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Letters and Speeches, i. 169. Russel," I supRefers to the Lowestoff exploit. (Letters and pose, is Russel of Chippenham, the same whose Speeches, i. 164 ;) and must bear date 12 March, daughter Henry Cromwell subsequently married, 1642–3,-apparently from Swaffham, Downham,

• To Cornet Squire.' or some such place on the western side of Norfolk.

(No date] • HUNTINGDON, (23?) March, 1642.' For Captain Berry, at his Quarters, Oundlc. Haste. Sir, [Date gone by moths]— 12 March, 1642.'

Send me by Alister a list of the Troop, Dear FRIEND,

and the condition of men and horses ; also condition

of the arms. Ride over to St. Neot's, and see We have secret and sure hints that a meeting of the Malignants takes place at Lowestoff Montague his Troop. And call on your way back on Tuesday. Now I want your aid ; so come with

at Huntingdon, and see to Russell's (I hear his men all speed on getting this, with your Troop; and are ill provided in boots ;) and bid them heed a

sudden call: I expect a long ride. tell no one your route, but let me see you ere sun

I shall want 200 Pieces: bring me them, or else down.-From Your Friend and Commandant,

send them by a sure hand.—You mentioned to my

Wife of certain velvets you had in London, come OLIVER CROMWELL.

over in your Father's ship from Italy: now, as far Auditor Squire had written in his journal, now as Twenty Pieces, go buy th — [torn off, signaburnt : “ He” (Oliver) “ got his first information ture and all.]

OLIVER CROMWELL.' of this business from the man that sold fish to the colleges,” (at Cambridge,) “ who being searched, a letter was found on him to the king, and he

To Mr. Squire, at his Quarters, Godmanchester. getting rough usage told all he knew."

CAMBRIDGE, 26 March, 1642 [miswritten for 1643;

Newyears-day was yesterday.) Date and address have vanished ; eaten by

Sir, moths; but can part he restored. Of the date,

Since we came back, I learn no men have it would appear, there remains dimly “the last got the money I ordered. Let me hear no more of

this; but pay as I direct—as we are about hard figure, which looks like a 5 :” that will probably work, I think. mean “ March 15,' which otherwise one finds to

Yours to mind, be about the time. The scene is still the Fen

Oliver CROMWELL. country ; much harassed by Malignants, necessitating searches for arms, spy-journeys, and other

The hard work of this letter, and long

ride' of last refer to the same matter; which did still stronger measures ! Montague,' we can dimly gather, is the future Earl of Sandwich ; at not take effect after all, much as Colonel Hampden present “ Captain of the St. Neots Troop,” a zeal- urged it. ous young gentleman of eighteen ; who, some six months hence, gets a commission to raise a regiment of his own; of whom there is other mention

“ Direction gone ; letter generally much wastby and by.

ed.” Refers, seemingly, to those “plunderers'

• Camdeners,' from the Stamford side, conTo Cornet Squire.'

cerning whom, about the beginning of this April, 15 March, 1642.'

there is much talk and terror, and one other Letter Dear FRIEND,

by Cromwell already printed (Letters and Speeches, I have no great mind to take Montague's word about that Farm. I learn, behind the oven is i. 170-3.) Berry' is the future Major-General ; the place they hide them (the arms :) so watch well, once “Clerk in the Iron-works,” Richard Baxter's and take what the man leaves ;—and hang the fel- friend; of whom there was already mention in the low out of hand, (out-a-hand,) and I am your war- Lowestoff affair.

For he shot a Boy at Stilton-Bee by the Spinney, the Widow's son, her only support : so

To Cornet Squire.' God and man must rejoice at his punishment. Ely, this 30 day (rest rotted off] . March, 1643.' I want you to go over to Stamford : they do not

hope you to bring me that I want well know you ; ride through, and learn all; and in due time—we shall, if it please God, be at go round by Spalding, and so home by Wisbee Swaffham ;—and hear of me at 11, [name in cipher,) ( Wisheach.]. See 15, 8, 92; and bring me word. who will say to you all needful.

