« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
The only peculiarity of hexameters is, that you except that of the Odyssee, there are beautiful have six such feet; and that in the first four places poems, of many different styles, which cannot be you may have dactyls and trochees mingled in any presented or received in any other form. In the
same volume from which I have just read, is Göthe's M. But surely this your notion of hexameters, Idyl, Alexis and Dora, so much admired by Schilwhich is satisfied by trochees taking the place of ler and Humboldt. The impending departure of dactyls, is inconsistent with another sound princi- the youth brings about a mutual confession between ple of versification, that feet which are substituted the lovers, who had lived next door to each other for one another must be, in some way, equivalent all their lives, with little intercourse except looks. to each other? Now, a trochee cannot be equiva- His shipmates summon him while the pair are lent to a dactyl; a long and one short, to a long in the midst of the transports which the confession and two shorts.
produces :E. I grant you that the successive feet in a
“ Cries of impatience resound from the shore: my verse must have a sort of equivalence. Indeed, that
feet, as if fasten'd, equivalence of the feet is closely connected with Cling to the ground : I exclaim, ' Dora, and the principle of alternation which I assert. The
art thou then mine?' feet are like the bars of a strain of music; and the
• Thine forever !' she answered softly. The tears
that were trickling regular accent on the first note of each bar pro
Sparkle and vanish, as though dried by a breath duces the alternation of strong and weak, which
from the gods." verse requires. But, then, this accent is capable of producing an equivalence between dissyllable it
, appeared to Schiller and Humboldt very beau
This thine forever, taking the context along with and trisyllable feet. The two short syllables in
tiful. the latter case are equivalent to the one short syl
M. Be it so. lable in the former, both being unaccented ; and
But I suppose I, too, must read thus Hamlet is, and vale is, can equally stand in the context, in order to feel the beauty ? the verse. I do not say the verses are equally
E. Certainly ; it is not common to feel any posmooth, but they are equally verse.
etical beauty except on that condition ; and, thereM. According to this doctrine of yours, each of fore, I hardly know whether to read to you deyour hexameters ends with a trochee : this per- was by all his friends—W. Humboldt
tached passages of Schiller's noblest poem, as it petual double ending must surely be monotonous,
Körner, Herder, and the like-allowed to be. I and also undignified, as continued double rhymes
mean The Walk. This is here, translated by a E. I will not deny that, to a certain extent, it great mathematician, as the others are by great has that effect. And it is the charm of alternate classical scholars ; so that you see English hexhexameters and pentameters, in English as in ameters are not without creditable friends. The Greek and Latin, that they avoid this monotony. poem being Schiller's, deals, of course, with a
moral interest. Listen to the translation of Meleager's lamentation
escaped from his over his daughter. You will recollect the verses
chamber's narrow confinement,” ascends his own of Callimachus :
beloved mountain, and, under the influence of the
scenery which surrounds him, (well painted,) calls “ Though the earth hid thee, yet there—even there up in his thoughts successively the various stages -my Heliodora,
and forms of man's social condition—primitive, All that is left me I give-tears of my love-to rural life, the growth of cities and states, the rise
thy grave; Tears—how bitterly shed ! on thy tomb bedewd of the arts of war and peace, till prosperity ends with my weeping,
in corruption and revolution ; and then the trouble Pledge of a fond regret-pledge of affection, for and horror which this picture excites are rethee:"
lieved by taking refuge in a loving trust in nature. and so on.
Tell me whether such passages as the following M. Such verses as those may serve to show the form of translation would suit them? It is a de
are not worth translating, and whether any other “ unlearned reader,” in some measure, what is the rhythm of the ancient verses. But they are not
scription of the influence of established society upon likely to be of any force in touching modern hearts,
human character, a favorite subject of Schiller's :or stirring modern thoughts.
“ Sacred walls ! from whose bosom the seeds of E. I think you will find, in Göthe and in Schil
E'en to the farthest isles, morals and arts have ler, many passages, and indeed many whole poems,
conveyed ; of deep and universal interest, in which the feelings Sages in their thronged gates in justice and judgand the thoughts could not be conveyed in any other
ment have spoken; dress to the German mind, and cannot be translated
Heroes to battle have rushed hence for their into English with any trace of the character and
altars and homes ; effect of the original, except by retaining the hex
Mothers the while, their infants in arms, from the
battlements gazing, To say nothing of Göthe's Herman
Pray for their triumph and fame, pray for their and Dorothea, a poem which, consummate as it
joyful return. is in its narrative interest and dramatic truth, could Triumph and fame are theirs, but in vain their not have its Odyssee-like simplicity in any verse welcome expects them!
