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BY CHARLES MACKAY.
preparation for a great world without. ENGLISH SCHOOL TEACHING. A lad who has spent two months in breaking stones learns to take his place at the
"Cook's Quarto Geography," recently roadside, but a boy at Mettray is taught published in London, by a gentleman of all the duties of a citizen. He is even considerable pretensinos-gives some valtaught to assist in putting out a fire, to uable information to “Young England" in chant in the church service, to use a pencil regard to this country. It teaches that sufficiently for the purposes of trade, to in the isle of Orleans, at the mouth of the practise gymnastic exercises, to march Mississippi, is the town of New Orleans, to the sound of music, to swim, to cook, the capital of Louisiana." The young to wash, to manage cattle, to keep ac- men of Virginia are gamblers, fighters, counts, and to assist, if fit for it, in the and horse-jockeys. Their passion for management of the rest. Indeed, it strikes these diversions, not only inhumanly one that there are fer of us who would barbarous, but beneath the dignity of a not learn something from a course at Met- man of sense, is so predominant that they tray; and that at least, the raw recruits even advertise their matches in the public of our army would be better qualified papers.' But of New Englanders, it for service by a little of the multifarious declares that; “From laziness, inatteninstruction there imparted. There are tion and want of aquaintance with manvery few people who have not some kind, many of the people have accustomcharge or other to bring against those ed themselves to peculiar phrases, and to who had the conduct of their education pronounce certain words in a drawling on the score of some serious omission.- manner." The people of Maine, "accordA laborer or an artisan would hardly find ing to appearances, are wretched in the a want in the school at Mettray." extreme. Their chief provision is a dirty,
dark-colored rye meal, and if they use SONG OF THE SEASONS. any meat, it is on account of preventing
their sheep from becoming more numer
ous than they desire, rather than for the I heard the language of the trees,
pleasure of a good meal. Their common In the noons of the early summer; As the leaves were moved like rippling seas
beverage is grog or a mixture of rum and By the wind-a constant comer.
whiskey with water. This state (MassaIt came and it went at its wanton will;
chusetts) is the only one in which there And evermore loved to dally,
[hill are no slaves." With branch and flower, from the cope of the To the warm depths of the valley.
The birds their music chanted,
The secret spring of all his energy is By a spirit of Beauty haunted :
in his religious enthusiasm-discovered Said each to each, in mystic speech : alike in the generous spirit of his adven
“ The skies our branches pourish ; tures in pursuit of science ; in his enthuThe world is good,--the world is fair, siastic fidelity to duty; and in his heroic Let us enjoy and flourish !”
maintenance of the point of honor in all Again I heard the steadfast trees;
his intercourse with men. The wintry winds were blowing;
In his deportment there is that mixture There seem'd a roar as of stormy seas, of shyness and frankness, simplicity and
And of ships to the depths down-going And ever a moan thro' the woods was blown, blended, which marks the man of genius
fastidiousness, sandwiched rather than And the long boughs swung like the frantic and the monk of industry. He seems Of a crowd in affright and wonder.
confident in himself but not of himself. Heavily rattled the driving hail!
His manner is remarkable for celerity of And storm and flood combining, movement, alert attentiveness, quickness Laid bare the roots of mighty oaks of comprehension, rapidity of utterance
Under the shingle twining.
and sententious compactness of diction, Our and strength shall nourish;
which arise from a habitual watchfulness Tho' the world be hard, tho' the world be cold against the betrayal of his own enthusiWe can endure and flourish!"
He seems to fear that he is boring
yon, and is always discovering his unwil- uttered. This instance, he says, lingness "to sit” for your admiration. tributes to make it even prohable that If you question him about the handsome all thoughts are in themselves imperishaofficial acknowledgments of his services ble; and that if the intelligent faculty by the British and American governments, should be rendered more comprehensive" or in any way endeavor to turn him upon —and that this is probable, the instance his own gallant achievements, he hurries cited above from the Opium Eater shows you away from the subject to some point conclusively—“it would require only a of scientific interest which he presumes different and apportioned organizationwill more concern and engage yourself'; the body celestial instead of terrestialor he says or does something that makes to bring before every human soul the colyou think he is occupied with his own lective experience of his whole past exinferiority in some matter which your istence. And this this, perchance is conversation presents to him. One is the dread Book of Judgment in whose obliged to struggle with him to maintain mysterious hieroglyphics every idle word the tone of respect which his character is recorded. Yea, in the very nature of and achievements deserve; and when a living spirit it may be more possible the interview is over, a feeling of disap- that heaven and earth should pass away, pointment remains for the failure in your than that a single act, a single thought, efforts to ransack the man as you wished, should be loosened or lost from that liv. and to render the tribute which you owed ing chain of causes, to all whose links, him.-Dr. Euer.
conscious or unconscious, the free will,
our only absolute self, is co-extensive and DO WE EVER FORGET. co-present."
