rejection shall be taken on each separately.
THE JUDICIAL AMENDMENT.
[SECTION 1.] The Supreme Court of Appeals shall consist of five judges. Those judges in office when this amendment takes effect shall continue in office until their terms shall expire. and the Legislature shall provide for the election of an additional judge of said court at the next general election. whose term shall begin on the first day of January, one thousand nine hu dred and five, and the Governor shall, as for a vacancy, appoint a judge of said court to hold office until the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred and five. The judges of the supreme court of appeals and of the circuit courts shall receive such salaries as shall be fixed by law, for those now in or those hereafter to come into office.20
THE IRREDUCIBLE SCHOOL UND AMENDMENT.
The accumulation of the school fund provided for in section four of article twelve, of the Constitution of this State, shall cease upon the adoption of this amendment, and all money to the credit of said fund over one million of dollars, together with the interest on said fund, shall be usel for the support of the free schools of this State. All money and taxes heretofore payable into the treasury under the provision of said section four, to the credit of the school fund, shall be hereafter paid into the treasury to the credit of the general school fund for the support of the free schools of the
SEC. 2. Upon the receipt of such certified transcript, the governor shall make proclamation of that fact, and shall annex to his proclamation a copy of this constitution and schedule, all of which shall be published, for the general infer mation of the people, in such manner as he shall deem most expedient.
SFC. 3. The officers authorized by existing laws to conduct general elections shall cause elections to be held at the several places of voting, established by law in each county, on the fourth Thursday of August, 1872. at which election the votes of all persons qualified to vote under the existing constitution, and offering to vote. shall be taken upon the question of ratifying or rejecting this constitution and schedule. Such votes shall be by ballot. The person voting
[Article XVI is a new article; it was proposed by the legislature of 1901, and No article or section number was assigned to this amendment
ratified on Nov. 4, 1902.
by the joint resolution by which it was proposed and it has been designated as [Section
new article; it was proposed by the legislature of 1901 and No article or section number was assigned to this amendmes: by the joint resolution by which it was proposed and it has been designated as [Section 11 of [Article XVI].
the ratification of the constitution and sched bis ballot the words "For ratification;" al ation shall have written or printed upon his SEC. 4. The sail election shall be conducte risions of the Code of West Virginia, and th ections, except as herein otherwise provided.
SEC. 5. The supervisors of each county = Sunday excepted) after the said election, and the same in the manner prescribed by the s apter of the Code of West Virginia; and it s lt, without delay, to the governor, stating votes given in their respective counties for nd schedule, and the number given for rejection SEC. 6. It shall be the duty of the governo cates, or a sufficient number thereof to enabl elt, to declare by proclamation the aggregate ve The ratification of the constitution and schedule; sid proclamation that a majority of votes cast an this constitution and schedule shall be operative ncluding the fourth Thursday of August, 1872.
SEC. 7. On the same day, and under the supe all conduct the election for determining the r stitution and schedule, elections shall be held. each county, for senators and members of th rers, executive, judicial, county, or district, re be elected by the people. Such elections shall thereof shall be ascertained, determined, and cer sons and requirements of existing laws; except th f governor, State superintendent of free schools, ey-general shall be transmitted to the secretary to the "Speaker of the House of Delegates."
SEC. S. In elections of county officers, requir the existing subdivisions, by townships in each cou trits until others shall be established.
SEC. 9. Each county shall elect one assessor f bow established by law; but at the election to be this schedule, in counties entitled to two assessorToters of the entire county.
SEC. 10. At the election to be held under thi elected in each district, constituted as hereinbefore unstables as are now authorized by law.
SEC. 11. If this constitution shall be ratified elected under this schedule shall assemble at the third Tuesday in November, 1872; and the election der this constitution, shall vacate the seats of th Constitution. The term of service of the delegates der this constitution shall expire on the first da term of service of the senators shall expire as fo dass on the first day of November, 1874, and the the first day of November, 1876.
SEC. 12. The terms of office of the governor free schools, the auditor, treasurer, and attorne schedule, shall commence on the fourth day of Ma State superintendent of free schools, the audito secretary of state, and their successors, elecz tution and laws, shall continue in office until their s under this constitution and schedule, shall be qua the judges of the supreme court of appeals. of the ju fall county and district officers whose election is shall commence on the 1st day of January, 1873:
the ratification of the constitution and schedule shall have written or printed on his ballot the words "For ratification;" and the person voting against ratition shall have written or printed upon his ballot the words "For rejection." SEC. 4. The said election shall be conducted in all things according to the visions of the Code of West Virginia, and the amendments thereto, governing ctions, except as herein otherwise provided.
