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LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.—No. 193.-22 JANUARY, 1848.
From Blackwood's Magazine.
vious to submitting themselves to the existing OF GLENCOE.
government. That article had been sanctioned by The massacre of Glencoe is an event which William before the proclamation was issued, and a neither can nor ought to be forgotten. It was one
special messenger was despatched to France for
that of the earliest fruits of the so-called glorious Revo
purpose. lution Settlement, and exhibits in their foulest
In the mean time, troops were gradually and perfidy the true characters of its authors.
cautiously advanced to the confines of the HighAfter the battle of Killiecrankie the cause of lands, and, in some instances, actually quartered the Scottish royalists declined, rather from the on the inhabitants. The condition of the country want of a competent leader than from any disin- was perfectly tranquil
. No disturbances whatever clination on the part of the people to vindicate the occurred in the north or west of Scotland. Lo right of King James. No person of adequate munication from St. Germains, and held themselves
chiel and the other chiefs were awaiting the comtalents or authority was found to supply the place bound in honor to remain inactive; whilst the of the great and gallant Lord Dundee, of whom it was truly written
remainder of the royalist forces (for whom separate
terms had been made) were left unmolested at “ Te moriente, novos accepit Scotia cives,
But rumors, which are too clearly traceable to General Cannon, who succeeded in command, was the emissaries of the new government, asserting not only deficient in military skill, but did not pos- the preparation made for an immediate landing of sess the confidence, nor understand the character, King James at the head of a large body of the of the Highland chiefs, who, with their clansmen, French, were industriously circulated, and by many constituted by far the most important section of the were implicitly believed. The infamous policy army. Accordingly, no enterprise of any impor- which dictated such a course is now apparent. tance was attempted, and the disastrous issue of The term of the amnesty or truce granted by the the battle of the Boyne led to a negotiation which proclamation expired with the year 1691, and all terminated in the entire disbanding of the royal who had not taken the oath of allegiance before forces. By this treaty, which was expressly that term were to be proceeded against with the sanctioned by William of Orange, a full and unre- utmost severity. The proclamation was issued served indemnity and pardon was granted to all of upon the 29th of August, consequently, only four the Highlanders who had taken arms, with a pro- months were allowed for the complete submission viso that they should first subscribe the oath of of the Highlands. allegiance to William and Mary, before the 1st of Not one of the chiefs subscribed until the manJanuary, 1692, in presence of the lords of the date from King James arrived. That document, Scottish council, or of the sheriffs or their dep- which is dated from St. Germains on the 12th of uties of the respective shires wherein thev lived." December, 1691, reached Dunkeld eleven days afterThe letter of William addressed to the privy coun- wards, and, consequently, but a very short time cil, and ordering proclamation to be made to the before the indemnity expired. The bearer, Major above effect, contained also the following signifi- Menzies, was so fatigued that he could proceed no cant passage :—"That ye communicate our pleas- further on his journey, but forwarded the mandate ure to thu governor of Inverlochy and other com- by an express to the commander of the royal forces, manders, that they be exact and diligent in their who was then at Glengarry It was therefore several posts ; but that they show no more zeal impossible that the document could be circulated against the Highlanders after their submission, than through the Highlands within the prescribed period. they have ever done formerly when these were in Lochiel, says Drummond of Balhaldy, did not open rebellion."
receive his copy till about thirty hours before the This enigmatical sentence, which in reality was time was out, and appeared before the sheriff at intended, as the sequel will show, to be interpreted Inverara, where he took the oaths upon the very in the most cruel manner, appears to have caused day on which the indemnity expired. some perplexity in the council, as that body deemed That a general massacre throughout the Highit necessary to apply for more distinct and specific lands was contemplated by the whig government, instructions, which, however, were not then issued. is a fact established by overwhelming evidence. In It had been especially stipulated by the chiefs as the course of the subsequent investigations before an indispensable preliminary to their treaty, that the Scots parliament, letters were produced from they should have leave to communicate with King Sir John Dalrymple, then Master of Stair, one of James, then residing at St. Germains, for the pur- the secretaries of state in attendance upon the court pose of obtaining his permission and warrant pre- which too clearly indicate the intentions of William
In one of these, dated 1st December, 1691—a | people, no distinction being made of age or sex, month, be it observed, before the amnesty expired would, in all human probability, have been put into
-and addressed to Lieutenant-Colonel Hamilton, execution, but for the remonstrance of one highthere are the following words :-“The winter is minded nobleman. Lord Carmarthen, afterwards the only season in which we are sure the High- Duke of Leeds, accidentally became aware of the lauders cannot escape us, nor carry their wives, purposed massacre, and personally remonstrated bairns, and cattle to the mountains." And in an- with the monarch against a measure which he other letter, written only two days afterwards, he denounced as at once cruel and impolitic. After says—" It is the only time that they cannot escape much discussion, William, influenced rather by an you, for human constitution cannot endure to be apprehension that so savage and sweeping an act long out of houses. This is the proper season to might prove fatal to his new authority, than by maule them in the cold long nights.” And in any compunction or impulse of humanity, agreed January thereafter, he informed Sir Thomas Liv- to recall the general order, and to limit himself, in ingston that the design was “ to destroy entirely the first instance, to a single deed of butchery, by the country of Lochaber, Lochiel's lands, Kep- way of testing the temper of the nation. Some poch's, Glengarry's, Appin, and Glencoe. I assure difficulty seems to have arisen in the selection of you," he continues, “yo power shall be full the fittest victim. Both Keppoch and Glencoe enough, and I hope the soldiers will not trouble the were named, but the personal rancor of Secretary government with prisoners.”
