« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
Sitter words, no 3.00my sentiments, broke from her sery, she repeated to herself a thousand times, that, lips that day; she could not have uttered such with-|“ if only she could grow to be self-denying and out enduring the keenest self-condemnation. What religious, she knew she should be happy. If then? Was life brighter to her than it had been? ONLY! a proviso of enormous significance. But of Not so ; the darkness, rather, was more visible, and this she thought not. The same enthusiasm, which, she had gone further into it. But she was begin three years before, had caused her to fix her eyes ning to suspect that there might be a reason for the on the future day of reünion, overlooking the long darkness, and to hope that there might be a light intervening separation, came to her aid now, when beyond.
that day of reunion had indeed come, and passed, and left her desolate ; but it came to her in a sad
dened and purified form, full of self-distrust and Edith's dejection rather increased than dimin- self-reproach, and, therefore, less likely to encounished, notwithstanding the light which had begun ter disappointment. It feared more, and so it had faintly to dawn upon her, and which continued, reason to hope more. Alas! that the needful disthough slowly and interruptedly, to deepen. For cipline which brought this fear should have so this light, the more intensely it shone, showed her dimmed the brightness of her soul! There is unmore and more of herself; and the contemplation speakable pathos in the first great grief. When was not cheering. With all the energy of her char- the sky is already streaked with clouds, a gathering acter, as soon as she admitted a new ideal, she and deepening of those clouds may be felt to enturned in contempt and disgust from her former hance, while it alters, the beauty ; but if it be stainlife, scorning its aimlessness, hating its self-wor- less blue, the tiniest speck seems a defacement. ship. But how to do better?—that was the diffi- There is an instinctive love of purity in man, culty. At the thought of all that she had lost, a whether it present itself to him in the shape of gush of tenderness, an agony of self-reproach, over-childhood's innocence or of childhood's happiness; came her, causing utter prostration both of soul and in either case, he so shrinks from the thought of its body. For, as the truth became visible to her, and first deterioration, as, in some moods, to deem death the false supports on which she had hitherto leaned preferable to it. Oh! why does love so lean upon glided from beneath her, the heart returned to its the visible? When will it realize as a feeling that natural habit of love and trustfulness, weak anger which it receives as a creed, and be content to give crumbled away and was forgotten, and the only up its treasures rather than to witness their gradual manner of atoning for the sin of past disbelief pollution, even though that pollution end in such seemed to be a renewal of confidence in more than restoration and development as is possible to human its original fulness. But her own act had separated nature? Who is there that loves, and would bethem forever; and this she had to bear. This was lieve for a moment that such a giving up implies a her bitter punishment—that where she would gladly separation? Well, indeed, may human love be have kneli in the dust to sue for pardon, she must called a mystery, though scarcely in the sense in not even testify repentance. With the strong re- which it is ordinarily so called. Its devotion and action of a naturally noble heart, awakened to a self-abnegation are easy enough to comprehend ; consciousness of error, she looked upon herself only they are its very nature and essence, and without as guilty, upon Everard only as wronged. Self-them it would not be love at all. But its selfishdependence had quite abandoned her; she longed ness, and earthliness, and faithlessness-these are for some one to comfort her; she felt completely the inconceivable mysteries, these are the nfarvels desolate. She could not open her griefs to Amy, and the difficulties. Yet, perhaps, we feel their for, sure as she was of finding sympathy, she could strangeness only in proportion as we are susceptible not even seek it where she knew that it would not of their force ; and, perhaps, they