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Poor Louise! poor Therèse! poor nun! poor know that she, the deformed, the bossue, as she Carmelite! For a moment she forgot that she called herself, who had thought it impossible she was the three last, to remember only that she had could inspire affection, had been the chosen object been the first ; and falling on her knees, and of this devoted passion. clasping those thin transparent hands, wasted by Madame Louise survived her lover nine years ; woe and vigils, she exclaimed with a piercing cry, and they were much calmer and happier years · Then he loved me after all !"

than those that preceded his death. She could Rigid as were the poor nun's notions of the du- now direct her thoughts wholly to the skies, for ty of self-abnegation, such a feeling as this was there she hoped and believed he was : and since one to be expiated by confession and penance ; but human nature, as we have hinted before, will be as nuns are still women, it was not in the nature human nature within the walls of a convent as well of things that she should not be the happier for the as outside of them, she had infinitely more comfort conviction that her love had been returned—nay, and consolation in praying for the repose of his more than returned, for Saint-Phale had loved her soul in heaven, than she could have had in praying first ; and if she had forsaken the world for his for his happiness on earth—provided he had sought sake, he had requited the sacrifice by dying for that happiness in the arms of Madame de Châteauher. It was a balm even to that pious spirit to grand, or any other fair lady.

IMAGINATION AND SCIENTIFIC INVENTION.-Wetrine, for he was one of Fortune's favorites. He see that a passage excavated by a correspondent of thought there was no reason to despair of Ireland our own from Addison's writings in the Spectator, as long as the tithes were regularly paid. That about Strada and his foreshadowing of a kind of was his test of the moral, financial, and political magnetic telegraph, has reäppeared in other jour- state of the country. It was one in which he had nals. Strada supposed that two dial-plates at a some personal interest, for his living was worth distance from each might be so connected that cer- about 4,0001, a year. He was well paid for his tain sympathetic needles” should mark corre-work; which consisted in the salvation of the souls sponding movements on the dials, and thus work of Mr. Brereton and Mr. Lucifer, together with much as our electric telegraph does. In a Pepysian their establishments, and three serious washermood, it is amusing to note these coincidences ; but women who lived in the village of Lodore. Altoregarding them more seriously, we should much gether, his flock amounted to nearly twenty indimisinterpret their true significance if we supposed viduals. The Roman Catholics of his parish them to detract from the merit of a real discoverer. mustered their thousands ; but with them the dean

Perhaps there is no invention that may not, in held no communion by word or deed. some vague form, have come within the wide range of human imagination. Gunpowder is lost in an

CONSOLATIONS FOR THE LONELY. tiquity; steam has been traced to Aristotle ; ether, or the newer and still more magic chloroform, only

BY MARY HOWITT. realizes many a “spell" of Eastern fiction. As There is a land where beauty cannot fade, science advances into a knowledge of the properties Nor sorrow dim the eye; of things, a dim foresight of what may hereafter be Where true love shall not droop, nor be dismayed, effected dawns upon the understanding. To realize And none shall ever die! a discovery, especially in mechanics, needs a highly Where is that land, O where? cultivated exact knowledge; but that alone will For I would hasten there; seldom suffice to make a discoverer : besides mere Tell me I fain would go, mechanical knowledge, he requires also the faculty For I am weary with a heavy woe! of imagination, which is necessary to enable him to The beautiful have left me all alone; conceive beforehand the operation or the engine The true, the tender, from my path have gone ! that his exact knowledge is requisite to work out. O guide me with thy hand, Most discoverers have been men remarkable for If thou dost know that land, some kind of

" enthusiasm, eccentricity,” For I am burdened with oppressive care, strangeness," or“ fancifulness ;" which has often And I am weak and fearful with despair. been pitied as a weakness. For plodding minds are Where is it? Tell me where. not aware that half the faculty of the scientific discoverer is derived from the despised region of poe- Friend, thou must trust in him who trod before try.-Spectator.