Read how the exciting stone tells of their glo- ability to be readable, many faults will not avail rious deserts.
against it when it supplies a want, as The Mili: Traveller! when to Sparta thou comest, declare tary Life of Marlborough unquestionably does.
thou hast seen us, Each man slain at his post, e'en as the law Beyond Mr. Alison's usual rhetorical amplification hath ordained !
and diffusiveness, however, this book has fewer of Soft be your honored rest! with your precious its author's usual defects, and very considerable lite-blood besprinkled,
merits. The plan is well conceived, and rigidly Freshens the olive-bough-sparkles with har- adhered to. The work is strictly what it professes vests the plain."
to be, a military life. A brief introduction sketches Shall I go on, or does this suffice for the present ? the career of Marlborough to the breaking out of M. For the present this suffices. Let us talk
the war of the Succession ; which, with a masover the subject again by and by.
terly picture of the state of France and the char
acter of Louis the Fourteenth, introduce the subFrom the Spectator.
ject; while a few pages after its close describe
the decline and death of Marlborough. All beyond ALISON'S MILITARY LIFE OF MARLBOROUGH.
is the military life of the hero, with no unnecessary This work, a considerable part of which orig- deviation to any other topic ; and hence a unity is inally appeared in Blackwood's Magazine, was preserved throughout, which is rarely met in modsuggested by the publication of the Marlborough ern lives and times, especially among the rhetorDespatches. Original documents of that volu- ical school of writers. minous and detailed character are uninteresting to The first and most distinguishing quality of the the general reader, even when they relate to con- volume is the author's historical mind and his temporary actions ; but if by the lapse of time the power as a military describer. These, indeed, events have become historical, they are often are the circumstances hat chiefly give value to a hardly intelligible. With somewhat of the pro- work that has evidently been struck off rapidly. fessional feeling of the historian, Mr. Alison ex- In point of composition, there is somewhat too patiates upon this obvious truth in his preface ; and much of the rhetorician, and of the theory-monger this professional feeling appears to have incited advancing his “idea.” The book, however, is a him to undertake a review of the campaigns of more favorable specimen of composition than the Marlborough, in which the recovered despatches greater History of Europe. Not distracted by so should be a main authority. The subject, how many ramifications as are there of necessity, the ever, grew under his hands ; the war of the Suc- author brings the whole subject more completely cession, in its general bearings, had frequently to be under the reader. The topics, being chiefly parconsidered before the military events could be well ticular description, do not allow the writer to rur understood ; and thus the review of the Marlbo- away with himself, as he is apt to do when enrough Despatches was turned into The Military gaged in political speculations. The style is genLife of Marlborough.
erally closer, with less tendency to hyperbole ; The research for this purpose does not seem and in the battles and sieges the description of the to have been very extensive. Coxe's Life and text is well carried out by the maps and plans. The Klauser's great military work appear to be the theories, too, we regard as in the main sound ; at main authorities, beyond the common historical least they are better than the vulgar notions of reading upon the subject. But though there is high destinies influenced by bedchamber-women, nothing very new in fact to be found in Mr. and all the other claptrap extravagancies of the Alison's pages, his book is a useful contribution Disraeli school. In the view of Mr. Alison, the to English literature. The only life we had of wars were really conflicts of opinion, in which Marlborough was that by Coxe ; and, independently something more than even the ambition of kings of its voluminousness and the intermixture of top- was embodied. According to him, Louis the Fourics, the style of the author and his tone of mind teenth represented the Romish, William the Third belong to another age. The military exploits do the Protestant spirit, not in mere religious dogmas, not stand out with sufficient distinctness to form a but in that deeper feeling which not only influences continuous military narrative; besides which, the belief, but gives its color to actions, and in the end reverend doctor was not so well qualified as Mr. forms the character of nations. William from naAlison for the description of the stirring scenes of ture and education embodied constitutional gore war and battle. In general history, Marlborough's ernment; Louis, like Napoleon after him, individexploits are of course presented on a contracted val despotism. These principles and their conscale ; and England has no military history really comitants, Mr. Alison holds, were always at work worthy of the name. The factious spirit which during the wars of William and Anne, though baffled the hopes and clouded the declining years personal or national interests often excited them to of the great warrior seems to have pursued his action. The author's “ character” of Louis the memory in his own country. On the continent it Fourteenth is well worth perusal, especially by was indeed different, and Marlborough received those persons who are apt to undervalue the past there an enlightened appreciation, which till of because it does not resemble the present. The late years he lacked at home.
following is a portion of that elaborate porSupposing a work to have sufficient literary trait.