-Wildman is gone by way of Lincoln ; you may Mind and come on in strength, as they are out to meet; but do not know him ; he will not you. mischief, and some (guess at their number,

I would you could get into Lynn; for I hear they illegible] Troops, but ill armed. Tell Berry are building a nest there we must rifle, I sadly to ride in, also Montague ; and cut home, as no fear.-You will hear of me at Downham: if not, mercy ought to be shewn those rovers, who are seek me at Ely, my Son will say my Quarters to only robbers and not honorable soldiers. —Call at you.-From Your Friend,

Cosey (?) I learn he has got a case of arms down ; 0. C. fetch them off; also his harness-it lies in the wall

by his bedhead : fetch it off'; but move not his old

weapons of his Father's, or his family trophies. No date, no address ; the letter itself a ruined Be tender of this, as you respect my wishes of one fragment “ in Oliver's hand.” For the rest, see Gentleman to another.








Bring me two pair Boothose, from the Fleming's To Mr. Squire, at his Quarters, Oundle : These. who lives in London Lane ; also a new Cravat :

Post haste, haste.
I shall be much thankful. I rest

Stilton, 12 April, this day, ‘ 1643.'
Your Friend,

Pray shew this to Berry, and advise (sig• London-Lane,' I understand, is in Norwich. nify to] him to ride in, and join me, by four days Let us hope the Fleming' has a good fleecy- ing and robbing all, poor and rich.

time ; as these Ca'ndishers, I hear, are over, tear

- (moths) — hosiery article there, and can furnish one's Cornet;

Many poor souls slain, and cattle moved off. for the weather is still cold!

Stamford is taken, and Lord Noel (Nole) has put some 300 to garrison it.

Send on word to Biggleswade, to hasten those Mr. Samuel Squire, at his Quarters, Peterborough, must have all help as we (they) may.

slow fellows. We are upon no child's-play; and

At same in Bridge-street there: Haste.

time, I will buy your Spanish Headpiece you shewed St. Neots, 3 April, 1643. me; I will give you Five Pieces for it, and my Dear Sir,

Scots one : at all rates, I will fain have it. So I am required by the Speaker to send up rest

Your Friend, those Prisoners we got in Suffolk (at Lowestoff,

0. C. &c. ;] pray send me the Date we got them, also The East Foot (from Suffolk, fc.) are come in, their Names in full, and quality. I expect I may to some 600 men, I learn. Say so to those Biggleshave to go up to Town also. I send them up by wade dormice. Whalley's Troop and the Slepe Troop; my Son goes with them. You had best go also, to answer

Squire has jotted on this letter: “12 April, any questions needed.

1642” (meaning 1643) as we were upon our I shall require a new Pot [kind of Helmet;] mine Lincoln riding.” is ill set.

Buy me one in Tower-Street; a Fleming sells them, I think his name is Vandeleur: get To Mr. Squire, at his Quarters, Oundle: These. one fluted, and good barrets; and let the plume-case

Haste. be set on well behind. I would prefer it lined with

Ely, This 13th day April, 1642 (for 1643.) good shamoy lea her to any other.

Sir, I have wished them return (the two Troops to return) by Suffolk home; so remind them. Do see Nos. 16, 17.) I find we want much ere we march.

I got your Letter and the Headpiece See after the 3 (undecipherable cipher.] 81 is playing Our Smiths are hard on’ work at shoes. Press me fox: I hold a letter of his he sent to certain ones, Four more Smiths as you come on : I must have which I got of one who carried it. If you light on them, yea or nay; say I will pay them fee, and let him, pray take care of him, and bring him on to me.

go after shoeing,-home, and no hindrances. I cannot let such escape; life and property is lost by such villains.

I am glad Berry is of our mind ; and in so good If resistance is given, pistol him. No nonsense can be held with such; he is as dan discipline of his men,-next to good arms, sure vic

tory, under God. I am gerous as a mad bull, and must be quieted by some

Your Friend,
This villain got our men into a strife near

0. C. Fakenham, some three weeks since ; and two got shot down, and nine wounded; and the others lost some twenty or thirty on their side; and all for his To Mr. S. Squire, at his Quarters, Oundle : These. mischief.

