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“The London Society was instituted in able magnitude, arising chiefly from the year 1809, and consisted of Chris- different views in matters of church or, tians of various denominations. Its der and discipline. great object was to promote the spirit- “At a meeting of the Dissenting Sub. ual and eternal welfare of the Jews, by scribers of the Society who reside in endeavouring to lead their attention to London and its vicinity, held on the Jesus Christ as the Messiah promised to 14th of February, 1815, the difficulties their fathers, and the Saviour of the arising both from the pecuniary state of world.
the Institution, and also from the cause “The means used by the Society have above mentioned, were taken into conbeen effectual, through the Divine Bless- sideration; and the Dissenters, actuated ing, in convincing of the above truth by a principle of the most disinterested more than forty adult Jews, who have zeal, and under an impression that the been admitted into the Christian church welfare of the Institution would be best by baptism.
promoted by leaving it in the hands of “ Schools containing eighty-nine chil- their brethren of the Established dren of Jewish parents are supported Church, came to the determination of by the Society; and the children are withdrawing from the management. educated in the principles of the Chris- The Resolutions passed on this occasion tian faith.
were expressed in a manner most con. “ A translation of the New Testament ciliatory, and with a catholic spirit of into Hebrew for the use of the Jews has liberality which does much honour to been undertaken, and is in a state of the respectable Dissenting Ministers, forwardness. The Gospel of St. Mat- and Gentlemen composing the Meeting. thew is pablished, and that of St. Mark “ The Resolutions referred to were is in the press.
taken into consideration by the General " A large Episcopal Chapel has been Committee of the Society, consisting erected at Bethnal Green for the Jews; both of members of the Established the Society having previously purchased Church and Dissenters, on the 17th of the lease of another Chapel in Spital. February, and were discussed with a fields.
degree of Christian 'temper and har“A Printing-office and Basket-manu- mony, which is very seldom witnessed. factory have been established to give The Committee finally determined to employment to the Jews who are de. submit the subject of them to an extraprived of their means of subsistence on ordinary general meeting of the Society, account of their attending Christian to be held for the purpose on the 28th places of worship.
of February. “The extent of these undertakings has, “This Meeting having assembled, Tho. however, been greater than the funds mas Babington, Esq. M. P. in the chair, of the Society would admit of, and it has a Report of the reasons which had led in consequence for some time past been the Committee to call it was read by the in great need of pecuniary assistance. Rev. Mr. Hawtrey.
“ Hitlerto the Society has been con- “ The Report concluded by recomducted without an exclusive regard to mending the following Resolution for any of the particular forms in which adoption : Christianity is professed by British «• Resolved, That this Meeting is Protestants. One great branch of it most deeply sensible of, and most cor. was modelled upon the principles of the dially and affectionately acknowledges Church of England. "Another branch, the zeal and liberality with which the at the Jew's Chapel in Spitalfields, was efforts of the Society have been aided conducted on a plan by which the ser and supported by Christians of various vices of Dissenting Ministers of various denominations throughout the United denominations were rendered available Kingdom from its original foundation. for the great ends of the Institution. That the present Meeting most deeply The object of the Committee in these regrets the difficulties which have arisen arrangements was to unite Christians of with respect to the union of the memvarious communions in the great work bers of the Established Church and of evangelizing the Jews.
other Christians, in the management of " In carrying on their operations upon the Society, in matters of church order this plan, the Committee have, however, and discipline; and also, that the execufound practical difficulties of consider. tion of the rules proposed on the 27th
December last, has not appeared prac. and thus to emulate the spirit of their ticable ; that under circumstances of brethren in the metropolis. such difficulty as the Society is now “Donations and subscriptions received placed in, unity of design, and princi- by Sir T. Perring and Co., Cornbill; ple, and operation, is peculiarly and Messrs. Hoare and Co., Fleet-street; indispensably necessary for its future Ransom, Morland, and Co., Pall-mall; management. And as the Dissenting and Right Hon. David Latouche and Members have, with a spirit most truly Co., Dublin.” conciliatory, offered to leave the ma. nagement of the institution in the hands CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. of their brethren of the Established Church, thiş nieeting do, with the same This island has of late become an obspirit of Christian meekness and cha- ject of great attention to the different rity, approve and accept the offer; and Missionary Societies. The wise, liberal, the members of it who are of the Es- and Christian policy of his Majesty's tablished Church most earnestly beseech Ministers invites and encourages the their Dissenting Brethren still to favour prudent efforts of these bodies to difthem with their pecuniary support, fuse the light of Divine Truth among and, above all, to aid them with their the Pagan and Mahometan subjects of prayers, that they may be enabled, the Crown; and this policy will be richwith the blessing of God, to extricate ly repaid in the increasing strength and the Society from the state of difficulty security of the Empire. in which it is now placed, and to pursue The Rev. Thomas Norton and the the great design for which it was ipsti. Rev. William Greenwood, two English tuted with renewed efforts of Christian Clergymen, have been long destined for faith, wisdom, and zeal, to the glory of this station. To them, in conjunction their common Lord in the salvatiou of with the Rev. Messrs. Schparre and Israel.'
