« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
tion should be carefully kept in view-namely, that into operation in the tuition of idiots, this is the of quickening the faculties, and creating clear con- most powerful and important. It fortunately hapceptions, so as to turn them to good account. We pens that so useful an agent is applicable in all should therefore be especially guarded against the cases, and may be made to bear with due efficacy temptation of stepping beyond the bounds of utility ; upon each, taking, as the faculties become develwe should ever keep in mind what ought, rather oped, a higher range of action. It may be divided than what can, be accomplished.
into three kinds or stages : first, the simple motions It is pleasing to discover, amidst much that is of the limbs ; next, the handling of objects; and unattractive in these imperfect creatures, some pe- lastly, the moral influence of example in all that culiarities which are singularly interesting. Among relates to conduct and duty. The manner of causthese may be noticed the remarkable susceptibility ing the pupil to conceive and follow the various of the majority of idiots to musical sounds. Nearly positions of the tutor having been already described all are acutely sensible of this influence, though when speaking on the regulation of muscular actior, they may be unable to utter a note or intelligible we proceed to the consideration of the more adsound; and many, ignorant and incapable in other vanced stage-namely, the method to be employed respects, manifest a remarkable power of imitating with a view of leading, by means of the imitative with the voice any simple air which has been care-tendency, to the use of various implements. fully and repeatedly execuled for their benefit. The first step in this important procedure may This sensibility of the organ of hearing becomes be accomplished by placing on the table two pieces important as a means of producing impressions and of wood, about the size and shape of ordinary buildawakening emotions. By a judicious education of ing bricks. One of them being handed to the youth, the ear, the tutor acquires both a capability of com- the instructor takes the other, and placing it in a municating pleasing sensations, and also an in- certain position, requires that the remaining piece creased power of enforcing obedience by a careful shali be moved by the pupil so as to correspond and marked intonation of his own voice, when im- with it in situation. At first, little or no idea of parting the various necessary directions to his the intention is formed, and some assistance bepupils. Although in general naturally acute, yet comes necessary. In a short time, however, an this sense should receive a like systematic culture appreciation of the object sought is engendered, with the others. In addition to the regular grada- and the pupil will readily cause his portion to astions of the gamut, impressions should be made by sume the various positions of the opposite one. striking various sonorous bodies together, and by When this is accomplished, an increased number uttering the different vocal expressions indicative of should be employed, and the faculty of imitation the emotions of the mind. It may be here remarked cultivated, by arranging one set in a certain order, that there appears to be a greater susceptibility to to be followed by the pupil with the other set. lively and well-marked instrumental music than to Succeeding to this exercise, domestic implements that produced by the voice.
may be introduced, and their uses taught through In following out the foregoing directions respect-the power of imitation. Thus, by gradual and proing the cultivation of the senses, great discretion gressive steps, instruction in various easy occupawill be absolutely necessary on the part of the tutor tions may ultimately be inculcated, and the appain adjusting the exercises to each particular case, rently hopeless object rendered useful and happy as well as to the relative imperfections of the differ- by means at once simple and applicable. ent organs observable in the same individual. Care- From what has been already advanced, the reader !ul observation, combined with a fair amount of tact, will perceive that the impressions received by a will, however, lead to an adaptation of suitable sound infant mind intuitively, require to be commumeans to each pupil. It may here be remarked, nicated by artificial means to the idiot. In pursuthat too rigid an observance of the above directions ing those higher branches of instruction which preshould not be enforced. Considerable latitude should pare him to enter on active and useful avocations, be taken by the tutor, lest, by following too rigidly the same principle must be carefully kept in view. the somewhat artificial, though scientific and pro- Before the attempt is made to instruct the pupil in gressive order of cultivating the senses, a degree of any handicraft employment, his ideas of form, and irksomeness might in some instances be produced. his capability of describing various figures in chalk, To prevent this, frequent opportunities should be must be fully cultivated. This is an exercise which made available of directing the notice of the pupil usually excites an agreeable impression among the to all ordinary objects which come within the range pupils, and is accordingly entered on with readiness of his observation. He should be made as familiar and pleasure. A blackboard being provided, the with their names and uses as his imperfect capacity tutor draws upon it, by means of a rule and chalk, will allow. He should be taught to handle various a single line; then requires that a similar one shall articles, to attend to personal cleanliness, to dress be imitated by each pupil in succession. The first and undress, as well as to take his food, without lesson is devoted to a perpendicular line, the next assistance. To accomplish all these objects, the to a horizontal, and the following one to an oblique. force of example must be brought into operation, As soon as the pupil has made each respective and much reliance must also be placed on the inge- line, he should be required to utter the word, up, nuity, judgment, patience, and perseverance of the flat, slant, according as the line is perpendicular, instructor.