It is no idle question—“Do we ever A poor servant-girl in a German town, forget ?"-Harper's Mag. was attacked by a violent fever. She was unable to read or write, but during “ TIIE DESIRE OF THE MOTH." the paroxisms of her disease she became possessed—so the priest said--by a very Golden-colored miller! polyglot devil. She would keep spout
Leave the lamp, and iy away: ing forth in a loud and monotonous voice
In that flame, so brightly gleaming,
Sure, though smiling, death is beamingunconnected sentences of Latin, Greek
Hasten to thy play! and Hebrew. Sheet after sheet of these
Nearer ?-foolish miller! ravings was taken down; but those who
Look !--thy tiny wings will burn : attempted to find the elucidation of some
Just escaped !-but soon 'twill reach thee.
Truths thou wilt not learn ?
Seemed to say—“In all thy teaching, while a mere child, she had been employ
Is there practice, or but preaching ?
Doest thou more than I ?" ed as a servant by a learned ecclesiastic
Wisest little miller! whose habit it was to pass up and down a
I, indeed, have hung too long passage in his house, communicating with
Round a flame more wildly burning, the kitchen, and read aloud his favorite
And, with heart too fond and yearning, books. These scattered and unconnected
Heard no charmer's song!
Like that flickering blazo.
But the moonlight, miller,
Better far befits our mirth:
That calm, streaming light is given
From the silent depths of heaven.
Fire is born on earth.
0.8° the Board of E'weation and the SuWhat has produced the great changes, the remarkable development of power
perintenilend of the Public Sehnols of
I wisoit,. for the poor 1355— "Ii. B. and activity exhibited in our country Jerris Ch'rt., IV. 1. White, Clerk, D. within the last twenty years? The answer Y. Kilgore, Superintendent. is, the better and more eilicient systems of Exlucation have exerted an important
Fron this report me learn that there agency in producing these grand results.
The mind of the masses has been stim- are 1602 persons in Mardison entitled to ulated by the animating power of educa- instruction in the Public Schools; that cation, and the benefits are hourly being the whole number who have attended unfolded before us. Good schools not school during the past year is 750; the only increase the value of property, but the value of human life. And although average daily attendance is not stated.their agency in enhancing the value of There are four teachers employed. The property and in developing the physical Superintendent remarks :resources of the country may not be so visible to some persons as that of build- the attendance of pupils, which is an evil
“ There has been great irregularity in ing railroads, plank roads, improving of too great magnitude to be overlooked. harbors, or entering lands, yet it is even If parents were fully aware of the effects greater and more certain. Their intiuence is like that of the dew, and the show of keeping their children out of school one ers and the sunshine, quiet and almost week, they would, I am sure, abandon
hour each day, or one or two days cach imperceptible; but let them cease to diffuse their benefits and their blessings, sults in the loss of a scholar's standing in
the practice. Ilabitual irregularity reand devouring famine would not more his classes, in consequence of which his surely come in the one case, than a deadly ambition flags, and his proficiency in blight upon our prosperity and happiness in the other. To abandon then, the
studly is greatly diminished.
- The habitual turiliness of many of idea of free public schools, is to turn back half a century to that crude system of
the pupils has been a source of much reeducation which every step of modern gret, and a great obstacle in the way of progress, and every result of modern progress. Parents may find it an easy improvement unite in condemning as
task to furnish their children with written unsuited to the times in which we live.- excuses to the teachers, but will they be
able to eradicate the evil effects of tardiWe might almost as well recall from the past, its obsolete system of finance, its
ness upon the character." iron forms of government, its slow modes The Superintendent calls the present of commerce, and its bloodly superstitions. School-house accommodations “shame
The idea of universal education is the ful"-states that large sums have been grand central idea of the age. Upon this subscribed to build a theatre, and sugbroad and comprehensive basis, all the experience of the past, all the crowding
gests the propriety of erecting suitable phenomena of the present, and all our school-houses. He farther remarkshopes and aspirations for the future, must "When we have embracel the truly rest. Elucation prevents and eliminishes democratic idea that the property of the crime; gives security to property, lessens State should be taxed to educate the the expenses of the poor-rates, prisons, minds by which it is to be controlled, we penitentiaries, and police establishments; to weil; but this faith will avail but litit dispels the gloomy superstitions of ig- tle, except it be accompanied by corresnorance; it evokes the innate energies of ponding works. It is a duty to make genius; it quickens and refines human en- Public Schools superior to any private injoyments, and it finds out the mighty stitutions, where the rich and the poor physical energies of nature, and applies may possess equal educational privileges. them to the service and comfort of man. I know there are a few who fear some -Dubuque llerald.
Iphysical or moral contagion, where the
sons and daughters of poverty are per Communications.
