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of servile mediocrity. From the black list published in American papers, it is well known that many
works of the most famous authors are prohibited in EDUCATION IN RUSSIA.
Russia. All fair or foul means are resorted to, in At the last meeting of the Tufts Alumni, February order to keep the people still longer in that state of 13, at Young's Hotel, Mr. Gorow read a paper on intellectual darkness which alone insures the possiEducation in Russia. The following is a brief ab- bility of an irresponsible autocracy. Is it, therefore, stract of the address :
to be wondered at that the vast northern empire, so In Russia, education, like everytbing else, is under rich in natural resources, occupies one of the lowest the absolute control of the Government, and is grades in the intellectual scale of the civilized world ? shaped according to the private interests of the latter, Christian Register. without regard to science or civilization. The manufacture of obedient, unreasoning subjects is the only The very liberal proposed gift of our friend Isaac aim. The task of training and educating the younger H. Clothier, of an educational or pedagogical departgeneration is distributed among the various ministries ment to the Friends' Library, at Fifteenth and Race and departments, but by far the greater part of the street, ought to be known to Friends generally. It work is controlled by the ministry of Public Instruc- is to be a memorial to his honored father Caleb
In all, about thirty million roubles, or fifteen Clothier, one of the earliest of the workers in that million dollars, are spent for this purpose. This library, and for many years its librarian. sum does not include the five million roubles of the Such generous actions often have a tendency to Zemstoo Educational Budget. Of the whole sum, stimulate others " to love and good works,” and we the ministry of Public Instruction had, in 1882, dis- cau very earnestly ask those who have been blessed with tributed seventeen millions in the following manner : abundance of means, to consider if it would not be three millions for the universities, eight millions for wise to do thoughtful deeds like this which may the gymnasiums, half a million for the administra- benefit many generations, while they are yet in the tion, the rest—that is, five and a half millions--for full vigor of life, and so have the enjoyment of seeing popular education, or elementary schools. Of these, the great advantage they are conferring on others. there are twenty thousand, containing over a million Certainly a bequest is sometimes attended with diffipupils. The gymnasiums have about seventy thous- culties, but an outright gift, as we understand this to and scholars, and the universities ten thousand. It be, is a very simple matter, not likely in any way to may thus be seen that less than three million dollars miscarry. is spent by the Government on the common school The name of the new department is to be “ The education of a people numbering ninety-five millions. Caleb Clothier Educational Department. It spends less than any other European State. The the use of all who use the Library, but especially for following is an illustration of the actual condition of the advantage of the teachers in our schools. S. R. education in the thirty-two provinces where the Zemstoo, or local self-government, has been intro- The best pedagogic culture and experience has a duced. According to official reports, in three pro- fatal tendency to run into mechanical form and land vinces only does the number of children of the school its professor in the old limbo of a finished teacher. age-that is, from seven to thirteen-actually attend. We are impressed with this fact in looking over some ing school form one-third of the entire uumber of of the new books and a good deal of the writing in this age; and this happens in provinces where a journals thrown up by the recent movement for great part of the inhabitants are German colonists, improved methods of instruction. A good many of or Tartars. In seven provinces, the number of these elaborate directions for extracting knowledge scholars, or those who can read and write, is from from the childish intellect, and for imparting valuable twenty to thirty per cent. ; in five provinces, it is information to youth, are as stiff, lifeless and unfruitfrom fifteen to twenty per cent. ; in nine, from ten to ful as any of the old-fashioned memoriter and mefifteen per cent.; and, in eight, less than ten per chanical ways of instruction which the new methods cent. In other provinces, the situation is still less are brought forward to displace. No child in a state inviting. As there are no exact statistics on the of natural development could possibly evolve through question of illiteracy, only an approximate estimate such a tortuous labyrinth of thought or observation can be made. The probable maximum of those who as some of these methods indicate. Many of them can read and write Russian can hardly exceed fifteen in the attempt at simplicity become puerile, and any per cent. In general, education in Russia offers a bright child will laugh to scorn the mincing steps of sad and revolting spectacle. At present, thanks to the teacher who tries to lead him in this way to the efforts of Count Tolstog, Minister of the Interior, knowledge. and Mr. Katkoo, the well-known reactionist, new One of the evil results of these long drawn out and university regulations are to be introduced, which unnatural methods is felt in some normal schools, will deprive these learned institutions of even the where the ignorant or partially educated pupil. shadow of apparent independence, and transform the teacher is imprisoned in the device, as the flame of a professors into mere tools of the Minister of Public candle is suppressed by the extinguisher, and goes Instruction. Thus, science will lose its last refuge. forth to a hopeless experiment of trying it on ” in The best teachers and professors will voluntarily re- her first school room. The trouble seems to come sign, or be expelled and put under the supervision from the persistent academical habit of so many of of the police, as was dove at the Moscow University our teachers, to whom we look for the elaboration of last summer; and their places will be filled by men systems of instruction. They seize the form of the
new education without the spirit, and the old dead. I would yet see our way clear, but if we persist in ness is the result. The whole of the new education the will of the creature, it will grow darker and may be put into one phrase-life and more life ; and darker, until our lamp, which formerly shown 80 without life “in the inward parts," the best method brightly, will go out, for we now seem to be in the is only the sepulchre of the teacher.-N. E. Journal condition that the young man was, when he asked of Education.
