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CXCVIII. — CARDINAL WOLSEY AND CROMWELL.*
Wolsey. FAREWELL, a long farewell to all my greatnesa !
Enter CROMWELL, amazedly.
Cromwell. I have no power to speak, sir.
Wol. What! amazed
Crom. How does your grace ?
Wol. Why, well;
Crom. I am glad, your grace has made that right use of is
* Thomas Cromwell, a statesman of the time of Henry the Eightà of England.
† Shakspeare often puts the accent in aspect on the last syllable. * An, by the old writers, is often used for if.
(Out of a fortitude of soul I feel),
Crom. The heaviest and the worst
Wol. God bless him!
Crom. The next is, that Sir Thomas Moreel is chosen
Wol. That's somewhat sudden :
Crom. That Cranmer is returned with welcome,
Woi. That 's news, indeed.
Crom. Last, that the Lady Anne,
Wol. There was the weight that pulled me down. O ! Cromwell,
Crom. O, my lord,
Wol. Cromwell, I did not think to shed a tear
And sl«ep in dull cold marble, where no mention
Crom. Good sir, have patience.
Wol. So I have. Farewell
CXCIX. — THE TREASURES BY THE WAYSIDE.
I wandered up the mountain way;
The man in thought, the child at play.
Mine eyes with former tears were dim;
Had each its fairy wealth for him!
He bounded back to show the treasure ;
Nor wise enough to share, his pleasure.
2. We paused at last :- the child began
Again his sullen guide to tease :
Aroused with pain, my listless eyes
The various spoil scarce wander o’er
In what seemed infant toys before :
Had given a garden's wealth to find ;
The earliest deluge left behind.
3. Fit stores for science Discontent
Had passed unheeding on the wild ;
As things of gladness to the child !
And sees its barren self alone;
And Time blooms back within the stone.
Whose wisdom with delight is clad,
SIR E. BULWER LYTTON
CC. — PECULIARITY OF AMERICAN LIBERTY. 1. This inheritance which we enjoy to-day is not only an inheritance of liberty, but of our own peculiar American liberty. Liberty has existed in other times, in other countries, and in other forms. There has been a Grecian liberty, bold and power. ful, full of spirit, eloquence, and fire; a liberty which produced multitudes of great men, and has transmitted one immortal name, the name of Demosthenes, to posterity. But still it was a liberty of disconnected states, sometimes united, indeed, by temporary leagues and confederacies, but often involved in wars between themselves. The sword of Sparta turned its sharpest edge against Athens, enslaved her and devastated Greece; and, in her turn, Sparta was compelled to bend before the power of Thebes. And let it ever be remembered — especially let the truth sink deep into all American minds — that it was the want of union among her several states which finally gave the mastery of all Greece to Philip of Mac'edon.I
2. And there has also been a Roman liberty, a proud, ambitious, domineering spirit, professing free and popular principles in Rome itself; but, even in the best days of the republic, ready
* Soo Linnæus, in Explanatory Index
to carry elavery and chains into her provinces, and through every country over which her eaglese could be borne. What was the "iberty of Spain, or Gaul, or Germany, or Britain, in the days of Rome? Did true constitutional liberty then exist ? As the Roman empire declined, her provinces, not instructed in the principles of free, popular government, one after another declined also ; and, when Rome herself fell in the end, all fell together.
3. I have said that our inheritance is an inheritance of American liberty. That liberty is characteristic, peculiar, and altogether our own. Nothing like it existed in former times, nor was known in the most enlightened states of antiquity ; while with us its principles have become interwoven into the minds of individual men, connected with our daily opinions and our daily habits, until it is, if I may so say, an element of social as well as of political life; and the consequence is, that to whatever region an American citizen carries himself, he takes with him, fully developed in his own understanding and experience, our American principles and opinions; and becomes ready at once, in coöperation with others, to apply them to the formation of new governments. · 4. What has Germany done, learnëd Germany, fuller of ancient lore than all the world besides ? What has Italy done? What have they done who dwell on the spot where Cicero lived ? They have not the power of self-government which a common town-meeting with us possesses. Yes, I say that those persons who have gone from our town-meetings to dig gold in California are more fit to make a republican government than any body of men in Germany or Italy, because they have learned this one great lesson — that there is no security without law, and that, under the circumstances in which they are placed, where there is no military authority to cut their throats, there is no sovereign will but the will of the majority ; that, therefore, if they remain, they must submit to that will. And this I believe to be strictly
Tenda nd, in er of
CCI. — THE SOULS OF BOOKS.
1. Sit here and muse !-- it is an antique room,
High-roofed, with casements through whose purple pane