Let me see you as soon as needs will allow.
Mind Henry come to no ill in London ; I look to you

Ely, this day Monday, ' - 1643.' to heed him.-From

Your Friend,

The Pay of the three Troops is come down ;
therefore come over by Twelve to-morrow,

and see

to it. I can hear nothing of the man that was sent Squire endorses : “ We went up with the treas- with the money. If so, our means are straitened

me out of Suffolk and Essex. I fear he is gone off ure ; and got sadly mauled coming back, but beat beyond my power to redeem ;—so must beg of you the ruthians [ruffinns] at Chipping, but lost near all to lend me 200 Pieces more, to pay them ; and I will our baggage."

give you an order on my Farm at Šlepe, as security, if Parliament fail payment, which I much doubt of.

I got the money out of Norfolk last Friday: it These plundering 'Ca’ndishers,' called lately came, as usual, ill; and lies at my Son's quarters • Camdeners,' from Noel Viscount Camden their which lies at his quarters also. The money which

safely: also the Hertfordshire money also (sic,) principal adherent in these southern parts, are out

was got from the man at Boston is all gone : I had skirts or appendages of the Marquis of Newcastle's to pay 20 per centum for the changing it, and then northern or · Papist' army, and have for com- take Orders on certain you know of, which will remander the Hon. Charles Cavendish, cousin of the duce it down to barely £60 in the 100 :—which is marquis; whence their name. They are fast hard case on us who strive, thus to lose our hard flowing southward at present, in spite of the Fair- earnings by men who use only pens, and have no

danger of life or limb to go through. faxes—to the terror of men. Our first distinct

Bring me the Lists of the Foot now lying in Garnotice of them by Oliver; the last will follow by rison. 'I fear those men from Suffolk are being and by.

tried sorely by money from certain parties,—whom



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I will hang if I catch playing their tricks in my Squire has endorsed : “Got the man at Tilney, quarters ; by law of arms I will serve them. Order after a tussle, two troopers hit, and he sore cut, Isham to keep the Bridge, (it is needful,) and shoot even to loss of life. Got all." any one passing who has not a pass. The Service is one that we must not be nice upon, to gain our ends. So shew bim my words for it. Tell Captain Russell my mind on his men's drink

Mr. Waters is some lukewarm committee-man; ing the poor man's ale and not paying. I will not whose lazy backwardness, not to say worse of it, allow any plunder: so pay the man, and stop their this Colonel can endure no longer. Squire (by pay to make it up. I will cashier officers and men, whatever chance the letter came into Squire's if such is done in future.

hand) has endorsed as memorandum : “ 149 (and So let me see you by noon-time; as I leave, af- other cipher marks] lives at his house”—which ter dinner, for Cambridge. Sir, I am Your Friend,

perhaps may explain the thing! Oliver CROMWELL.

To Mr. Waters at the Cross Keys : These in all Isham,” who is to keep the bridge on this

speed, occasion, “ left the regiment at the same time as

LINCOLN, 25 July, 1643. Squire did," (the First War being ended,)



If no more be done than you and yours have went to sea, as did many others : so said Journal.

done, it is well you give over such powers as you (Note by the Transcriber.)

have to those who will. I say to you now my mind

thereto: If I have not that aid which is my due, I Address torn off, date eaten by moths; the for- say to you I will take it

. And so heed me ; for I

find your words are mere wind; I shall do as I say, mer to be guessed at, the latter not.

if I find no aid come to me by Tuesday. Sir, I To Mr. Squire.'

rest, as you will, 1643.'


* I pray you'* send a Hundred Pounds to 81 at Ipswich ; also a Hundred Pounds to 92 in Here are the Ca’ndishers again ; scouring the Harwich ; also Fifty-two Pounds to 151 at Ald-world, like hungry wolves ; swift, mount, and after borough ;-and do not delay an hour. W. (Wild- them! man?] is returned : they are all fit to burst at news come in ; and, I much fear, will break out. So I To Captain Montague or Sam Squire: Haste, haste,

on spuri. am now going over to clip their wings. I shall be back in five days, if all be well.