horizontal, or oblique. After this combined exerIn pursuing a systematic course of training, it cise of both hands has been duly practised, he should will be found that the imitative tendency is strongly be taught to draw a straight line without the aid implanted in the objects before us. This is a fortu- of a rule. Then the three lines he has been taught nate circumstance, as by a judicious use of that being connected at each extremity, a triangle bewell-known intluence which the stronger has over comes represented on the board." To familiar ze the weaker mind, a valuable means of leading for- him, or rather to impress him, with a just concepward, regulating, and rendering useful the rudest tion of the nature of this picture, place in his hand and most inert materials is placed in our hands. the triangular piece of wood formerly employed to Of all the various elementary principles brought impart ideas of form, and encourage him to compare it with the figure on the board. By so doing, he protruding the tongue, and moving it in every direcbecomes aware that the lines he has made constitute tion, should be practised. After these muscular a representation of the substance he holds in his actions have been many times exercised, a simple hand. A little reflection will convince us that the sound should be uttered by the tutor, and repeated various steps embraced in this simple lesson are of till the pupil does the same. When he becomes great value in creating steadiness and capability of perfect in uttering simple labials and linguals, he directing the hand, in perfecting the conception of should be practised in uttering consecutive syllables. form, and in generating a power to draw a repre- The power of arrangement may be taught by sentation of a simple object.
placing several square and oblong pieces of wood Whenever some proficiency is attained in drawing so as to form a certain figure, to be imitated by the straight lines, the pupil should be taught to describe pupil. As soon as some knowledge of letters is a curve; first by the aid of the rule, one extremity communicated, he should be taught the sound of of which being fixed hy the thumb, forms an axis, two letters combined, and then of those which form and becomes the centre of the circle. Subsequently, a word. The instruction in this department is the hands should be exercised in forming curves greatly facilitated by having the letters on separate without the aid of any instrument. After some portions of card, so that they can be selected and practice of the eye and hand, in proportion to the brought together. The first words formed should capacity of the pupil, these preliminary exercises in be substantives of one syllable only, as hat, cap, &c. the art of drawing should be followed up by efforts The object should also be presented at the time, so to impart the power of representing simple objects. as to impress the mind with the power of the letters This will be effected with the greatest ease, by pre-employed in forming the word. No words should senting the mathematical figures, shaped in wood be used of which the meaning has not been comfor imitation, beginning with the triangle, and pass- municated. ing to the square, circle, oblong, oval, &c. In due From substantives proceed to adjectives: show time, simple implements, with which the youth has that a hat may be white or black; then to verbs : become familiar, should be held up, that he may form the sentence “move the hat," and when movattempt a rude picture of them.
ing it, point to the verb. So with prepositions, Several advantages ensue from this course of place an object in, on, under the hat, &c., repeattuition. The object sought is not to make a paint- ing the respective preposition, and showing the er, but to expand and cultivate the mind, to open word whenever the object is placed in these differ out stores of improvement and enjoyment by this ent situations. siinplest of languages—the hieroglyphical. It also We now approach a most important department serves a most useful purpose in perfecting ideas of of tuition ; namely, that of moral guidance. Owing shape, and a power of imitation which can ulti- to the inherent deficiencies already described, the mately be turned to good account in manual oper- several actions of idiots, constituting conduct, beations requiring a capacity to cut and work out rude long in a great measure to that class termed evil. materials into useful articles.