the Divine Master what good thing he could do that The most unfortunate frame of mind for both he might inherit eternal life. When the Master told teacher and school officer is a feeling of self-satisfac- him, the price was too high; just so with us, we tion with what has been done, and a fixed resolve to know of the Great Physician of value, who can heal let things remain as they are. In no sphere of human all our maladies, but his price is too high, we must activity is a sincere desire for the highest and best take up the daily cross, become submissive, and do more imperative than in the school-room. Here, of his will in his time (not ours) we must bumble ourall places, is a spirit of hospitality to new ideas, selves, in fact we must reform ourselves, before we essential to sound and successful work.-James undertake to reform the world, we must own that we McAlister.
are poor, for we are not rich as formerly, as our conPUBLIC instruction for girls, in schools similar to dition proves.
A. R. V. those provided for boys, has been decreed in France. The scheme has been under consideration for four
THE ONE SAFE PATH. yeras. These schools will be managed exactly as the Lycies or High Schools for boys, and bear the same The one safe path of life is to seek to know the
This action of the Superior Council of Pub- will of God and to do that will with all our might. lic Instruction makes it no longer necessary for Life is full of anguish and despair; but the burden French republicans to send their daughters to the of earthly existence would be immensely lightened, convent schools to be educated.
if we could always have within us the consciousness
that we are where God wants us to be. How much CORRESPONDENCE.
of sorrow and suffering is of our own seeking! We
are ruled by mad whims and impulses ; and, blinded DEAR EDITORS: As I recline on my bed, resting by folly, we imagine we are going right, though under the infirmities of eighty-eight years, with the pitfalls are before us. Life is a series of embarrassassurance that my day's work in the church, the ments and perplexities. All that we can do is to home and the world is nearly if not quite done, seek the Light, and struggle to follow it over rocks listening to the touching statements made by many and deserts. But the sad fact is that we struggle by who are in their full strength; of their desire to fits and starts. Long intervals of indolence follow carry the work on, though it might not be exactly in after a brief period of severe conflict, and there is the same way; the tears will gather, and I feel very little real advancement through such interassured that as these seek the same aid in humble mittent efforts. Untruth surrounds us. The heart acquiescence with divine requirements they will be is steeped in untrue feelings, the hand is upon unled aright. And for yourselves, if you continue true work, the head is full of untrue projects. We steadfast in your good work, it will prosper in your think and feel and do so much that does not lead to hands; for the wealth and power of Him who created God. And is not every bit of such thought and acworlds and peopled them, has never been exhausted. tion a deviation from the true path, a goirg away
And as generations pass from the stage of action from the great goal? If we were to add up the hours and others take their place, changes of vast import- that are wasted in vain pursuits or low desires, they ance arise that call for enlargement of mental com- would make a terrible aggregate ; and the moments prehension and different courses of action, and yet of true prayer or thirst would sink into nothingness are equally effective in lengthening the cords that by comparison! How, then, can we wonder that bind all together in harmony. Truth we know, there is so little peace in our daily existence ? Life never changes, but its appliances are to meet the is meant to be a joy and not a continuous groan; states of the people, if too high to bring down into a and, if we find it to be rather the latter than the state of humility; if too low, to raise them to a more former, it is because we identify life with shows and lofty point of view. Work then while you may, for appearances instead of bringing it into harmony “ the fields are already white unto harvest," and with Truth. Earthly sorrows do not cloud the path both they that sow, and they that reap, rejoice to of the man who is bent upon acting loyally and feelgether, being made partakers of the same blessed ing rightly in whatever situation he may be placed. hope.
