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H.R. 8250, H.R. 8322, and H.R. 11775
TO PROVIDE FOR THE POPULAR ELECTION OF THE

GOVERNOR OF GUAM, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

H.R. 13294

TO AMEND THE ORGANIC ACT OF GUAM TO PROVIDE
FOR THE ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF THE LEGISLATURE

OF GUAM BY DISTRICTS

AND

H.R. 13298

TO AMEND THE ORGANIC ACT OF GUAM IN ORDER TO
AUTHORIZE THE LEGISLATURE THEREOF TO PROVIDE
BY LAW FOR THE ELECTION OF ITS MEMBERS FROM

ELECTION DISTRICTS

MARCH 7, 8, AND 29, AND APRIL 19, 20, AND 27, 1966

Serial No. 89-26

Printed for the use of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1966

61-024

ses

COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS

WAYNE N. ASPINALL, Colorado, Chairman LEO W. O'BRIEN, New York

JOHN P. SAYLOR, Pennsylvania WALTER ROGERS, Texas

E. Y. BERRY, South Dakota JAMES A. HALEY, Florida

CRAIG HOSMER, California ED EDMONDSON, Oklahoma

JOE SKUBITZ, Kansas WALTER S. BARING, Nevada

CHARLOTTE T. REID, Illinois RALPH J. RIVERS, A laska

LAURENCE J. BURTON, Utah ROY A. TAYLOR, North Carolina

ROGERS C. B. MORTON, Maryland HAROLD T.JOHNSON, California

WENDELL WYATT, Oregon HUGH L. CAREY, New York

GEORGE V. HANSEN, Idaho MORRIS K. UDALL, Arizona

ED REINECKE, California COMPTON I. WHITE, JR., Idaho

THEODORE R. KUPFERMAN, New York PHILLIP BURTON, California DAVID S. KING, Utah WALTER H. MOELLER, Ohio JOHN V. TUNNEY, California JONATHAN B. BINGHAM, New York THOMAS S. FOLEY, Washington N. NEIMAN CRALEY, JR., Pennsylvania JOHN A. RACE, Wisconsin RICHARD WHITE, Texas TENO RONCALIO, Wyoming SANTIAGO POLANCO-ABREU, Puerto Rico (Resident Commissioner)

SIDNEY L. MCFARLAND, Professional Staff Director

T. RICHARD WITMER, Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON TERRITORIAL AND INSULAR AFFAIRS

LEO W. O'BRIEN, New York, Chairman WALTER ROGERS, Texas

JOHN P. SAYLOR, Pennsylvania JAMES A. HALEY, Florida

CHARLOTTE T. REID, Illinois RALPH J. RIVERS, Alaska

E. Y. BERRY, South Dakota ROY A. TAYLOR, North Carolina

LAURENCE J. BURTON, Utah HUGH L. CAREY, New York

ROGERS C. B. MORTON, Maryland
PHILLIP BURTON, California

JOE SKUBITZ, Kansas
JONATHAN B. BINGHAM, New York
THOMAS S. FOLEY, Washington
N. NEIMAN CRALEY, JR., Pennsylvania
SANTIAGO POLANCO-ABREU,
Resident Commissioner, Puerto Rico

DR. JOHN L. TAYLOR, Consultant on Territorial Affairs
NOTE.-The chairman, Hon. Wayne N. Aspinall, is an ex officio member of each subcommittee.

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CONTENTS

Hearings held-

March 7, 1966:

Page

Morning session on H.R. 8250, H.R. 8322, and H.R. 11775-

1

Afternoon session on H.R. 8250, H.R. 8322, and H.R. 11775. 40

Afternoon session on H.R. 13294 and H.R. 13298.

157

March 8, 1966:

Afternoon session on H.R. 13294 and H.R. 13298..

161

March 29, 1966:

Morning session on H.R. 11775.---

79

April 19, 1966:

Morning session on H.R. 13294 and H.R. 13298..

193

April 20, 1966:

Morning session on H.R. 11775---

103

April 27, 1966:

Morning session on H.R. 13298..

201

Morning session on H.R. 11775.-

139

Text of:

H.R. 8250.-

1

H.R. 8322

3

H.R. 11775.

5, 80

H.R. 13294.

157

H.R. 13298.

158, 201

Committee Print No. 17, H.R. 11775-

104

Statements:

Anderson, Hon. Harry R., Assistant Secretary of the Interior.--

14, 162

Bordallo, Hon. Ricardo J., Congressman in the Legislature of Guam. 71

Guerrero, Hon. Manuel F. L., Governor of Guam...

16, 158

Lamorena, Hon. Alberto T., Congressman in the Legislature of Guam. 70

Matsunaga, Hon. Spark M., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Hawaii..