To check this unfortunate tendency, and to cultiThe first instruction in letters is founded on the vate the moral sense, so as to engender ideas of preliminary exercise respecting a straight line and duty and improved conduct, form the highest office curve, the various combinations of which form the of the tutor. Although certain influences about to complete alphabet. This important branch of in- be described may be said strictly to belong to the struction is greatly facilitated, and precise ideas class of moral agents, yet it is to be observed that respecting the symbols of language are created, by every step already taken bears on the same end in first making known those letters which consist of a most material degree. The faculties have been simple lines, next the circle, and lastly those con- cultivated, knowledge imparted, and an affectionate sisting of a straight line and portion of the circle. regard for, and obedient reliance on, the tutor is We may here remark, though not forming a part felt. During the whole progress of intellectral of this portion of instruction, that when a consonant training, it is vitally important that the moral sense is represented, the simple sound should be associ- be regarded, and that means should be taken to ated with it, not that compound with a vowel which regulate and cultivate it. The first object to be is usually employed in ordinary schools. This accomplished is to prevent the pupil from commitboth aids utterance, and prevents confused notions. ting any evil act; the next, to direct him to a more
Most idiots are mute; that is to say, they do not improved conduct by constant supervision ; and utter any intelligible sounds, owing to causes anal. Iasily, to promote a desire and will to continue ogous to those which impede control over muscular such conduct when no control is exercised over action in other parts of the body. The means of him. It will be perceived that, in training the cultivating the organ of speech consist in producing moral sense, a course very similar to that adopted successive motions of the jaw, lips, and tongue. in the regulation of muscular action is recommended When the faculty of imitation is developed, and the to be pursued; namely, first the prevention of vicious pupil is able to control the muscles of those parts, tendencies and habits; next, a judicious regulation ihe object may be easily attained if the tutor exhibit under control ; and lastly, a free and unrestrained the necessary movements. But in some cases, both power, stimulated by due excitants. the tendency to follow the actions of others, and In accomplishing this latter and very exalted duty, the power over the vocal apparatus, are so imper- the pupil should be taught to notice, compare, and fect, that it becomes necessary to aid the muscles. judge-in fact, to reason, and then to will. He The jaw should be opened and closed, the lips should be made to feel his wants both in food and brought into various positions by the use of the clothing, and to supply them by fetching the necesfingers, and the tongue moved by means of a paper sary articles from a distant part of the establishment. knife.
When conducting this moral tuition, the first dawnWhen, however, imitation and power of motion ing of a better disposition should be carefully looked are inore perfect, the mechanical assistance is un- for, and made available when discovered. It is necessary. Such exercises as whistling, sucking probable that, after the perverse propensities have a ferule, holding a small body between the lips, I been conquered, and the pupil has submited to di
rection in a better course, some manifestation of a any means be ascribed, as in other cases, to the new desire or will may become apparent. This, collective energies of his mind being turned into a if correct, should be actively encouraged, and other single channel. aids sought for to cultivate and gratify pure tastes He was born at Royalton, Windsor County, and feelings. By these means, he will, in course Vermont, on the 6th of January, 1836. His father of time, be made sensible of many rational enjoy- is a farmer, and a person of considerable intelli. ments, the gratification of which can be turned to gence; and both his parents, during the earlie: good account as rewards for improved conduct. portion of their lives, were instructors of youth.
