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PO BLIC LIBRARY

2142883

ASTOR, LIWAX AND TILDƏN FIZATIONS

L

1943

INDEX TO THE VOLUME.

Decrees of Trent on Imkereie Saints,} 87

A.
Confession uncertainty of

180
Congregation of the Index,

240

253
Abduction of Eliza Burns, 345, 519, 549

Council, Roman, at Baltimore,
of the Pope,

54
Abolitionism in the femenine gender, 411
Agnus Deis,

233
Anathema, form of .

524

D.
Antichrist, the Pope

193
Antiq'ty of the religion of Protestants, 201
Assembly, Presbyterian of 1837, 231, 304

kelies
310, 312, 313, 360, 391, 454

Communion in
Assurance, Christian
• 433

132

One kiud,
Anecdotes,

Extreme unction, 50
Two little boys and their bible, 41

Mass,

175
Settling accounts,

48 Deluol, Priest as a Controvertialist, 503
Jobn Randolph,
ib Destitution in Baltimore,

276
Indian eating a Popish God, 173 Destroying Christ in the Mass, 174
Trial of a Priest's faith, 179 Division of the Presbyterian Church, 313
Two sins for a confession, 181 Documentary History of the Assem.
Con fessing to a Stump, 182

bly of 1937,

312, 360, 391, 454
Of Napoleon,

13
Admitting Pilgrim's Pro-

325

E.
gress in Italy,

}

418,

12 May 1943

}44

, 93

Cook Co

B.
Edict of Nantz revoked,

233
Education Society, American, 454
in Ireland,

261
Bellarmine quoted,

176 English Universities, Reform pro-
Bible doctrine of Slavery,
476

331
Bishops full vs Bishops empty,

posed in
466
Enupnion,

182
Body, This is my
34 Errors in Doctrine,

512
Breckinridge's Discourse on the

Eucharist, real presence in the

36
formation and developement of
482

529
the American Mind,

Exposition of Rom. IX. 1-3
Brunswick, the Duke of-50th reason, 35
Bulls--Pope Pius VII. vs Bible
Societies,
Unigenitus, by Clement XI. 129 Finale of the case of Eliza Burns,

519
Pius VII. Excom. of Buonaparte, 185 Fontainebleau, Palace of

565
Innocent XI. on Edict of Nautz, 233

Edict of

235
Bishop of New York vs. free 46 Fundamental doc. of Christianity, 448,542

discussion,
Ruonaparte Excommunicated, 185
Burns Eliza, case of 345, 519, 519

G.
Geneva,

104-5
C.

51
Green, Robert A. case of

H.
Calvin, Character of

107
Cardinals, Origin of

54
Duties,
55 Hale, Sir Matthew, ou keeping

74
how created,

56 the Sabbath,
purple dress of

ib Hazard of Salvation in Churcb of Rome, I
Extract from their let-
Hogan Excommunicated,

524
57
ter to Paul III. see note. S Holy See, Tribunals of the

121
Canon Laws,
Women cannot bear witness, 33

I. J.
Oaths vs. the Church are

33
perjuries,
Christians, Sufferings of Early 135, 136 Idolatry, British in India,

376
Columbus, Christopher
1151 Immorality of Popes,

352
Commons, a night in the House of 292 Index, Congregation of

240
Communion in one kind,

137
Prohibitory, Rules of

60

166
Convent, Carmelite scream in 101 | Intercession, Nature of Christ's
Confession, meaning of

160 | Justification, Essays on 355, 404, 514, 557

}

Southern

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Papal Domination in Spain,

409
Superstition propagated by

552
our public money,

}
Penance,

423
Plan of Union,

390
Popery, Reasons for renouncing 333
Pope and his Council,
Popish Mass, can a Protestant with

171
a safe conscience be present at
Population, Statistics of

526
Priest confounded,

- 179
Preaching of Bishop England,

253

54

W.

}

Whitfield, Life of
Waldenses of the Cotienn Alps,

26
165

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THE HAZARD OF BEING SAVED IN THE CHURCH OF ROME.

