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in which year Quebec was found The following remarks occur ed.

amongst the “introductory obNor does the assertion, that servations," in vol. i. p. 15. the Leyden sufferers “ fixed “ In Virginia, Maryland, and some themselves at the bottom of the other colonies, where the votaries of Massachusetts Bay," appear to

the Church of England were the be warranted by the fact : Boše stronger party, the Dissenters of ev.

ery description were persecuted with ton, and not Plymouth, is at little less rigour, than had been expethe bottom of Massachusetts Bay. rienced by the Quakers from the

There is reason likewise to Presbyterians of the Massachusetts. apprehend that the reader will Virginia, in the early days of her

An act passed in the Assembly of be led to form an erroneous idea legislation, making it penal “ for any of the Constitution of Massachu- master of a vessel to bring a Quaker setts under the first Charter, into the province."...." The inhabit. by the paragraph relative to that ants were inhibited from entertaining subject in pages 11 and 12, in They were imprisoned, banished, and

any person of that denomination. which it is said,

treated with every mark of severity. “ An immediate compact with the short of death."* king of Great Britain was thought And in vol. iii. p. 4, we are inpecessary; Thus a Charter was ear. formed that ly granted, stipulating on the part of the Crown, that the Massachusetts

“The two armies finally met in the should have a legislative body within Virginian fields, the germ of the new itself, composed of three branches, world, the first British plantation in and subject to no control, except bis its uniform adherence to, and its early

America : a State dignified for [by] majesty's negative, within a limited term, to any laws formed by their As

and firm defence of the rights of man.

kind." sembly, that might be thought to militate with the general interest of

Even in the “ early days of the realm of England.”

her legislation," Virginia invadOn a reference to the first ed the rights, even the most saCharter it will be seen, that no cred “rights of mankind;" yet negative was reserved 10 the is she “ dignified for her uniking: the only check was, “ so form adherence to, and early and as such laws & ordinances be not firm defence” of them! How contrary or repugnant to the laws can so glaring an inconsistency & statutes of this our realm of be accounted for? It is probable England.” In the first instancethe that the author had not been inGovernor, deputy Governor, and formed, that above a century ago Assistants were appointed by a law was passed in Virginia, the king, but were to be after which declared that “all negro, wards annually chosen (with all mulatto, and Indian slaves within other officers) by a majority of this dominion shall be held to be the freemen, 'at a general court, real estate, and shall descend acto be holden on the last Wednes: cording to the manner and cusday in Easter Term.t

tom of land of inheritance, held in fee simple ;”+ but could she

have forgotten the thousands, • Charlevoix.

and tens of thousands of black See the Charter in Hutchinson's Collection of Original Papers, p. 12, • Mistory of Virginia. and in Hazard's Historical Collec. Laws of Virginia, 4th ann. C.ji. tons, vol. 1. p. 248,

A.D. 1705,

evidences, which to this day ex- customary and general practice ist, to prove that invading the of the inhabitants of that State ? rights of mankind has been the (To be continued.)

Religious Intelligence.

SOCIETY

FOR PROPAGATING THE

GOSPEL.

UNITED STATES.

adapted to their capacities and cir. cumstances, relating to their present,

as well as future well-being. They (Concluded from p. 333.) then, by one of their chiefs, made

him the following reply ; The labours and success of the “ Father, I speak to you in behalf Rev. Jahn Sergeant, * missionary 2 of all. We thank you for communimong the Mahukkunuk Indians at cating to us the mind of the great New Stockbridge, near Oneida, with God. We thank the Lord, that he in a few years past, bave much in- has given you health, that you have creased. "From fifty to one hundred been enabled to come and visit us at of the Oneida pagans, as they are de this time, and speak to us from his nominated, have occasionally attend word. ed on lris ministrations, and he has al. “ Father ; we now thank you in the so visited and taught them in their name and behalf of all our chiefs, own village, to thcir apparent satis young men, women, and children, for faction and improvement.

the good counsel, you have now given In consequence of an invitation from us, respecting our good in this life, as the Onandaga Indians, who reside well as the life to come.