WISBEACH, this day — July, 1643.' Henry has borrowed of you Fifty Pieces, I learn.

Sir, Do not let him have any more; he does not need One has just come in to say the Ca'ndishers it; and I hope better of you than go against my have come as far as Thorney, and done a great mismind. I rest,

chief, and drove off some three score fat beasts. Your Friend,

Pray call in, and follow them; they cannot have Oliver CROMWELL. got far. Give no quarter; as they shed blood at

Bourne, and slew three poor men not in arms.

make haste. From To Mr. Squire at his Quarters, Chatteris ; Haste,

Your Friend and Commander, haste.

Oliver CROMWELL. Headquarters, Monday, daybreak. Sir,

Here, too, is a letter from Henry Cromwell, Wildman has seen one who says you have copied by my correspondent from Squire's old pa

How is this I am not put in possession of pers; which is evidently of contiguous or slightly it? Surely you are aware of our great need. Send prior date, and well worth saving : or come to me by dinner. I am, Your Friend,

To Captain Berry, at his Quarters, Whittlesea :

These in all haste.

18 July, 1643. To Mr. Squire, at his Quarters, Downham.

• There is great news just come in, by one (No date] ‘ 1643.'

of our men who has been home on leave. The Dear FRIEND,

Candishers are coming on hot. Some say 80 troops, I learn from Burton (112) that one landed others 50 troops. Be it as it may, we must go on. at the Quay from Holland, who was let go, and is Vermuyden has sent his Son to say, We had betnow gone on by way of Lynn. I hear he has a

ter push on three troops as scouts, as far as Stampeaked beard, of a blue black color; of some twen- ford; and hold Peterborough at all costs, as it is ty-five years old ; I think from my letters, a Span- the Key of the Fen, which if lost much ill may iard. See to him. He will needs cross the Wash ; ensue. Our news says, Candish has sworn to sweep stop him, and bring him to me. I shall lie at Bury, the Fens clear of us. How he handles his broom, if not at Newmarket ; so be off quickly.-From we will see when we meet; he may find else than Your Friend,

dirt to try his hand on, I think! Last night came

0. CROMWELL. in Letters from the Lord General ; also money, Haste-ride on spur.

and ammunition a good store. * Some such phrase, and the half of Friend,' have gone

Our men being ready, we shall ride in and join by moths.

your Troop at dawn. Therefore send out scouts






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Also good intelligencers on foot had better | Now, that is hardly to be given ; seeing we are be seen after; they are best, I find, on all occasions. after Lynn Leaguer, and require all aid needful to Hold the Town secure ; none go in or out, on pain surround them (the Lynn Malignants ;]-Say I of law of arms and war. Sharınan is come in from cannot grant their requesting. Have they not had Thrapstone; there was a Troop of the King's men great manifesting of God's bounty and grace, in so driving, but got cut down to a man—not far from short a time? I am filled with surprise at this fresh Kettering, by the Bedford Horse, and no quarter requiring of these selfish men. Let them write given, I hear.

home, and hire others to work. I will grant no Sir, this is all the news I have. My Father fresh Passes : The Lord General is against it; and desires me to say, Pray be careful! Sir, I rest, so am I, fixed in my mind. Your humble Servant,


you ride over to Swaffham, and buy Oats for • HENRY CROMWELL.' 2,000 horses; we shall require as many, to come

on to Gaywood, (?) by order, as needed. Also see On the same sheet follow four lines of abstruse to the Hay ;—and let your servants see well that no cipher, with a signature which I take to mean imposition is practised. I must insist on due weight * Oliver Cromwell ;' apparently some still more and measure for man and horse ; or let the chapsecret message from the Colonel himself.

men look to their backs and pouches! I stand no On Friday, 28 July, 1643, precisely ten days rogue's acts here, if they are tolerated in London after this letter, occurred the action at Gainsbo- I will have my pennyworth for my penny. rough, where poor General Cavendish, handling for news.