“ Louis XIV. was essentially monarchical. philosophers, and poets of his dominions, like solThat was the secret of his success : it was because diers and sailors : alınost all the academies of he first gave the powers of unity to the monarchy France, which have since become so famous, that he rendered France so brilliant and powerful. were of his institution ; he sought to give discipline All his changes, and they were many, from the to thought, as he had done to his fleets and armies, dress of soldiers to the instructions to ambassadors, and rewarded distinction in literary efforts not less were characterized by the same spirit. He first in- than warlike achievement. No monarch ever knew troduced a uniforin in the army. Before his time, better the magical influence of intellectual strength the soldiers merely wore a banderole over their steel on general opinion, or felt more strongly the expebreastplates and ordinary dresses. That was a dience of enlisting it on the side of authority. Not great and symptomatic improvement; it at once in- less than Hildebrand or Napoleon, he aimed at duced an esprit de corps and a sense of responsibility: drawing, not over his own country alone, but the He first made the troops march with a measured whole of Europe, the meshes of regulated and censtep, and caused large bodies of men to move tralized thought; and more durably than either he with the precision of a single company. The ar- attained his object. The religious persecution tillery and engineer service, under his auspices, which constitutes the great blot on his reign, and made astonishing progress. His discerning eye caused its brilliant career to close in mourning, was selected the genius of Vauban, which invented, as the result of the same desire. He longed to give it were, the modern system of fortification, and well- the same unity to the church which he had done to nigh brought it to its greatest elevation ; and raised the army, navy, and civil strength of the monarchy. to the highest command that of Turenne, which He saw no reason why the Huguenots should not, at carried the military art to the most consummate the royal command, face about like one of Tuperfection. Skilfully turning the martial and en- renne's battalions. Schism in the church was viewed terprising genius of the Franks into the career of by him in exactly the same light as rebellion in the conquest, he multiplied tenfold their power, by con- state. No efforts were spared by inducements, ferring on them the inestimable advantages of skilled good deeds, and fair promises to make proselytes ; discipline and unity of action. He gathered the but when twelve hundred thousand Protestants refeudal array around his banner; he roused the ancient sisted his seductions, the sword, the fagot, and the barons from their chateaux, the old retainers from wheel, were resorted to without merey for their their villages. But he arranged them in disciplined destruction." battalions of regular troops, who received the pay
The character of William is equally able ; but and obeyed the orders of government, and never left their banners. His regular army was all en
we will leave it for a few passages more directly rolled by voluntary enlistment, and served for pay connected with Marlborough. The following is a The militia alone was raised by conscription. description of the memorable day at Waterloo, When he summoned the military forces of France when the caution of the Dutch deputies and the to undertake the conquest of the Low Countries, he envy of some of the Dutch generals stopped the appeared at the head of a hundred and twenty allies from engaging. These encumbrances to thousand men, all regular and disciplined troops, the army prevented Marlborough from forcing the with a hundred pieces of cannon. had never seen such an array. It was irresistible, passage of the Dyle : he then deceived them by a and speedily brought the monarch to the gates of series of skilful marches, and, interposing himself Amsterdam.