We will thirty-six miles westward of New. follow your advice, so far as we can. Stockbridge, Mr. Sergeant made them “ Father; you told us the Lord a visit in June last, when he was intro- made the world, and all things that duced into their council bouse, and are therein, in six days, but rested on addressed by their chief speaker, as the seventh ; that he had commanded follows:

all his children, of all nations, to rest “ Father ; we thank the great Lord on that day, to cease from all labour, above, that we have all been kept play, or any worldly business ; that alive to this time. We also in a par- they must meet together and worship ticular manner, thank Him, that he him. This we see is right and good, has taken care of you on the war, and we promise you we will observe which leads to our fireplace. We this in the best manner we can. thank you, that you have been faithful ~ Father ; you have told us we to your promise, and are come to must labour on our lands, and in this make us a visit. We rejoice in this way obtain our bread; and likewise pleasant day, when we can see your provide for our cattle, that they might face. A number of us are collected, increase, that we might have to sell and ready to hear and learn something to others, by which means we might for our good.”

get clothing for ourselves and chil. Mr. Sergeant then addressed them dren. Father; this is likewise good in a discourse of about four hours in advice, and we will do our best to fol. length, on subjects he thought best low this good way.

“ Father; vou have told us we have * Mr. Sergeant receives his annual

but a small piece of land left," there. salary, in unequal proportions, from the funds of the society in Scotland, for pro The Onandaga reservation is about moting Christian knowledge, the society four miles square. The number of for propagating the Gospel among the souls in this tribe is one hundred and for Indians, and others in North-America, ty-three, who live in twent-ore houses, and the corporation of Harvard College. which, in general, are but wretched hab

1

före we must keep it for ourselves and at the end of three years, to make children. Father ; we now let you their “grand fathers” another visit, know we are well pleased with this and to carry with them, if possible, advice ; all of us are united in this one or more missionaries and school. that we will hold our land forever; masters. Accordingly, through their that we will neither lease nor sell it. “ father,” Mr. Sergeant, they have And we hope our children will always applied to "the society for propaga. do the same.

ting the Gospel,"among others, to give "Father ; we have all of us agreed them aid in accomplishing their be. entirely to forsake poisonous liquors; nevolent design. Their success in these but we are sorry to find, that a few applications has not equalled their of us do fall away ; but agreeably to expectations, nor has it by any means your advice, we will try our best to been proportioned to the magnitude reclaim every one."

and importance of the object. No

pecuniary aid has been given to this MISSION TO THE WESTERN INDIANS. project, in the opinion of many the

In the spring of 1803, a delegation* most promising of success and useful. from the Mahukkunnuk Indians, un ness of any which has been devised der the pastoral care of Mr. Ser. for many years, except one hundred OLANT, visited their “grand fathers,” dollars, by the society for propaga. the Delewares, who reside at Wan- ting the gospel, toward the support of pekunimekut, or White river, for the a schoolmaster. purposes of “renewing the ancient Notwithstanding these discourage. covenants of friendship which sub. ments, the delegation had determined sisted between their ancestors; of to commence their journey the last of recommending to the perpetual October, under the patronage of Mr. peace with the United States ; union Sergeant. John Jacobs, one of the and a firm government among them. Mahukkunnuk Indians, has been enselves ; of encouraging virtue, and gaged for a year, to reside among the recommending to them civilization, Deleware nation, as a schoolmaster ; and the Christian religion.” The who, added to his other qualifications delegates were well received by their for his office, is an excellent singer, "grand fathers,” who are numerous, and intends to instruct in sacred muand considered as at the head of all sio. The following is the substance the tribes around them, and “unani. of the instructions given him by Mr. mously agreed to accept, and take

