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presume, is peculiar to the American edition, as Mr. Hawkesworth, to whom the work is inscribed, is an American scholar, and “ Professor in the College of Charleston, S. C." We beg to submit--whether it was quite becoming in Dr. Anthon, on the ground of having added an Index of Proper Names, occupying not fifty pages in a volume of seven hundred and fifty-four, to dedicate to a personal friend, as his own, a work of two English scholars, which, as they tell the world in their Preface, “ cost” them “ many years of labor-labor that often seemed almost hopeless."
The Way of Salvation. By ROBERT BOYTE C. HOWELL, D. D., Pastor of the First Baptist Church, Nashville, Tenn. Charleston : Southern Baptist Publication Society. 1849. One vol. 12mo, pp. 334.
The estimable author of this volume is favorably known to the public by former contributions of sterling worth to denominational and general religious literature. The present publication is with great propriety dedicated to the church and congregation he has so efficiently served for many years. Indeed the preparation of the work seems to have been suggested to his own mind, by his experience as a Christian pastor of the need and the desirableness of “suitable works calling attention strongly to the infallible teachings of the Word of God, on the several points considered in this volume."
Indeed what faithful, evangelical teacher, long engaged in striving to impress on the careless minds of lost men the things essential to their peace, has not felt a yearning and irrepressible desire to give line upon line and precept upon precept of just the best kind of instruction, on themes of infinite importance? Salvation from ruin, otherwise hopeless and interminable! Can any human being remain indifferent to the sure and only way of its attainment?
It must be manifest, moreover, how valuable is the aid of long and widely varied experience in the field of active and successful pastoral labor which the author of this production has made subservient to its wise execution. No mere closet student, no man whose only reliance is book-learning, can be well fitted to prepare such a treatise. He must have mingled much with the masses of men, and those of different grades of position, attainment, and habits, in order to meet them each on their own ground, and wrest from them the weapons of their defense, the sophistries with which they have enwrapped themselves; so as to point the sword of the Spirit effectually to interpenetrate the now sullen or now restiff heart coiled in treacherous rebellion against God's requirements. It was this practical and daily familiarity with the actual scenes and duties of the Christian ministry that made Bunyan and Baxter such giants with the pen, when the one wrote his “ Jerusalem Sinner Saved," and the other his “ Call to the Unconverted." Such an advantage Dr. Howell has enjoyed over some of his contemporaries, in preparing the work we are now considering. The mere literary critic will readily enough find occasion to fault it, for supposed or real violations of his canons; the refined taste which is far in advance of the compassion for souls of its possessor may not relish the iteration, and fervid pungency which overlooks minor blemishes because of the intensity of desire to reach and gain the point 80 all important in the present attempt, the salvation of the soul. The author is indeed the last man in the world who need plead guilty to the charge of finical nicety in merely literary pretensions. At the same time, after perusal of the principal portions of this volume, some of its chapters and sections repeatedly, we hope in a spirit somewhat kindred to that of the writer, we have very rarely noticed any literary faultiness which would mar, much less eclipse its excellence.
The general plan of the work is more nearly conformed to the excellent 6 Way of Life,” by Professor Hodge, than to any other treatise we have seen. The Doctor has the advantage of his predecessor in several points, which he has not failed to improve. In the first place, his work is by one third more full and copious in its entire contents, thus enabling the writer to deal more thoroughly with some of the most important topics. In the next place, he uses wisely and efficiently the advantage of a successor, to vary somewhat the points, and more the method of their treatment, which a careful survey of the former experiment indicated as least satisfactory. For instance, Prof. Hodge extended to near fifty pages his preliminary chapter on the evidences of Scripture as divine. Dr. Howell has compressed his on the same topic to one fifth of this extent, thus leaving room for an ampler and more thorough discussion of the fallen and lost condition of man. The like advantage of reviewing the method of one who had gone over the same track before, is seen throughout the volume. Many of our readers will no doubt be gratified with the fuller and more decidedly Scriptural method of discussing the nature and relation of gospel ordinances, avoiding entirely the little errors into which Professor Hodge has fallen; in the attempt too much to assimilate those of the New Testament to that older and faulty dispensation, intended to vanish away. We cannot help thinking, however, that too much stress has been laid by some objectors on a very few expressions in the Way of Life," without adequately weighing against them the general current of excellent and unexceptionable teaching which that volume contains, even on the subject of gospel ordinances.