[Tor the Journal of Education. children to select schoo's, to the detri- COURSE OF INSTRUCTION FOR OUR ment of the Public Schools, in which they
SCHOOLS. take no interest, and for the elevation of which they make no efforts. This would be unwise, even if all they feared was reality. In this country the top of the First in the course of instruction must wheel of fortune is very likely to descend, come Reading. It lies at the foundation while that part which has borne the of all education. It is the mouth of the weight will just as surely rise. An aristocracy of wealth is the least reliable, and mind, through which must be received to instil its notions into the mind of a nearly all its nourishment. By it we are child, is unpardonable.
to become acquainted with the thoughts The different classes will come in con- of others, and thereby develope our own; tact, in active life, after they leave the the school-room, and how much better to through it we are brought into direct conhave the influence of retinement and vir- tact with the minds of those who are our tue, exerted upon the uncouth and vicious superiors, and receive therefrom a mold at an age the evil habits are so easily core and direction absolutely essential. The rected. At this period of forming character, erils inay be prevented, by proper design of education is twofold, having reattention and discipline, which, left to ference to the happiness of the individual themselves, would become part and par- possessing it, and to the good of others cel of the man, binding the noblest nature with whom he associates. Mind may be in chains of adamant.
Place the neglected child of want orig- strengthened by imparting as well as by norance where promotion depends upon receiving. Hence, Reading is important in merit alone, and how much more likely a double sense. It improves by acquaintis he to reform, if vicious, and strive to be something—something noble--SOME
ing with the ideas of others and strengthTHING GOOD. In honorable ambition may ens by imparting ideas to others. By he thus awakened, which may result in Reading I mean not that practice of incalculable good to mankind, in the case" mouthing words as curs do mouthe a of a single child. Let not then the rich and influential keep their children from bone," nor that equally detestable habit the Public Schools to avoid such associa- of sailing over words without giving the Lions, through fear of contamination, when least idea of what lies beneath the surface, it is certain they will come in contact with these uncorrected vices, increased a thou- nor that limping through an article, breaksand fold by habit, and riveted into the ing by an irregular tread and heavy character by age. Better, far better strive crutches every semblance of an idea. I to make these schools what they should be-fountains of intelligence and virtue
mean by Reading, that use of the vocal sending refinement into every home and organs which will communicate to any joy into all hearts."
sensible person the exact idea of the auWe think there is at present a feeling thor read, or what, at least, the intelliin Madison, that will not allow the pres-gent reader conceives to be the idea. I ent state of things much longer to con- would include all use of the vocal organs tinue. We look confidently to sec erected, under this general head, for sake of brevthe present year, several suitable school ity. Such reading is important to the edifices, and we hope such a system of in- reader himself, as by it only can he be struction will be inaugurated as will be himself benefitted. alike creditable to the State and its Capital. As regards the length of time to be de
and the eye.
voted to this branch of study, I would by being intelligible, and at the same time say, no one need expect to make himself afford instruction upon matters of practimaster of it during the time usually allot- cal importance. Thus may we connect ted to school studies. Like most other with the exercise of Reading, the study branches I shall speak of, it begins but of Natural llistory. Thus may be learncannot end with the common school, nor ed much of the animal, vegetable and with the Academy or College. Its study mineral kingdoms, without devoting time can only end with the loss of the voice especially to those pursuits. At least,
The Common School is but the critical examination that should folan eleniental school. It can only give di- low every Reading lesson will, under such rection to the first buddings of the tree. Teachers, as are worthy the name, impart Its power in reading must be shown in a knowledge of the fundamental princiteaching, to avoid bad habits, in devoting ples of natural science, which is all that much time to the elemental sounds of the can be looked for in the few years usually language, in training the voice to the ut- devoted to attendance upon Common terance of sounds with distinctness, that Schools
. there be no chance for misuderstanding Our Reading Books are generally above through any uncertain sound, combining the comprehension of the pupils into the mechanical part with the intellectual whose hands they are placed. We need by selections adapted to the mental capaci- simple variety ; variety to meet various ty of the pupil. Of the importance of read-degrees of intellectual strength, enough ing, no one need be convinced, who has of biography to make virtue attractive sat for a half hour trying to swallow the and to render vice loathsome. Enough of murdered ideas of some interesting news- narration store the mind with facts as paper article, as the words clothing them they can be digested—enough of poetry have been forcibly shaken out of the to cultivate the fancy and refine the taste mouth of some smart stulent, who spent enough of argumentation to strengthen in Philosophy or Chemistry the time due the reason and to feed the judgment. We to vocal culture, stolen from the Spelling esteem Reading as of the highest importBook and the First Reader.
Could it be properly appreciated Reading, as an exercise properly con- in its influence upon the mind and the ducted, is eminently promotive of thought,
morals, it would attract more attention on the basis of all education. Whether it be the silent mode of acquiring informa
the part of our men and women. tion through the channel of the eye, or Platteville, Wis. the audible imparting of information to
(For the Journal of Education. others, it requires and should have the
UNIFORMITY OF TEXT BOOKS. mind for the time being, else it is a mere soulless muttering, productive of good to
under our present laws, secure That the mind may have its a uniformity of Text-Books in the schools powers brought into active exercise, it is in this State ? important that the subject selected for The selection of Text-Books is left to reading lessons be easily comprehended the various District Boards throughout by the student. Simple narratives per- the State. Each Board is to decide for taining to objects of sense would serve a its respective District, and it cannot be double purpose. They employ the mind expected that three and a half thousand
J. L. P.