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see it, since this wisdom consisto cívil discord of the preceding sim ed only in submitting to that

mer to the preaching of Protestants.

The orthography of the age is refaction, which was the most

tained. powerful and the most obstinate. “But here is now an argument

“ Erasmus entertained some to prove the matter against the hopes, that his old friend and preachers. Here was preaching school fellow Adrian VI. would against covetousnes all the last do some good as he testifies in yeare in Lent, and the next somthis letter : but, says he, if I mer followed rebellion : Ergo, should be mistaken in this, I preaching against covetousnes will not be factious. As to the

was the cause of the rebellion. preacher's last question, are we A goodly argument. Here now to abandon and give up the I remember an argument of maiswhole gospel ? 1 reply; they ter Moore's, which he bringeth may be said to abandon the gost in a booke, that he made against pel, who defend it in an improp. Bilney,* and here by the way I er manner. Besides ; with what will tell you a merg toy. Maisreserve and slow caution did our ter Moore was once sent in Lord himself discover his doc- commission into Kent, to help to trine ?'

try out, if it might be, what was .“ All this in some sense may the cause of Goodwin sandes, and be right; but then our Saviour the shelfe, that stopped up Sandnever said any thing contrary to wich haven. Thether cometh the truth; and when the time maister Moore, and calleth the was come for it, he laid down countrye afore him, such as were his life in confirmation of it; thought to be men of experience, which is more than Erasmus is and men that could in likelihode inclined to do, as he himself best certify him of that matter, frankly confesseth. It cannot be concerning the stopping of Sandcalled defending the gospel to re- wich haven. Among others came fer it to the arbitration of a set of in before him an olde man with Ecclesiastics, whom all the world a white head, and one that was knew to be either ill instructed, thought to be little less than an or ill disposed, or both.”

hundereth years olde. · When We may add in a future No. maister Moore saw this aged man, a letter from Luther to Eras- he thought it expedient to heare mus in the year 1524, which him say his minde in this matsets in a striking light, the dis- ter (for being so olde å man it ferent characters of those two was likely that he knew most of great men.

any man in that présence & company.) So maister Moore called this olde aged man unto him, and

sayd: father (sayd he) tell me if The following is taken from a dis

ye can what is the cause of this course entitled, A most faithful sermon preached before King Edward great arising of the sandes and VI. and his most honourable Counsell,

shelves here about this haven, in his Court at Westminster, by the Reverend father M. Hugh Latimer. * Bilner was a Protestant writer, by An. 1550. It pointedly exposes the the perusal of whose writings, Lati. folly of those, who attributed the mer was converted from popery.

the which stop it up that no Men from England bought and sold shippes can arrive here? Ye are

me, the eldest man that I can espie

Paid my price in paltry gold,

But, though theirs they have enroll'd in all this company, so that if any

me, man can tell any cause of it, ye Minds are never to be sold. of likelihode can say most in it, or at least wise more than any

Still in thought as free as ever,

What are England's rights, I ask, man here assembled. Yea for

Me from my delights to sever, sooth good maister (quod this olde

Me to torture, me to task. man) for I am well nigh an hundreth years olde, and no man

Fleecy locks and black complexion here in this company any thing Skin may differ, but affection

Cannot forfeit Nature's claim ; neare unto mine age.

Well

Dwells in black and white the same. then (quod maister Moore) how say you in this matter? What Why did all-creating Nature thinke ye to be the cause of

Make the plant for which we toil ? these shelves and fattes, that Sighs must fan it, tears must water,

Sweat of ours must dress the soil. stoppe up Sandwiche haven ? Forsooth syr (quod he) I am an Think, ye masters, iron-hearted, olde man, I think that Tenterton Lolling at your jovial boards, steeple is the cause of Goodwini Think how many backs have smarted, sandes. For I am an old man

For the sweets your cane affords. syr (quod he) and I may remem Is there, as you sometimes tell us, ber the building of Tenterton stee Is there one who reigns on high? ple, and I may remember when Has he bid you buy and sell us, there was no steeple at all there,

Speaking from his throne, the sky, and before that Tenterton steeple Ask him if your knotted scourges, was in building, there was no Fetters, blood extorting screws, manner of speaking of any flattes Are the means which duty urges or sandes, that stopped the haven, Agents of his will to use. and therefore I thinke that Ten