Dalrymple decided the doom of the latter. The Lochiel was more fortunate than others of his secretary wrote thus :—"Argyle tells me that friends and neighbors. According to Drummond Glencoe hath not taken the oath, at which I rejoice.
-“ Major Menzies, who, upon his arrival, had It is a great work of charity to be exact in rooting observed the whole forces of the kingdom ready to out that damnable set." The final instructions invade the Highlands, as he wrote to Gen. Buchan, regarding Glencoe, which were issued on 16th foreseeing the unhappy consequences, not only January, 1692, are as follows :begged that general to send expresses to all parts “ WILLIAM R.-As for M’lan of Glencoe and with orders immediately to submit, but also wrote that tribe, if they can be well distinguished from to Sir Thomas Livingston, praying him to suppli- the rest of the Highlanders, it will be proper for cate the council for a prorogation of the time, in public justice to extirpate that set of thieves." regard that he was so excessively fatigued, that he
" W. R.” was obliged to stop some days to repose a little ; This letter is remarkable as being signed and and that though he should send expresses, yet it countersigned by William alone, contrary to the was impossible they could reach the distant parts usual practice. The secretary was no doubt dein such time as to allow the several persons con- sirous to screen himself from after responsibility, cerned the benefit of the indemnity within the space and was further aware that the royal signature limited; besides, that some persons having put the would ensure a rigorous execution of the senHighlanders in a bad temper, he was confident to tence. persuade them to submit, if a further time were Macdonald, or as he was more commonly deallowed. Sir Thomas presented this letter to the signed, M'Ian of Glencoe, was the head of a concouncil on the 5th of January, 1692, but they re- siderable sept or branch of the great Clan-Coila, fused to give any answer, and ordered him to and was lineally descended from the ancient Lords transmit the same to court.'
of the Isles, and from the royal family of Scotland, The reply of William of Orange was a letter, the common ancestors of the Macdonalds having countersigned by Dalrymple, in which, upon the espoused a daughter of Robert II. He was, acrecital that “ several of the chieftains and many of cording to a contemporary testimony, “a person their clans have not taken the benefit of our gra- of great integrity, honor, good nature, and courage, cious indemnity," he gave orders for a general and his loyalty to his old master, King James,
“ To that end, we have given Sir was such, that he continued in arms from Dundee's Thomas Livingston orders to employ our troops first appearing in the Highlands, till the fatal treaty (which we have already conveniently posted) to that brought on his ruin.” In common with the cut off those obstinate rebels by all manner of hos- other chiefs, he had omitted taking the benefit of tility; and we do require you to give him your the indemnity until he received the sanction of assistance and concurrence in all other things that King James ; but the copy of that document which may conduce to that service ; and because these was forwarded to him, unfortunately arrived too rebels, to avoid our forces, may draw themselves, late. The weather was so excessively stormy at their families, goods, or cattle, to lurk or be con- the time that there was no possibility of penetratcealed among their neighbors; therefore, we require ing from Glencoe to Inverara, the place where the and authorize you to emit a proclamation to be pub- sheriff resided, before the expiry of the stated pelished at the market-crosses of these or the adjacent riod; and M'Ian accordingly adopted the only shires where the rebels reside, discharging upon practicable mode of signifying his submission, by the highest penalties the law allows, any reset, making his way with great difficulty to Fort-Wilcorrespondence, or intercommuning with these liam, then called Inverlochy, and tendering his rebels." This monstrous mandate, which was in signature to the military governor there. That fact the death-warrant of many thousand innocent officer was not authorized to receive it, but at the earnest entreaty of the chief, he gave him a cer-compassion, the captain inclined to have saved it, tificate of his appearance and tender, and on new- but one Drummond, an officer, arriving about the year’s day, 1692, M’lan reached Inverara, where break of day with more troops, commanded it to be he produced that paper as evidence of his inten
shot by a file of musqueteers. Noting would be
more shocking and horrible than the prospect of tions, and prevailed upon the sheriff, Sir James these houses bestrewed with mangled bodies of the Campbell of Ardkinglass, to administer the oaths dead, covered with blood, and resounding with the required. After that ceremony, which was imme- groans of wretches in the last agonies of life. diately intimated to the privy council, had been
“Two sons of Glencoe's were the only persons performed, the unfortunate gentleman returned that escaped in that quarter of the country; for, home, in the full conviction that he had thereby growing jealous of some ill designs from the made peace with government for himself and for
behavior of the soldiers, they stole from their beds
a few minutes before the tragedy began, and his clan. But his doom was already sealed.