14

Polanco-Abreu, Hon. Santiago, Resident Commissioner of Puerto

Rico

100, 130

Taitano, Hon. Carlos P., Speaker of the Eighth Guam Legislature--- 55, 183

Van Cleve, Hon. Ruth G., Director, Office of Territories, Depart-

ment of the Interior.

86

Won Pat, Hon. A. B., U.S. Representative in Washington of the

people of Guam..

40, 172

Letters:

Carver, Hon. John A., Jr., Under Secretary of the Interior, to Hon.

Wayne N. Aspinall, dated March 28, 1966.--

194

Clark, Ramsey, Deputy Attorney General, to Hon. Wayne N.

Aspinall, dated May 16, 1966_

156

Edwards, Max N., Assistant to the Secretary and Legislative Counsel,

Department of the Interior, to Hon. Wayne N. Aspinall, dated

March 28, 1966. -

37

Udall, Hon. Stewart L., Secretary of the Interior, to Hon. John W.

McCormack, dated Oct. 11, 1965 (report)-

7

Won Pat, Hon. A. B., Guam's Washington Representative, and Hon.

Carlos Taitano, Speaker of the Eighth Guam Legislature, to Hon.
Leo W. O'Brien, dated March 23, 1966.-

79

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Additional information:

Anderson, C. D., president, Guam Chamber of Commerce, to Rep. Page
Leo O'Brien, dated March 7, 1966 (cablegram).-

75

Proposed draft of a bill presented by the Department of the Interior

to provide for the popular election of the Governor of Guam, and for

other purposes.-

Remarks from pages 8069 through 8073 of the Congressional Record

with reference to the various bills on Guam and the Virgin Islands.- 130

Report of the Organic Act of Guam Revision Commission on the bill

to establish the “Guam Elected Governor Act”.

69

House Report 1512— Amending the Organic Act of Guam in order to

authorize the legislature thereof to provide by law for the elec-

tion of its members from election districts.--

205

House Report 1520—Providing for the popular election of the Gov-
ernor of Guam..

140
Resolution of the Democratic Party of Guam, adopted Jan. 18, 1966.-
Sablan, Antonio Q., Territorial Party Chairman, to Rep. Leo O'Brien,
dated March 6, 1966 (cablegram)---

75
Taxes—Territory of Guam, fiscal years 1961-65 (table)--

25

76

TO PROVIDE FOR THE POPULAR ELECTION OF THE

GOVERNOR OF GUAM, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

MONDAY, MARCH 7, 1966

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON TERRITORIAL AND INSULAR AFFAIRS
OF THE COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:45 a.m., in room 1324, Longworth House Office Building, Hon. Leo W. O'Brien (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Mr. O'Brien (presiding), Aspinall, Haley, Rivers, Taylor, Saylor, Burton of Utah, and Skubitz.

Mr. O'BRIEN. The Subcommittee on Territorial and Insular Affairs will be in order for consideration of hearing on H.R. 8250, by Mr. O'Brien, H.R. 8322, by Mr. Matsunaga, and H.R. 11775, by Mr. O'Brien, to provide for the popular election of the Governor of Guam, and for other purposes.

The first two bills were superseded by H.R. 11775, which was introduced as the result of an executive communication, a copy of which is attached and will be made a part of the record at this point.

(A copy of H.R. 8250, H.R. 8322, H.R. 11775, and the executive communication, follow:)

H.R. 8250, 89th Cong., 1st sess.] A BILL To provide for the popular election of the Governor of Guam, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section 6 of the Organic Act of Guam (64 Stat. 384, 386; 48 U.S.C. 1422), is amended to read as follows:

“Sec. 6. The executive power of Guam shall be vested in an executive officer whose official title shall be the 'Governor of Guam.' At the general election in 1966, the Governor shall be elected by the people of Guam who are qualified to vote for the members of the Legislature of Guam. The general election for Governor shall be held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in 1966, and every fourth year thereafter. The nomination of candidates and the conduct of the election shall be governed by the laws of Guam. The Governor shall hold office for a term of four years and until his successor is elected and qualified, unless sooner removed by the President for cause. Such term shall commence on the first day of January following the date of the election. No person shall be eligible for election as Governor unless at the time of the election he is at least thirty years of age, is able to read and write the English language, and could also qualify for election as a member of the Legislature of Guam. The Governor shall maintain his official residence in Guam during his incumbency. He shall have general supervision and control of all the departments, bureaus, agencies, and other instrumentalities of the executive branch of the government of Guam. He may grant pardons and reprieves and remit fines and forfeitures for offenses against the local laws, and may grant respites for all offenses against the laws of the United States applicable in Guam until the decision of the President can be ascertained. He may veto any legislation as provided in this Act.

He shall appoint all officers and employees of the executive branch of the government of Guam, except as otherwise provided in this or any other Act of Congress, and

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