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The population of Piedmont (kingdom) is four
millions and a half; the military peace establish(Our European correspondent expects to begin his reg- ment, ninety thousand ; the war footing is a hunular course in a few weeks. We give some notcs from him, dated 29 of December.)
dred and forty-two thousand.
Within the last two years past, twelve French Highly interesting experiments on animals with vessels of war have been lost. The two last chloroform were detailed at a recent meeting of wrecked were the noble frigate and the corvette the Academy of Sciences. An animated feud has that slaughtered the Cochin Chinese. arisen in the Academy between the young astron The Council-General of the Department of the omer, Leverrier, and several of his elder brethren. Seine have declared, in the name of the capital, Arago is opposed to him. The scientific report- after animated discussion, against the doctrines of ers for the Journal des Débats (ministerial) side free trade, and have demanded the maintenance of with Leverrier; those for the National (republi- the tariff in favor of domestic industry. can) against him, as Arago is of the same creed The number of public (government) functionPolitics intrude into discussions about aries in France is estimated at nearly four hun
dred thousand-almost double that of the legal The evident deep understanding of the govern- voters. ment of Louis Philippe with the absolute powers All the enemies in Europe of American instituof Germany and the north, is obnoxious to a large tions were grievously disappointed by the order majority of the French people. It may belie the and peaceableness of the last election of Presiconfident prediction of the ministerial journals that dent—three millions giving free suffrage, and Mr. Guizot will retain his majority in both cham- no riots, no bloodshed ! We may trust that Conbers throughout the session. Not a word touch- gress will inflict a severer disappointment on all ing the Pope or Italy in Louis Philippe's speech. monarchical Europe by moderation and final conLord Palmerston combats French policy every cord in the treatment of the Mexican and slavery where ; an apparent concord is obtained only by questions. Internal divisions form, now, the sole the yielding of M. Guizot. This, too, greatly hope the Old World, in regard to the anxiously annoys the French politicians of every denomina- desired dissolution of the American Union, and tion. The royal mouth ventured nothing abont miscarriage of the republican system. Spain. A sudden alarm is sounded in Great The conservatives over the whole continent sigh Britain with regard to French invasion, and very for popular excesses in Italy, and particularly in inadequate preparation for the danger. It appears the Papal dominions, as the liberal cause can in that the government has been roused, and directs that way only be frustrated. We expect to hear, new and comprehensive measures of national de- daily, of a diffusive and obstinate insurrection in fence. Austria, Russia and Prussia are increas- the kingdom of Naples and Sicily. The political ing their armaments and organizing themselves tumults and sanguinary affrays in the city of Nafurther with a view to a general strife. Royal ples, if suppressed for one week, will recur the next, speeches, however, announce universal amity. until the struggle between reform and absolutism
The Paris National affirms that in less than ten be decided. The probability is that the court years, since the revolution of July, fourteen thou- must make large concessions. sand citizens have been imprisoned in France on Some remarkable documents on the coal-mines political charges. At the last anniversary—the of China were lately submitted to the Academy seventeenth of Louis Philippe's reign—not a of Sciences. Sir John Davis has failed in his atsingle political prisoner was included in the royal tempt to profit by the French slaughter of the amnesty, which embraced malefactors of all other Cochin Chinese ; but he will persevere, and may descriptions. The Paris jail, St. Pèlagie, is succeed. England is bent on supremacy, of one crowded with gérants—responsible managers kind or other, in the whole Asiatic Archipelago. of journals. So much rigor in the treatment of do- The Annamite empire is as lawful prey as the mestic radicals and legitimists may be contrasted Celestial. See the Journal des Débats of the 22d with the frequent affectation of liberality towards December for an instructive article on Cochin those of other kingdoms who take refuge in France. China. The number of brigands and patriots incarcerated The number for November of the Compte Rendu, in Naples and Sicily within the few months past or Monthly Report of the transactions of the Paris is stated at eight thousand. In the recent tumults Academy of Moral and Political Sciences, comprises in the capital, the sons of some of the principal a very interesting and instructive Essay on the Intelnoblesse sided with the people. They have been lectual and Moral Statistics of France, by M. Fayel. arrested as the worst of offenders. Their conduct It treats particularly of the crimnal records. These is certainly ominous for the absolute throne. are investigated in all the details of age and sex,
According to the British Military Journal, the and number and nature of public offences. The army in India is of two hundred and fifty thousand author takes a period of nineteen years—from men, with eight hundred British officers, and could 1828 to 1844—and finds that, in France, a milbe doubled in six months.
