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the Erie Canal, the Albany and Buffalo Railroad, the manufactures and productions of this city, and the merchandise sold in this city to the Western trade, constitute the exports.
The States using the Lake route in 1848 for transporting their merchandise and other supplies, were Ohio, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, łowa, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, New York bordering on lake Erie, and Canada West.
(Condensed tables are here given from the statements of the canal office, of the various quantities and valuation of canal imports, for the year 1848, and also, of the different kinds of property, quantities and value, which cleared by the Albany and Buffalo Railroad.
These tables, or similar ones, we have given in a former number. The report thus proceeds :)
From the foregoing statements the value of the Export Commerce (including Foreign, which amount will be given under its proper head) of Buffalo during the year 1848, may with considerable certainty be arrived at.
Property landed here from the Erie canal, originally destined for the Western
do. do. do. Canada West
do. for Buffalo and that portion of New York on and near Lake
To determine what amount of this sum of 11,285,177 dollars, enters into the Lake Commerce, the committee think, that by adding to it the value of manufactured articles of iron-mongery, cabinet ware, leather, white lead, upholstery, and the production of numerous other manufactures in this city; a large portion of dry goods of light weight but valuable, brought on by railroad originally started for the Western States; the export of the largest portion of the salt brought up the canal; the large amount of merchandise sold wholesale and retail to the Western traders;-it will not be exaggerating to place the value at three-fourths of the canal and railroad importation, which will give an amount of
Forming a total of
These statements show that the importations from the Eastward into this city, in 1848, were equal to the sum of $40,817,952; of which amount $37,996.658 entered into and formed the export commerce of this Port that year, to the Western States. The value of the imports from the Lakes so far as they can be arrived at, is $22,143,404, making the total of the Lake Commerce, of imports and exports from this port in 1848, $60,140,062.
4th. Exports, Foreign, quantity and value.
The Committee are unable to specify in detail the articles which make up our Foreign export trade, and can only refer to them by name. They consist of merchandise received by the Erie Canal originally destined for Canada, various articles of merchandise purchased in this city, as well as considerable wheat, flour, pork and whiskey used on the public works in Canada, and for the trade of the St. Lawrence. The amount of exports as given at the Custom House is $254,254, as follows:
Exports, Foreign goods in American vessels
(( Domestic produce in American vessels
5th. Number of Steam Boats, Steam Propellers and Vessels Registered and Licensed in the District of Buffalo, their tonnage and value.
By referring to the Custom House records, we find the following named Boats, Propellers and Vessels, their tonnage and the number of persons employed thereon, registered and licensed in this District in 1848.
(Here follows a table containing the names in full and the tonnage of all the lake vessels, which is thus summed up by the Committee :)
To arrive at the value of this property was a most difficult matter. It would not answer to put it down at the original cost, nor yet so low, as to satisfy those owning it that we had placed a value upon it far below its real market as well as intrinsic worth. To obviate these objections, the committee not only appraised the several vessels, but they referred the matter to an experienced ship-carpenter, and to others well conversant with the property. The several parties made separate estimates without consultation with each other, and the amount arrived at, as stated in this report, is the result of the mode adopted.
6th. Number of persons employed.
By reference to the books at the Custom House, we ascertain the number of persons employed on the various vessels licensed and registered in this District in 1848, were
Total number employed
7th. Number of Arrivals and Departures during the season, of Steamers and Vessels, and their aggregate tonnage.
From the Custom House books, the number of arrivals and departures reported (which do not include all) and gross amount of tonnage was
For quarter ending March 31, 1848.
The entrance and clearance of American vessels from and to Foreign ports in this statement appear very large; the reason of it is this-a steam ferryboat runs regularly across the Niagara river from Black Rock, which is included in the other arrivals and departures. To arrive at the number that justly and properly belongs to commerce, the committee exclude all the American arrivals and clearances from and to Foreign ports in the quarter ending March 31, and seven-eighths of the same during the remainder of the season. This, we are informed by the officials at the Custom House, would give a very near account of the number of American vessels engaged in commercial business with Foreign ports.
A statement of the entire number of arrivals and clearances we have given, and making therefrom the deductions above stated, shows that as near as the accounts can be made up, the arrivals and departures were 8084, with an aggregate tonnage of 2,045,175 tons.
8th. The population of the city, January 1, 1849.
Much diversity of opinion exists as to the real number of our population-many judicious persons putting it as high or higher than 45,000. The last official census was the State census of 1845, which gave the number 29,837. Estimating from the number of votes polled, and from the number of children at our public schools, which is the only guide we have, the committee prefer placing the number at 40,000, to going beyond it. In 1850, only one year from this time, the United States census will be taken, when the true number will be ascertained. In estimating as we have to do now, the committee prefer erring by putting the number under, than over the real amount,
The answer to the ninth inquiry, viz.: The works of internal improvements constructed for the benefit of commerce, is deferred to a subsequent number.
GROWTH AND COMMERCE OF MILWAUKIE.
Among the Lake ports which have sprung up as if by magic in the west, none have perhaps had a more rapid growth than Milwaukie, situated upon the Wisconsin shore of Lake Michigan. From the statistics of the place recently collected for the agent of the government, and published, it appears that in May, 1834, Mr. Solomon Juneau was the only white settler within the limits of what is now the city of Milwaukie. The following table of census returns, taken since that period, exhibits the rate of increase in the population.
Equally rapid has been the augmentation in the exports of produce, &c. It was in 1845, that the first shipments of wheat and flour, to any extent, were made from Milwaukie. The following table shows how this business grows.
It is proper to remark that the exports for 1849, in the above table, embrace those from July 1, 1848, to July 1, 1849, while those for the four previous years are for the season of navigation in each year respectively.
The value of exports from Milwaukie in 1848 were of manufactured articles $1,714,200, and of agricultural products $2,098,469, making a total of exports of $3,812,669. The value of imports of merchandise, &c., for the same period was $3,828,650. There are in Milwaukie five flouring mills, propelled by water power, and one by steam, containing seventeen run of stone, each run capable of turning out 80 to 100 bbls. flour per day, and consuming in all 7000 bushels wheat daily.
There are thirty-nine sail vessels owned in, and sailing out of that port, of which the total tonnage is 5,542; also, stock in steamers and propellers of 3000 tons; making the total tonnage owned in the port 8,542,
Sixteen sail vessels are engaged exclusively in the lumber trade, and the remainder in freighting produce and merchandise.
The growth of this youthful member of the confederacy has been wonderfully rapid. In 1830 her settlement had hardly commenced; now her population is not less than 400,000. Her soil bears every species of grain which thrives in the State of New York. In 1847, she exported over one million of barrels of flour, an amount ten times greater than all the wheat and flour that passed through the Erie canal from west of Buffalo in 1835. Her total tonnage in 1847 was over 35,000, and its value is estimated at $1,757,250. The aggregate commerce for the same year was over thirteen millions. Her fisheries yield $200,000 a year; her wool product is over $400,000. Iron, copper, salt, and plaster, are indigenous and abundant.
COMMERCE OF CINCINNATI.
From an interesting article in the Cincinnati Gazette, in reference to the commerce of that flourishing city, we gather the following statistics of some of the principal articles of trade. The commercial year opens on the 1st of September, and closes on the 31st of August.
PORK AND BEEF.
The following is a comparative statement of the stock of Pork and Beef exported from Cincinnati, and in the Inspection Warehouse, at New Orleans, on the first of the last three months.
Sept. 1. 151
The stock of Lard, as near as can be ascertained, is 13,500 tierces and bar
rels, and 43,000 kegs. Last year, 2,000 barrels and 3,800 kegs.