The desolate paths of life;
Must bear in meekness, as he meekly bore,

Sorrow, and pain, and strife! An Irish CHURCHMAN FIFTY YEARS SINCE.- Think how the Son of God The dean was the son of a favorite butler of the These thorny paths hath trod; lord-lieutenant of Ireland. He inherited the talents Think how he longed to go, of his father, for he was an excellent judge of claret. Yet tarried out, for thee, the appointed woe. In other respects, he had no particular qualification Think of his weariness in places dim, for the established church. This one, however, Where no man comforted or cared for him! proved sufficient; for he eventually contrived to Think of the blood-like sweat, become Archbishop of

Well and truly With which his brow was wet; did my father say, that the church was an excel- Yet how he prayed unaided and alone, lent profession for young men with good family In that great agony, " Thy will be done!” interest and of tory principles.

Friend, do not thou despair; The dean was disposed to be an optimist. In Christ, from his heaven of heavens, will hear thy truth, he had good reason for inclining to that doc-! prayer!

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From Chambers' Journal.

sions is neither to eat nor drink by the way, nor JOSEPH TRAIN'S ACCOUNT OF THE ISLE OF even to tell any person his mission; the recovery

is said to be perceptible from the time the case is The name of Mr. Train has become widely stated to him.” Farmers delay their sowing till known, in consequence of the acknowledgment of Teare can come to bless the seed. Mr. Train Sir Walter Scott of the obligations he lay under has seen and conversed with this strange preto him for hints towards sundry of the Waverley

tender. Novels. Now passing into the vale of years, after

“ The first time I saw him he was mounted on a creditable fulfilinent of all the common duties of a little Manx pony, that seemed aware of its master life, he appears to us as an admirable specimen of having neither whip nor spur to quicken its pace, tho genius of self-taught and self-raised men. as it moved very tardily along the wayside. The While possessed of strong poetical tastes, he has seer is a little man, far advanced into the vale of gone beyond the ordinary range of his class in a zeal-life ; in appearance he was healthy and active ; he ous cultivation of historical antiquities, of which wore a low-crowned slouched hat, evidently too we have here goodly proof in two volumes, em- large for his head, with a broad brim; his coat, bracing all that can be desired of the past and of an old-fashion make, with his vest and breeches, present of the Isle of Man. We delight to see

were all of loaghtyn wool, which had never underthe worthy veteran successfully bringing so labori- gone any process of dyeing ; his shoes, also, were ous a task to a close.

of a color not to be distinguished from his stockThe very peculiar history of this little outlying ings, which were likewise of loaghtyn wool. portion of the empire ; its long possession of an

“ Mr. Kelly, chief magistrate of Castletown, was independent race of princes; its retaining even till kindly driving me in his gig to Port St. Mary, now institutions proper to itself-render it an object whither also Mr. Teare was proceeding; and of curiosity beyond any similar space of British where, he informed us, he was to remain for the ground. Mr. Train has done all that we should night. Aware that it was not agreeable to many, think possible in recovering its early annals, and even of the most intelligent Manxmen, to hear direct throwing them into an intelligible narrative ; a sad allusions made by a stranger to any of the superview they give of bloody wars and popular suffer- stitious observances of the lower orders of the peoings. A portion of his work, devoted to the su- ple, I avoided as much as possible making any perstitions, the manners and customs of the people, inquiries that might give offence.

Mr. Kelly, is more attractive to the general reader. Statis- seeing, however, from the nature of my questions, tics, however, and even the natural history of the and from my travelling in the mountains, and assoisland, are not overlooked. The author seems to ciating with the peasantry, that my chief object have aimed at exhausting the subject in all respects, was to become acquainted with all the existing and he has pretty well succeeded in his purpose.