between Villeroi and France, came up with the “ The same unity which the genius of Louis and French army on the side afterwards occupied by his ministers communicated to the military power of Wellington, while Marlborough halted in NapoFrance, he gave also to its naval forces and internal leon's position. strength. To such a pitch of greatness did he raise the marine of the monarchy, that it all but Marlborough, on the 18th August, anxiously outnumbered that of England ; and the battle of La reconnoitred the ground ; and, finding the front Hogue, in 1692, alone determined, as Trafalgar did practicable for the passage of troops, moved up his a century after, to which of these rival powers the men in three columns to the attack. The artillery dominion of the seas was to belong. His ordinances was sent to Wavre; the allied columns traversed at of the marine, promulgated in 1781, [1681 ?] form right angles the line of march by which Blucher the best code of maritime law yet known, and one advanced to the support of Wellington on the 18th which is still referred to, like the Code Napoleon, June, 1815. as a ruling authority in all commercial states. He “ Had Marlborough's orders been executed, it is introduced astonishing reforms into the proceedings probable he would have gained a victory which, of the courts of law; and to his efforts the great from the relative position of the two armies, could perfection of the French law, as it now appears in not but have been decisive ; and possibly the 18th the admirable works of Pothier, is in a great degree August, 1705 might have become as celebrated in to be ascribed. He reduced the government of the history as the 18th June, 1815. Overkirk, to whom interior to that regular and methodical system of he showed the ground at Over-Ische which he had governors of provinces, mayors of cities, and other destined for the scenes of attacks, perfectly concursubordinate authorities, all receiving their instruc- red in the expedience of it ; and orders were given tions from the Tuileries, which, under no subsequent to bring the artillery forward to commence a canchange of government, imperial or royal, has been nonade. By the malice or negligence of Slangenabandoned, and which has in every succeeding age berg, who had again violated his express instrucformed the main source of its strength. He con- tions, and permitted the baggage to intermingle centrated around the monarchy the rays of genius with the artillery train, the guns had not arrived, from all parts of the country, and threw around its and some hours were lost before they could be head a lustre of literary renown, which, more even pushed up. At length, but not till noon, the guns than the exploits of his armies, dazzled and fasci- were brought forward ; and the troops being in line, nated the minds of men. He arrayed the scholars, Marlborough rode along the front to give his last
orders. The English and Germans were in the traordinary dangers which now awaited them ; for highest spirits, anticipating certain victory from the they were truly of the most formidable description. relative position of the armies; the French fighting What rendered them peculiarly so was, that the with their faces to Paris, the allies with theirs to perils in a peculiar manner affected the bold and the Brussels.
forward. The first to mount a breach, to effect a “ But again the Dutch deputies and generals lodgment in a horn-work, to penetrate into a mine, interposed, alleging that the enemy was too strongly was sure to perish. First a hollow rumbling noise posted to be attacked with any prospect of success. was heard, which froze the bravest hearts with
Gentlemen,' said Marlborough to the circle of gen- horror; a violent rush as of a subterraneous cataract erals which surrounded him, I have reconnoitred succeeded ; and immediately the earth heaved, and the ground, and made dispositions for an attack. I whole companies and even battalions were destroyed am convinced that, conscientiously and as men of in a frightful explosion. On the 15th August, a honor, we cannot now retire without an action. sally by M. de Surville was bravely repulsed ; and Should we neglect this opportunity, we must be the besiegers, pursuing their advantage, effected a responsible before God and man. You see the con- lodgment in the out-work; but immediately a mine fusion which pervades the ranks of the enemy, and was sprung, and a hundred and fifty men were their embarrassment at our manœuvres. I leave you blown into the air. In the night between the 16th to judge whether we should attack to-day, or wait and 17th, a long and furious conflict took place, till to-morrow. It is indeed late ; but you must below ground and in utter darkness, between consider that by throwing up entrenchments during the contending parties; which at length terminated the night the enemy will render their position far to the advantage of the besiegers. On the 23d, a more difficult to force.' • Murder and massacre !' mine was discovered, sixty feet long by twenty replied Slangenberg. Marlborough upon this of- broad, which would have blown up a whole baifered him two English for every Dutch battalion : talion of Hanoverian troops placed above it ; but but this too the Dutchman refused, on the plea that while the allies were in the mine, congratulating he did not understand English. Upon this the themselves on the discovery, a mine below it was duke offered to give himn German regiments; but suddenly sprung, and all within the upper one were even this was declined, upon the pretence that the buried in the ruins. On the night of the 25th, attack would be too hazardous. Marlborough, upon three hundred men, posted in a large mine discovo. this, turned to the deputies, and said, “ I disdain ered to the allies by an inhabitant of Tournay,' to send troops
dangers which I will not myself were crushed in a similar manner by the explosion encounter. I will lead them where the peril is of another mine directly below; and on the same most imminent. I adjure you, gentlemen, for the night, one hundred men posted in the town ditch love of God and your country, do not let us neglect were suddenly buried under a bastion blown out so favorable an opportunity. But it was all in vain ; upon them. and, instead of acting, the Dutch deputies and “ A very striking incident occurred in the siege, generals spent three hours in debating, until night which shows to what a height the heroic spirit with came on and it was too late to attempt anything. which the troops were animated had risen. An Such was Marlborough's chagrin at this disap- officer commanding a detachment was sent by Lord pointment, that he said, on retiring from the field, Albemarle to occupy a certain Junette which had I am at this moment ten years older than I was been captured from the enerny; and though it was four days ago.'