too are necessary be accompanied by an implied condemnation of her parts of love, even in its final purification. That self, a full exculpation of Everard. According to yearning for the visible presence of the object beAmy's views, she had done no wrong, and her loved, which in one aspect may in some sort do pride would be summoned to resent a groundless serve the reproachful epithets just applied to it, yet jealousy and an unjustifiable desertion. But all this which those who most strongly condemn it do also she felt to be false and hollow—felt it with a strength most keenly feel, is, in another aspect, the very of conviction which argument could never have im- source and element of all spiritual elevation. “My parted-and she shrank almost with terror from the soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh also longeth after possibility of being again deceived by it. In this thee, in a barren and dry land, where no water is.” extremity the idea of Aunt Peggy constantly recurred to her, till her thoughts grew to fasten upon it with that feverish earnestness so characteristic
Edith wrote to Aunt Peggy. She did not tell of an uncured sorrow, which is perpetually pre- Amy that she had written, for she anticipated an senting t itself some trifling change, some minute affectionate opposition to her wishes, very hard to and apparently insignificant circumstance, as the withstand, and she waited to receive an answer one thing which must needs happen ere it can hope before encountering it. This was her letter :to recover peace. Perhaps, when the supposed good is actually attained, it only increases the des- " My dear Aunt Peggy, olation, for one hope more fails to the sufferer, and “I have been very wrong, and am now very so he seems to be one step nearer to despair. Edith unhappy, and I want comfort ; may I come to you? anticipated no such failure ; Aunt Peggy seemed to You see what I think of you by my asking this her, for the time, the absolute embodiment of all so boldly ; but I know how you love me, and I lovo comfort and sympathy; with Aunt Peggy, too, she you, and long to be with you. I want to spend the should have leisure to be good, and help in learning winter with you quietly. I want that you should to live by a new principle; and, with the invincible not make the slightest change in your way of livrepugnance which a young, energetic nature ever ing, but that I should come to your home just as it feels to submit to the afflictions which have crushed is, and be with you. I will tell you everything; 1 it, and so to speak, to be reconciled to its own mis- I am not afraid of telling you my faults. I am very
unhappy here, though I ain with one of the kindest Brown; “I found you out quite by accident. I of friends; and I feel that I am ungrateful, but I have not been in England above a week, and am cannot help it. I want freedom, and peace, and on my road to Devonshire.” quiet, and io learn how to live usefully: in short, I Yes,” cried Mr. Thornton, “it was a most want to be with you. You know when we parted curious coincidence. Verner and I were on the you told me to write to you at any moment, and same coach ; I recognized him directly, though he ihat you would always be ready to receive me; yet, had quite forgotten me, for it is more than ten years now that I am taking you at your word, I am afraid since we met. I happened casually to mention lest it should be presuming or selfish to do so. Do your name, and it turned out that you were the not scruple to refuse me, if it is in any way incon- very person he was most anxious to see. So we venient to you. Pray answer this note as soon as sallied forth to find you out, if possible, and had the you can, and do not make any comments on what good luck to meet Miss Brown before we had been I have told you, till I have time to tell you all. Do five minutes walking.” not condemn any one but me; me you must needs “ Mr. Thornton is so very kind, mamma,” intercondemn, yet I know how gently it will be. Good- posed Alice, “ as to bring me an order to execute bye, dear Aunt Peggy. Believe me always your some botanical drawings for a work that is just commost affectionate
Edita KINNAIRD. ing out. The order is given on his recommenda"Forgive me if I have asked what I ought not tion. I am sure I don't know how to thank him.” to ask, and do not scruple to say No."