lion of individuals, of the masculine gender, has Four principal somnambulists are now advertis- furnished 9088 accused, and 1507 suicides, while ing for custom in the Journal des Débats. a million of individuals, of the feminine sex, has
furnished but 1827 accused, and 495 suicides. Mr. Rush, and witness, for the first time, a social The British criminal reports show, like those of meeting of the Americans. I am told that the France, a relative criminality four or five times Viscountess de Kalb d'Absac expressed admiration •greater in man than in woman, and it is earlier in at the aspect and demeanor of the republican the male sex. The records of Belgium, Prussia, belles. She was accompanied by two fine youths, and some states of Germany, are likewise exam-great-grandsons of the illustrious martyr to the ined, and give the same results. With regard to cause of our independence. Baron Humboldt, the the different periods of life, or age generally, the lion of the evening, had arrived before us. He two sexes seem to be subject to the same influ- stood from nine o'clock until near midnight, talkences ; the proportion of offences is pearly the ing earnestly with all who approached him—this
The writer inquires into the causes of the at the age of nearly eighty, and in a warm atmosenormous difference in the total of crimes com- phere! As you have seen in your newspapers a mitted by the two sexes respectively. The dis- description of the person and mien of the celecussion is curious and important, especially as to brated traveller, I need not say more than that the item of suicide-three to one on the male side. they are fitted to beget additional reverence. In France, smuggling is the most frequent offence · Major Poussin, the fast friend of everybody of youth—a fifth of the whole number of culprits and everything American and republican, had the being below sixteen years of age; the greater goodness to name and point out to us a number part are mere instruments of parents and masters, of other guests. Arago, the astronomer ; Baron whose profession is that of contraband. The de Barante, the historian ; Madame Ancelot, the entire eastern and northern frontiers of France are famous novelist and dramatist ; M. de Tocqueto be considered as places of preparation or novi- ville ; Baron Charles Dupin ; M. Hottinguer, the ciate for the prisons and galleys. Agriculture and banker; Somard, of the Institute; the Italian education are neglected for the chance of illicit Abbé Lanci, one of the most renowned and erudite gain, which is usually spent in taverns and dram- of Oriental scholars ; Señor Marliani, the bosom shops. During the term of nineteen years, there friend of Espartero, and author of the Political was very little variation in the particular crimi- History of Spain ; Duflot de Mafras, the traveller nality of the male sex. The maximum for both in Mexico and Oregon ; Paganel, secretary gensexes is between the ages of twenty-one and eral of the minister of commerce, a deputy and an twenty-five. The greater influence of religion author of repute ; M. Franck, an Israelite, profesover females is deemed the principal cause of the sor of philosophy in the College of France, and a difference in the matter of suicide
profound teacher and writer of metaphysics ; some eminent adepts in Chinese literature ; several mem
bers of the Chamber of Peers and Deputies; the In addition to the valuable correspondence, for which Lafayette family; the Russian Princes Wolkonski; our arrangements are now completed, and which will be officers of the royal artillery, staff, &c. &c. regularly entered upon very soon, we are offered, from
About eleven o'clock, two Italian ladies sang duets other quarters, an occasional letter which will show us something of fashion and society. Without committing in the highest style of excellence, and they were ourselves on the subject, we make an
followed by our young countryman, Mr. Drayton,
of Philadelphia, a pupil of the Conservatory of Extract of a letter, dated 28 December, 1847, from Music, whose voice and method place him in the an American gentleman, à New Yorker, in Paris.