A SERMON By the Rev. John Tillotson, D. D. Archbishop of Canterbury, in the

17th Century.

I. Cor. II. 15.--But he himself shall be saved yet so as by fire.

The context is thus. (10—15. vs.) "According to the grace of 'God which is given unto me, as a wise master-builder, I have laid 'the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. But let every man 'take heed how he buildeth thereupon. For other foundations can 'no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ. Now if 'any man build upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, 'wood, hay, stubble. Every man's work shall be made manifest, for 'the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire: and the 'fire shall try every man's work of what sort it is. If any man's 'work abide, which he hath built thereupon he shall receive a reward. 'If any man's works shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: yet he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire."

In these words the apostle speaks of a sort of persons, who held indeed the foundation of Christianity, but built upon it such doctrines or practices a: would not bear the trial; which he expresses to us by wood, hay and stubble, which are not proof against the fire. Such a person the apostle tells us, hath brought himself into a very dangerous state, though he would not deny the possibility of his salvation, he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire.

That by fire here is not meant the fire of purgatory, as some pretend (who would be glad of any shadow of a text of scripture to countenance their own dreams) I shall neither trouble you or myself to manifest; since the particle of similitude (oos) plainly shews that the apostle did not intend an escape out of the fire literally, but like to that which men make out of a house, or a town that is on fire. Especially as very learned persons of the church of Rome do acknowledge that purgatory cannot be concluded from this text,

nay all that Estius contends for from this place is, that it cannot be concluded from hence that there is no purgatory; which we never pretended, but only that this text doth not prove it.

It is very well known that this is a proverbial phrase used not only in scripture, but in profane authors to signify a narrow escape out of a great danger. He shall be saved yet so as by fire, dia putos, out of the fire. Just as dia udatos is used, 2 Pet. 111. 20, where the apostle speaking of the eight persons of Noah's who escaped the flood, diesoothasan di udatos they escaped out of the water. So here this phrase is to be rendered in the text, he himself shall escape, yet so as out of the fire. The like expression you have, Amos iv. 2. I have plucked them as a firebrand out of the fire." And Jude 23. “Others save with fear, plucking them out of the fire.All which expressions signify the greatness of the danger, and the difficulty of escaping it: "as one who when his house at midnight is set on fire, and being suddenly waked, leapt out of his bed, and runs naked out of the doors, taking nothing that is within along with him, but employing his whole care to save his body from the flames," as Chrysostom on another occasion expresseth it. And so the Roman orator (Tully) who, it is likely did not think of purgatory) useth this phrase; quo ex judicio, velut ex incendio, nudus effugit, from which sentence or judgement he escaped naked as it were out of a burning. And one of the Greek orators (Aristides) tells us, that "to save a man out of the fire, was a common proverbial speech.”

From the words thus explained, the observation that naturally ariseth is this: that men may hold all the fundamentals of the Christian religion, and yet may superadd other things whereby they may greatly

endanger their salvation. What these things were which some among the Corinthians built upon the foundation of Christianity, whereby they endangered their salvation, we may probably conjecture by what the apostle reproves in this epistle, as the tolerating of incestuous marriages, communicating in idol feasts, &c. And especially by the doctrine of the false apostles, who at that time did so much disturb the peace of most Christian churches, and who are so often and so severely reflected on in this epistle. And what their doctrines was, we have an account, Acts xv. viz: That they imposed upon the gentile Christian circumcision, and the observance of the Jewish law, teaching that unless they were circumcised, and kept the law of Moses, they could not be saved. So that they not only build these doctrines upon Christianity, but they made them equal with the foundation, saying, that unless men believed and practised such things they could not be saved.

In speaking to this observation, I shall reduce my discourse to these two heads.

I. I shall present to you some doctrines and practices which have been built upon the foundation of Christianity, to the great hazard and danger of men's salvation. And to be plain, I mean particularly the church of Rome.

II. And I shall enquire, whether our granting a possibility of salvation (though with great hazard) to those in the communion of the Roman church, and their denying it to us, be a reasonable argument, and encouragement to any man to betake himself to that church.

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