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Nor Grandeur hear with a disdainful smile
9. The boast of heraldry, the pomp of power,
And all that beauty, all that wealth, e'er gave,
10. Nor you, ye proud, impute to these the fault,
11. Can storied urn or animated bust
Back to its mansion call the fleeting breath?
12. Perhaps in this neglected spot is laid
Some heart once pregnant with celestial fire; Hands that the rod of empire might have swayed, Or waked to ecstasy the living lyre:
13. But Knowledge to their121 eyes her ample page,
Rich with the spoils of time, did ne'er unroll,
14. Full many a gem of purest ray serene
The dark, unlathomed caves of ocean bear ,
15. Some village Hampden," that with dauntless breast
The little tyrant of his fields withstood,—
16. The applause of listening senates to command.
The threats of pain and ruin to despise,
17. Their lot forbade; nor circumscribed alone
Their growing virtues, but their crimes confined j
18. The struggling pangs of conscious truth to hide,
19. Far from the madding crowd's ignoble strife
20. Yet even these bones from insult to protect.
Some frail memorial, still erected nigh,
21. Their name, their years, spelt by the unlettered Muse
The place of fame and elegy supply;
22. For who, to dumb forgetfulness a prey,
This pleasing, anxious being e'er resigned,
23. On some fond breast the parting soul relies,
Some pious drops the closing eye requires;
2i. For thee, who, mindful of the unhonored dead,
Some kindred spirit shall inquire thy fate, —
25. Haply some hoary-headed swain may say,
"Oft have we seen him at the peep of dawn
26 "There, at the foot of yonder nodding beech
2" 'Hard by yon wood, now smiling as in scorn,
Muttering his wayward fancies, would he rove,
28. " One morn I missed him on the accustomed hill,
Along the heath, and near his favorite tree:
29. "The next, with dirges due, in sad array,
Slow through the churchway path we saw him borne,
30. Here rests his head upon the lap of earth
A youth to fortune and to fame unknown;
31. Large was his bounty, and his soul sincere
Heaven did a recompense as largely send
32. No further seek his merits to disclose,
Or draw his frailties from their dread abode,
1. Archime'des was born in the year 287 before the Christian era, in the island of Sicily and city of Syracuse. Of his childnood and early education we know absolutely nothing, and nothing of his family, save that he is stated to have been one of the poor relations of King Hiero, who came to the throne when Archime'des was quite a young man, and of whose royal patronage he more than repaid whatever measure he may have enjoyed. There is no more characteristic anecdote of this great philosopher than that relating to his detection of a fraud in the composition of the royal crown. Nothing, certainly, could more vividly illus'trate the ingenuity, the enthusiasm, and the complete concentration and abstraction of mind, with which he pursued whatever problem" was proposed to him.
2. King Hiero, or his son Gelon, it seems, had given out a certain amount of gold to be made into a crown, and the workman to whom it had been intrusted had at last brought back a crown of corresponding weight. But a suspicion arose that it had been alloyed with silver, and Archimedes was applied to by the king, either to disprove or to verify the allegation. The great problem, of course, was to ascertain the precise bulk of the crown in its existing form; for, gold being so much heavier than silver, it is obvious that if the weight had been in any degree made up by the substitution of silver, the bulk would be proportionately increased. Now, i i happened that Archimedes went to take a bath while this problem was exercising his mind, and, on approaching the bath-tub, he found it full to the very brim. It instantly occurred to him that a quantity of water of the same bulk with his own body must be displaced before his body could be immersed.
3. Accordingly, he plunged in; and while the process of displacement was going on, and the water was running out, the idea suggested itself to him, that by puttmg a lump of gold of the exact weight of the crown into a vessel full of water, and then measuring the water which was displaced by it, and by afterwards putting the crown itself into the same vessel after it had again been filled, and then measuring the water which this, too, should have displaced, the difference in their respective bulks, however minute, would be at once detected, and the fraud exposed. "As soon as he had hit upon this method of detection," we are told, "he did not wait a moment, but jumped joyfully out of the bath, and, running naked towards his own house, called out with a loud voice that he had found what he had sought. For, as he ran, he called out in Greek, 'Eureka," Eureka.'"
4. No wonder that this veteran geom'eter, rushing through the thronged and splendid streets of Syracuse, naked as a pair of his own compasses, and making the welkin" ring with his triumphant shouts, — no wonder that he should have rendered the phrase, if not the guise, in which he announced his success, familiar to all the world, and that "Eureka, Eureka," should thus have become the proverbial ejaculation of successful invention and discovery in all ages and in all languages, from that day to this! The solution of this problem is supposed to have led the old philosopher not merely into this ecstatical exhibition of himself, but into that line of hydrostatical" investigation and experiment which afterwards secured him such lasting renown. And thus the accidents of a defective crown and an overflowing bath-tub gave occasion to some of the most remarkable demonstrations of ancient science. R. C. Winthrop.
CXXVIII. — LORD TJLLIN'S DAUGHTER.
A Chieftain, to the Highlands bound, cries, " Boatman, do not tarry'
"And fast before her father's men three days we've fled together;
Outspoke the hardy Highland wight, " I '11 go, my chief—I'm ready:
It is not for your silver bright, but for your winsome lady:
And, by my word, the bonny bird in danger shall not tarry:
So, though the waves are raging white, I '11 row you o'er the ferry."
By this the storm grew loud apace, the water-wraith" was shrieking, And in the scowl of heaven each face grew dark as they were speaking. But still as wilder blew the wind, and as the night grew drearer, Adown the glen rode armed men, their trampling sounded nearer.
"0, haste thee, haste!" the lady cries, "though tempests round ua gather;I '11 meet the raging of the skies, but not an angry father." The boat has left a stormy land, a stormy sea before her;When, 0, too strong for human hand, the tempest gathered o'er her.
And still they rowed amidst the roar of waters fast prevailing:
"Come back! come back !" he cried in grief, " across this stormy water;
CXXIX. THE FBEE MIND.
1. I Call that mind free, which masters the senses, which pro tects itself against the animal appetites, which penetrates beneath the body and rec'ognizes its own reality and greatness. I call that mind free, which escapes the bondage of matter; which, instead of stopping at the material universe and making it a prison wall, passes beyond it to its Author, and finds, in the radiant signatures which that universe everywhere bears of the infinite Spirit, helps to its own spiritual enlargement.
2. I call that mind free, which sets no bounds to its love, which recognizes in all human beings the image of God and tho rights of his children, which delights in virtue and sympathizes with suffering wherever they are seen, which conquers pride, anger, and sloth, and offers itself up a willing victim to the cause of mankind.
3. I call that mind free, which is not passively framed by outward circumstances, which is not swept away by the torrent of events, which is not the creature of accidental impulse, but which bends events to its own improvement, and acts from an inward spring, from immutable principles which it has deliberately espoused.
4. I call that mind free, which protects itself against the usurpations of society, which does not cower to human opinion, which feels itself accountable to a higher tribunal than man's, which respects a higher law than fashion, which reverences itself too much to be the slave or tool of the many or the few.
5. I call that mind free, which, through confidence in God and in the power of virtue, has cast off all fear but that of wrong