peculiarities of the people, on our arrival at the Man comprises two hundred square miles, much inn generously introduced me to the great fairy of it hilly and waste, and about fifty thousand in- doctor, as a person eminently qualified to give me habitants. With lighter taxation than England, all the statistical information which the island could it returns about £70,000 of revenue. The people

afford. After communicating to the seer my object are Celtic, and speak a language resembling the in visiting the island, Mr. Kelly remarked with a Gaelic of our Scottish Highlanders. They have magisterial air, ‘I know, Mr. Teare, that by probretained old customs and superstitions longer than ing the secret springs of nature, you can either any other people under the British crown. Will accelerate, retard, or turn aside at pleasure the natit be believed that the kindling of Baal fires—that ural course of events, but you must make oath is, celebrating the anniversary of the pagan god

before me, in presence of this stranger, that you Baal or Bel—was observed on the 1st of May,

never call evil spirits to your assistance.' The 1837? Or that a trial, equivalent to a trial for seer assented, and the oath was administered with witchcraft, went on before a jury of Manxmen in due solemnity by the magistrate, who, after listenDecember, 1843? On this occasion, while a poor ing to some singular stories from the doctor, dewoman was in the course of being asked if she parted for Castletown, leaving us to spend the ever came in any shape or form to do John Quine evening together. There was a pithy quaintness an injury, a wag let loose a rabbit in the court,

in the doctor's conversation, and his answers were when all became extreme confusion, and the jury, generally couched in idiomatic proverbialisms. He with eyes staring, hair on end, and mouths dis- said he was required by his professional business torted, exclaimed, “The witch! the witch !" nor

to travel more than any person in the island, and was the uproar quieted, till one of the crowd seized when I expressed my surprise at a person of his and killed the animal. There still survives in this advanced years enduring such fatigue, he replied, island, in the same latitude with the county of The crab that lies always in its hole is never Cumberland, a fairy doctor of the name of Teare,

fat.' who is resorted to when all other aid fails.

The promptings of superstition are often cruel : messenger that is despatched to him on such occa

there is a notable instance in the Manx custom of

hunting the wren on St. Stephen's day, when the * Two volumes, 8vo. Douglas, Isle of Man. Published populace go about with a captive bird of that spe by Mary A. Quiggin, North Quay. London: Simpkin, Marshall and Co., 1845.

cies, distributing its feathers as charms against

6. The

We are

witchcraft, after which they inter it on the sea- charing, and left him a whole day together. The shore. Often, again, there is a strange wild beauty neighbors, out of curiosity, have often looked in at in superstitious ideas, as in the following case : the window to see how he behaved when alone, “On New-Year's eve, in many of the upland cot- which, whenever they did, they were sure to find tages, it is yet customary for the house-wife, after him laughing, and in the utmost delight. This raking the fire for the night, and just before step- made them judge that he was not without company ping into bed, to spread the ashes smooth over the more pleasing to him than any mortals could be ; floor with the tongs, in the hope of finding in it and what made this conjecture seem the more reanext morning the track of a foot ; should the toes sonable was, that if he were left ever so dirty, the of this ominous print point towards the door, then woman, at her return, saw him with a clean face, it is believed a member of the family will die in and his hair combed with the utmost exactness and the course of that year ; but should the heel of the nicety." fairy foot point in that direction, then it is as firmly In accounts of customs from different districts, believed that the family will be augmented within one is perpetually called on to wonder at the parithe same period.” There was once a mighty en- ties observable in many small matters. chantress in the island. “By her alluring arts, told by Mr. Train, that “ formerly weddings were she ensnared the hearts of so many men around generally preceded by musicians playing the Black where she resided, causing them to neglect their and the Gray, the only tune struck up on such usual occupations, that the country presented a occasions." What this tune nay be we cannot scene of utter desolation. They neither ploughed tell-probably it is not now recoverable ; but what nor sowed ; their gardens were all overgrown with is very curious, it was the tune which was played weeds, their once fertile fields were covered with at weddings by the last piper of Peebles, who died stones, their cattle died for want of pasture, and upwards of forty years ago. their turf lay undug in the commons. This uni- Peel Castle, on the west side of the island, is versal charmer having brought things th such a the locality of a strange tradition, which Mr. Train deplorable crisis, under pretence of making a jour-quotes from his predecessor Waldron. " There ney to a distant part of the island, set out on a was formerly a passage to the apartment belongmilk-white palfrey, accompanied by her admirers ing to the captain of the guard ; but it is now on foot, till, having led them into a deep river, she closed up; the reason they give you for it is a drowned six hundred of the best men the island pretty odd one. They say that an apparition, had ever seen, and then flew away in the shape of called in the Manx language the Moddey Doo, in a bat. To prevent the recurrence of a like disas- the shape of a large black spaniel, with curled ier, these wise people ordained that their women shaggy hair, was used to haunt Peel Castle ; and should henceforth go on foot and follow the men, has been frequently seen in every room, but parwhich custom is so religiously observed, that if by ticularly in the guard-chamber, where, as soon as chance a woman is observed walking before a man, the candles were lighted, it came and lay down whoever sees her cries out immediately, Tehi ! before the fire, in presence of the soldiers, who at Tehi!' which, it seems, was the name of the en- length, by being so much accustomed to the sight chantress who occasioned this law."