Sergeant; bold with both hands, on all that was

“You are to proceed to the western recommended to them.” Encouraged country with your companions, and as by this success, the delegates agreed,

soon as you shall have ascertained the most suitable place for the purpose,

shall open your school, which shall be itations. Their place of worship, or kept at stated hours regularly. You council house, constructed wholly of bark, are to teach the children to read and is a proper wigwam, twenty-five by for write: and, in due time, psalmody. ty feet in dimensions. For merly they You will cause them to commit to were pagans, and notorious for drunken memory, some psalms in your own nese ; but for three or four years past, language, if you find they understand since they have embraced the doctrine of it. the Prophet, they are greatly reformel, “ On the Sabbath you will refrain as to their habit of intemperince, and from all labour, and every kind of give a degree of credit to the Bible, as worldly business and recreation. the only rule of duty. They are highly Should you be visited by any young esteemed by the white people in their people, on this sacred day, read to neighbourhood. Their lands are excel them, at your discretion, from the lent; but they have yet made but little word of God. progress in the arts of husbandry and “ You will note in a journal, every 'civilize i life.

thing important, and once in two This delegation consisted of Hen. months, if a convenient opportunity drick Aupaunut, sachem, John Quin- offer, transmit to me extracts from it, ny, Solomon Quauquaughmut, chiefs, that I may know your situation aná and five others.

progress.” Voi. II. No. 8.

В въ

OR THZ

We hope this may prove an open. Since this Prophet, as he is stylea, ing for great and extensive usefulness arose, there has been a great refortu among the Indians in this quarter, among the pagans of the Six Nations. where is a wide field for missionary The settlement at the Alleghany rivlabours, already occupied, in part, byer, containing about 450 souls, a few the synod of Pittsburgh.

years since, were a poor, idle, drunk

en, contemptible people ; they are TIE SENECA PROPHET,

now become temperate, industrious, MAN OF THE GREAT SPIRIT. and comparatively wealthy. A mis

sion from the Friends near PhiladelCommunicated for the Panoplist by a

phia, has much aided this reform, by Missionary who visited him and his counsels and example; but whether people.

one would bave succeeded without A few years since, an Indian at the the other, it is probably impossible to Allegbany river, falf brother to the determine. noted Cornplanter, gave out that he This prophet says, he has had re. had communications from the Great peated visions, in which he sees three Spirit, which he was commanded to spirits or angels, who make communimake known to the different tribes of cations to him. Sometimes in dreams Indians. He was formerly a great or visions, he pretends to have seeni drunkard, and despised by the Indians devils Aying, and hovering over their themselves, as an ignorant, idle, new town, Canadesago, seeking some worthless fellow. Since his reforma- place to light, but could find none, betion, he appears meek, honest and in cause the people were now orderly, offensive. By those best acquainted temperate, and industrious; he then with him, he is considered as defi- saw them fly to Buffaloe Creek, and cient in intellect. He converses but light among the whisky casks. Somelittle. His countenance does not in- times, he says, he has seen idle, dicate much thoughtfulness. When drunken Indians, elothed in rags and questioned, however, his answers are filth, in old worn out canoes, on lakes pertinent, and his public speeches at a distance from shore, clouds gathare sensible. He inculcates on his ering thick and black, with awful followers, that they sell not their thunder, lightning and tempest. Lands; that they refrain from the use Sometimes sick persons sende of ardent spirits; that they put not shirt or some other article of clothaway their wives, that they cultivate ing, to the prophet, that he may pretheir lands ; live industrious lives ; scribe a cure.' In such a case, he and maintain the religious customs of takes two bandfuls of tobacco, puts their ancestors.

their ends to the fire on the hearth, To one, who expressed his doubts lies down and covers himself with a of his having such communications, blanket, after he has arisen he preand used some arguments to show scribes for the disease. him he had not, he replied with his He has stated to the Indians, that usual simplicity, “ I think I have bad great judgments would follow them, such communications made to me.” if they disobeyed the commands of

