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112. In the following exercises, most of the noteworthy difficulties m 6he articulation of our language have been introduced. In some of tho sentences, it will be seen, little regard has been had to the sense which they may make; the object being either to accumulate difficulties in Consonant combinations or to illustrate varieties of Vowel sounds and their equivalents:


I. A father's fate calls Fancy to beware. All in the hall here haul tie awl all ways. Aunt's heart and hearth are better than her head. And shall X, sir'raA, guarantee your plaid 1 Arraign his reign to-day; the great rain gauge. And so our wAaling ended all in wailing. Accent' the ac cent accurately always.

II. Awful the awe; nor broad ought Tom to maul. The Aulo, the bribe, the 6ar6, the £ia661ing bibber. Biding thou budg'ds-t, and budging bravely bidest. Bubbles and hu66ubs 6ar6arous and puAlic. Cans/ give the blind a notion of an ocean 1 CAurlish cAirographors, c Aromatic cAanters. CAivalry's cAief cAid the cAurl's cAaffering cAoice cAimerical.

III. Call her; her cAoler at the collar scorning. Crime craves the Czar's indictment curious. .Despised despoilers tracked the dastard's doom. Diaph'anous delusions deprecate. DracAmas disdain dispersed despotically. £arn earth's d«ar tears, whose dearth the heart's hearth inurns,

IV. .England her men metes there a generous measure. C<esar deceives the people from his seat. The key to that machine is in the field. Friends, heads and heifers, leopards, bury any. i&rainine, estimate the eggs exactly

V. Faults? He hadfaufts; I said he was not false. .Facundious PAilip's ^/fippant ./Zuenoy. CrAastly the gibbous anger gorges gnomes. Go! thougA rougA cougAs and hiccougAs plougA thee through / Grudg'dst thou, and gib'dst thou, Gorgon, with thy gyves 1

^ VI. He Aumbly Aeld the Aostler's Aorse an Aour. His Aonest rAetorio exAilarates. Hear'st thou this Aermit's Acinous Aeresy 1 He twists the texts to suit the several sects. Hope, boats, roads, coats, and loads of cloaks and soap. Why harass'dst thou him thus inhumanly 1

VII. In either place he dwells, in neither fails. Is he in life through one great terror led 1 In one great error rather is he not 1 Is there a na.ne— is their an aim more lofty 1 I say the judges ought to arrest the culj rit. I say the judges sought to arrest the culprit.

VIII. Janglingly jealous jeered the Jacobin. June's azure day sees the jay gaylyjump. .Knavish the knack could compass such a Anot. JTcep cool, and learn that cavils cannot Mil. JKentucAy Anows the darA and bloody ground.

IX. ionor, fonV and lean, he i'Zv Zoctui-cd me. Lo! there behold the scenes of those darA ages. The scenes of those darA cages, did you say 1 ifete'orous and meteoric vapors. Afulctedst thou him 1 In misery he mopes.

X. .Myrrh by the murderous myrmidons was brought Jlfan is a microcosm, a mimic world. Mate moping, maimed, in misery's murmurs whelm'rf. 3fammon's main monument a miscreant makes. Momenta their solemn realm to 3/emnon give.

XI. Nngh me no nay* s know me now, neighbor Dobbin. iVipt now the flower is riv'n, fcrever fall'n. Nymphs range the forests still till rosy dawn. Nay ! did I say I scream? I said ice cream. Never thou olasp'dst more footing triumphs here.

XII. O'er waste* and deserts, waste sand deserts Graying. On the hard wharf the timiri dwarf was standing. O, note the oecadi »n, ywman, hrutboy, beaut Or'thoepy precedes orthog'raphy. Obligatory objects then he offered.

XIII. Precedents ruled precedent Presidents. Poor painted pomp of pleasure's proud parade. PAarmacy far moro /armers cures than kills. Psyche (si-ke) puts out the spAinx's pseudo pipe. Politics happ'n to be uppermost. The room's perfumed' with per'fumes popular.