of it, lost great part of the terror they were seized The supposition that fairies sometimes took away with at its first appearance. They still, however, mortal babes, and left their own wretched offspring retained a certain awe, as believing it was an evil in their place, is perhaps now declined in Man, as spirit, which only waited permission to do them in other places; but it was rife a century ago. hurt; and for that reason forbore swearing and Waldron, who wrote a book on Man, published in profane discourse while in its company.

But 1732, gives the following account :-“I was pre- though they endured the shock of such a guest when vailed on," says he, to go and see a child, who, all together in a body, none cared to be left alone they told me, was one of these changelings ; and with it. It being the custom, therefore, for one indeed must own, was not a little surprised as well of the soldiers to lock the gates of the castle at a as shocked at the sight. Nothing under heaven certain hour, and carry the keys to the captain, to could have a more beautiful face; but though whose apartment the way led through the church, between five and six years old, and seemingly they agreed among themselves that whoever was healthy, he was so far from being able to walk or to succeed the ensuing night his fellow in this stand, that he could not so much as move any one errand, should accompany him that went first, and joint. His limbs were vastly long for his age, but by this means no man would be exposed singly to smaller than an infant's of six months; his com- danger; for I forgot to mention, that the Moddey plexion was perfectly delicate, and he had the Doo was always seen to come out from that pasfinest hair in the world. He never spoke nor sage at the close of day, and return to it again as cried, ate scarce anything, and was very seldom soon as morning dawned ; which made them look seen to smile ; but if any one called him a fairy on this place as its peculiar residence. One night elf, he would frown and fix his eyes so earnestly a fellow being drunk, and by the strength of his on those who said it, as if he would look them liquor rendered more daring than ordinarily, laughed through. His mother, or at least his supposed at the simplicity of his companions; and although mother, being very poor, frequently went out a it was not his turn to go with the keys, would needs

or devil.

Earth pots,

take that office upon him, to testify his courage. the field and brought home their crops in creels on All the soldiers endeavored to dissuade him ; but the backs of horses. Mr. Train, however, alleges the more they said, the more resolute he seemed, that they were willing to do better; and he relates and swore that he desired nothing more than that the following curious anecdote, with which we the Moddey Doo would follow him as it had done conclude :—“That the Manx were acquainted with the others, for he would try whether it were dog the process of preparing shell lime for building,

may be inferred from its being used in the walls “After having talked in a very reprobate manner of the old fortifications ; stone lime, on the confor some time, he snatched up the keys, and went trary, was wholly unknown to them. In the year out of the guard-room. In some time after his 1642, Governor Greenhalgh made an ineffectual departure a great noise was heard, but nobody had attempt to introduce the practice of using lime as the boldness to see what occasioned it, till, the manure ; but he had no sooner built a kiln, than adventurer returning, they demanded the knowl- it was circulated as an article of news that the edge of him ; but as loud and noisy as he had been deputy-governor was actually engaged in a project at leaving them, he was now become sober and to burn stones for the improvement of the land. silent enough, for he was never heard to speak The people hastened in crowds to witness the more ; and though all the time he lived, which result of this wonderful process, and probably not was three days, he was entreated by all who came without some doubts of the governor's sanity. near him to speak, or if he could not do that, to When, however, they beheld large masses reduced make some signs by which they might understand to powder by the action of fire, they eagerly rewhat had happened to him, yet nothing intelligible solved to profit by an example from which they could be got from him, only that, by the distortions expected the most beneficial results. of his limbs and features, it might be guessed that as they were termed, were raised in all parts of he died in agonies more than is common in natural the island, in which every kind of stone, flint, slate, death. The Moddey Doo was, however, never or pebble, were indiscriminately subjected to the after seen in the castle, nor would any one attempt process of burning. As might have been expected, to go through that passage ; for which reason it their efforts were fruitless; but for the ill success was closed up, and another way made. This which attended their exertions, they were at no accident happened about threescore years since.” loss to find an infallible cause that the governor