chancing to overhear two of them discoursing plainly A company of the Earl of Argyle's regiment of the matter, they endeavored to have advertised had been previously quartered in Glencoe. These their father, but finding that impracticable, they ran men, though Campbells, and hereditarily obnoxious to the other end of the country and alarmed the to the Macdonalds, Camerons, and other of the inhabitants. There was another accident that conloyal clans, were yet countrymen, and were kindly tributed much to their safety; for the night was so and hospitably received. Their captain, Robert hundred soldiers, who were appointed to murder
excessively stormy and tempestuous, that four Campbell of Glenlyon, was connected with the these people, were stopped in their march from family of Glencoe through the marriage of a niece, Inverlochy, and could not get up till they had time and was resident under the roof of the chief. And to save themselves. To cover the deformity of so yet this was the very troop selected for the horrid dreadful a sight, the soldiers burned all the houses service.
to the ground, after having rifled thein, carried Special instructions were sent to the major of away nine hundred cows, two hundred horses,
numberless herds of sheep and goats, and everythe regiment, one Duncanson, then quartered at thing else that belonged to these miserable people. Ballachulish, a morose, brutal, and savage man, Lamentable was the case of the women and children who accordingly wrote to Campbell of Glenlyon that escaped the butchery. The mountains were in the following terms :
covered with a deep snow, the rivers impassable,
storm and tempest filled the air, and added to the “ Ballacholis, 12 February, 1692. horrors and darkness of the night, and there were “ Sir-You are hereby ordered to fall upon the no houses to shelter them within many miles."'* rebels, the M.Donalds of Glencoe, and putt all to the sword under seventy. You are to have special Such was the awful massacre of Glencoe, an care that the old fox and his sons doe upon no event which has left an indelible and execrable account escape your hands. You are to secure all stain upon the memory of William of Orange. the avenues that no man escape. This you are to The records of Indian warfare can hardly afford a put in execution att five o'clock in the morning, pren parallel instance of atrocity; and this deed, coupled cisely, and by that time or very shortly after it I'll strive to be att you with a stronger party. If I doe with his deliberate treachery in the Darien businot come to you at five, you are not to carry for me ness, whereby Scotland was for a time absolutely but to fall on. This is by the king's speciall com- ruined, is sufficient to account for the little estimand, for the good and safety of the country, that mation in which the name of the “ great whig these miscreants be cutt off root and branch. See deliverer" is still regarded in the valleys of the that this be putt in execution without feud or
north. favour, else you may expect to be treated as not true to the king's government, nor a man fitt to Do not lift him from the bracken, carry a commission in the king's service. Expect
Leave him lying where he felling you will not faill in the fulfilling hereof as you Better bier ye cannot fashion : love yourself, I subscrive these with my hand.
None beseems him half so well, “ Robert DUNCANSON.
As the bare and broken heather, · For their Majesty's service. To Captain
And the hard and trampled sod,
Whence his angry soul ascended
To the judgment-seat of God! This order was too literally obeyed. At the ap- Winding-sheet we cannot give him pointed hour, when the whole inhabitants of the
Seek no mantle for the dead, glen were asleep, the work of murder began.
Save the cold and spotless covering, M’lan was one of the first who fell. Drummond's
Showered from heaven upon his head.
Leave his broadsword, as we found it, narrative fills up the remainder of the dreadful
Bent and broken with the blow, story.