Life must be miserable as long as it rests upon things West Grove, Third mo. 22d, 1885.
which are only fleeting shadows. It begins to be
radiant and profound in proportion as it recognizes The article headed “Unity the Prime Element of the Eternal, and follows that alone. The wretchedStrength," which I find in Friends' Intelligencer, No. Dess of earthly life is only in being separated from 5, and signed by I. W. G. so nearly accords with my things upon which we are meant not to depend : views in reference to the condition of our beloved restlessness is only in running after bubbles. Let Society, that I feel that I must endorse it, for we are the soul meet the Over-soul, and all anguish will be told to know no man after the flesh, but after the drowned in the joy of that union.—Indian Messenger. Spirit. If we dwell in the spirit, then will we dwell in the life, and this life is the light of men, and if GREAT hearts alone understand how much glory we do individually mind this light, then I believe we there is in being good.-Michelet.
rested satisfied in the observance of the outer law, FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER. the world would have lost one of the great lights
which illuminated some of the dark places of the PHILADELPHIA, FOURTH MO. 4, 1885. earth, and gave hope and consolation to many strug
gling hearts. FORBEARANCE.—If we desire perfection, Paul
The moral law is given us first, and we are also says, we must "let patience have her perfect work;" but how few reach such an exalted place! And The fulfillment of this law has a compensation for
given the ability to understand and to practice it. why? Because we are so full of self, so sure that we, all the self-denial which is practiced, but it does not and we only, are right and in the possession of the bring us into oneness with the spirit of the Highest real truth. In the minor matters of every day life,
any more than it did George Fox in his day. the results of an impatient spirit are often most
To say “mere morality,” implies a doubt of its grieyous.
These should teach us the great good of forbear-efficacy, and no shadow of a reproach should be cast ance, even if we heed not the injunction of the great upon a condition which is just as right, and just as Apostle. Alas! that we are so slow to learu, and important as any preparation for a great work; but then vex ourselves with the thought, that somehow the point we, as Friends, would impress is, that it is nature's laws are out of joint, forgetting that the just not all. We profess to be led by the spirit of Christ Lawgiver heeds not our petty misfortunes, except in in our own hearts ; this we believe to be the great the large pity, He always bestows on those who Teacher, “ teaching as never man taught;" now, to fail to read aright His perfected plans.
be led rightly, we must be acquainted with our We need too, this sweet patience in Society leader, and we must know the voice of this guide matters. All cannot see alike or be able to embrace sufficiently to distinguish it among all other calls; the truth at one time, so we should not unduly press dictates. When Peter discovered that the control
moreover, we must be faithful enough to obey its the new thought that presents itself with such force to us. Jesus fully recognized this in that most ing power in Jesus was the Christ or spirit of God, touching expression, “I have yet many things to say dation stone of a spiritual life had been laid in his
it was evidence to that blessed teacher that the foun. ye cannot bear them now." He knew that his devoted disciples were not prepared to re- disciple, and he, whose labor had met with such ceive all that had been given to him, and he with tardy acknowledgment, blessed that condition, and
declared his church was to be built thereon. held from them what was clear to him. Coming near to our own times, that sage of Rugby, the late
Believing, then, that the temple wherein the Holy Dr. Arnold, says:
“ truth is not always to be insisted One abides is the human heart, we may see that the upon, if by forcing it upon the reception of those observance of the outward law is simply gathering who are not prepared for it, they are thereby tempted together the materials and putting them in shape for to renounce what is not only true, but essential, the occupancy of the holy Presence, but that it is whether about things human or divine."