Hark! he answers; wild tornadoes terton steeple is the cause of the

Strewing yonder sea with wrecks, destroying and decaying of Sand- Wasting towns, plantations, meadows, wich haven. And even so to my

Are the voice with which he speaks. purpose is preaching of God's worde the cause of rebellion, as

He foreseeing what vexation

Afric's sons should undergo ; Tenterton steeple was the cause, Fix'd their tyrants' habitations, that Sandwich haven is decayed. Where his whirlwinds answer-No. And is not this a gaye matter, that such should be taken for By our blood in Afric wasted, great wise men, that will thus By the mis’ries which we tasted,

Ere our necks receiv'd the chain ; reason against the preacher of

Crossing in your barks, the main ; God's worde?"

By our sufferings since you bro't us

To the man-degrading mart,

All sustain’d by patience, taught us THE NEGRO'S COMPLAINT. Only by a broken heart. Forc'd from home and all its pleasure, Deem our nation brutes no longer, Afric's coast I left forlorn,

Till some reason you shall find, To increase a stranger's treasure

Worthier of regard and stronger O'er the raging billows borne.

Thạn the colour of our kind. No. 11. Vol. II. Ttt

Staves of gold! whose sordid deal. Prove that you have human feelings, ings,

Ere you proudly question ours. Tarnish all your boasted pow'rs,

Couper.

Miscellaneous.

IN NEW ENGLAND.

For the Panoplist. human nature, a just account of

heathen morality, or an example ON THE STATE OF LITERATURE

of what the human mind can per

form, Cicero stands almost with(Continued from p. 473.)

out a rival. The Mathematics,

also, which had been exiled In the Colleges of New Eng. without a hearing, have been reland a change is observable, and called, and enjoy nearly their one which will appear of no former elevated situation. la small moment to the friends of short, a very great change is sound erudition. The severer visible in our higher seminaries studies have regained that of learning, from superficial to ground, which a number of solid studies, from those which years since; they were forced to are frivolous and effeminate, to abandon to that light and frothy those which nerve the man for stuff, which, under a hundred vigorous action. names, our booksellers' shops It ought not to be passed in were pouring upon the public. silence, that inferior schools have The taste was lately to reject the here been set on a more respectstudy of the languages, and the able footing, than, perhaps, in amathematics, as fit only for ped- ny other quarter of the world. ants and laborious plodders, and The Legislatures of some of the totally beneath the attention of a New England States have manmian of genius. The student's ifested a truly paternal regard library was a strange medley of toward the education of all the extracts, compilations, and a children in the community. bridgements, plays, travels, and And so extensively is this blessromances, which, however they ing spread, that few might not, might have become the chamber if disposed, acquire a knowledge of a fine lady, suffered not a lit. sufficient to transact the ordinary tle, when compared with the clas- business of life, to enjoy much sical dignity of their predeces. satisfaction in the perusal of

Now the tables are turn- salutary books, and to become ed. Scholars may be found who useful citizens of a free country. are not ashamed to confess that We may also congratulate our. they derive great pleasure from selves that the philosophical jarthe perusal of the ancient classics. gon, wbich made so much noiso It would now be no discredit to a few years since, and threatened own one's self delighted with to turn the literary and moral Xenophon, or Longinus, or to world upside down, has fallen inbelieve that, for accurate views of to the most pointed neglect and

sors.

contempt. Nobody now reads Another change, perhaps as those works vbich were pre widely extended through all clastended to be unanswerable in fa- ses of society, as any which I Your of the New Philosophy. have mentioned, has been graduInfidels themselves do not trour, ally wrought in the public taste ble their heads about them. As with regard to novels. The they were equally unintelligible time, we can easily remember, to the learned and ignorant, the when these pernicious and corelevated and humble, they are rupting books were almost uniquietly gone into oblivion, with versally diffused. The mischief out leaving friends enough to which they introduced was inmourn their loss. This might calculable. Idleness and false have been augured to be their notions of life were always in end, even in the full run of their their train, evils of no small magpopularity; for the great body nitude ; but not unfrequently of mankind will never be pre they occupied the mind almost vailed upon, for any considerable exclusively, rendered it indislength of time, to read what they posed to serious reflection, and do not understand, and what af, became subservient to seduction fords not the least nourishment and impurity, purposes to which to their minds. Those who ever they were but too well adapted, did peruse the works, to which I Printed on the coarsest paper, with refer, with much attention, were marble covers, they were found in influenced by motives very sim- the cottage ; and constructed of ilar to those by which Dr. John the most costly materials, they son represents the English pop- decorated the libraries of the ulace as induced to read the let opulent. The mechanic and the ters of Junius ; viz. “ that those day-labourer stole time to read who did not know what he them; the belle and the housemeant, hoped he meant rebellion.” maid were equally engaged in