first class of that great school. Four rooms being “ We were lucky in reaching the capital on the open, the younger part of the company danced to 18th inst. Our letter of introduction to the a piano, played by a professor, until one in the American consul was delivered on that day, and morning. The soirée was pronounced brilliant obtained for us, immediately, an invitation to an and delightful. Such a réunion of French lumievening party, to be given in his apartment, on naries in science, literature and politics, is said to the 20th, to Baron Alexander Von Humboldt. be extremely rare in the dwelling of any foreigner. We entered the salon between nine and ten “Mr. Rush, the minister, is handsomely and suito'clock, and found an assemblage of a hundred or ably established in the fashionable Faubourg St. more, which was increased by some twenty or Germain, and near to the palace of the Chamber thirty in the course of the evening. All the of Deputies. On Christmas day, he entertained, principal American families were present, such as at dinner, eighteen or twenty American ladies and the Corbins, the Van Zandts, the Ridgleys, the gentlemen, all of Philadelphia, except two or Haights, Ridgways, McKims, Greenes, &c. &c., three. One of these was Mr. Bancroft, our enthe ladies being, in general, alike remarkable for voy near the court of London, who has escaped beauty and toilette.
from his post, during the recess of parliament, in “ I perceived, in the crowd, our minister, Mr. order to pursue researches here in the libraries Rush, and his two very interesting daughters, with and public departments with reference to his histhe secretary of legation and the private secretary. tory of our revolution. The lineal descendants of Major General Baron de “I learn from a guest that the repast at Mr. Kalb, the German who served and perished so Rush's had every merit, intellectual and gastrogloriously in our revolution, had come from a dis-nomical. This gentleman, perfectly well-bred ance in the country, to form an acquaintance with and well-disposed as he is, and well prepared by
diplomatic experience and repute, cannot fail to states, the pope, the king of Sardinia, and the give universal satisfaction in the end. Several Grand Duke of Tuscany and Lucca. The king of opulent American families are so domiciled and the two Sicilies and the Duke of Modena are inconnected in this capital, that a season of elegant be able to withstand the wishes of their subjects in
vited to join this league, and probably will not long conviviality between them may be confidently pre- favor of such a union. The great ultimate object dicted. Madame Moulton, formerly of New York, of this league is evident from the following words gave a brilliant dance yesterday evening. The in its official announcement; that the states, “ anicompany consisted mainly of Americans and the mated by the desire to contribute by their union to dignitaries of French banking. Her hotel is sump- the increase of the dignity and prosperity of Italy, tuously arranged—à la Thorn of old.
and being persuaded that the true and essential basis “We witnessed, to-day, the procession of the of the union of Italy consists in the fusion of the
material interests of the population of their respecking to the Chamber of Deputies, for the opening tive dominions, have agreed to form an association on and the royal speech. The weather was exceed the principle of the German Commercial League.” ingly inclement. We felt it ourselves, severely, It is difficult to estimate the importance of this fact on the vast Place de la Concorde, opposite the in the influence it may exercise over the future desbridge which the procession was to cross. We tinies of Italy. might well pity the drenched National Guards
There is evidently an ardent aspiration in the citizens fat and lean—who lined, along with the either into one kingdom, or at least one great con
Italian mind for the union of all the Italian states regular troops, the whole distance from the Tuil- federacy.-Christian Observer. eries to the palace of the deputies. We were not permitted to approach the royal equipage within Spain tremble with joy, and has, for the moment,
A GREAT piece of literary news has made all two or three hundred yards ! Altogether, the calmed political agitations. Christinos, Progresspresence of the king and the delivery of the speech istes, Moderados, &c., everyone is talking, in the hall did not occupy twenty minutes. The seeking, questioning; revenge, love, everything is numerous staff and various military corps would forgotten. This is the news : After Don Quixote, have dazzled the host of spectators, but for snow, or Don Quichotte, as we call him in France, Cersleet, and an atmosphere as dark as a Kentucky the key of his work, for there he placed all the
vantes wrote a volume entitled Buscapie, that is, A glimpse of the sun has been a rare com- spirit of his immortal romance. Don Quixote, his fort here, I am informed, since the beginning of friend Sancho, Dulcinea, all the heroes of his book, November. Wish we had our president's mes were personages of that time, and he made them sage as an immediate contrast with the string of known in the Buscapie. This manuscript was lost nine barren royal paragraphs which I have bought at the death of poor Cervantes, who perhaps had for two sous, in a handbill. You will note the pledged it for a bit of bread, and researches for it comments of the Paris and London journals when have been
vain, when suddenly, about a month since, they reach you. One afternoon paper tells us
a young Castilian scholar, M. de Castro, made the
discovery of it. Great, as may be supposed, is the that Louis Philippe is perfectly well--another that joy of the Spaniards, who at first doubted, and then he is wofully broken.
