A Military Dictionary and Gazetteer: Comprising Ancient and Modern Military Technical Terms, Historical Accounts of All North American Indians, as Well as Ancient Warlike Tribes; Also Notices of Battles from the Earliest Period to the Present Time, with a Concise Explanation of Terms Used in Heraldry and the Offices Thereof. The Work Also Gives Valuable Geographical Information

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L. R. Hamersly & Company, 1881 - Всего страниц: 659
 

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Стр. 110 - If, upon marches, guards or in quarters, different corps of the army shall happen to join or do duty together, the officer highest in rank of the line of the army, marine corps or militia, by commission, there on duty or in quarters, shall command the whole, and give orders for what is needful to the service, unless otherwise specially directed by the President of the United States, according to the nature of the case.
Стр. 256 - The officers and soldiers of any troops, whether militia or others, being mustered and in pay of the United States, shall, at all times and in all places, when joined, or acting in conjunction with the regular forces...
Стр. 89 - A victorious army appropriates all public money, seizes all public movable property until further direction by its government, and sequesters for its own benefit or that of its government all the revenues of real property belonging to the hostile government or nation. The title to such real property remains in abeyance during military occupation, and until the conquest is made complete.
Стр. 309 - Martial law is simply military authority exercised in accordance with the laws and usages of war. Military oppression is not martial law.; it is the abuse of the power which that law confers. As martial law is executed by military force, it is incumbent upon those who administer it to be strictly guided by the principles of justice, honour, and humanity — virtues adorning a soldier even more than other men, for the very reason that he possesses the power of his arms against the unarmed.
Стр. 327 - Military necessity does not admit of cruelty, that is, the infliction of suffering for the sake of suffering or for revenge, nor of maiming or wounding except in fight, nor of torture to extort confessions.
Стр. 89 - Nevertheless, as civilization has advanced during the last centuries, so has likewise steadily advanced, especially in war on land, the distinction between the private individual belonging to a hostile country and the hostile country itself, with its men in arms. The principle has been more and more acknowledged tbat the unarmed citizen is to be spared in person, property, and honor as much as the exigencies of war will admit.
Стр. 482 - The Secretary of War is the regular constitutional organ of the President for the administration of the military establishment of the nation, and rules and orders publicly promulgated through him must be received as the acts of the Executive, and, as such, be binding upon all, within the sphere of his legal and constitutional authority.
Стр. 89 - The United States acknowledge and protect, in hostile countries occupied by them, religion and morality ; strictly private property ; the persons of the inhabitants, especially those of women ; and the sacredness of domestic relations. Offenses to the contrary shall be rigorously punished.
Стр. 475 - A prisoner of war, being a public enemy, is the prisoner of the Government and not of the captor. No ransom can be paid by a prisoner of war to his individual captor or to any officer in command. The Government alone releases captives, according to rules prescribed by itself.
Стр. 327 - Military necessity, as understood by modern civilized nations, consists in the necessity of those measures which are indispensable for securing the ends of the war, and which are lawful according to the modern law and usages of war.

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