At'the meeting of commissioners the Great Spirit, such as floods, with the Senecas, for the purpose of drought, &c. The principal of the purchasing a tract of land at the Friends' mission near these Indians, Black-rock, this Indian was present, observed, that a missionary who lateand opposed the sale of their lands. ly visited them, had spoken much in He related the communications, which the same way to them respecting the he said he had received from the judgments of God, following the Great Spirit. Some of the commu wicked, and that they had been visitnications he could not recollect, and ed, as their prophet had declared, esasked his brother Cornplanter. When pecially, with a remarkable Aood in asked how he could forget such com the Alleghany river. munications, he said at the time the The fame of this prophet is great Great Spirit told him these things, he among the western Indians. He has related them to his brother; and that once visited the Wyandots, and by he was told so many things, he did particular desire expected soon to not remember all.

Sisit them again. He is deeply im

new town.

pressed with the opinion that jadg- happened between the prophet and ments are coming on the nations, un most of his adherents, and Cornplant. less they reform. When he first er; in consequence, they have left arose as a prophet, he visited the Pre Cornplanter, and removed further up sident of the United States at the the river, where they are building a seat of government, accompanied by

His nephews, who are Cornplanter. The prophet with his sensible, and men of great renown adherents, gladly embrace every op. in the nation, use their influence in portunity to encourage whatever, in his favour. He is consulted as the their view, tends to promote refor. principal chief of the nation ; but mation. On this ground they advis. Red Jacket, a cunning and subtil chief ed the Indians to listen to the instruc- at Buffaloe Creek, does not believe tions of the missionary to the Nev in him, but in his public transactions Stockbridge Indians. Hence they he pays him respect, as he is popular were fond of thinking and saying, with the nation. He observed to the that a missionary, who lately spake Agent for the Six Nations, that when to different settlements of indians, the prophet made his speeches, his urged the same things, as their pro- nephews sat contiguous to him on phet. One of the Onandagas, when the right and left. On a certain oc. asked why they did not leave their casion he had taken care to place drunken habits before, since they some others next to the prophet, and were oftea urged to it, and saw the he was not able to say any thing. He ruinous consequences of such con is held in great veneration by the peoduct, replied, they had no power; but ple. One of the most distinguished when the Great Spirit forbid such of their young men gave it as his oconduct by their prophet, he gave pinion, that the prophet would yet be them power to comply with his re. persecuted and put to death, as the quest.

wicked put to death the Lord Jesus Some time since a disagreement Christ.

Literary Jntelligence.

UNITED STATES.

For the Panoplist.

COMMENCEMEXT EXERCISES AT

BOWDOIN COLLEGE.

The following account of the Com. in which an honourable and grateful mencement at Bow loin College was tribute was paid to the Legislature of intended for the Panoplist

for Septem- the State for their liberal grants, and ber; but from various casualties it to those of the Bowdoin family, who tas not received till the close of Den by their generous benefactions have cember. We insert it at this late pe obtained the honour of giving their riod, because we wish to bring into name to the College, and gained the potice this infant and rising Seminary, reputation of patrons of the sciences, planted in a new and thriving portion Other benefactors were respectfully of our country, to which it promises remembered, and the addresses to to be a great blessing.

the President and Instructors were

the affectionate and amiable expres. Arter an anthem, accompanied by gion of gratitude for paternal tender. a band of music, the Throne of Grace ness and fidelity, and of regret at bidwas addressed in prayer by the Rev. ding farewel to the interesting scenes Dr. M'KEEN, President of the Insti- of youthful pleasure and improvetution. The exercises of the young ment; nor could the audience fail to gentlemen, candidates for their first sympathize with the Orator, when, degree, succeeded as follows: unable fully to utter his feelings, he

Ist. A salutatory oration in Latin, exclaimed, “ Curæ leves loquuntur ; pronounced by BENJAMIN TITCOMB, ingentes silent.”

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