jeered the fortunate possessor of the precious man
uscript. But the Academies of Madrid having asParis newspapers announce the discovery of a
sembled and having established the authenticity of vein of platinum in the metamorphic district of the the thing, people have been compelled to believe, and valley of the Drac, department of Isère, which is now Spain prides herself upon this posthumous glory. expected to be worked with advantago.' Hitherto We shall soon see this book translated into all lanthis precious metal, which combines with incompar- guages, and added as a complement to the immortal able hardness the lustre of gold and silver, has only romance which ornaments every library.-- Advertiser. been met with in the Ural Mountains, and its scar INDIAN SUPERSTITION.-In illustration of the becity has always rendered the price very exorbitant. lief of the Canadian) Indians in a special Provi
In August of the present year, the south-east dence, the following story may be worth telling. coast of England, from Margate to Brighton, was
Some three or four years ago, a party of Saulteaux, visited by one of the most numerous flights of insects being much pressed by hunger, were anxious to on record. “They consisted,” says one observer, cross from the mainland to one of their fishing sta" of at least five species of lady-bird, (coccinella,)tions, an island about twenty miles distant; but it and they came in such dense numbers, as for miles was nearly as dangerous to go as to remain, for the along the coast to resemble a swarm of bees during spring had just reached that critical point when there hiving. The sea destroyed countless myriads of was neither open water nor trustworthy ice. A them; the grass and hedgerows, and every crevice council being held, to weigh the respective chances that afforded shelter from the wind, were colored of drowning and starving, all the speakers opposed with their numbers ; and for many miles it was im- the contemplated move, till an old man of considerpossible to walk without crushing hundreds beneath able influence thus spoke :-“ You know, my ihe tread. The insects evidently came from the friends, that the Great Spirit gave one of our east, from the direction of Calais and Ostend." squaws a child yesterday. "Now, he cannot have Another observer, in order to give some idea of the sent it into the world to take it away again directly ; extent and quantity of these liitle visitors, mentions and I would therefore recommend our carrying the that five bushels were swept from the Margate pier, child with us, and keeping close to it, as the assurand nearly the same from that of Ramsgate harbor. ance of our own safety. In full reliance on this
reasoning, nearly the whole band immediately comITALY.-One of the most important of the politi- mitted themselves to the treacherous ice; and they cal events of the month is the formation of a com- all perished miserably, to the number of eight-andmercial league between three of the principle Italian ltwenty.—Sir George Simpson's Journey.
1. Holland, its Rural Industry and Drainage, Edinburgh Review,
241 2. Maiden Aunt - Part 3, Chap. 5, 6, 7, Sharpe's Magazine,
262 3. Thackeray's Writings,
271 4. Young Israel in Parliament,
281 5. Parliamentary Post-Bag,
283 6. European Correspondence,
For the Living Age,
285 Poetry.—The Land of Dreams, 270. SCRAPS.— Spain and Mexico; Saw-Dust; Wives, 261. – John O'Connell; Kicking Ladder,
280. — Christmas Boxes ; We won't adjourn till Morning; Dramatic Authors, 282.- Parliament and the Prodigies, 283 — Eniguna; Duck Shooting; Milton, 284.
