Philosophical Interpretations

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Oxford University Press, 30 янв. 1992 г. - Всего страниц: 272
Robert Fogelin here collects fifteen of his essays, organized around the theme of interpreting philosophical texts. The essays place particular emphasis on understanding the argumentative or dialectical role that passages play in the specific context in which they occur. The somewhat surprising result of taking this principle seriously is that certain traditional, well-worked texts are given a radical re-interpretation. Throughout the essays reprinted here, Fogelin argues that, when carefully read, the philosophical position under consideration has more merit than commonly believed. Included are essays dealing with texts from the works of Plato, Aquinas, Hume, Berkeley, Kant, Price, Hamilton, and Wittgenstein.

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Three Platonic Analogies
A Reading of Aquinass Five Ways
Hume and Berkeley on the Proofs of Infinite Divisibility
Hume and the Missing Shade of Blue
Humes Worries about Personal Identity
What Hume Actually Said about Miracles
Kant and Hume on Simultaneity of Causes and Effects
a Hamiltons Quantification of the Predicate
b Hamiltons Theory of Quantifying the Predicate a Correction
Wittgenstein on Identity
Negative Elementary Propositions
Wittgenstein and Intuitionism
Wittgenstein and Classical Scepticism
Thinking and Doing

The Tendency of Humes Skepticism
A Limited Defense

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Стр. 81 - In short, there are two principles, which I cannot render consistent; nor is it in my power to renounce either of them; viz., that all our distinct perceptions are distinct existences, and that the mind never perceives any real connexion among distinct existences.
Стр. 96 - A miracle is a violation of the laws of nature ; and as a firm and unalterable experience has established these laws, the proof against a miracle, from the very nature of the fact, is as entire as any argument from experience can possibly be imagined.
Стр. 98 - That no testimony is sufficient to establish a miracle, unless the testimony be of such a kind, that its falsehood would be more miraculous, than the fact, which it endeavours to establish...
Стр. 117 - The intense view of these manifold contradictions and imperfections in human reason has so wrought upon me, and heated my brain, that I am ready to reject all belief and reasoning, and can look upon no opinion even as more probable or likely than another.
Стр. 222 - The solution of the problem of life is seen in the vanishing of this problem.
Стр. 121 - I have already shewn, that the understanding, when it acts alone, and according to its most general principles, entirely subverts itself, and leaves not the lowest degree of evidence in any proposition, either in philosophy or common life.
Стр. 73 - Tis evident, that even different simple ideas may have a similarity or resemblance to each other; nor is it necessary, that the point or circumstance of resemblance shou'd be distinct or separable from that in which they differ. Blue and green are different simple ideas, but are more resembling than blue and scarlet; tho' their perfect simplicity excludes all possibility of separation or distinction.
Стр. 90 - But having thus loosen'd all our particular perceptions, when I proceed to explain the principle of connexion, which binds them together, and makes us attribute to them a real simplicity and identity; I am sensible, that my account is very defective, and that nothing but the seeming evidence of the precedent reasonings cou'd have induc'd me to receive it.
Стр. 82 - The mind is a kind of theatre, where several perceptions successively make their appearance, pass, repass, glide away, and mingle in an infinite variety of postures and situations.

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