concealed from the men, the commander told the This conduct of the Dutchmen raised such a undermined, and that the party would be blown up.
officer he had every reason to believe the post was storin both in England and Holland, that it quick- Knowing this, he proceeded with perfect calmness ly cost them their places. They were all re- to the place of his destination ; and when provisions moved, and more tractable persons appointed. and wine were served out to the men, he desired
The following picture of the terrors of mining them to fill their calashes, and said · Here is a health is from the account of the siege of Tournay.
to those who die the death of the brave.' The
mine was immediately after sprung ; but, fortu“ The art of countermining, and of counteracting nately, the explosion failed, and his comrades surthe danger of mines exploding, was then very im- vived to relate their commander's noble conduct." perfectly understood, though that of besieging above ground had been brought to the very highest degree of perfection. The soldiers in consequence is a series of " comparisons" between Marlborough,
Two additional chapters follow the Life. One entertained a great and almost superstitious dread of the perils of that subterraneous warfare, where Eugene, Frederick the Great, Napoleon, and Welprowess and courage were alike unavailing, and lington ; which have but little direct relation to the ihe bravest equally with the most pusillanimous main object, and by consequence have more of the were liable to be at any moment blown into the air, air of mere theme-writing than anything else in or smothered under ground, by the explosions of an the book, however able the writing may be. The unseen and therefore appalling enemy. The allies other chapter is on the peace of Utrecht ; in which were inferior in regular sappers and miners to the besieged, who were singularly well supplied with Mr. Alison's object is to reiterate old views about that important arm of the service. The ordinary, the erection of Belgium into a kingdom-line of forsoldiers, how brave soever in the field, evinced a tresses— tri-colored flag at Antwerp--Quadruple repugnance at engaging in this novel and terrific Alliance in Spain, schemes to abrogate the Salic species of warfare; and it was only by the officers law, and the expulsion of Don Carlos through the personally visiting the trenches in the very hottest Quadruple Alliance. The Belgium question is of the fire, and offering high rewards to the soldiers who would enter into ihe mines, that men could be mere talk ; for it is difficult to see what else could got to venture on the perilous service.
have been done without an European war. “ It was not surprising that even the bravest of In the Spanish business, Mr. Alison, without the allied troops were appalled at the new and ex- naming Lord Palmerston, certainly contrives to
show, that throughout his intrigues, interferences, republic of Switzerland. For its own satisfaction, expeditions, and what not, he was simply playing it joined the republic; but now, being desirous tó into the hands of Louis Philippe ; and that but for remain neutral in the civil contest, it talls back upon
iis allegiance to King Frederick William ; wherethe very clever abrogation of the Salic law and
upon the monarch is brought into direct antagonism the expulsion of Carlos, the Montpensier marriage with the diet-he insists on the neutrality of the would not have taken place. There is some canton, and hints that war upon his faithful lieges excuse for the soreness about the match at the will be resisted by himself; the diet insists on the foreign office : “ the engineer hoist with his own obedience of the canton, and hints that it shall repel petard” feels it anything but “
foreign intervention. Here is a casus belli as good as diplomatic casuist could desire; the two sides of
the claim being irreconcilable. The position of The Spectator of 11 Dec. says: “ There can be Neufchatel is an absurdity, apparently not to be no doubt of one fact, that the priests in Ireland are remedied unless by altering the relation of that morally answerable for much that the people do. province, separating it from alliance with one or We say this without the slightest thought of imput- other of its iwo sovereigns, royal or republican; ing the crimes of a few to the ecclesiastical body at but to do that implies" foreign intervention." To large. But the priest, if he does the duties of his the diet, which is no longer in want of men and office, cannot remain ignorant or neutral in the money for the civil war, ihe question at issue is midst of crime. Through the confessional, he has purely theoretical ; but the stout republicans look at least the means of knowing the crimes of the as if they really meant to beard the Prussian monguilty, and of exhorting to peace and order. There arch.—Spectator, 11 Dec. can scarcely be a question that if the priests chose,