“ Pray say no more about it,” returned Thorn
ton; “ you have already thanked me a great deal When this letter was fairly despatched, she felt more than enough.” a momentary relief, succeeded, however, hy a state During the civilities which followed this speech, of great impatience. So anxious was she for the and the rapid interchange of question and answer arrival of the answer, that she could scarcely con- among friends who had been so long separated, trol herself so as to conceal from Mrs. Dalton that Edith had leisure to survey the new comer, the she had some more than ordinary cause of mental mention of whose name in a conversation at Seldisturbance. It was the day on which Mr. Thorn-combe Park she perfectly remembered. He was ton was expected—(he had deferred his visit a of middle age, of slight and insignificant figure, but little, and written, out of consideration for his host, gentlemanly in deportment, and refined in manner. to specify times and seasons rather more definitely His face was very striking, both as to feature and than was his wont)—and Edith felt almost incapa- countenance; the character spiritual rather than ble of encountering him. To philosophize or to flirt intellectual, but this arose from the predominance with him, as she used to do, was, of course, out of the former expression, and not from any defiof the question ; and she dreaded his observing the ciency in the latter. The brow was wide and fully change in her, and attempting to discover the rea- developed, the eyes deep-set, finely cut, calm and son of it. Besides, his idea was interwoven with contemplative, in color a purplish gray; the nose so many miserable recollections, that she could not small, but strictly aquiline in form, with that slight think of meeting him once more without the acutest expansiveness of nostril which indicates natural pain. What would she not have given to be al- energy, the lips delicately shaped, and firmly ready in her quiet retreat with Aunt Peggy! closed; when at rest, a little sarcastic, but, speak
After wandering restlessly about during the ing or smiling, full of benignity. Edith felt cer greater part of the morning, alternating between tain, from a single look, that he was not the Verner total indifference and morbid sensibility to all out- who had ruined himself by extravagance, and afterward circumstances, she took down a book which wards married for money. His voice and manner she had offered to lend Alice Brown, and set off were full of repose-of that truest repose which for a solitary walk to Beechwood. Mrs. Dalton seems rather an achievement than a gift; which promised to follow her in about an hour, and renew implies both discipline and enthusiasm, if not pasher acquaintance with Edith's humble friend, which sion; which is a perfected self-command, and not she had for some time intended to do. When Edith an easy self-indulgence. arrived, she found Mrs. Brown alone, Alice being From the conversation, it appeared that he had absent with one of her pupils. She almost forgot known Mrs. Brown intimately in former days, but, her own griefs for the time, in sympathy for the during a long absence from England, had quite lost quiet anxiety and unobtrusive sorrow of the mother, sight of her. He was now returned, in consewho was evidently most uneasy about her daugh-quence of ill-health, and, having been appointed to ter's health. She moved to the window, and busy- a small living in Devonshire, was going to take ing herself in the arrangement of Alice's flowers, possession of his new home; he casually mentioned was revolving in her mind the possibility of convey- its name, and Edith felt a strange sensation of ing to Mrs. Brown, in such a manner as not to pleasure when she found that it was close to Aunt wound her delicacy, a present which might enable Peggy's present abode, which, indeed, was within her to enjoy an interval of relaxation and change the parish. She felt very desirous to know more of scene, when she perceived the gentle object of of him, and then wondered at herself for the childall this care coming up the street, accompanied by ishness of the feeling ;-a wish, however trifling, two gentlemen. One of them, to her surprise, was seemed a strange thing to her in her present state Mr. Thornton, the other a total stranger. In an- of sorrowful apathy, other moment Alice entered the room, introducing “ I shall have ihe pleasure of walking back to her companions somewhat bashfully
Beechwood Park with you, shall I not?” inquired “Mr. Verner, mamma, and Mr. Thornton. O, Mr. Thornton, addressing Edith. ny dear Miss Kinnaird”—perceiving Edith, and “I am expecting Mrs. Dalton to call for me,” responding warmly to her greeting—"how glad I was her answer. am to see you!"
Mr. Verner turned suddenly towards her, as it “ I little thought to see so old a friend to-day,” | about to speak, but checked himself. Edith sumsaid Mr. Verner, as he shook hands with Mrs. J moned courage to address him. “ You were speak
ing of Enmore,' said she," do you know a family with the eye of an artist. Edith said nothing, but named Forde resident there?"
a different feeling was kindling in her face, and Mr. "! hnew them well many years ago," he re- Verner, who had at first held up the picture in plied ; "the eldest daughter was my great friend, silence, said to her, with a half-smile, as he reand I look forward to renewing, my acquaintance placed it in the portfolio, " As long as we have with her with no little pleasure.