Rhenius, was addressed the admirable “ The motion, that the above Resolu. Charge of the lamented Buchanan. tion be adopted, having been put and se- They are now waiting at Plymouth, to conded, the Meeting was addressed by take their passage for Ceylon, on board several gentlemen, some of them of the the Government transport, the Chape Established Church, and some of them man, Capt. Forster. His Majesty's Dissenters, on the subject of the Reso- Ministers have very condescendingly lution. The Dissenting Gentlemen ex. granted them a free passage, and have pressed their determination, though recommended the objects of the Society they had withdrawn from the manage- to the protection of the Colonial Goment, still to continue their aid to the vernment. institution, both by their influence and
The following extract of a letter to example; and they thus evinced them- the Secretary from the Chief Justice of selves to be actuated by principles of the Island, the Hon. Sir Alexander the most exalted Christian philanthropy Johnston, cannot fail to awaken the and liberality, which we trust will be most lively hopes, that, under such proboth felt and imitated in every part of tection, the efforts of the Church Misthe kingdom. Perhaps the history of sionary Society, and those of other In the Christian Church presents few ex• stitutions, will be crowned with abusamples of a point of so much difficulty dant success, and delicacy having been decided with such a happy union of those sentiments Sir Alexander Johnston to the Rev. which most highly adorn the Christian
Josiah Pratt. character. The Resolution passed una. "Mydear Sir, Columbo, June 26,1814 nimously.
“No person, I assure you, can be more “The public is requested to ob sensible than I am of the great advart. serve, that though the above Reso- tage which millions of the human race, lution places the entire management of in different parts of the world, must the London Society in the hands of the sooner or later derive from the exertions members of the Established Church, the which the Society is making for the praCommittee will thankfully receive the pagation of Christianity; and no person contributions of other Christians. They can be more anxious than I am, to co. particularly request the Dissenting Subs operate with them by every neaps in scribers throughout the kingdom to my power, in carrying into effect emong continue, and even increase, their aid, the inhabitants of this island the bene
Foleat and sacred object which they tament, and some of the books of the have so much at heart.
Old. "In consequence of the resolution which “This person died, leaving three sons; the Society came to while I was in Eng. all of whom the Dutch Government, land, I have, ever since my return to from the same policy which I have the island, been carefully observing the already mentioned, caused to be edu. character and conduct of most of the cated for the church at the public exyoung Cingalese of rank, who were pense : the eldest, at the seminary at likely to become fit subjects for the Columbo; the second and third, at the education which your Society has so University in Holland. The third son liberally promised to give to any two of died in Holland, after having officiated them whom I might select; and I am as a Clergyman in that country for some extremely happy to be enabled to in. time. The eldest son died at Columbo, form you, that I have at last discovered after having officiated for many years two, who, I think, are in every respect
as one of the clergymen of the place. deserving of the patronage of the So- The second son, after he had been ciety. Their characters are unexcep
ordained in Holland, returned to this tionable, and their connections give island in 1790, and died here a few years them great influence among the Cinga. ago, leaving behind him the translalese inhabitants of the country. They tions which he had made, with great have both attained the age of twenty
care and trouble, of many of the books one, and have already had that sort of of the Old Testament, which have education, as to the English language never yet been published, but which and the principles of Christianity, which I am now endeavouring to collect for will enable them to comprehend, in a publication. Petrus Hermanus Gerardus much shorter time, and with much more Philips, one of the two young men facility, than persons younger and less whom I have selected, is the eldest son educated than themselves could do, any of this gentleman; and John Gerard instruction which your Society may Pevera Appohamy, the other, is a cousin think proper to give them.