One of the victims to the season is Mr. Robert they could prevent the murder which is a custom of their spiritual subjects ; they could prevent it by Mr. Liston had suffered for some weeks, from an
Liston, the eminent surgeon. The Times saysthe spiritual coercion of refusing absolution, or even of excommunicating those who are hardened in affection of the throat, which proved fatal at halfguilt. It is not for official persons to dictate these past ten o'clock on 7 Dec. Although he had priestly functions; but neither can the fact be scarcely more than reached middle age, Mr. Liston ignored that such a duty is among the priestly had achieved an European reputation. As an operfunctions, and is too commonly neglected ; a fact ator he was unrivalled, but it would be unjust to made manifest by the results. But the priests are suppose that in this consisted his highest excellence. dependent for subsistence on the murderers; an
No man was less inclined to have recourse to operother fact which explains much. As so many of ation when relief could be attained by any other their body, then, waive functions for which they means, and no lecturer ever took more pains to inculclaim toleration from the state, it becomes the more To the public and to science Mr. Liston's death
cate the duty of pursuing this course of practice. necessary to control them when they are themselves guilty of flagrant complicity in crime. It cannot be may be considered a national loss ; it will be deeply denied that there is a very general feeling in Eng- regretted by the many who have profited by his emland, that it would be salutary to make an exam
inent talents, and by the numerous friends in private ple ;' hang a priest or two," it is generally life to whom his kindly disposition and estimable remarked, ' and you will stop these denunciations, qualities had endeared him.”—16. from the altar. Or if the priests will not use their The Courrier de Marseilles, gives the following power on the side of order, it may be used in their description of a passport exhibited at its office by a despite. A correspondent of a daily paper relates traveller just arrived from Italy—“The passport, a significant story." Thirty years ago, assassination thanks to many additions, is six feet and a half in was frequent in a regiment at Malta, chiefly com- length. Its weight, owing to the seals and binding, posed of Irish ; and at length a culprit was detected, exceeds thirteen ounces; the signatures and stamps and sentenced to death : at the place of execution, with which it is covered are seventy-three in numthe priests attended, and the man, on his knees, ber; and the whole cost of the passport, during a prayed that he might not be despatched from this journey of five months, amounts to 262 francs 50 world without absolution; the governor answered, cents. (101. 10s.) The Courrier recommends he had sent his comrade out of the world unabsolved; the bearer to show that document in Paris, and to so the assassin was shot, unshrieved; the assassi- keep it carefully as a curious monument of the adnations ceased. At all events, if the Irish priests ministrative history of Italy previously to its regenwill not perform their duties as citizens, and will eration.—Ib. not aid the enforcement of order, they will hasten
There has been a novel application of chloroform the day in which the law which they neglect or at Cambridge. A horse in a gig began to kick evade shall be superseded by a law more stringent furiously, and at length threw himself down in a and manageable.
rage. A chemist poured some chloroform on a By the submission of the canton of the Valais, handkerchief
, and held it to the horse's mouth and the subjection of the Sonderbund is consummated,
nostrils ; it became insensible for a time; the gig and Switzerland is no longer in a state of civil war.
was removed ; and the horse, on recovering, quietly According to Lord Palmerston and the Swiss Diet, got up and walked into his stable.—Ib. the whole affair is at an end ; and there will be no “MR. Pitt forcibly reminded his countrymen of mediation, as there are not two parties between that bottomless pit of which all good Christians have whom to mediate. According to Austria, France, heard. Like the whirlpool of Charybdis, the treasand Prussia, there must be mediation ; and, as if ury under his auspices absorbed all that approached to keep open an opportunity for it, a new question within its wide influence, and restored nothing from has been raised.
its voracious abyss. Yet, in condemning the statesOne of the Swiss cantons is in a very anomalous man, we must not forget the integrity of the man. position : Neufchatel is at once a “principality," He lived with pure hands at a most impure period, whose sovereign prince is King Frederick William and Lord Byron has only rendered him justice in of Prussia, and it is a "canton" in the confederate 'declaring that he ruined the country gratis.”