SEC. 5. The supervisors of each county shall assemble on the fifth day anday excepted) after the said election, and proceed to ascertain the result the same in the manner prescribed by the sixty-second section of the third pter of the Code of West Virginia; and it shall be their duty to certify the ult, without delay, to the governor, stating in their certificates the number votes given in their respective counties for ratification of the constitution 1 schedule, and the number given for rejection.
SEC. 6. It shall be the duty of the governor, upon receiving the said cercates, or a sufficient number thereof to enable him to ascertain the general ult, to declare by pro mation the aggregate vote in the State for and against › ratification of the constitution and schedule; and if it shall appear from the d proclamation that a majority of votes cast are in favor of their ratification, s constitution and schedule shall be operative and in full force from and Juding the fourth Thursday of August, 1872.
SEC. 7. On the same day, and under the superintendence of the officers who ill conduct the election for determining the ratification or rejection of the stitution and schedule, elections shall be held. at the several places of voting each county, for senators and members of the house of delegates, and all cers, executive, judicial, county, or district, required by this constitution to elected by the people. Such elections shall be by ballot, and the results reof shall be ascertained, determined, and certified according to the provins and requirements of existing laws; except that the returns of the elections governor, State superintendent of free schools, auditor, treasurer, and attor-general shall be transmitted to the secretary of state, sealed and addressed the "Speaker of the House of Delegates."
SEC. S. In elections of county officers, required to be elected by districts. existing subdivisions, by townships in each county, shall constitute such dists until others shall be established.
SEC. 9. Each county shall elect one assessor for each assessment district as y established by law; but at the election to be held under the provisions of s schedule, in counties entitled to two assessors, both shall be elected by the ers of the entire county.
SEC. 10. At the election to be held under this schedule there shall also be ted in each district, constituted as hereinbefore stated, as many justices and stables as are now authorized by law.
SEC. 11. If this constitution shall be ratified by the people, the legislature ted under this schedule shall assemble at the seat of government, on the rd Tuesday in November. 1872; and the election of members of the legislature ler this constitution, shall vacate the seats of those elected 'under the present stitution. The term of service of the delegates first elected to the legislature ler this constitution shall expire on the first day of November, 1874; and the m of service of the senators shall expire as follows: The term of the first ss on the first day of November, 1874, and the term of the second class on first day of November, 1876.
SEC. 12. The terms of office of the governor, the State superintendent of e schools, the auditor, treasurer, and attorney-general, elected under this edule, shall commence on the fourth day of March, 1873. The governor, the te superintendent of free schools, the auditor, treasurer, attorney-general. 1 secretary of state, and their successors, elected under the existing constiion and laws, shall continue in office until their successors, elected or appointed ler this constitution and schedule, shall be qualified. The terms of office of judges of the supreme court of appeals, of the judges of the circuit courts, and all county and district officers whose election is provided for by this schedule all commence on the 1st day of January, 1873: and the present judges of the
supreme court of appeals, and of the circuit courts, and their successors who may be appointed under the present constitution and laws, shall remain in office until the date last aforesaid. The recorders and supervisors of the severa. counties shall continue in office and exercise their functions under the existing constitution and laws until the first day of January, 1873. And all officers named in this section, elected under the provisions of the existing constitution and laws, shall, until their terms expire, as herein provided, receive such compensation as said constitution and laws prescribe.
SEC. 13. The municipal court of Wheeling shall continue in existence, and exercise its present jurisdiction, until otherwise provided by law.
SEC. 14. All the books, records, papers, seals, and other property now in the custody and under the control of the boards of supervisors and recorders of the several counties, and records, books, papers, seals, and other property of the former county courts, now in the custody of the clerks of the circuit courts, shall be transferred on the first day of January, 1873, or as soon thereafter as may be, to the clerks of the county courts in their respective counties, and remain in their custody until otherwise prescribed by law.
SEC. 15. Justices, assessors, and all other county officers, except sheriffs and constables, shall, on the first day of January, 1873, or as soon thereafter as may be, transfer to their successors in office all official books, records, papers, and property in their possession; and in cases where, from the abolition of any office, or from any other cause, a doubt shall arise as to the officer entitled to receive them, they shall be delivered to the clerk of the county court for preser vation, until disposition be made of them by that court.