That, before he died, avenged him “ They then served all within the family in the
On the foremost of the foe., same manner, without distinction of age or person.
Leave the blood upon his bosomIn a word, for the horror of that execrable butchery
Wash not off that sacred stain ·
Let it stiffen on the tartan, must give pain to the reader, they left none alive but a young child, who, being frighted with the Let his wounds unclosed remain, noise of the guns, and the dismal shrieks and cries
Till the day when he shall show them of its dying parents, whom they were a-murdering,
At the throne of God on high, got hold of Captain Campbell's knees and wrapt itself within his cloak; by which, chancing to move * Memoirs of Sir EwEx CAMERON OF LOCIIEL.
When the murderer and the murdered
And I left them with their dearest-
Dearest charge had every one-
Left the mother with her son.
I alone of all was mateless,
Far more wretched I than they, Tears befit a maiden's cheek.
For the snow would not discover Weep not, childen of Macdonald !
Where my lord and husband lay. Weep not thou, his orphan heir
But I wandered up the valley, Not in shame, but stainless honor,
Till I found him lying low, Lies thy slaughtered father there.
With the gash upon his bosom Weep not—but when years are over,
And the frown upon his browAnd thine arm is strong and sure,
Till I found him lying murdered, And thy foot is swift and steady
Where he wooed me long ago! On the mountain and the muir
Woman's weakness shall not shame me! Let thy heart be hard as iron,
Why should I have tears to shed ?
Could I rain them down like water,
O my hero, on thy head
Could the cry of lamentation Till in deep and dark Glenlyon
Wake thee from thy silent sleep,' Rise a louder shriek of woe,
Could it set thy heart a throbbing, Than at midnight, from their eyrie,
It were mine to wail and weep! Scared the eagles of Glencoe.
But I will not waste my sorrow, Louder than the screams that mingled
Lest the Campbell women say, With the howling of the blast,
That the daughters of Clanranald When the murderer's steel was clashing,
Are as weak and frail as they. And the fires were rising fast.
I had wept thee, hadst thou fallen, When thy noble father bounded
Like our fathers, on thy shield,
When a host of English foemen
Camped upon a Scottish field
I had mourned thee, hadst thou perished When the herd of frantic women
With the foremost of his name, Stumbled through the midnight snow,
When the valiant and the noble With their fathers' houses blazing,
Died around the dauntless Græme! And their dearest dead below!
But I will not wrong thee, husband, Oh, the horror of the tempest,
With my unavailing cries, As the flashing drift was blown,
Whilst thy cold and mangled body, Crimsoned with the conflagration,
Stricken by the traitor, lies : And the roofs went thundering down!
Whilst he counts the gold and glory Oh, the prayers—the prayers and curses
That this hideous night has won, That together winged their flight
And his heart is big with triumph
At the murder he has done.
Other eyes han mine shall glisten,
Other hearis be rent in twain, And the shots grew faint and few,
Ere the heathbells on thy hillock And we heard the foeman's challenge,
Wither in the autumn rain. Only in a far halloo.
Then I'll seek thee where thou sleepest, Till the silence once more settled
And I'll veil my weary head, O’er the gorges of the glen,
Praying for a place beside thee, Broken only by the Cona
Dearer than my bridal bed. Plunging through its naked den.
And I'll give thee tears, my husband, Slowly from the mountain summit
If the tears remain to me, Was the drifting veil withdrawn,
When the widows of the foemen,
Cry the coronach for thee!
The worst dark spot in the prospect for the win-
men are not numerous enough, perhaps, to impart But the sight of these was nothing, anything of an insurrectionary character to the dis
More than wrings the wild dove's breast, turbances which they are sure to create in want and
have been pampered—they will feel the pinch of For, in many a spot, the tartan
destitution, and will be doubly exasperated by the Peered above the wintry heap,
appetite for enjoyment and the gnawing of hunger Marking where a dead Macdonald
in their robust and angry stomachs. Crime will Lay within his frozen sleep.
abound this winter-crimes of violence and hateful Tremblingly we scooped the covering excesses ; and extraordinary precautions must be From each kindred victim's head,
taken to check the lawless, if we would not have And the living lips were burning
the horrors of stormed cities in our towns and rural On the cold ones of the dead.
districts.-Spectator, 20 Nov.