Another advantage of the present treatise is its admirably practical character. It is the work of one who knows by daily experience just what is needed, and who supplies with masterly discrimination the needful help at the right time and in the best manner. Its completeness, too, deserves to be specially noticed and commended. This Way of Salvation leads from the City of Destruction, within the very gates of celestial glory; and without the allegory of the immortal dreamer, presents in plain earnest language, enforces with unanswerable and cogent arguments, and allures by motives from within and without, drawn from both worlds, to the walking in that way of holiness and peace. We cannot but utter the prayer and hope that many thousands of this volume—the most widely adapted to usefulness of all the author's writings will be demanded in all parts of our country; that they will be read with abundant profit, and by the Holy Spirit's aid will show unto vast multitudes "THE WA
Y OF SALVATION."
General History of the Christian Religion and Church. From the German
of Dr. AUGUSTUS NEANDER. Translated from the first, revised and altered throughout according to the second edition. By JOSEPH TORREY, Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy in the University of Vermont. Volume Third, comprising the third and fourth volumes of the original. Boston: Crocker & Brewster. 1850. 8vo, pp. 626.
Most gladly do we welcome the third volume of this excellent and valuable history. As an ecclesiastical historian, Dr. Neander stands pre-eminent. He possesses perhaps more of the elements of character that go to constitute the true historian, than any other man living. He has a clear insight into the nature and essence of Christianity itself; eminent candor and fairness in his estimate of character ; a thorough knowledge of his subject, in all its details ; great discrimination between what is true and what is fabulous; and a power of generalization that brings facts ap"parently the most isolated at once into their true position and relations in
The Genius of Italy. Being Sketches of Italian Life, Literature, and
Religion. By Rev. ROBERT TURNBULL. New-York: G. P. Putnam. * 1849. Illustrated edition. 12mo.
The author of this volume is well known as an agreeable and intelligent writer, and we think has been even more than ordinarily successful in the volume before us. There is, and always will be, a general interest in whatever pertains to Italy, and the writer on Italy who can weave history, criticism and moral comment into graceful forms, will never lack readers. Mr. Turnbull's plan has secured to his work more than a passing interest. He has constructed it upon the basis of a tour in Italy, giving it in that way sufficiently the charm of personal observation and incident to render it agreeable as a book of travels, while at the same time the themes of history, art, and religion, which it elaborates, give it more enduring value. In plainer dress it has had we believe a large sale, and the publisher, always liberal and enterprising, has done well to give it an elegant outward garb, with several spirited and well executed illustrations. I
The Whale and his Captors; or the Whaleman's Adventures and the
Whale's Biography, as gathered on the Homeward Cruise of the . Commodore Preble." By Rev. HENRY T. CHEEVER. With engravings. New-York: Harper & Brothers. 16mo, pp. 314.
This work combines a large fund of information, and a good deal of exciting incident, with fitting and useful moral suggestions. It is exceed
ingly popular and deserves to be, and will have the happy effect of creating sympathy for the whaleman in circles where his laborious and dangerous adventures are scarcely known. Indeed on the sea itself it will be a favorite book, and will carry lessons to the forecastle which can hardly be read without profit. We are pleased to see in it the testimony of an observer to the happy effects of missionary labors on the Islands of the Pacific. The book is beautifully printed, and contains several very striking illustrations. It is announced for republication in London.
A Discourse on the Soul and Instinct, physiologically distinguished
from Materialism. By MARTIN PAINE, A. M., M. D. Enlarged edition. New-York : Edward H. Fletcher. 1849. 12mo, pp. 228.
Of the merits of this volume as a scientific work, we are not qualified to judge. As an argument for the immateriality of the soul, admitting the correctness of the facts and principles laid down, it is forcible and conclusive. And such a demonstration, on scientific principles, must be to the man of science peculiarly valuable. Imperfect science has ever been the refuge and stronghold of skepticism. In its perfect and mature development, it has ever given its testimony in favor of the truths of revelation. Thus there has been among medical men a strong tendency towards materialism, deduced, as has been supposed, from facts in our physiological constitution. If therefore it can be proved from these very facts, that the soul is an independent, self-acting, immortal, and spiritual essence," the author in performing this work has done a service to his own profession, as well as to the cause of truth and Christianity. It is well worthy of perusal and of serious consideration.
Heaven's Antidote to the Curse of Labor; or the Temporal Advantages
of the Sabbath, considered in relation to the Working Classes. By John ÄLLAN Quinton. With a Prefatory Notice by the Rev. S. H. TYNG, D. D. New-York : Edward H. Fletcher. 1850.