Prospectus.—This work is conducted in the spirit of now becomes every intelligent American to be informed Littell's Museum of Foreign Literature, (which was favor- of the condition and changes of foreign countries. And ably received by the public for twenty years,) but as it is this not only because of their nearer connection with ouriwice as large, and appears so often, we not only give selves, but because the nations seem to be hastening, spirit and freshness to it by many things which were ex- through a rapid process of change, to some new state of cluded by a month's delay, but while thus extending our things, which the inerely political prophet cannot compute scope and gathering a greater and more attractive variety, or foresee. are able so to increase the solid and substantial part of Geographical Discoveries, the progress of Colonization, our literary, historical, and political harvest, as fully to (which is extending over the whole world,) and Voyages satisfy the wants of the American reader.
and Travels, will be favorite matter for our selections ; The elaborate and stately Essays of the Edinburgh, and, in general, we shall systematically and reryully Quarterly, and other Reviews, and Blackroood's noble acquaint our readers with the great department of Foreign criticisms on Poetry, his kee: political Commentaries, affairs, without entirely neglecting our own. highly wrought Tales, and vivia descriptions of rural and While we aspire to make the Living Age desirable to mountain Scenery ; and the contributions to Literature, all who wish to keep themselves informed of the rapid History, and Common Life, by the sagacious Spectator, progress of the movement—10 Statesinen, Divines, Law, the sparkling Examiner, the judicious Atheneum, the yers, and Physicians—10 nien of business and men of busy and industrious Literary Gazette, the sensihle and leisure—it is still a stronger object to make it attractive comprehensive Britannia, the sober and respectable Chris- and useful to their Wives and Children. We believe that tian Observer; these are intermixed with the Military we can thus do some good in our day and generation ; and and Naval reminiscences of the United Service, and with hope to make the work indispensable in every well-inthe best articles of the Dublin University, Nero Monthly, formed family. We say indispensable, because in this Fraser's, Tait's, Ainsworth's, Hood's, and Sporting Mug- day of cheap literature it is not possible to guard against azines, and of Chambers' admirable Journal. We do not the influx of what is bad in taste and vicious in morals, cousider it beneath our dignity to borrow wit and wisdom in any other way than by furnishing a sufficient supply from Punch; and, when we think it good enough, make of a healthy character. The mental and moral aj petite use of the thunder of The Times. We shall increase our must be gratified. variety by importations from the continent of Europe, and We hope that, by "winnoring the wheat from the from ihe new growth of the British colonies.
chaff" by providing abundantly for the imagination, and The steamship has brought Europe, Asia, and Africa, by a large collection of Biography, Voyages and Travels, into our neighborhood; and will greatly multiply our con- History, and more solid matter, we may produce a work nections, as Merchants, Travellers, and Politicians, with which shall be popular, while at the same time it will all parts of the world ; so that much more than ever it aspire to raise the standard of public taste.
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WASHINGTON, 27 Dec., 1945. Of all the Periodical Journals devoted to literature and science which abound in Europe and in this country, this has appeared 10 me to be the most useful. It contains indeed the exposition only of the current literature of the English language, but this by its immense extent and comprehension includes a portraiture of the human mind in the utmost expansion of the present age.
J. Q. ADAMS.
LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.-No. 196.-12 FEBRUARY, 1848.