unfinished and incomplete unless so occupied. So let us be patient one with another, not neglect- We may safely press upon the young people our ing to offer that which comes to us, as clearly right, fundamental doctrine of the influence of the Holy giving it time to find proper lodgment in mind and Spirit in the mind of man, trusting that the openings heart. And on the other hand, let us keep our in a youthful beart so influenced, will be in accord hearts open to receive, and be careful not to offend with right and truth. We may remember how new or weary the least of these “ little ones” by rejecting views of a religious nature were opened in the mind the truth revealed through such, lest the ancient of George Fox after his eyes were anointed to see the figure of the “mill-stone" be realized, and we lose true leader, and how Scripture passages were made the gift of sound judgment and perchance suffer also plain and the instruction therein contained revealed spiritual death.
to his understanding, and from his time to the present
there has been an unbroken line of witnesses to the THE MORAL LAW AND THE SPIRITUAL.-George reality of this teaching. We ought to hold fast Fox, in his youth, was an illustrious example of without wavering to the simplicity of our profession, faithfulness to the moral law. His sense of right keeping it clear of entangling and estranging beliefs and wrong was so clear that, as he says, “the Lord which draw away the attention from the one thing taught me to be faithful in all things," yet even this needful. When the woman of Samaria found that remarkable degree of morality did not satisfy his she was in the presence of a prophet, she appealed to craving for true spiritual experiences. Had he him for his judgment upon a matter of belief, but
how quickly he disposed of it by showing her that MOCAHEY.-On Third month 22d, 1885, in Baltineither one place nor the other would be acceptable Amos and Grace Read, in the 68th year of her age ; a
more, Md., Rachel McCabey, daughter of the late unless the heart was lifted to the Source of all good. member of Baltimore Monthly Meeting.
Our views upon theological questions may be as MCKIMMEY.-On Second month 4th, 1885, at Linvarious as they are upon the descent of man, and colnville, Ind., Mary McKimmey, in the 86th year of their comparative merits can be as easily settled as She was born in South Carolina in 1799, and while was that at Jacob's well ; neither one belief nor the yet a child was taken to Tennessee, and from thence,
in 1812, to Wayne co., Ind. She married William other avails : “God is a spirit and they that worship McKimmey in the year 1819, and was the mother of hin must worship him in spirit and in truth.” eight sons and two daughters. In 1839 they removed
to Wabash co., Ind, where she and her family assisted
in subduing the forest of Lagro township and erecting MARRIAGES.
an humble log house for worship, which she lived to see succeeded by a new frame nieeting-house at Lin
colnville. In 1843 she united in membership with HALLOWELL-DAVIS.-On Third month 19th, the Society of Friends, and continued a zealous, faith1885, under the care of Horsham Monthly Meeting, at ful and consistent member until death ; for a great the residence of the bride's parents, Warminster, Pa., many years she occupied the station of elder. Her Anna W., daughter of Samuel and Hannah C. Davis, last illness was borne with patience, she was ready to to Hughs Warner Hallowell, son of Penrose and Eliz- go to her heavenly home, fully believing that through abeth W. Hallowell, of Abington, Pa.
Christ she should conquer. Few of earth meet death PORCH-DARE.—On Third month 19th, 1885, at with so much fortitude, none with brighter hopes the residence of the bride's parents, near Greenwich, beyond. The writer having for twenty-five years N. J., by Friends ceremony, Benjamin M. Porch, of known this mother in Israel, well remembers her
J. W. M. Bridgeton, N. J., and Margaretta M., daughter of counsel and advice. Mark R. and Mary B. Dare.
PEROT.-On Third mo. 24th, 1885, Francis Perot, SPENCER, NICHOLS.-On Third month 4th, in his 89th year; a member of the Monthly Meeting 1885, under the care of Nottingham Monthly Meeting of Friends, of Philadelphia. of Friends, at the home of the bride, Joel Spencer, of SHOEMAKER.--On Third month 2d, 1885, at Franklin township, and Mary Jane Nichols, of West Silcott Springs, Edith Shoemaker, in the 74th year of Nottingham township, both of Chester co. Pa. WALTON-KENT.-On Fourth-day, Third mo.