Our remarks on the tuition specially adapted to From his father he appears to have inherited his the idiotic having already occupied so much space, passion for mathematical studies, and from his we are unable to dwell at any length on the means mother a nervous temperament, so exquisite, applicable to those children in whom the develop
“ That one might almost say his body thought." ment of the mental faculties has been retarded, owing to the occurrence of certain actions of the In his first year, he was so delicate, so fragile, that brain which have supervened after birth. The perhaps no other mother could have reared him; gymnastic exercises calculated to invigorate the but from the wan, unearthly lips of the infant there bodily functions may be safely encouraged, but it came questions that made the listeners start and will be advisable to adopt precautions respecting thrill by their preternatural intelligence. It seemed those agents destined to stimulate the brain in a as if he had come into the world with a craving direct manner, lest, by an injudicious excitement for knowledge, which he waited only for the gift of a disordered organ, additional disturbance arise, of speech to “ wreak upon expression.'
But it which it may be difficult to allay. The advice of was not till his third year that the grand bias of a medical man should be sought, who, taking into his mind was suspected; nor did this fully develop account the cause which has operated in preventing itself till three years after. His parents had already the expansion of the mind, will be able to suggest amused themselves with his power of calculating what exercises are likely to prove advantageous, numbers; but one day now, as we are told, he and what prejudicial.
“ remarked to his mother, that if he knew how Something remains to be said respecting the many rods it was round his father's large meadow, properties of the individual required to execute this he could tell the measure in barleycorns. When nice and delicate work of tuition. He who is em- his father came in, she mentioned it to him; and ployed in the task should possess many amiable he, knowing the dimensions of the field, made a qualities. A mild, gentle, persuasive, serene, and calculation, and told the boy it was 1040 rods; the charitable nature should be sought for, but at the lad, after a few minutes, gave 617,760, as the dissame time a weak and yielding disposition is to be tance in barleycorns, ‘in his head,' as the phrase avoided. With much calm self-possession should be is." united an equal share of firmness, consistency and This was sufficiently remarkable in a child of perseverance. Those endowments of temper, ad- six years of age; but before his eighth year, he had dress, forbearance, superior judgment, and strong gone to the extent of the famous Zerah Colburn's determination, constituting a power to command, powers, and had answered, in fifteen minutes, all are especially needed; as well as that ready and the questions which more recently made the repudecisive appliance of just means to every emergency, tation of a negro boy, detecting three mistakes usually denominated tact. Considerable play and either of the press or the boy. But these feats power of voice, gesture, and look, are necessary to were not achieved—and this is the most promising fix attention, communicate an impression, and en- fact in his history—by the kind of intuition usually force obedience. A capability to enter with spirit observable in such cases, but by means of study; on various games and pastimes, and a facility of and it was observed that he improved rapidly by expressing emotion, as well as a taste for music, practice, and lost proportionately when he neglected are all desirable qualities.
the cultivation of his powers. At this time he The power of observation should be studiously acquired from books some knowledge of algebra applied, the peculiarities of each pupil carefully and geometry, and appeared to possess, " in addimarked, and met with that discretion which can tion to the power of performing lengthy calculations alone lead to success.
in his head, the higher power of comprehending We have now traced some of the essential influ- and solving abstruse and difficult questions in the ences destined to elevate the most inert and de- various branches of mathematics.” graded creature, by the education of the whole He was now attacked by typhus fever; and an being to the likeness of man. The means are as incident of his illness is related which exhibits at simple and applicable as they are sound and philo- once his passion for such studies and the extreme sophical, and it is only necessary to use them with delicacy of his nervous temperament.
“When energy and discretion, to secure happy results. the alarming crisis of his disease had passed, and
he was slowly recovering, he plead most affectFrom Chambers' Journal. ingly with his mother for Day's Algebra and his
slate. His mother, aware of his extreme nervousTRUMAN HENRY SAFFORD.
ness and irritability at the time, thought it would This is the name of a boy, now ten years of age, be better to gratify than to refuse him, and gave who, if he lives, and continues to enjoy mental and him the algebra and slate. He immediately comcorporeal health, will in all probability be one of menced making a long statement, which extended the most remarkable men America has ever pro- nearly across the slate; but before he could finish duced. He is not one of those“ prodigies” in it, his little hand failed, his pencil dropped, and whom a single faculty is developed to a preter- giving up in despair, he burst into tears, and wept natural extent; for his general talent is nearly as long and bitterly.” After his recovery, Hutton's conspicuous as his aptitude for mathematics. He Mathematics and the Cambridge Mathematics were has both the will and the power to learn in a very added to his few books, and in the winter of extraordinary degree, and his success cannot by 1844–45 he studied hard. In the following spring, Dr. Chester Dewry, a mathematician well known prepared beforehand by a skilful mathematician, throughout the United States, writes of him thus : with the view of testing his powers to the utterinost.