From the Edinburgh Review. thy. But his heart is with the revolution throughHistoire des Girondins. Par M. A. DE LAMAR- out all its phases. While he marks and condemns TINE: Paris, 1847. 8 vols. 8vo.
its crimes and excesses with strict justice, his masPublic expectation could not fail to be greatly ter feelings are a deep conviction of its paramount raised, when it was announced that M. de Lamar- necessity and rectitude, and a patriotic pride in its tine was employed in writing the history of some triumph over domestic as well as foreign foes. of the most remarkable men, by whom one of the He has no regrets for the ancient institutions of most remarkable periods and parties of the French France, but sees in their downfall the triumph of Revolution was most distinguished. Little doubt the first principles of justice and reason. His could exist that the labors of such a writer would imagination, instead of lingering amid the ruins of produce a striking and attractive work. But there monarchy and feudality, contemplates with evident were some who expected that M. de Lamartine's predilection the visions of the republic. Far from history would still more interest, and possibly branding the revolution with a general character instruct his countrymen, by offering a view of the of irreligion, on account of the excesses of the mob revolution very different in its political bearing or of some few crazy fanatics of infidelity, he is from that, in which it has been the tendency of rather disposed to regard the whole movement as recent writers to represent, and of the French pub- one of a religious nature, having its origin in a lic in general to regard it. Though an adherent deep, dim, but sincere determination to realize the of the existing dynasty and institutions, though in spirit of Christianity in the arrangements of society fact at present a member of a liberal opposition, and the institutions of government. The oppoyet M. de Lamartine's attachment to the church nents of the revolution he judges with mild forof Rome and the romantic character of his writings, bearance; but he still judges them, in order to together with the personal associations which condemn them as men who withstood the right. belong to religious and literary sympathies, have The very sympathy which he expresses and exthroughout the vicissitudes of politics enabled him cites in behalf of the royal family by the minute to continue in friendly relations with the party description of their sufferings, their affection, and most opposed to the revolution and its results. their patience, renders more dainaging to the royal The Fauxbourg St. Germain regarded him as a cause the stern impartiality with which he criticises man whose conclusions and votes were mis- their acts, delineates their characters, and dechievous; but whose writings and speeches were nounces their misconduct, as the main cause of the calculated to serve their cause, by fostering a calamities in which both themselves and their spirit opposed to the democratic tendencies of country became so fatally involved. The real modern France. They trusted that, even if he did heroes of his story are the individuals who pronot venture openly to assail the principles of the moted the revolution with the greatest vigor, and revolution, and defend the ancien régime, a senti- followed out its principles with the sternest demental and imaginative writer could not tell the termination to their most extreme consequences. tale of those times without exciting sympathy in Even the party whose fortunes he has made the behalf of those who had fallen victims to their nominal subject of his narrative are too pale a type devotion to the altar and the throne, and arousing of republican enthusiasm and energy to satisfy his indignation against the cause that was soiled by daring fancy. From first to last, the principal the irreligion and atrocities of the Commune and personage of the drama is Robespierre. On him the Jacobins. They hoped that while the massa- the reader's attention is gradually concentrated cres of September, the various horrors of the more and more, as on the living emblem of the Reign of Terror, and the enormities of Lyons and revolution, of its principle, of its energy, of its Nantes, would be portrayed with fearful distinct-moral grandeur, and of the excesses by which that ness, the poetical historian would depict in the grandeur was chequered ; and with his fall the most brilliant colors the chivalrous constancy of the narrative ends as with the cessation of all that aristocracy, would exert his tragic powers in could give an interest in its story. describing the sufferings and courage of the royal The appearance of a work of a character and family, and immortalize in glowing narrative the tendency so absolutely the reverse of all that had heroic deeds done in La Vendée.
been anticipated from the author, while its literary The opposite party agreed in expecting very merits surpassed even the most favorable expectamuch the same results from the pencil of M. de tions, could not fail to create an extraordinary senLamartine. Never were general anticipations sation in France. No work that has appeared in more signally disappointed. The tale of the vic- our day seems to have created such a ferment in tims of the revolution is told with pathctic splendor Paris. The royalists, and all who, without being by M. de Lamartine : every incident of suffering, actually supporters of the ancient dynasty and order every act of courage, elicits his generous sympa- 1 of things, are more or less opposed to the spirit of CICVI.