From Fraser's Magazine. His boys were his friends. He possessed the rare COINCIDENCES. A TALE OF FACTS. faculty of being able to descend to the level of
their intelligence ; and they opened their little hearts My mind and heart are full, yet I fear to take and minds to him as if he had been their brother, up the pen. I would fain write a short story of or their playfellow, as, indeed, ont of school
Yet he had brought with some things which happened to myself—a sim- hours, he often was. ple, yet a strange tale, wherefrom men may draw him into the scene of his tranquil existence much a moral if they choose. But it is true ; and it insight into mankind—a store of that purer and hinges on facts which are the staple of our daily better wisdom which is founded on a knowledge of knowledge, though we lack the faith that would the existence of evil, tempered by an ever-watchful show us how they are linked together, and made hope for good. to act upon each other by an unseen yet ever
One boy-he was the eldest of the schoolworking power; and, therefore, I doubt if it will was to Mr. Faber almost a companion. On his be believed. Within this hour, in a part of Lon- promising nature he had bestowed much care don, whither my duties seldom call me in the stimulating his habit of reverence, strengthening purlieus of Covent Garden—I have seen one, skulk
his honesty of spirit and passion for truth ; and, ing under the shadow of night, who has brought and disposition to self-sacrifice for the sake of
while encouraging a naturally active benevolence back to my thoughts what happened many long years ago—scenes in which I was forced against serving others, at the same time striving to develop my will to act, and yet in which I felt as if the
and encourage discrimination and prudence. The sorrow had been my own. And here let me also youth's mind had thus attained a healthy and early. say, that my story is not one of strong passions or
maturity. glaring crimes. I am no skilled writer of cun
The master, who was in easy circumstances, ningly schemed fictions, nor did I even know kept a sort of little pony barouche-a neat affair, how—should I care to harrow tender hearts with in which he and his wife could now and then pay plots of wicked inen, or scenes of poignant grief.
a visit at a distance. Sometimes, when a comMy tale will only be a plain string of facts : it will mission was to be executed in a town not far dishave but one claim upon the reader's heart, which tant, he would trust the boy I speak of to drive is, that it is true.
over for the purpose, with perhaps a quiet junior.
One day, the unpretending carriage and its
youthful charioteer were on the way back to About twenty years ago, in the little woody when, at the end of a plantation, a gentleman village of —, in Middlesex, there was a boy's hailed the latter from a cottage-door. He was school. It was not a seminary for young gen- tall, remarkably handsome, and had a soft mode tlemen ; it was not a child-trap—" a mockery, a of address which instantly charmed the boy. He delusion, and a snare," for anxious mothers, or a had a young lady on his arm. commission agency for parents and guardians, or a “ My little man, I wish you would do me a huckster's-shop for butchers and bakers to exchange favor." meat and bread for Latin and stripes ; nor was it Certainly, sir, with pleasure." a house of torture for gentle hearts and emulous “ Then, will you let this young lady ride as far spirits, where a cold, low despotism chills and as — and set her down at the Merton Arms, to stifles the warm impulses of the childish nature, wait for me? She is not well enough to walk so or a vile grinding tyranny stirs and stimulates the far, and there is no hope of any other conveyance. nascent passions in forms of monstrous precocity. I am obliged to wait here for an hour or so. It was not a place where the eternal welfare of sure I can trust her with you, my little gentleman ; living souls could be jobbed away against petty and I see you are a steady driver.” profits on bad beef and stick-jaw-pudding ; nor The young lady did not speak, but, as she where one stinted, coarse, unshapen moral uniform stepped into the carriage, she bowed kindly to the was forced by contract on all minds alike, whether boy, and slowly to the gentleman, and in a minby nature they were great or little, strong or ute they were on the road. The youth made weak. It was called a Boy's School ; but it was some friendly remark to his fair charge, but she something more : it was a family, where the time only bowed, though still kindly. She spoke not was spent in living and learning, where authority a word ; and her companion, who had already that and coercion were unknown, because love and instinctive respect for the sex, which is the true duty preoccupied their places.
key to human happiness, forbore to intrude on her The master, to be sure, seemed somewhat reserve. In less than an hour the chaise stopped young to be the patriarch of such a little loving at the inn ; he jumped down, handed out his fair tribe. He was an M. A., and the clergyman of charge, whom he confided to the smiling landlady, the village. His attainments were such as would and followed them into the inn parlor. Alone have entitled him to aim at distinction in the for a moment with the young lady, he saw that church, but, though active-minded, he loved she was in tears. He felt sympathy, but he dared peace and retirement, and he had a passion for not speak. She thanked him courteously, as a training and developing the minds of children, to- young woman would thank a growing lad ; and, wards whom he felt a really Christian love. (on giving him her hand, she said, abruptly