SEC. 16. All county, township, district, and other officers connected with the existing system of free schools shall continue to perform the duties of their respective offices, as now, prescribed by law, until their successors shall have been elected and qualified as the legislature may provide.
SEC. 17. The records, books, papers, seals, and other property and appurtenances of the existing supreme court of appeals shall, on the first day of Jan uary, 1873, or as soon thereafter as may be, be transferred to, and remain à the care and custody of the supreme court of appeals established by this cousti tution, until otherwise provided by law; and all civil or criminal causes, petitions, and other proceedings then pending in the supreme court of appeals sha be proceeded with in the supreme court of appeals established by this constitution to final judgment. The records, books, papers. seals, and other property and appurtenances of the existing circuit courts in this State shall then als be transferred to, and remain in, the care and custody of the circuit courts estallished by this constitution, until otherwise provided by law; to which courts a process outstanding, at the time this constitution shall go into effect, shall be returned, and by which all new process, proper in cases either pending or determined in existing circuit courts, may be issued. And all indictments, prosect tions, suits, pleas, petitions, and other proceedings pending in the present circuí! court of any county shall be prosecuted in the circuit court established in th county by this constitution to final judgment and execution; except that al pending appeals from justices may be transferred to the county court organise! in such county.
SEC. 18. Copies and transcripts of the records and proceedings of the pre ent circuit courts shall be made and certified by the circuit courts establisle by this constitution, or the proper officers thereof, and shall have, the same far and effect as if they had been heretofore properly made and certified by the existing courts, or their proper officers.
SEC. 19. Recognizances, bonds, obligations, and all undertakings enteral or executed before the adoption of this constitution, to the commonwealth of Virginia, the State of West Virginia, or to any public officer, corporation, To ship, or county, shall remain binding and valid; and all rights and liabilities growing out of them shall be unimpaired.
SEC. 20. The executive department of the government shall remain as a present organized, and the governor shall continue in office until a goveror elected under this constitution shall be qualified; and all other persons in ođe
CONSTITUTION OF WE
when this constitution is adopted, except as <hall continue in office until their successors a prening before such qualification, shall be
SEC. 21. All the courts of justice now resent jurisdiction, and be held as now p -y stem established by this constitution shall entions, actions, claims, and contracts shall itution had not been adopted, except so E the terms and provisions of this constitution SEC. 22. The legislature shall pass all rution into full operation and effect.
SEC. 23. At the time of the submission 1***ple, there shall be submitted, as a separa "Any white citizen entitled to vote, a inted to any office; but the governor and of thirty, and the attorney-general and sen the beginning of their respective terms of se the State for five years next preceding thei ↑ the time this constitution goes into opera And the mole of voting on the said pr Shall be written or printed the word "L rotes cast for ratification or rejection of id proposition, it shall take the place this constitution. The result of the said el in the same manner, and by the same offic to the election for the ratification or reje result be in favor of the said proposition of the effect thereof, as hereinbefore pr
when this constitution is adopted, except as herein otherwise expressly directed, shall continue in office until their successors are qualified; and vacancies in office. happening before such qualification, shall be filled in the manner now prescribed by law.
SEC. 21. All the courts of justice now existing shall continue with their present jurisdiction, and be held as, now prescribed by law, until the judicial system established by this constitution shall go into effect, and all rights, prosecutions, actions, claims, and contracts shall remain and continue as if this constitution had not been adopted, except so far as the same may be affected by the terms and provisions of this constitution, when it shall go into effect. SEC. 22. The legislature shall pass all laws necessary to carry this constitution into full operation and effect.
SEC. 23. At the time of the submission of this constitution to a vote of the [eople, there shall be submitted, as a separate proposition, the following:
"Any white citizen entitled to vote, and no other, may be elected or appointed to any office; but the governor and judges must have attained the age of thirty, and the attorney-general and senators the age or twenty-five years, at the beginning of their respective terms of service; and must have been citizens of The State for five years next preceding their election, or appointment, or citizens it the time this constitution goes into operation.”
And the mode of voting on the said proposition shall be by ballot, on which shall be written or printed the word "White"; and if a majority of all the cotes cast for ratification or rejection of the constitution be in favor of the sid proposition, it shall take the place of section fourth of article fourth of his constitution. The result of the said election shall be certified and ascertained n the same manner, and by the same officers, as hereinbefore provided in regard o the election for the ratification or rejection of this constitution. And if the esult be in favor of the said proposition, the governor shall make proclamation of the effect thereof, as hereinbefore provided.