This is the first prize essay called forth by an offer in Great Britain of £25, £15, and £10, for the three best essays from working men, addressed to the working men, upon “ The temporal advantages of the Sabbath to the laboring classes, and the consequent importance of preserving its rest from all the encroachments of unnecessary labor." Above one thousand essays were presented to the committee of adjudication, and this received the highest award, and it is well worthy of this high distinction. Dr. Tyng justly remarks of it, that “its high principles of morality, its clear exhibition of sound political truths, its logical and distinct statement of the arguments presented, its earnest and animated appeals, its proof of strong, clear, and original thought, and its very brilliant and yet pure style of composition, constitute an array of excellences and ornaments, the production of which would not be beneath the reputation, and might gratify the desire of any living author." It bears throughout the impress of one of those mighty intellects that, wherever found, or in whatever circumstances, will make themselves felt, and their power acknowledged. At the same time, the practical good sense and intimate knowledge of the condition and wants of the laboring classes which it indicates, will commend it warmly to their sympathies, and give it an influence over them that could be wielded by no other than a working man. We trust the volume may do much good in our own country, as well as in Europe, in staying the tide of Sabbath desecration, that fruitful parent of almost every other form of vice.
COLLEGES AND THEOLOGICAL SEMINARIES. BROWN UNIVERSITY.—The annual Catalogue of this institution, for the academical year 1849–50, presents a full account of its present condition and its arrangements for instruction. In addition to the President, who is also Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy, the University has seven instructors in the various branches of literature and science, viz: in the Greek, Latin, French, and German languages, in Rhetoric, Logic, and History, in Chemistry and the Physical Sciences, and in Mathematics and Mechanical Philosophy. “Members of the Faculty and other Officers” are thus recorded in the Catalogue :-Rev. Francis Wayland, D.D., President, Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy; Rev. Alexis Caswell, D. D, Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy, George I. Chace, A. M., Professor of Chemistry, Geology, and Physiology ; William Gammell; A. M., Professor of Rhetoric; James R. Boise, A. M., Professor of the Greek Language and Literature; John L. Lincoln, A. M., Professor of the Latin Language and Literature; George W. Greene, A. M., Instructor in Modern Languages; Reuben A. Guild, A. B., Librarian ; James B. Angell, A. B., Assistant Librarian; Lemuel H. Elliot, Steward. The means of illustration in the several departments are very ample, and the education which is given is of the most thorough character. The number of students on the Catalogue for the present year is 150,-a number which, though quite equal to the average in American colleges, is far below the general standard of advantages which the University presents. Of these, the Šenior Class contains 24, the Junior 40, the Sophomore 43, the Freshman 34, with 8 in the English and Scientific department, who are not attached to any particular class, but pursue such studies as they desire, without being candidates for a degree.
Among the advantages offered to the members of Brown University, those connected with its large and excellent Library are by no means the least important. This Library is one of the most extensive and best selected College Libraries in the United States, and contains about twenty-three thousand volumes. In addition to this are the Libraries of two Literary Societies, embracing about six thousand volumes more. Such a collection of books would be deemed far enough from adequate in a University of the Old World, but in this country, where large Libraries are scarcely to be found at all, it may well be spoken of as a matter of congratulation and pride.
Brown University, as is well known, is substantially under the control of members of our own denomination, and during the more than eighty years of its existence, it has exerted a most important influence on all our interests as a Christian people. We are, however, sorry to record that Baptists, as such, bave done comparatively little for its support and advancement, and have availed themselves to far too small an extent of the advantages it has offered for the education of their Foung men The long roll of its graduates contains the names of men distinguished in every walk of life, and in all parts of the country, and among them we believe there are far more of other denominations than of our own. We hope the day is not distant when a larger proportion of the young men connected with our own congregations will be sent to college to prepare not for professional life alone, but for the higher practice of every calling in which they may choose to engage,- for there is not a respectable occupation to be found in society in which education, and that too of the highest and best character, may not prove an inestimable blessing to him who has received it.
It is proposed, we understand, to introduce into the system of instruction and the organization of the College, some important additions and changes, in order to extend its advantages to a larger portion of the community, and to furnish to all who may resort to it an opportunity of pursuing particular branches of learning to the farthest limit they may desire. An outline of these changes has lately been submitted by President Wayland to the Corporation, and by them, we understand, has been fully approved, in case the requisite funds can be obtained for carrying