of his. "The great-grandfather of these young “ Approving as I do of the poliey of the men, Philip Philips Wefayacone, was, Dutch, in as far as it relates to their owing to his piety and upright cha- mode of propagating Christianity among racter, as well as to his great family the natives, and wishing to shew the influence among the Cingalese, In the natives that I thought the same system year 1744, appointed, by the then Dutch should be pursued by the English, I Governor of these settlements, Maha anxiously seized the opportunity which Modliar, or Chief of the whole of the the Resolution of the Society afforded me Cingalese inhabitants.
of manifesting my respect for a family * The Dutch Government, as the high- which had been distinguished, for the last est mark of respect which they could sixty years, by the number of able and shew the family of this person, and as respectable men belonging to it, who had the best means of associating with those most materially assisted the cause of who professed Christianity on this island Christianity among the people of this all the influence and authority which island ; and I accordingly felt great his relations and connections possessed pleasure in being able, from a convic. among his countrymen, had his eldest tion of the merits of the two young men 800, Henricus Philips, educated in Hol. whom I have mentioned, to select from land, for the church, at the public that family the persons who are to reexpense; and, after he had studied at ceive so marked an honour as that of one of the Dutch Universities for seven being educated and ordained under the years, had him ordained and appointed care and patronage of so distinguished from Holland to officiate as one of the a Society. Dutch clergymen at this place. He, “ Having mentioned the subject to besides performing for many years all General Brownrigg, our present Gothe duties of his office with great credit vernor, he has agreed, on behalf of to himself and great advantage to his Government, to pay the expense of the congregation, corrected the then exist- voyage of the young men to England; ing Cingalese translations of the four and I therefore expect that they will Gospels and of the Acts of the Apostles; leave this for England either in October and himself, for the first time, translated or January next. into Cingalese the rest of the New Tes- “I cannot conclude without informing
CHRIST. OBSERY. No. 159, 2 D
you of my views with respect to that principal British stations on this island: part of your letter to me, in which you and, with the view of procuring the suggest that if a Society could be or- aid of the natives themselves in the ganised in Ceylon, as an Auxiliary to measure, I mean further to propose your Church Missionary Society, it that each of the principal castes among would tend greatly to further your them should also form, for the same wishes and plans. I have read with purposes, subordinate Associations : great attention the plan, contained in and, that they may be fully acquainted the first Number of the Missionary with the nature of the plan, I have diRegister, of Church Missionary Asso. rected the first Number of the Register ciations; and intend to propose to such to be immediately translated into Cinof the persons here as are likely to galese, Tamul, Dutch, and Portuguese, agree with me upon the subject, to which are the languages that are the have a Church Missionary Association most generally understood throughout at Columbo, with subordinate Associa these settlements. tions of the same description at Jaffna,
“ ALEXANDER JOHNSTON." Galle, and Trincomaleo, which are the 5 The want of space is the only apology we have to plead for the delay of much
other interesting intelligence which has reached us during this month. It is one of the privileges of our own days that the march of Religion is too rapid for works tika our own to keep pace with it.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
No month, perhaps, since the com- bon on the throne of his fathers : mencement of our historical career, has we awake, and find him a fugitive in a' been more prolific of events of high strange land, and his seat filled by the civil and political interest than the very man who had been driven from it present. The metropolis of our own not a year before, and who was thought country has on a sudden become the to be for ever stripped of the capacity scene of riot, and even of bloodshed; of disturbing its repose. Such are the and that of a neighbouring country has calculations of the short-sighted politiwitnessed the transfer of its crown from cians of this world! In less than three the brow of the lawful sovereign to that weeks, the work of the congregated of an usurper, without a struggle, nay, hosts of Europe, and the work also of without the slightest attempt to resist its congregated monarchs and statesmen, the progress of this portentous revolu, is rendered unavailing by a single intion,
dividual; to-day an exile in his little is. Such are the awful changes by which land, to-morrow the monarch of France, it pleases God to teach us the instability In such an age, the mind ought surely of human things--to baffle the calcula- to sit peculiarly loose to all worldly tions of worldly policy—to convince interests and objects, and to seek its us that our wisdom is rather to look peace and welfare in Him who is "the to present duties than to future con
same yesterday, to-day, and for ever." tingencies--to instruct us in lessons
But we shall proceed to give a brief taught also by our immortal bard
account, first, of our internal disturb66 What thou livest, live well; ances, and secondly of the occurrences And leave the rest to Heaven.”