Send on a Trooper to Norwich and Yarmouth

Bid them cali at 112 and 68, and ask his broom' 10 best ability, was killed ; and a good Mr. Parmenter (?) after 32 ; he is fox, I hear. I account, or good instalment of account to begin fear Burton is double. I am, with, was given of these Ca'ndishers.*

Your Friend,

OLIVER CROMWELI. I sent a Pass to your Kinsman.

NO. XXVII. Our last batch consists of eleven letters; all of

*To Mr. Squire.' which, except two only, bear date 1643; and all

'17 August, 1643.' turn on the old topics. Squire's more intimate Bid Three Troops go on to Downham, and come relation to Oliver naturally ceased as the sphere of by way of Wisbeach. Tell Ireton my mind on his action widened—as the “valiant Colonel,” having shooting that Spy without learning more. I like it finished his Eastern-Association business, emerged

His name is Nickols, I hear. It were well as a valiant General into Marston battle, into Eng

no news took air of it.

0. C. land at large. After 1643, there is only one letter

“ From Col. Cromwell on his way to siege of to Squire; and that on personal business, and dated 1645.

Lynn, August 17, 1643 :" so Squire dockets ;

which enables us to date. Further in regard to

• Ireton's matter,' (the well-known Ireton,) there To Mr. Squire at his Quarters, Wisbeach, al Mr. stood in the journal, says my correspondent : Thorne's House there : by my Son Henry. “ This man was shot in Thorney Fen; he was a August, 2d day, 1643. spy and had done great injury. He had 500 gold

pieces in his coat, and a pass of Manchester's and My Lord Manchester has not the power to one of the king's.” To which my correspondent serve as you would (as you wish] for York: but I

adds in his own person : will see if I can do it for him, to serve you in my hanging newsmongers, was very often done ; and

Shooting spies, and Kinsman's (Whalley's, Desborow's, Walton's?] troop.

to me very horrible was the news I read often in I will give you all you ask for that Black you the journal of such doings.” won last Fight. I remain,

OLIVER CROMWELL. The 'great work on hand' is a ride to Lin-

colnshire; which issued in Winceby fight, or * Last fight is Gainsborough with the Ca'n- Horncastle fight, on Wednesday next. dishers; which occurred a week ago—and has

To 'Auditor Squire.' yielded Squire a horse among other things.

Ely, Thursday, October (moths) · 5th, 1643.'

Dear Sir, To Mr. Squire, at his Quarters, the Flag.

Hasten with all speed you may, and come Thursday, 3d August, 1643.

on the spur to me at Ely: we have a great work Sir,

on hand, and shall need us all to undertake it. May

Haste your men. I must These are to require you to bring the State- the Lord be with us. ments of the Troopers who were on the road, when see you by to-morrow sunset, as we start next day.

From they stopped the Wains containing the Arms going

Yours, from (word illegible; my correspondent writes

OLIVER CROMWELL. “ Skegness''] to Oxford ; that they be paid their dues for the service.

“ Came by the Colonel's Music”—so Squire I learn from Jackson that some of the Suffolk endorses. For Winceby fight, which followed on Troop requires Passes to return home to Harvest. Wednesday next, see Letters and Speeches, i. * Letters and Speeches, i. 182.







is ex





St. Neot's troop, would fain hesitate! Readers Home at Ely again; in want of various domes- may remember Mr. Hitch of Ely—about a forttic requisites—a drop of mild brandy, for one.

night after the date here.* • Monuments of

superstition and idolatry,' they must go : the Act To Mr. Squire, at his Quarters, Dereham, or else- of Parliament, were these nothing more, where: Haste, haste.

press! Ely, 15 November, 1643. Sir,

To Mr. Squire.' With all speed, on getting this, see Cox;

Christmas Eve, . 1643.' his Quarters are ai the Fort on the South End. Tell him to send me two Culverins, also a small