In zoology, the island has, or had, some pecu- had intercourse with the fairies, by whose agency liar features. The native sheep, called the Loagh- his minerals were converted into powder, whilst tyn, of mean appearance, with high back, nar- those of the more upright native islanders were row ribs, and tail like that of a goat, finds a fit only condensed to a greater degree of hardness. associate in the poor little stunted pony. There of this curious fact many evidences still remain. was once a peculiar variety of the wild boar in Large quantities of calcined stones are frequently Man-called the purr—of a gray sandy color, found in different parts of the island.” spotted with black. It ran wild in the mountains, and was a destructive creature.

From Chambers' Journal. had a den in the mountain of South Barrule, whence

ORIGIN OF THE RAILWAY SYSTEM. he sallied forth almost daily into some of the surrounding valleys in search of prey. In summer, It is now about twenty-eight years since a a fold was no barrier to his killing and carrying off thoughtful man, travelling in the north of England both sheep and lambs. In winter, impelled person commercial business, stood looking at a small haps by hunger, he became so daring, that every train of coal-wagons impelled by steam along a adjoining farm-yard was the scene of his depreda- tramroad which connected the mouth of one of the tions. At last the people rose to drive the enemy collieries of that district with the wharf at which from his strong-hold, and besetting him with the the coals were shipped. Why,"

" he asked of fiercest dogs that could be procured, they suc- the engineer, "are not these tramroads laid down ceeded in hunting him over the high cliffs of Brada all over England, so as to supersede our common Head, where he was killed by falling amongst the roads, and steam-engines employed to convey rocks, ere he reached the sea below.” It is a goods and passengers along them, so as to superlittle known, but curious fact, that the cats of the sede horse-power ?” The engineer looked at the Isle of Man have no tail, and at most a mere rudi- questioner with the corner of his eye. “Just ment of caudal vertebra. They are called rum- propose you that to the nation, sir, and see what pies, and are excellent mousers. Mr. Train, after you will get by it! Why, sir, you will be workeeping one for four years, expresses his belief ried to death for your pains.” Nothing more was that it is a hybrid animal, between the cat and said ; but the intelligent traveller did not take the rabbit : but, from the decided diversity of these engineer's warning. Tramroads, locomotive steamspecies, we feel inclined to pronounce very confi- engines, horse-power superseded !-the idea he dently that no such union could take place. had conceived continued to infest his brain, and

In agriculture, the Manxmen are, or at a very would not be driven out. Tramroads, locomotive recent period were, much behind their fellow- steam-engines, horse-power superseded !-he would countrymen of Britain. Their field implements talk of nothing else with his friends. Tramroads, were extremely rude, and they carried manure to locomotive steam-engines, horse-power superseded!

" The last purr

-he at length broached the scheme openly ; first driver's box with a little whip in his hand. On to public men by means of letters and circulars, this plate are engraved the following coupletsand afterwards to the public itself by means of a printed book. Hardly anybody would listen to

“ No speed with this can fleetest horse comparo; him; the engineer's words seemed likely to prove

No weight like this canal or vessel bear.