XIV. Quilp quoted Quarles's quiddities and quirks. Queens and coquets quickly their conquests quit. Quacks in a quan'dary were quaking there. QuenchM'st thou tho q«arrel of the quid'-nunos then 1 Quiescent Quixotism and quibbling quizzing. ^

XV. i?ave, wretched rover, erring, rash and perjured. .fttteVrugged rocks reechoed with his roar. iiAinocoroses armed and .Russian bears. Jfrrand rang her *Arill, sAarp, frenzied sAriek for mercy, i£uin and rapine, ruthless wretch, attend thee!

XVI. Six slim sleek saplings s/otbfully he sawed. Stridulous strays the stream through forests strange. *Snar/'sts thou af me 1 Vainly thou gplash'dst and strov* st. &Aall sAufflingsAift thy shrinking, shrieking sh&me 1 Schism*, oha*ms and prisms, phantasms and frenzies dire. Smith, smooth, smug, smart, sznirked, smattered, smoked and smiled. Sudden he sadd'n'd; wAerefore did he sadd'n 1

XVII. The Aeir his Aair uncovered to the air. That las/ still night, that lasts till night's forgot! The strident trident's strife strides strenuous. The dupes shall see the dupe survey the scene. The martial corps regarded not the corpse. (See Note to IT 60.)

XVIII. The ringing, clinging-, blighting, smiting- curse. The storms still rfrove, but the masts stood the struggle. The steel these steal still stereotypes (the er as in terror) their stigma. The stalk these talkers strike stands •trong ard steady. TAawing it tAermometrioally tArives.

XIX. Temptations tan/amount indictment's debtor. TentA or ten fAouBandt breaks the chain alike TAin&'st tAou the heig-Ate, deptAs, breadths, thor rt Mo rough in 1 The soldier* skilled in war, a thousand men 1 The sol uers Ailled in war a thousand men. The prints the prince selected were superb.

XX. Then if thou fatf'sf, thou faW'st a blessed martyr. Thou liu'si— liu's* did I say * appear'st in the Senate! Though thy cry moved me, thy crims moved me more. These things can never make your government. Thou b&rb'dst the dart that wounded me, alas!

XXI. Thou startl'eist me, and still thou startl'st me. Thou watch'st there Where thou watoh'dst, sir, when I oame. Thou blaokVdtf and thou black. Vst me in vail ThougA/'*< thou those thoughts of thine could thrill me (Arough 1 The intriguing rogue's vague brogue nl&gues like an Ague.

XXII. Thou sleptV, great ocean, hush'dxt thy myriad waves. The wolf whose Aowl, the owl whose Aoot is heard. The new tune played on Tuesday Butts the duke* Too soon thou chuckl'dxt o'er the gold thou stole*/. Twanged sAort and sAarp, like the shrill swallow's cry.

XXIII. Use makes ua use it even as usage rules (this last u like the o in move), Z/mpires uswro the usurer's usual custom. C/tility *s yourultimr'tum, then. E7htunable, untractable, unthinking.' trrge me no more; your arguments are uselejs. The tutor's revolution is reduced.

XXIV. Vain, vacillating, ue'heinent, he veers foreoer. TVAetting his scythe, the mower singe/A blifAe. JVAile teAiling time at wAist, u»Ay will you wAisper 1 TVAelmed in the waters were the uiAirling- itAeels. WAere is the ware that is to wear so well

XXV. WAite were the wights who waggishly were winking. Wrenched by the hand of violence from hope. Would*/ thou not highly — woultist not holily 1 With sAort sArill sArieks flits by on leathern wing. Xerxes, Xantippe, Xen'ophon and Xanthus.

XXVI. lachts yield the yeomen youthful exercise. Tou pay nobody? Do you pain nobody 1 Your kindness overwAeluis me — makes mo bankrupt Zouxis, Zenobia, Zeus and Zoroas'ter. Zephyr these heifers indolently fans.