It is to no use any man's saying he will Mortar-piece, with match, powder and shot; also a not do this or that. What is to be done is no Gunner and his mates, as I need them.

choice of mine. Let it be sufficient it is the ParliaBuy of Mr. Teryer a case of Strong-waters for ment's Orders, and we to obey them. I am surme ;-and tell the Bailiff to order on such Volun- prised at Montague to say so. Shew him this : if teers as we can; we need all we can get. And the men are not of a mind to obey this Order, I get a cask of cured Fish for me. Do not fail send- will cashier them, the whole Troop. I heed God's ing on, with good speed, the Cannons; we stay for House as much as any man: but vanities and them.

trumpery give no honor to God, nor idols serve In haste, yours,

Him; neither do painted windows make them more OLIVER CROMWELL. pious. Let them do as Parliament bid them, or

else go home—and then others will be less careful

to do what we had done (might have done] with To Mr Squire at his Quarters.

judgment. This day, Friday noon, '- November, 1643.' I learn there is 4 Men down with the Sickness,

in the St. Neot's Troop now at March. Let me Your Letter is more in the Lord General's hear : so ride over, and learn all of it.—Sir, I am business than mine; but to serve you am well

Your Friend, pleased at all times. I have writ to the Captain at

OLIVER CROMWELL. Loughborough to mind what he is about; at the

Squire has endorsed : “ They obeyed the same time, if your Kinsmen are Papists, I do not

order." know well how I dare go against the Law of Parliament to serve them. I have, to oblige you, done so far : Take a Pass, and go over and see to this This letter, in my copy of it, is confidently dated matter, if you are inclined. But I think they, if “ Stilton, 31 July, 1643 ;” but, for two reasons, prudent, will get no further ill. I shall want the Blue Parcel of Papers you know letter long since printed, which bears date Hunt

the date cannot be accepted. First, there is a of; send them by your Music. Sir, I am Your Friend,

ingdon, instead of Stilton, with precisely the same OLIVER CROMWELL. day and year—the letter concerning Gainsborough

fight, namely.t Secondly, in the letter now before Squire endorses : “My cousin would not leave

us there is allusion to “Horncastle' or Winceby the nunnery, so left her.” But see next letter,

fight, which had not happened in July,' nor till for a wiser course.

11 October following. If for July we read Jany,

January, 1643—4, there is a better chance of being To Mr. Squire, at his Quarters Fotheringay.


To Auditor Squire.' PETERBOROUGH, This day, 2 December, 1643. Dear Friend,

STILTON, 31 January,' 1643. I think I have heard you say that


had Dear Sir, a relation in the Nunnery at Loughborough. Pray,

Buy those Horses ; but do not give more if you love her, remove her speedily; and I send than 18 or 20 Pieces each for them : that is enough you a Pass--as we have orders to demolish it, and for Dragooners. Í

must not dispute orders : (no.']—There is one of I will give you 60 Pieces for that Black you won the Andrews' in it; take her away. Nay give at Horncastle (if you hold to a mind to sell him,) them heed to go, if they value themselves. I had for my Son who has a mind to him.—Dear Sir, I am rather they did. I like no war on women. Pray

Your Friend, prevail on all to go, if you can. I shall be with 15 is come in.

OLIVER CROMWELL. you at Oundle in time. From

Your Friend,

Oliver CROMWELL. Red coats for the first time! My corresponSquire has written on the other side: “Got my dent gives the following annotation : “I rememCousin Mary and Miss Andrews out, and left them ber, in journal, mention of all the East men” at our house at Thrapstone, with my aunt, same (Association men) “ wearing red coats, horse and night ; and the troops rode over, and wrecked the foot, to distinguish them from the king's men ; nunnery by order of Parliament."

and it being used after by whole army. And I think it was after Marston Battle ;—but the jour

nal was full of the rowes of the men, and corpoSome cathedral or other church duty, come in rals' cabals.” course ; at which young Montague, Captain of the * Letters and Speeches, i., 198. † Ibid. i., 182.




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