" He is not one of the calculators by instinct, if “I went, firmly expecting to be able to confound I may use the language, but a real regular reasoner, him, as I had previously prepared myself with on correct and established principles, taking the various problems for his solution. I did not sup easiest and most direct course. As he had Hut- pose it possible for a boy of ten years only to be ton's Mathematics, and wanted some logarithms, able to play, as with a top, with all the higher his father told me he computed the logarithms from branches of mathematics. But in this I was disI to 60 by the formula given by Hutton, which appointed. Here follow some of the questions ) werc afterwards found to be the same in a table of put to him, and his answers. I said, "Can you logarithms for the same number of decimals. He is tell me how many seconds old I was last March, a wonderful boy. His mind seems bent on the the 12th day, when I was twenty-seven years old ?' study of mathematics, and he takes his books about He replied instantly, '85,255,200.' Then said with him, that he may study some every day. He I,. The hour and minute hands of a clock are exwas also much interested in three lectures on chem- actly together at 12 o'clock : when are they next istry, that he attended. He seems very able to together?" Said he, as quick as thought, 1 h. make a practical application of his knowledge. 5 5-11 m.' And here I will remark that I had His mind is too active ; and when roused in the only to read the sum to him once. He did not night, or made wakeful by his nervous tempera- care to see it, but only to hear it announced once, ment, it is often difficult to arrest the current of no matter how long. Let this fact be remembered his thoughts on some interesting calculation. The in connection with some of the long and blind sums study of mathematical relations seems to be amuse- I shall hereafter name, and see if it does not show ment to him."
his amazing power of conception and compreHe was now taken to Hanover, where he saw hension. Also, he would perform the sums menfor the first time an extensive collection of books tally, and also on a slate, working by the briefest and mathematical instruments. The sight made and strictest rules, and hurrying on to the answer the poor nervous student wild with excitement; with a rapidity outstripping all capacity to keep and when taken away, he was drowned in tears. up with him. The next sum I gave him was this : On returning home from a little tour, in the course. A man and his wife usually drank out a cask of of which he had been introduced to various scien- beer in twelve days; but when the man was from tific men, and had his library enriched by several home in lasted the woman thirty days. How useful acquisitions, he set about constructing an many days would the man alone be drinking it?' almanac, which was actually put to press in the He whirled about, rolled up his eyes, and replied autumn of 1845, having been cast when its author at once, 20 days.' Then said I, What number was just nine years and a half old. In the follow- is that which, being divided by the product of its ing year he calculated four different almanac calen- digits, the quotient is three; and if 18 be added, dars—one for Cincinnati, which was published the digits will be inverted?' He flew out of his with a portrait; one for Philadelphia; one for Bos- chair, whirled round, rolled up his wild flashing ton; and one for his native Vermont. " While eyes, and said, in about a minute, 24.' Then getting up the Cincinnati one, he became much said I, •Two persons, A and B, departed from abstracted in his manner, wandered about with his different places at the same time, and travelled head down, talking to himself, &c., as is his man- towards each other. On meeting, it appeared that ner while originating new rules. His father ap- A had travelled 18 miles more than B, and that A proached him, and inquired what he was doing, could have gone B's journey in 154 days, but B and found that he had originated a new rule for would have been 28 days in performing A's jourgetting moon risings and settings, accompanied ney. How far did each travel?' He flew round with a table which saves full one fourth of the work the room, round the chairs, writhing his little body in casting moon risings. This rule, with a num- as if in agony, and in about a minute sprung up to ber of others for calculating eclipses, is preserved me and said, A travelled 72 miles, and B 54 with his manuscript almanacs in the library of miles—did n't they?' • Yes.' Then said I,. What Harvard University.” This almanac was placed two numbers are those whose sum, multiplied by upon a par by scientific men with the works of the greater, is equal to 77, and whose difference, mathematicians of mature years; and the wonder- multiplied by the less, is equal to 12?' He again ful boy, who saw two editions of his book sold shot out of his chair like an arrow, flew about the almost immediately—one of 7000, and one of room, his eyes wildly rolling in their sockets, and 17,000 copies--became at once a public character. in about a minute said, ' 4 and 7. Well,' said
