Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage: Public Report

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National Academies Press, 19 янв. 2006 г. - Всего страниц: 106
In response to a request from Congress, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Department of Homeland Security sponsored a National Academies study to assess the safety and security risks of spent nuclear fuel stored in cooling pools and dry casks at commercial nuclear power plants. The information provided in this book examines the risks of terrorist attacks using these materials for a radiological dispersal device. Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel is an unclassified public summary of a more detailed classified book. The book finds that successful terrorist attacks on spent fuel pools, though difficult, are possible. A propagating fire in a pool could release large amounts of radioactive material, but rearranging spent fuel in the pool during storage and providing emergency water spray systems would reduce the likelihood of a propagating fire even under severe damage conditions. The book suggests that additional studies are needed to better understand these risks. Although dry casks have advantages over cooling pools, pools are necessary at all operating nuclear power plants to store at least the recently discharged fuel. The book explains it would be difficult for terrorists to steal enough spent fuel to construct a significant radiological dispersal device.
 

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Содержание

NOTE TO READERS
1
SUMMARY FOR CONGRESS
3
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
5
1 INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
12
2 TERRORIST ATTACKS ON SPENT FUEL STORAGE
25
3 SPENT FUEL POOL STORAGE
38
4 DRY CASK STORAGE AND COMPARATIVE RISKS
60
5 IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES
75
REFERENCES
79
A INFORMATIONGATHERING SESSIONS
83
B BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS
87
C TOUR OF SELECTED SPENT FUEL STORAGERELATED INSTALLATIONS IN GERMANY
92
D HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF CURRENT COMMERCIAL POWER REACTOR FUEL OPERATIONS
100
E GLOSSARY
108
F ACRONYMS
115
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