such guidance at hand, we need obedience rather " What, Aunt Peggy?" cried Edith ;—“Miss more than clear-sightedness. Don't you think so ?" Margaret Forde?":
Edith made no answer, but her face spoke for “ The same," returned he. “Pray call her Aunt her. The feeling within her was so new, that she Peggy—the name seems to suit her exactly. If I was bashful in expressing it ; when afterwards it may use a hackneyed phrase, hers was the most had grown into a habit, she was not likely to be refreshing character I have ever encountered. You more voluble, but the one silence arose from timid might call her a grown-up child."
ity, the other from reserve. There seem to be two * A grown-up child !" cried Mr. Thornton ; “I different modes of acquiring, so to speak, new feeldon't know that that is a very charming description ings; according to the one, you catch them, as it of a middle-aged inaiden lady. I suppose, Verner, were, seeing them first on the outside, being struck you agree with Novalis, who says that a maiden is by them, busy with them, eloquent about them;
an everlasting child'—a poetical method of de- the very earliest beginning is accompanied by conscribing an old maid.”
sciousness, the gradual growth is a subject of ob“Very,” said Verner, laughing: “But you, servation. According to the other mode, the germ and I, and Novalis, are thinking of quite different which has dropped into your heart develops quietly things; not but what Novalis and I are more nearly and silently ; it is delicate, invisible, unsuspected; agreed with each other than either of us is with perhaps the first intimation which you receive of its
existence is when in much wonder you hear the lips “How do you know that?" inquired Thornton ; of another describe it with an unreal facility of ex"I don't like this vague, unphilosophical method pression, which instantly suggests to you that you of skimming over the surface of things. Come, have got the original, and he only the counterfeit. now, I will bring you to the point. What on earth You stand by like Cinderella when her sisters were do you mean by a grown-up child? a spiritual trying on the glass slipper, and you feel almost dwarf-eh?"
tempted to cry out, “ Yes, it is very pretty, but it “ No; the reverse. But I confess I was talking does not fit you, it fits me.” The feeling confronts rather at random. It was childhood of character, you at once in the shape of a habit, and as its acnot childishness of intellect, that I meant." quisition was unconscious, so its life is a mystery.
“ And pray," said Thornton, “how would a In this manner do all real changes of heart take childish, or, if you prefer it, a child-like character, place; mute and unobtrusive are they, as the workknow how to manage a full-grown intellect? ings of life in the earth-hidden root, known only by Would it not be rather like the old fable of Phaeton their result, when the mighty tree is fully grown. over again?"
While the noisy and conscious self-analyzers are “I grant you,” replied Mr. Verner. “But you like children, who, having sown seeds in their garknow, happily, all people are not called on to man- dens, are forever pulling them up to see whether age themselves, and there is no obedience so perfect they are growing, and so effectually destroying the as that of a child."
litile life they may have originally possessed. Mr. Verner's manner so evidently betrayed an At this moment Mrs. Dalton was announced, and anwillingness to argue, that his antagonist was too Edith stepped forward to introduce her to Mrs well-bred to pursue the subject. He turned, there- Brown, out of compassion for Alice's shyness fore, to Edith, and said, with a smile, “How do which was too genuine to be mistaken. Mr. Ver you like this doctrine of the necessity of obedience? ner, apparently as shy as herself, drew suddenly It is a very masculine mode of passing sentence back as the new-comer entered, and occupied him upon a woman's character, is it not ?''
self with a book in the furthest corner of the room. “Oh!” cried Edith, from her heart,“ perfect Thornton advanced to greet his cousin with his obedience would be perfect happiness, if only we had usual warmth, and to explain the cause of his not full confidence in the authority we were obeying.” having come to her at once.