113. By the term alliteration is meant the repetition of the same letter, chiefly at the beginning of words. In the following Exercise the words of every line are alliterative according to the order of the letters of the alphabet. It will be found a good practice for keeping alive the attention of a class to have the lines read singly, one by each pupil successively.


An Austrian army, awfully arrayed,

Boldly, by battery, besieged Belgrade;

Cossack commanders cannonading come,

Dealing destruction's desolating doom;

Every endeavor engineers essay,

For fame, for fortune, fighting furious fray;

Generals 'gainst generals grapple, grimly great;

How hold heroic hearts hard, haggard hate \

Infuriate, indiscriminate in ill,

Kinsmen kill kinsmen, kinsmen kindred kill!

Labor low levels loftiest, longest lines;

Men march 'mid mounds, 'mid moles, 'mid murderous minos;

Now noisy, noxious numbers notice naught

Of outward obstacles, opposing aught;

Poor patriots, partly purchased, partly pressed,

Quite quailing, quaking, quickly quarter quest;

Reason returns, religious right resounds,

Suwarrow stops such sanguinary sounds.

Truce then to Turkey; triumph to thy train,

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114. The following " Rhymes for the Nursery," by Robert Southey, descriptive of the Cataract of Lodore, afford a good exercise in articulation, especially in the participle termination in ing. The voice should b< modulated in many places to imitate the motion of the water ; and thew is even an opportunity, in the expressiveness of many of the words, fof imitative articulation.


"How does the water come down at Lodore t"
My little boy asked me thus, once on a time;
And moreover he tasked me to tell him in rhyme.
Anon, at the word, there first came one daughter,
And then came another, to second and third
The request of their brother, and to hear how the water
Comes down at Lodore, with its rush and its roar,
As many a time they had seen it before.
So I told them in rhyme, for of rhymes I had store;
And 'twas in my vocation for their recreation
That so I should sing,

Because I was Laureate * to them and the king.

From its sources which well in the tarn on the fell;
From its fountains in the mountains, its rills and its gills;
Through moss and through brake, it runs and it creeps
For awhile, till it sleeps in its own little lake,
And thence at departing, awakening and starting,
It runs through the*reeds, and away it proceeds,
Through meadow and glade, in sun and in shade,
And through the wood-shelter, among crags in its flurry,
Helter-skelter, hurry-skurry.

* See this word and Southey in the Explanatory Index.


Here it comes sparkling, and there it lies darkling;
Now smoking and frothing, its tumult and wrath in,
Till in this rapid raco, on which it is bent,
It reaches the place of its steep descent.


The Cataract strong then plnnges along,
Striking and raging, as if a war waging
Its caverns and rooks among;

Rising and leaping, sinking and creeping, swelling and sweeping:.
Showering and springing, flying and flinging, writhing and ringing,
Eddying and whisking, spouting and frisking, turning and twisting.
Around and around, with endless rebound;
Smiting and fighting, — a sight to delight in,—

Confounding, astounding, dizzying and deafening the ear with its sound..


Collecting, projecting, receding and speeding, and shocking and rocking, And darting and parting, and threading and spreading, and whizzing and hissing,

And dripping and skipping, and hitting and spitting, and shining and twining,

And rattling and battling, and shaking and quaking, and pouring and roaring,

And waving and raving, and tossing and crossing, and flowing and going, And running and stunning, and foaming and roaming, and dinning and spinning,

And dropping and hopping, and working and jerking, and guggling and struggling,

And heaving and cleaving, and moaning and groaning:


And glittering and frittering, and gathering and feathering,
And whitening and brightening, and quivoring and shivering,
And hurrying and skurrying, and thundering and floundering;


Dividing and gliding and sliding,

And falling and brawling and sprawling,

And driving and riving and striving,

And sprinkling and twinkling and wrinkling,

And sounding and bounding and rounding,

And bubbling and troubling and doubling,

And grumbling and rumbling and tumbling,

And clattering and battering and shattering;


Retreating and beating and meeting and sheeting,
Delaying and straying and playing and spraying,

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