For more than threescore and ten years, the Divine 25th, 1885, at the residence of the bride's parents, un- Being permitted the departed one to gladden this der care of Centre Monthly Meeting, Lewis E. Wal- world with the beauty of a quiet blameless life. Not ton, of Aston, Delaware co., Pa., and Gertrude W., alone among her relatives will Aunt Edith be missed, daughter of Henry S. and Patience W. Kent, of Hoc- but many others who have been cheered by her preskessin, Delaware.
ence, or aided by her self-sacrificing labors, will grieve to hear that she is no more. Like the Master, she
went about " doing good," and now we believe she DEATHS.
rests with Him in glory.
SNOWDEN.-On Third mo. 14th, 1885, at the resiBATES.-On Tenth month 30th, 1884, in Camden, dence of her nephew, Henry A. Snowden, near WilN. J., Sarah Ann Bates, widow of the late Daniei mington, Ohio, Caroline Snowden, aged 78 years. Bates, in the 83d year of her age; an elder of Medford almost entirely confined to her bed.
For several months prior to her death she had been Monthly Meeting of Friends, N. J. GIBBONS.—On Third month 13th, 1885, at her in the 95th year of her age; a minister of Medford
SMITH.--On First month 18th, 1885, Mary Smith, residence, San Francisco, Cal., Martha P., widow of Monthly Meeting of Friends, N. J. Dr. Henry Gibbons, and daughter of the late William Poole, of Wilinington, Del., aged 77 years; a member WILKINSON.-On Third mo. 27th, 1885, at their of Spruce Street Monthly Meeting, Philadelphia, Pa. residence, Kaolin, Chester co., Pa., Sidney H., wife of
JOHNSON.-On Third-day evening, Third month Norris Wilkinson, aged about 60 years.
JOHN BRIGHT on the wars during the reign of
Queen Victoria : “ Cast your eye back for a moment JONES.-On Second month 15th, 1885, at her residence, near Conshohocken, Pa., Eliza, widow of Jonas upon the reign of the Queen. Do you imagine the than Jones, in her 87th year; a' member of Plymouth reign of the Queen is remarkably a reign of peace Preparative and Gwynedd Monthly Meetings, Pa.
and that Heaven should be thanked for the long peace LUKENS.-On Tbird mo. 23d, 1885, of pneumonia,
that we have enjoyed ? How much peace have you at the residence of his son-in-law, Turner W. Haynes, enjoyed ? A great many other people, at your cost, in Richmond, Ind., Joseph Lukens, formerly of Har- have not enjoyed it. Three wars with China, the veysburg, Ohio, aged 88 years; a member, and for a most peaceful empire in the world; a war with Bur. number of years an elder of Miami Monthly Meeting, mah; I know not how many wars in South Africa, held at Waynesville, O.
even before the Zulu war; a war in the Crimea of the MICHENER.-On Third month 22d, 1885, at the greatest proportions; two Afghan wars, in one of which residence of her son, Thomas Michener, Fox Chase, not less than 60,000 camels died of hunger, thirst and Pa., Mary C., wife of Uriah Michener, deceased, in over-labor; another war in Egypt; and I assert that the 87th year of her age. MORGAN.-On Third month 7th, 1885, at his resi
it was not possible for anybody to form, I will not dence, near Richmond, Ind., Nathan Morgan, Sr., in say a just defense, but a reasonable excuse, for the the 93d year of his age; a member of White Water wars that have been waged by this country during the Monthly Meeting.
reign of the Queen."
For Friends' Intelligencer.
of the number have had experience abroad. They THE CLIFTON SPRINES SANITARIUM.
are accessible at all times, affable and courteous, and
soon secure the esteem and confidence of their In Ontario county, N. Y., is a health institution patients. that is widely known and justly famed. It is called
The superintendent, matron, clerks, bathers, “The Clifton Springs Sanitarium," and is located on nurses, waiters and all the attachés of the institution the Auburn branch of the New York Central Rail- seem to be actuated by one spirit, that of kindness road, about midway between Geneva and Canandai- and good humor. The intention, as indicated by gua, and about twenty miles south of Lake Ontario. words and actions, would appear to be to make the The house is within a hundred rods of the station, mind and the body of each patient just as comfortand, in addition to the omnibus facilities, there are able as circumstances will permit, and not to deny rolling chairs and attendants for conveying feeble or or refuse anything except on the ground that it disabled patients to or from the train.