The event has been much the their perusal, except that the one same with respect to that species had her toilet laden with them, of poetry, which answers to the and the other was not quite so aphilosophy in prose. The day bundantly furnished. They were of the authors is over; their even quite a prevalent topic of magical spell has lost its force ; fashionable conversation, and igand posterity will never hear of norance of them was counted igDella Crusca, Southey, and a porance of every thing delightful. host of other pretenders of less But now we scarcely see them, note, whose names, even now,

or hear of them; they seem it is difficult to recollect. Their yanished with the dreams which memorial has perished with them, they contain. If this assertion Attempts of this sort, when be doubted, let the appeal be compared with productions of made to booksellers, and no one true merit, resemble meteors, will doubt the justness of this which, though they may dazzle criterion. The correction of the children for an evening, lose all public taste, in so important a their fascinating glare, when the respect, must be regarded as an sun rises in his strong and beau- event peculiarly auspicious. tiful effulgence.

While we remark these alter,

ations for the better, we ought nicious books has diminished. not to be unmindful of the cause' Among these valuable publicaes, nor ungrateful for the labours tions, the works of Mrs. More which produced them. Altho® have been very efficacious, Her common sense. would not long condescension in writing for the continue in absolute slavery to reformation of the humble and the vitiated taste, which a short illiterate;* her noble firmness in time ago prevailed; yet we could reprehending the follies, prejuby no means have hoped for so dices, and wickedness of the speedy a deliverance, if vigorous great; the irresistible cogency efforts had not been made. A of her reasoning against cavilhost of serious, powerful writers lers; and the severity of her rehave arisen, on both sides of the proofs to the licentious and proAtlantic, as champions of truth fane, are equally conspicuous, and virtue. Their works have have been equally useful, equally been extensively spread in this show the courage of a Christian, country, the sale of them har and prove her title to whatever ing increased in a direct pro- is great and good in the human portion, as that of light and per. character.

C. Y. A. (To be continued.)

Review of New Publications. Preparation for war the best se. magistrates in times of public

curity for peace. Illustrated danger. In every part the serin a sermon, delivered before mon shows marks of lively ge-" the ancient and honourable Ar. nius and cultivated taste. The tillery Company, on the anni. following character of a good versary of their election of of: soldier affords a favourable spe. ficers, Boston, June 2, 1806. cimen of the author's talents, By JAMES KENDALL, A. M. and presents a model worthy of minister of the first church in devout imitation. Plymouth. Boston. Munroe To strengthen the confidence of & Francis. 1806.

his fellow citizens, é soldier, besides

þeing acquainted with the military Few sermons are introduced art, "must be fired with a love of his more beautifully, than this. The country. No man who is not a pasketch of Hezekiah's admin, triot can be fit for a soldier. With. istration, selected for a text, patriotism, he has no claim to the

oyt he be animated with a spirit of 2 Chron. xxxii. 5-8, is pecu- confidence of his country. If he liarly adapted to the author's should possess this confidence, he purpose. He manifests uncom, would be liable to abuse it by becom, mon ingenuity in deriving from ing a traitor. But if he be a patriot, that historical sketch most im- in deed and in truth,” he will always

“ not in word only, nor in tongue, but portant and appropriate hints be influenced by a regard to the pub. respecting the present situation lic good. He will rise superior to of our country, and the duty of any local or party attachments, and

A large proportion of the excellent and useful work, entitled “Cheap Rea pository Tracts,” was from the pen of this pious and ingenious lady,

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