“ Not satisfied,” says the Rev. H. W. Adams I, the sum of two numbers is 8, and the sum of of him at this time, “ with the old, circuitous pro- their cubes 152. What are the numbers ?' Said cesses of demonstration, and impatient of delay, he instantly, “3 and 5. Now, in regard to these young Safford is constantly evolving new rules for sums, they are the hardest in Davies Algebra. abridging his work. He has found a new rule by “ I took him into the mensuration of solids. which to calculate eclipses, hitherto unknown, so Said I, What is the entire surface of a regular far as I know, to any mathematician. He told me pyramid, whose slant height is 17 feet, and the it would shorten the work nearly one third. When base a pentagon, of which each side is 33.5 feet ?' finding this rule, for two or three days he seemed in about two minutes, after amplifying round the to be in a sort of trance. One morning very early room, as his custom is, he replied 3354.5558.' he came rushing down stairs, not stopping to dress • How did you do it?' said İ. He answered, himself, poured on to his slate a stream of figures, Multiply 33.5 by 5, and that product by 8.5, and and soon cried out, in the wildness of his joy, add this product to the product obtained by squar
Oh, father, I have got it, I have got it! It ing 33.5, and multiplying the square by the tabular comes-it comes !'"
area taken from the table corresponding to a penWe now proceed to give the results of a regular tagon.' On looking at this process, it is strictly examination of the boy, in which the questions were scientific. Add to this the fact, that I was examin
ing him on different branches of the mathematics 1 nent place in the constellation of science, instead requiring the application of different rules, and that of passing away, as some anticipate, like the meteor he went from one sum to another with rapidity, of a moment. One of these circumstances is what performing the work in his mind when asked, and appears to us to be the curious and interesting fact, ihe wonder is still greater. Then I desired him to that in him the intellectual does not require to draw find the surface of a sphere. • Hence,' said I, upon the physical man for aid in extraordinary . required the area of the surface of the earth, its emergencies. In ordinary cases, when the feats, diameter being 7921 miles?' He replied as quick as in the present, are not performed by intuition, as thought, · 197,111,024 square miles.' To do but are the result of previous study, the calculator it, he had to square 7921, and multiply the product or reasoner suspends, so far as he can, the exerby 3.1416. Then I wished him to give me the cise of those faculties that are applied to the uses solidity of a sphere; therefore, said I, • What is of the body: he abstracts his senses from external the solidity of the earth, the mean diameter being objects, and appears either to exact from them 7918.7 miles?' He writhed about, flew rapidly some mysterious aid within, or at least to require a about the room, flashed his eyes, and in about a strict neutrality. With the Vermont boy, on the minute said, “259,992,792,083. To do this, he contrary, the external perceptions seem to quicken multiplied-the cube of 7918.7 by 5236. I believe in the mental excitement. The exercise of his he used a few figures in doing this sum, but it was body goes on at the same moment with the exerunnecessary, as he performed a much larger one in cise of his mind; and if he is engaged in any his mind, as I shall soon show. I then asked him ordinary employment at the time, instead of susto give me the cube root of 3,723,875. He replied pending it, he redoubles his energy. This affords quicker than I could write it
