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the streets, under the title of "The Folly of England, and Ruin of America." Serious disturbances took place, soon after, on the arrival of the stamped papers. Mr Colden, the lieutenant governor, was hanged and burnt in effigy. The merchants formed an association, and resolved to direct their correspondents in Europe to ship no more goods, until the stamp act should be repealed.
The stamp papers arrived in New York about the last of October. Mr M'Euers, the stamp distributor, having resigned to avoid the popular odium, the lieutenant governor took them into Fort George, and made great exertions to secure them. On the first of November, the day on which the stamp act was to go into effect, many of the inhabitants, offended at the conduct, and disliking the political sentiments of Mr Colden, having assembled in the evening, proceeded to the fort walls; broke open his stable, and took out his coach; and, after carrying it through the principal streets of the city, marched to the common, where a gallows was erected, on one end of which they suspended his effigy, with a stamped bill of lading in one hand, and a figure of the devil in the other.
When the effigy had hung a considerable time, they carried it in procession, with the gallows entire, the coach preceding, to the gate of the fort, whence it was removed to the bowling green, under the muzzles of the guns, where a bonfire was made, and the whole pageantry, including the coach, was consumed, amidst the acclamations of several thousand spectators. They next proceeded to the house of Major James, who was a friend to the stamp act, and, after plundering it, consumed every article of the furniture in a bonfire.
The next morning a paper was drawn up, and read from the balcony of a coffee house, which was much frequented by the citizens, setting forth the necessity of being peace
-On the ar
VIII. What took place when the stamp act arrived?rival of the stamps?
Give some account of these disturbances.
able, and calling upon the inhabitants to turn out with their arms upon any alarm, and quell all riotous proceedings. To prevent the effect of this proclamation, Capt. Sears, a violent opposer of the stamp act, addressed the populace. He assured them that, the intention of the proposal, that had been read, was to prevent their obtaining possession of the stamped papers; and added, "but we will have them within four and twenty hours." The address was answered by loud shouts of applause.
In the evening, the mob again assembled, and insisted on the governor's delivering the stamps into their hands. Mr Colden attempted to pacify them, by declaring, that he had nothing to do in relation to the stamps, but should leave it to Sir Henry Moore to do as he pleased on his arrival. Not satisfied with this the people made an attempt to obtain the stamps by force. After much negotiation, it was, however, agreed, that they should be delivered to the corporation, which was accordingly done, and they were deposited in the city hall. Ten boxes of stamps arriving, some time after, were committed to the flames.
On the 6th of November, the people again assembled, in the fields, and it was proposed, that a committee be appointed to open a correspondence with the other colonies. This was a measure of so serious and important a nature, as to endanger the property and lives of the committee, especially, should the stamp act be enforced, and for some time no one would venture to accept the appointment. At length Capt. Sears and four others offered themselves, and were approved. They agreed among themselves to sign all the letters with their several names, and open a correspondence with all the colonies. The Philadelphians were requested to forward their enclosed letters to the southern states, and the Bostonians to forward those for New Hampshire.*
SEC. IX. Sir Henry Moore, who had been appointed to supersede Gen. Monckton in the government of the province, arrived in November; and commenced his administration.
IX. Who succeeded Gov. Monckton?
Owing to the spirited opposition of the colonies, the stamp act was repealed in 1766. In the following year, the controversy, concerning the New Hampshire Grants, became so serious and alarming, as to require the interposition of the crown. A royal order was given to the governor, directing him to suspend all proceedings relative to these grants, until his majesty's further pleasure be made known. The colony of New York contained, at this time, upwards of one hundred and sixty thousand inhabitants.
SEC. X. 1767. The subject of the taxation was again resumed by the parliament, and the colonies were required to make provision for the support of the British troops in America. New York refused; and an act was passed for restraining the assembly of this colony, until they should comply with the requisition. The colonies generally now began to be seriously alarmed at the oppressive measures pursued by the British government.
SEC. XI. In 1770, Lord Dunmore was appointed, Governor of the province. He was succeeded the following year by Mr Tryon, who, in 1772, made an attempt to conciliate the minds of the settlers of the New Hampshire Grants. Some negotiations took place, but no conciliation was effected, and the con
When was the stamp act repealed?- What is said of the controversy with the Grants? -How many inhabitants did the colony
contain at this time?
x. What was required of the colonies in 1767?-How did NewYork treat this requisition?What was the consequence?
XI. Who was appointed Governor in 1770 ?-Who succeeded him? What attents did he make?
troversy continued to rage with increasing animosity.
In 1774, the assembly passed an act, by which it was declared felony punishable by death, for any of the settlers of the New Hampshire Grants to oppose the 'government by force. The governor at the same time made proclamation, offering a reward of fifty pounds each, for the apprehending, and securing, of Ethan Allen, Seth Warner, and six others of the most obnoxious of the settlers.
The inhabitants of the New Hampshire Grants became still more violent in their opposition, and formed new associations for mutual support. The proscribed persons, in an address to the people of the county of Albany, made this public declaration-"We will kill and destroy any person or persons, whomsoever, who shall presume to be accessary, aiding, or assisting in taking any of us."
SEC. XII. 1775. The coercive measures of the British government were not relinquished. Early in the present year, bills were passed for restraining the trade of New England, and of the middle, and southern colonies, with the exception of New York, Delaware, and North Carolina.
The manifest object of the ministry, in making this discrimination, was to promote disunion among the colonies. The plan, however, proved unsuccessful. The exempted colonies spurned the proffered favor, and submitted to the restraints imposed on their neighbors.
What success attended them?.
-What act was passed in 1774 ?
What measures were taken by the settlers? XII. What bills were passed in 1775 ?- -What was the object of the ministry?-How did the plan succeed?
At the time the restraining acts were framing, the assembly of New York were preparing a petition for a redress of grievances. On the receipt of this petition, the British parliament were not a little disappointed to find the very "loyal assembly of New York" stating, " that an exemption from internal taxation, and the exclusive right of providing for their own civil government, and the administration of justice in the colony, were esteemed by them, as their undoubted and unalienable rights."
SEC. XIII. The controversy relative to the New Hampshire Grants continued to rage with unabated violence. In the spring of the present year, an event took place, which served still further to exasperate both parties.
In consequence of the differences existing with the British Government, the courts of justice held under the royal authority, in the adjacent provinces, were either shut up, or adjourned without transacting any business. At the time appointed, for the session of the court at Westminster, in the New Hampshire grants, some of the inhabitants of this, and the adjacent towns, took possession of the court house at an early hour, to prevent the officers of the court from entering.
The judges, on being refused admittance, at the customary hour of opening the court, retired to their quarters. About eleven o'clock at night, the sheriff and other officers attended by an armed force, repaired to the court house; when being again refused admittance, some of the party fired into the house, killed one man, and wounded several.
The people were highly inflamed by this rash proceeding, and, on the following day, assembled in large numbers. A coroner attended, and a jury of inquest brought in a verdict, that the man was murdered by the court party. Some of the officers were seized, and carried to the jail at Northampton in Massachusetts, but were released from confinement, on application to the chief justice of New York.
What was done by the assembly, while these acts were framing? -What statement did they make in this petition?
XIII. What is said of the controversy, concerning the Grants at this time?
Give some account of the occurrence at. Westminster.