Mr. Thornton looked at her with some surprise, “I met a very old friend,” said he, “and I and Mr. Verner with sudden interest. He was thought I would indulge myself with an additional turning over a large portfolio of prints which lay half-hour of his company, an excuse which I know on the table, and he now drew forth one, and held would account to you for more than a mere breach it up before their eyes. It was a lithograph, by of etiquette. By the bye, I think he is a former some German artist, very simple and quiet in its acquaintance of yours also. Verner, I believe it is composition. It represented a little child in the not necessary to introduce you to my cousin, Miss dress of a pilgrim, walking slowly along a narrow Netherby, now Mrs. Dalton." path, bounded on either side by a terrific precipice, Salutations were exchanged, with a coldness and the edges of which were hidden from hiin by a lux- brevity which did not speak much for the former uriant thicket of fruits and flowers. Behind the intimacy of the parties. child stood an angel, with tall, white wings, fading “I am so very glad to make your acquaintance," upwards into the evening sky. The palms of the cried Amy, turning eagerly to Mrs. Brown. “I angel were placed lightly upon the shoulders of the have long wished it, and I intend to see a great deal little pilgrim, as if to retain him in the centre of the of your daughter. She must come to Beechwood path ; and the child, having closed his eyes, that for change of air. I am sure she is not well. Godhe might not be able to see the tempting snares on frey, you will echo the praises of Beechwood, won't either hand, was walking calmly onward, content you?' It is, I do believe, the healthiest spot in not to know where he planted each step, so long as England. You must add your persuasions to mine, he felt the grasp of that gentle guidance upon him. and then we shall be sure to carry our point. I " Beal tiful!” exclaimed Thornton, examining it mean to assemble a most sociable party around me
all congenial spirits; and since you are here for “ III, my dear child !” exclaimed Amy, sharply. a holiday, and have no tiresome pictures to take up “ Now, pray, don't be fanciful about me, it is really your time, you shall be entertainer-general. You absurd. I am a perfect Hercules. But I must cut shall give Miss Brown lessons in painting, and—” your visit short, Edith, for I have an appointment
She stopped suddenly, for the glow on Alice's at home. No, no, (motioning Mr. Thornton face reminded her that she had touched a very pain- aside,) I won't carry you away yet; we shall ex, ful subject. With an extraordinary deficiency in pect you to dinner. Good morning-good bye-I her wonted tact and readiness, she seemed wholly shall call again soon ; and I shall be delighted to unable to cover her mistake, but remained perfectly see you at Beech wood.” silent, quickly passing her hand over her face with Making her adieux with rapidity, and taking a half-laugh, as it at her own stupidity.
Edith's arm, she moved away. Mr. Verner held “ I will do my best,” said Mr. Thornton, “but the door open for them, and as they passed, Amy I think you are far better qualified to entertain your shook hands with him, but she was so busy in exguests than I am."
amining a small rent in her dress, that she did not “ Amy, you are ill!” cried Edith, starting for- once look towards him, and Edith could scarcely ward. “ You have walked too far; you are not tell whether this parting courtesy was consciously used to these long rambles.”
offered or not.
into the argument; but to decide on them, would Ar a public meeting in London, Mr. Johnson, one be to do what the statute was expressly meant to of the official assignees of the court of bankruptcy, prevent when it took upon itself to declare what was illustrated the necessity of a reform
is the law of God." Whether right or not in a It appeared to him, that up to this hour the mer- moral or critical point of view, the provisions of the chants of London were ignorant of many of the law are binding on the courts. In the present things that happened in bankruptcies. Perhaps case, the second marriage, being within the prohibthey were not prepared for the assertion that one ited degrees, was void ; therefore no guilt was farnily, since the death of the person granting them incurred in contracting the last marriage; and the the privilege, had filched from the dividends of judgment of the court below was perfectly right. bankrupt estates no less a sum than £2,000,000 The other judges having concurred, judgment was sterling. He would give the name, as he had no given for the defendant in error. wish to conceal anything. He referred to Lord Thurlow, who was lord chancellor, and who died
During the past week, surgical operations have in 1791.' He took good care of his children, and been performed under the influence of the new the Reverend Mr. Thurlow was a pensioner off agent for producing insensibility, chloroform, by dividends to the amount of £7,700 a year. And
Mr. Liston at University College Hospital; Mr. yet the merchants sat quietly down, under such a
Lawrence, at St. Bartholomew's Hospital ; Mr. state of things. Up to this time there had been Wakley, junior, at the Royal Free Hospital Mr. dragged by official assignees and others from the Tatum, at St. George's Hospital ; Mr. Robinson, pockets of merchants no less an amount than £3,
in dental surgery; and hy other operators. These 000,000; and there had been no less than £1,500,- operations have included lithotomy, amputation of 000 of merchants' money frittered away in pensions the breast, excision of tumors, &c. Although in and sinecures.