, and that mentally, a hope that in his case the mind may not be worked * 155—is it not?' • Yes.' Then said I, • What is in any fatal disproportion. the cube root of 5,177,717?: Said he, .173.' The value of that mind may be collected from • Of 7,880,599?' He instantly said, “199. These the following statements by Mr. Adams, the genroots he gave, calculated wholly in his mind, tleman who tested his powers so rigorously. as quick as you could count one. I then asked his “ But young Safford's strength does not lie parents if I might give him a hard sum to perform wholly in the mathematics. He has a sort of meninentally. They said they did not wish to tax his tal absorption. His infant mind drinks in knowlmind 100 much, nor often to its full capacity, but edge as the sponge does water. Chemistry, botawere quite willing to let me try him once. Then ny, philosophy, geography, and history, are his said I, • Multiply, in your head, 365,365,365,365,- sport. It does not make much difference what 365 by 365,365,365,365,365,365!' He flew round question you ask him, he answers very readily. I the room like a top, pulled his pantaloons over the spoke to him of some of the recent discoveries in top of his boots, bit his hand, rolled his eyes in chemistry. He understood them. I spoke to him their sockets, sometimes smiling and talking, and of the solidification of carbonic acid gas, by Prothen seeming to be in agony, until, in not more fessor Johnston of the Wesleyan University. He than one minute, said he, . 133,491,850,208,566,- said he understood it. Here his eyes flashed fire, 925,016,658,299,941,583,225!' The boy's father, and he began to explain the process. Rev. C. N. Smith, and myself, had each a pencil His memory, too, is very retentive. He has and slate to take down the answer, and he gave it pored over Gregory's Dictionary of the Arts and to us in periods of three figures each, as fast as it Sciences so much, that I seriously doubt whether was possible for us to write them. And what was there can be a question asked him, drawn from still more wonderful, he began to multiply at the either of those immense volumes, that he will not left hand, and to bring out the answer from left to answer instantly. I saw the volumes, and also right, giving first .133,491,' &c. Here, con- noticed that he had left his marks on almost every founded above measure, I gave up the examination. page. I asked to see his mathematical works. The boy looked pale, and said he was tired. He He sprung into his study and produced me Greensaid it was the largest sum he had ever done!” leaf's Arithmetic, Perkins Algebra, Playfair's
Well, indeed, may the poor child have looked Euclid, Pike's Arithmetic, Davies Algebra, Ilutpale, after a three hours' examination like this! ton's Mathematics, Flint's Surveying, the CamSuch experiments resemble certain animal murders, bridge Mathematics, Gummere's Astronomy, and in which the victim is tortured to death for the several nautical almanacs. I asked him if he had gratification of scientific curiosity. It is no wonder mastered them all. He replied that he had. And hat young Safford has been pronounced to be an examination of him, for the space of three hours,
fore-doomed.” But more merciful inquirers have convinced me that he had; and not only so, but given a very different acccount of the relative work that he had far outstripped them. His knowledge ing of his mind and body. They deny any distor- is not intuitive. He is a pure and profound reation of features, any clouding of the brow, any soner.” diminution of the cheerful brightness of his boyish What to do with this remarkable boy was the eye. They tell us that he walks with a free step question. A neighboring bank effered him a round the room, threading his way behind chairs, thousand dollars a year to enact the part of a magliding into corners, and looking up at the ques-chine for calculating interest. Another admirer of tioner as he passes with a smile, apparently no genius, equally disposed to turn the penny by it, more fatigued than a boy with his usual play. It advised his father to carry him about the country would seem clear from this that if he is fore- as a show; in the hope, no doubt, that his inteldoomed, it is not by nature, but by man. But the lectual greatness might stand as well in the market frail constitution, the delicate health, the small as the physical littleness of General Tom Thumb. Jimbs, the brilliant eyes, the pallid countenance, If this plan had been carried into effect, we should are not necessarily indications of early death ; and have had him in England no doubt; when, of there are circumstances in the case before us which course, her Majesty and her principal nobility would give every hope that if the boy only receives fair have treated him with at least the distinction they play, he may live long enough to obtain a perma- lavished, so honorably to themselves and to tho