The A to Z of Medieval Philosophy and Theology
The Middle Ages is often viewed as a period of low intellectual achievement. The name itself refers to the time between the high philosophical and literary accomplishments of the Greco-Roman world and the technological advances that were achieved and philosophical and theological alternatives that were formulated in the modern world that followed. However, having produced such great philosophers as Anselm, Peter Abelard, John Duns Scotus, William of Ockham, Peter Lombard, and the towering Thomas Aquinas, it hardly seems fair to label the medieval period as such. Examining the influence of ancient Greek philosophy as well as of the Arabian and Hebrew scholars who transmitted it, The A to Z of Medieval Philosophy and Theology presents the philosophy of the Christian West from the 9th to the early 17th century. This is accomplished through a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, a bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on the philosophers, concepts, issues, institutions, and events, making this an important reference for the study of the progression of human thought.
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Acronyms and Abbreviations
About the Authors
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13th century al-Farabi Anselm Aquinas’s Arabic Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s Arts Faculty Augustine Augustinian authors Averroes Avicenna became biblical Boethius Bonaventure Book Cambridge canon cause Christ Christian Church Cistercian commentaries condemned conﬂict creation criticized developed dialectics dieval Dionysius the Pseudo-Areopagite Disputed divine doctrine Dominican essence eternal Ethics exegesis faith Fathers Franciscan Gersonides God’s Greek Henry of Ghent human inﬂuence inﬂuential intellect interpretation Islamic Jewish John Duns Scotus kalam knowledge later Latin liberal arts logic Maimonides man’s master of theology Medieval Philosophy medieval thinkers Metaphysics Middle Ages Muslim mystical Neoplatonic Oxford Peter Lombard Philosophical Texts philosophy and theology Plato political Pope principles questions Quodlibet reality reason regent master revelation Richard Saint Saint-Victor Scripture sense Sentences of Peter soul sources spiritual substance Summa teaching theologians things Thomas Aquinas tion tradition Trans translated treatises Trinity truth University Press William of Ockham wisdom writings wrote