every case the chloroform has proved successful in
preventing pain, we would warn the profession In the court of queen's bench, on 20 Nov., the against the indiscriminate or incautious use of an proceedings on the writ of error upon an indictment agent of such immense power. We do this, in in the case of the Queen versus Chadwick were order that, if possible, no discredit may fall on the brought to a close by the delivery of judgment. discovery, by accidents which care on the part of The defendant Chadwick had married one Harriet operating surgeons may prevent.—Lancet , Nov. 26. Fisher, who died : he then married her sister, Anne Fisher; but being told that this second marriage The railway commissioners have prepared a was unlawful, Chadwick acted as if it had never statement which is believed to be substantially cortaken place, and married Elizabeth Barton. He rect, and it shows the following results as the railwas indicted for bigamy at the Liverpool Assizes; way expenditure in the years mentioned the defence was rested on the ground that the mar
£1,470,000 riage with Anne Fisher being void in law, he had 1842,
2,980,000 no wife alive at the time of marrying Elizabeth Bar 1843,
4,435,000 ton. He was convicted on the facts, but brought 1844,
6,105,000 an appeal on the point of law. The real question
S First six months, 3,510,000 at issue, therefore, is the validity of the marriage
Second six months, 10,625,000 of a widower with the sister of his deceased wife.
First six months, 9,815,000 In giving judgment, Lord Denman said that the
Second six months, 26,670,000 question depended upon the construction of the first 1847, First six months, 25,770,000 and second sections of the 5th and 6th William IV. The latter half of 1817 would probably show some9. 54; and it would be necessary to consider what what different results, as it had not been so easy to were those marriages within the prohibited degrees borrow money or extract the calls from the pockets which it was the object of that act to prevent. of the shareholders. But if works had gone on at “ The prohibited degrees” are set forth in two acts, the same rate, the expenditure would have amounted one passed in the 25th and the other in the 28th in this year to 64,000,0001.; in 1848, to 70,000,year of the reign of Henry the Eighth; and among 0007. ; in 1849, to 47,000,0001. ; and in 1850, to ihem is expressly enumerated the “ wife's sister.” 10,000,0001.; by which time, probably, the works Many matters of curious learning had been pressed | already authorized would have been finished.
From Chambers' Journal. shaped. At a more advanced period, it may serve TUITION OF IDIOTS.