As this will commerce every way promote, true. Still he persevered, holding the public by

To this let sons of commerce grant their vote.” the button, as it were, and dinning into its ears the same wearisome words. From public political These verses at least show the enthusiasm of men, including the cabinet ministers of the day, he the projector ; but one must be acquainted with the received little encouragement; a few influential contents of the book throughout fully to appreciate commercial men, however, began at length to be Mr. Gray's merits. Suffice it to say that, except interested in his plan. Persons of eminence took in the matter of the speed attainable on the proit up, and advocated it almost as enthusiastically posed roads, which experience has proved to be as the original proprietor. It having thus been much greater than Mr. Gray dared to hope, the proved, according to Dogberry's immortal phrase, case for a general railway system of transit, as that the scheme was a good scheme, it soon went here stated, is as complete as, with all our near to be thought so. Capital came to its aid. The acquired knowledge of the reality, we could now consequence was, that in 1826 parliament passed make it. It may be even doubted whether we an act authorizing the construction of the first have yet completely realized the suggestions of British railway, properly so called—that between this volume ; and the system of main trunk lines Liverpool and Manchester. Four years after- laid down in it for Great Britain and Ireland, and wards, in September, 1830, the railway was illustrated by an engraved chart, is probably supeopened. What advances the system has made rior in some respects to that which has been actusince, every one knows. Railways have been con- ally adopted. structed, or are in progress, in all parts of the civ- Railways, it is almost unnecessary to inform ilized world ; philosophers have already begun to our readers, were in use long before the genera] speculate on the astonishing effects which such a system of transit by their means as proposed by means of rapid locomotion must have on the char- Mr. Gray. They were first used, about a hundred acter and prospects of the whole human race; by and eighty years ago, to facilitate the transport of means of railways, Europe is becoming a familiar coals from the north of England collieries to the country to us all, and the planet itself an imagina- shipping places on the Tyne. The first railways ble round thing; and the only question is, where were merely wooden wheelways, laid in the ordiwill this railway-impulse end ?-into what strange nary roads to lessen the friction and render the condition of humanity is it leading us? And the work easier for the horse. The advantage was so beginning of all this was the dream of a thought- great, that various improvements were gradually ful man, looking, about twenty-eight years ago, at introduced with a view to increase it to the utmost. some coal-wagons running along a tramroad to a About the middle of last century, the following wharf.

was the mode of preparing a tramroad or railway : The name of this projector of a general railway — The road having been rendered as nearly level system of transit is Thomas Gray, and he is still throughout as possible, rough wooden logs, called alive. We have now before us a copy of the sleepers, each about six feet long, were imbedded work in which he first explained his scheme to the in it transversely, at distances of about three feet. public. The first edition of it was published in Along these were laid the wooden rails, pegged 1820, and the title under which it made its appear down to the sleepers, so as to form a wheelway ance was as follows :-“ Observations on a gen- about four feet wide. The wheels of the wagons eral iron railway, or land steam conveyance, to were provided with a flange, so as to keep them supersede the necessity of horses in all public vehi- from slipping off the rails. Each wagon was cles; showing its vast superiority in every respect pulled by a single horse ; and as the inclination of over all the present pitiful methods of conveyance the road was usually from the pit mouth to the by turnpike roads, canals, and coasting traders : wharf, the loaded wagons had the advantage of containing every species of information relative to the descent, while, in ascending, the horse had to railroads and locomotive engines.” There is now pull only empty wagons. When the difference of a sort of quaint historic interest in turning to this level between the pit mouth and the wharf was book, to see the manner in which objects familiar very great, it was usual to manage the transport, to us were first represented to the incredulous not by making the road of the necessary uniforın imagination of the public. Prefixed to it there is inclination throughout, but by inserting here and a plate, exhibiting carriages of different construc- there a steep inclined plane, which the wagons tions, drawn along on railways by locomotives. descended by their own weight, the rest of the way The carriages of one of the sets strike the eye being tolerably level. By a contrivance introduced curiously, as being made on the model of a com- towards the end of the century, many of these mon stage-coach, with inside and outside passen- inclined planes were made self-acting—that is, gers, luggage on the top, a guard behind with his were so constructed, that the loaded wagons horn, and actually, in one instance, (though this descending pulled up the returning empty wagons. seems done in irony,) a person occupying the At others, the return-wagons were pulled up by a

14

CXCIV.

LIVING AGE.

VOL. XVI.

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