SAM'L PRICE, President.
CONSTITUTION OF WISCONSIN—1848.*
We, the people of Wisconsin, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom; in order to secure its blessings, form a more perfect government, insure domestic tranquility and promote the general welfare; do establish this Constitution.
DECLARATION OF RIGHTS.
SECTION 1. All men are born equally free and independent, and have certain inherent rights; among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness: to secure these rights governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.
SEC. 2. There should be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in this state, otherwise than for the punishment of crime, whereof the party shal have been duly convicted.
SEC. 3. Every person may freely speak, write and publish his sentiments on all subjects. being responsible for the abuse of that right, and no laws shall be passed to restrain or abridge the liberty of speech, or of the press In all criminal prosecutions, or indictments for libel, the truth may be given in evidence, and if it shall appear to the jury. that the matter charged as libelous be true. and was published with good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be acquitted; and the jury shall have the right to deterhine the law and the fact.
SEC. 4. The right of the people peaceably to assemble, to consult for the common good, and to petition the government, or any department thereof. shall never be abridged.
SEC. 5. The right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate, and shall exten to all cases at law, without regard to the amount in controversy; but a jury trial may be waived by the parties in all cases, in the manner prescribed by law.
SEC. 6. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor shall excessive fines in imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments be inflicted.
SEC. 7. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right t be heard by himself and counsel; to demand the nature and cause of the accusation against him; to meet the witnesses face to face: to have compa sory process to compel the attendance of witnesses in his behalf; and it prosecutions by indictment, or information, to a speedy public trial by # impartial jury of the county or district wherein the offense shall have been committed; which county or district shall have been previously ascertaine by law.
SEC. S. No person shall be held to answer for a criminal offense withe due process of law, and no person, for the same offense, shall be put twice i jeopardy of punishment, nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be 1 witness against himself. All persons shall before conviction be bailable sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses when the proof is evident or th presumption great; and the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shal ** be suspended unless when in case of rebellion or invasion the public safe! may require it.1
Every person is entitled to a certain remedy in the laws, for #
*The convention which framed the constitution of Wisconsin assembled at Madis on Dec. 15, 1847, and adjourned on Feb. 1, 1848. The constitution was submitted the electors on March 13, 1848, and was ratified by a vote of 16,799 to 6,384 2 constitution was submitted as a whole and no proposition was submitted septe The state was admitted to the Union by an act approved on May 29, 1848.
1 Amendment proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1869, readopted to the legislature of 1870, and ratified on Nov. 8, 1870.
juries, or wrongs which he may receive in his der; he ought to obtain justice freely, and wit se it, completely and without denial, prompt rably to the laws.
SEC. 10. . Treason against the State shall e inst the same, or in adhering to its enemies, person shall be convicted of treason, unless o ses to the same overt act, or ou confession in SEC. 11. The right of the people to be sec rs and effects. against unreasonable searche ated; and no warrants shall issue but upon th, or affirmation and particularly describing de persons or things to be seized.
SEC. 12. No bill of attainder, ex-post fact de obligation of contracts shall ever be passed. orruption of blood or forfeiture of estate.
SEC. 13. The property of no person shall t just compensation therefor.
SEC. 14. All lands within the State are ded ures are prohibited.-Leases and grants of rm than fifteen years, in which rent, or servic d all fines and like restraints upon alienation reafter made, are declared to be void. No distinction shall ever be mad
SEC. 15. d citizens, in reference to the possession, eSEC. 16. No person shall be imprisoned fo
a a contract, expressed or implied. SEC. 17. The privilege of the debtor to ife, shall be recognized by wholesome laws f property from seizure, or sale for the hereafter contracted.
SEC. 18. The right of every man to w the dictates of his own conscience, shall an be compelled to attend, erect, or su maintain any ministry against his consent ; ference with, the rights of conscience be p by law to any religious establishments, o Boney be drawn from the treasury for ligious, or theological seminaries.
SEC. 19. No religious test shall ever dive of public trust under the State, and felt to give evidence in any court of opinions on the subject of religion. The military shall be in s Writs of error shall neve The blessings of a free g
SEC. 20. SEC. 21. SEC. 22. firm adherence to justice, moderation to fundamenta
1. It is hereby ordaine
SECTION clisin doth consent and accept of the Jess entitled “An act to enable the Constitution and State government, ar approved August sixth. Beginning at the north
the Union," sto-wit: that is to say: at a point in the cen forty-two degrees and thirty minute Then running with the boundary line