a good purpose to bring each sense into operation
independent of the other, with a view of quickening Ar the conclusion of our last article on the tui- them in a still higher degree. To accomplish this, tion of idiots, we dwelt briefly on the methods of a bandage should be lightly passed over the eyes, exciting the senses of taste and touch. We now and then each figure should be placed in the hands, proceed to consider the means to be adopted with all in order that the sense of touch may be exercised view of acting on the organ of vision. In devising to discover the form of the object without the aid expedients for this purpose, as also in every other of sight; and so, in a similar manner, the eye may proceeding respecting the object in hand, the condi- be encouraged to discriminate without the assistance tion of the young subject must be carefully regarded, of the hands. and the appliances made to bear on the individual The continued action of the senses of sight and in greater or less intensity, according to the peculi-touch may, after the lapse of a short interval, be arity of the case. In most idiots a vacant wander-made serviceable to communicate the separate ideas ing gaze is observable ; the first aim of the tutor of size and number. This can be accomplished by should therefore be directed so as to fix the eye of pursuing the principle adopted to impart notions of the pupil on some object. This may, in general, color. be accomplished by holding up a small substance in
To give instruction as to size of objects, procure the axis of vision, and causing it to follow the vary-several duplicate pieces of wood, some in the form ing motions of the eyeballs. As soon as the regard of squares, others oblong, and another set in long is attracted to whatever is thus presented, and the pieces. Each set being successively placed before eye is noticed to dwell upon the object, it should be the pupil, his attention is to be directed to them; kept stationary until the attention is fixed upon it; and if he has already conceived the idea of shape and then being slowly moved backwards and for- from the previous exercise, he will become conwards, so as to draw the eye in a corresponding scious that the objects before him have the same direction, a regular and voluntary action of the mus- figure, but are different in another particular, cles of the eyeball becomes excited. In most namely, size. Whenever this conception is formed, instances this preliminary exercise will be followed the duplicate set may be produced, and the exercise by the desired result; but should a more powerful pursued in the manner already described when stimulus be found necessary, it may be advisable to speaking on the method of communicating ideas of employ a luminous body. If this prove insufficient, color, using the words large or small as ihe correthe room ought to be darkened, and a beam of light sponding fragments are presented. In conducting permitted to enter through a small circular aperture this, as well as every other exercise, care must be in the shutter. To this point the face of the pupil taken that no objects except those in use are exposed should then be directed for a longer or shorter time; to view, otherwise the attention will become disand when the object of fixing the attention by means tracted, and the ideas confused. It is equally imof this strong impression is obtained, the exercises portant to avoid wearying or irritating the pupil by on the organ of sight, already described, may be continuing any effort too long, or by an unnecessary adopted at a subsequent period.
repetition of performances in which he is tolerably As soon as the efforts to fix the regard prove suc- perfect. A judicious variety of action, passing cessful, attempts may be made to impart an idea of from the simple to the more advanced, by bringing color. To accomplish this, pieces of wood, of the into play the several functions of the mind, prevents same form and size, painted with the three primitive irksomeness, and promotes improvement in a matecolors, red, blue, and yellow, as well as white and rial degree. black, should be provided. These should be suc Notions of number will be generated if twenty or cessively and slowly exhibited. In due time dupli-thirty circular pieces of white card are exposed to cates of each color ought to be placed on the table ; view in two different quantities, distinguishing each and the tutor, selecting a particular piece from the by the words larger and smaller. As soon as this one set, intimates that the pupil should take a cor. conception is created, equal numbers should be preresponding one from the other set which are placed sented, using at the time the word same or like. before him. Whenever an indication of apprecia- Subsequently, a single portion should be held up, tion of color is manifested by readiness in matching and indicated by pronouncing the figure one, then the portion presented by the tutor, it will be advis- two, and so on. Whenever ideas of quantity and able to pronounce the name of each, so as to affect number are thus formed, attempts should be made both the eye and the ear with a distinct impression to impress the mind with the corresponding symbol. in relation to the quality of the object held up for To effect this, a blackboard should be provided observation.
having white spots painted upon it of the same sizo In like manner, some impression as to the differ- as the pieces of card, and with the figure correent forms of objects may be engendered by placing sponding to the number placed at the extremity of on the table pieces of wood having distinct and each line, thus :marked shapes—such as square, circular, triangular,
10 &c. The exercise with these may be pursued in a
200 way precisely similar to that adopted to impart ideas
3000 of color-namely, by first showing each separately, then by placing the whole before the pupil, and A single line should be exposed separately, so as drawing from a duplicate set a particular piece to to show only one figure and the corresponding cirbe matched, and at the same time pronouncing its cles at the same time. form.
To those pupils who have the capacity, and with When conducting this exercise, it is advisable to whom it is desirable to pursue instruction further bring the sense of couch, as well as that of sight, respecting the power of numbers, the task will be Into play. The hand should be caused to pass over much facilitated, and the object better attained, by the surface of each figure, so as to distinguish the employing the separate portions of card in preferdifferent sensations produced by objects differently ence to the arbitrary symbols. The design of tui