would be hurtful. This kindness has a wonderful efThe adjacent village, Clifton Springs, contains fect upon those whose physical condition would tend about one thousand inhabitants, and affords many to make them irritable, but whose restoration to conveniences, without being any disparagement to health is greatly promoted by cheerfulness and equathe appearance of the place, or causing any detrac- nimity. There is religious service in the house daily, tion from the comfort of the patients and guests of and most of the patients who are able attend it. the Sanitarium. The prohibition sentiment is so In addition to the sulphur baths, of various temstrong that no liquor is sold in the township; while peratures, there are Turkish, electric, chemical, conthe attendance at the several churches indicates that densed air, salt, sponge, showers, sprays, etc. There the inhabitants are a religious as well as a moral is a special arrangement for treating bronchial and people. In addition to the library, which is open pulmonary affections, by inhalation. The entire daily, there is a free reading-room, well supplied with building is heated by steam, and the temperature is periodicals and books of reference. The library is uniform in sitting-rooms, halls and sleeping-rooms. the gift of a Friend, whose name it bears, and the The house is also supplied with gas and electric building, including reading-room and halls, is a do lights, and a very convenient elevator. The rooms pation from Dr. Foster.
are comfortable, mattresses excellent, and a watchIn the afternoon and evening one may step into man passes each door every hour in the night. He this reading-room and find from two or three to a observes as he passes, and, if any mark is put out, he dozen boys sitting quietly at the table reading or will come and inquire what is wanted. consulting the books of reference. In the same The table is abundantly supplied with an attracbuilding are two halls--a large and a small one-in tive and healthful variety of food, which is well which lyceum meetings are held, and public lectures served. The physicians recommend generous diet delivered. The Young Men's Christian Association in nearly all cases of chronic disease. The Sanitahas been giving a course of free lectures this winter, rium is intended as a beneficent rather than a moneyfor the benefit of the inhabitants of the village and making institution. A few years ago, Dr. Foster surrounding country. The probibition of the liquor deeded the property to a board of trustees, who now traffic seems to have removed the necessity for other have charge of the management. prohibitions, and the people mingle in their religious, There are about forty acres of land attached to the beneficent and business association on the common Sanitarium, including a fine park and a gymnasium. ground, and with the mutual understanding that Calisthenic exercises are practised, under an instrucevery one means to do right.
tor, twice daily. The Sulphur Springs, which have given part of its There is a temptation to lengthen this article, by name to the place, are situated within a few rods of going more into details, and saying still more in the Sanitarium, and the waters closely resemble those praise of the place, but respect for the valuable of the Greenbrier White Sulphur Springs in Vir- space in your columns induces a conclusion at this ginia. They have been long known and celebrated point. Many readers of this paper have been at the for their curative properties. The Sanitarium was place, and I trust they will unitedly agree with the established about thirty-five years ago, by Henry writer that it is a comfortable and desirable retreat Foster, M.D., a physician of the allopathic school for invalids.
H*. When he purchased the property, there was "only a Third month 28th, 1885. small wayside inn, with a small bath room and tub for the use of sulphur water.” Now there is a build. How much easier it is to see defects, than to see ing here that will accommodate three hundred guests, beauties, in anything at which we look.
No artand in the summer season there are sometimes more education is requisite to the perceiving of a broken than that number in the house, and about an equal arm or a nose, on an ancient Grecian statue, or of the number boarding in the village, and availing them- weather-stains on its marble surface; but it does reselves of the treatment. In the winter season the quire a trained eye and a cultivated taste, to recognize number is much smaller; at present it is about one the lines of beauty, and the tokens of power, in a hundred and seventy patients. Of the great variety discolored and a battered fragment of a masterwork of diseases treated here it may probably be said that of art. And so it is in the reading of a book, or in nervous, rheumatic, pulmonary and dyspeptic pa. the observing of a character: the ability to perceive tients constitute the largest number. The medical that which is worthy, and that which is admirable staff consists of seven physicians-six males and one is higher and rarer than the ability to perceive errors female. They are all allopathic graduates, and two and flaws.