in France. There is certainly a peculiarity in And, first, as to the Corn Bill.-It the features of our own times. Hereto- was scarcely to be hoped that any bill fore it was chiefly in barbarous states which respected the staple of life that changes were rapidly accomplished, should be discussed without exciting But now, the same principle of sudden some degree of popular ferment. But growth or subversion seems to have when that bill was designed to carry manifested itself in the oldest and most into effect a measure, the apparent organised governments. In the midst tendency of which was to increase the of domestic peace we find ourselves actual price of bread; which was to be suddenly in a state of commotion. We protected and arranged by men having lie down upon our beds witb a Bour. generally a large ivterest in the value
of land; and which was to be discussed controul the deliberations of the Legisand carried at a period in which the lature. And it is equally impossible people were expecting, by the cessa- not to applaud the dignity and courage tion of war, a restoration to a state of those parliamentary supporters of of comparative case it was scarcely the Bill, whose voices have been heard, possible that the voice of the people amidst the din of riot and insubordinashould not be heard ; and that some more tion, quietly defending the principles weighty arguments than the mere they deemed it right to maintain. flourishes of rhetoric should not be Our surprize, we will own, throughout addressed to our national repre- the whole of the struggle has been, that sentatives. The tide of tumult, how- so little doubt should have been exever, rose more rapidly and furiously pressed by either party as to the course than was expected. It appears, indeed, to be pursued. We confess, that we to have found some of our civil centi- have found innumerable obstacles to nels asleep upon their posts. That the the formation of a clear and decisive confusion should so suddenly vanish judgment upon the question; and, if we when the constituted authorities began have come to any decision, it is this-really to act, amounts to a presumption that some such bill was necessary—but that at first they did not act with be that perhaps a little more delay and incoming vigour. In consequence of this, vestigation were due to the supplicathe houses of some of the King's Mini- tions of so rge a number of petisters, together with those of various tioners; and that a protecting price of 72 Individuals who supported, or were sup- shillings would have been better suited posed to support, the Corn Bill, have had to the conflicting interests of the counto sustain the storm of popular indigna- try than that which has been adopttion. And, if the opinions of men could be ed.-The grand argument, we conceive, changed as easily as windows are broken, in favour of the bill, is the expediency we should probably have become one of of securing a tolerably regular price and the most unanimous nations in the world. fair market to the cultivator ; and this, But the Houses of Parliament have perhaps, is to be done only by yielding to acted with the dignity which might have him a species of protection granted to been expected from them. They have almost every other class in the commuyielded nothing to the violence of their nity. Nor can it be denied that if a toangry countrymen, and have, whether lerably moderate and regular price of wisely or not, yet, at least, calmly and corn could have been secured by the deliberately, and by immense majori- measure, every class of society would be ties, maintained their own judgment in benefited equally with the cultivator. defiance of the opinion of their electors. But then, on the other hand, let us
It appears to us, looking at this vast consider for a moment the actual influsubject “ through the loop holes of our ence of an importing system on the welretreat," that both parties have been, as fare of the country. Under an exportto some points, a little mistaken in their ing system, it appears, that the populapolicy-some of the opposers of the Corn tion of England and Wales decreased in Bill
, in not admitting the necessity of the first ten years of the last century, this, or some analogous bill, for the pro- 275,000 souls. On the contrary, under tection of agriculture ; its advocates, in an importing system, the population innot shewing a little more deference to creased in the first ten years of this cen. the numerous applications of the people; tury, 1,320,000 souls.- Look next at the and both, perhaps, in not agreeing to wealth of the country. It is true, that, such a mean between a very high pro- in the 21 years beginning in 1792, we tecting price and no protecting price imported to the amount of 58 millions, at all, as might have at the same time sterling. But then the exports from secured the interests of the landbolder Great Britain in the single year, bea and satisfied the wishes of the people. ginning Jan. 5, 1811, were 63,300,431 in
But whilst we thus venture to animad- value. Next let us look, for a moment, vert on some things in the proceedings at the effect of an importing system, of both parties, we also find much to even upon the agricultural interests of admire. It is impossible, for instance, the country, and here it will be admitted not to admire the promptitude and deci- that the farmer has been growing rich; sion with which the opponents of the that rents have very greatly improved : bill took part with the Goveroment and, which is a singular fact, that, in five rainst the lawless mob which would years, beginning in 1808, the number of