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The oldest sins the newest kind of ways?
(How troublesome it sat upon my head: Be happy, he will trouble you no more:
To thee it shall descend with better quiet, England shall double gild his treble guilt; Better opinion, better confirmation; England shall give him ottice, honour, might: For all the soil of the atchievement goes For the titth Harry from curb'd licence plucks 5 With me into the earth. It seem’de in me, The muzzle of restraint, and the wild dog But as an honour snatch'd with boisterous hand; Shall flesh his tooth in every innocent.
And I had many living, to upbraid O iny poor kingdom, sick with civil blows! My gain of it by their assistances ; When that my care could not withhold thy riots, Which daily drew to quarrel, and to blood-shed, What wilt thou do when riot is thy care'? 10 Wounding supposed peace: all these bold fears', 0, thou wilt be a wilderness again,
Thou see'st, with peril I have answered:Peopled with wolves, thy old inhabitants ! For all my reign hath been but as a scene P. Henry. O, pardon me, my liege! but for my Acting that argument; and now my death tears,
[Kneeling. Changes the mode: for what in me was purchas'd, The most impediments unto my speech, 15 Falls upon thee in a more fairer sort, I had fore-stall’d this dear and deep rebuke, So thou the garland wear'st' successively. [do, Ere you with grief had spoke, and I had heard Yet, though thou stund'st more sure than I could The course of it so far. There is your crown; Thou art not firın enough, since griefs are green; And He that wears the crown immortally, And all thy friends, which thou must make thy Long guard it yours! If I affect it more,
friends, Than as your honour, and as your renown, Have but their stings and teeth newly ta'en out; Let me no more from this obedience rise, Ry whose fell working I was first advanc'd, Which my most true? and inward-duteous spirit .Ind by whose power I well might lodge a fear Teacheth, this prostrate and exterior bending' To be again clisplac'd: which to avoid, Heaven witness with me, when I here camicin, 25 1 cut them oil; and had a purpose now And found no course of breath within your majesty, To lead out many to the Iloly Land; How cold it struck my heart! If I do feign, Lest rest, and lying still, might make them look O, let me in my present wildness die;
Too near into my state. Therefore, my Harry, And never live to shew the incred ulous world Be it thy course, to busy giddy minds [out, The noble change that I have purposed ! 30 With foreign quarrels; that action, hence borne Coming to look on you, thinking you dead, May waste the memory of the former days. (And dead almost, iny liege, to think
More would I, but iny Jungs are wasted so, 1 spake unto the crown, as having sense,
That strength of speech is utterly deny'd me. And thus upbraided it. The care on thee depending, How I came by the crown, o God, forgive! Hath fed upon the body of my father ; 35 And grant it may with thee in true peace live. Therefore, thou, best of gold, art worst of gold. P. Henry. My gracious liege, Other, less fine in carrat, is more precious, You won it, wore it, kept it, gave it me; Preserving life in med'cine potable?:
Then plain, and right, must my possession be: But thou, most fine, inost honour'd, most renozn’d, Which I, with more than with a common pain, Hast eat thy beurer up. Thus my most royal liege, 40Gainst all the world will rightfully maintain. Accusing it, I put it on my head ;
Enter Lord John of Lancaster, Warwick, &c. To try with it, --as with an enemy,
K. Henry. Look, look, here comes my John of That had before my face murder'd my father,
(father! The quarrel of a true inheritor.
Lan. Ilealth, peace, and happiness to my royal But if it did infect my blood with joy,
145 K. Henry. Thou bring’st me happiness, and Or swell my thoughts to any strain of pride;
peace, son John; If any rebel or vain spirit of mine
But health, alack, with you:hful wings is flown Did, with the least affection of a welcome, From this bare, wither'd trunk: upon thy sight, Give entertainment to the might of it,
My worldly business makes a period.
P. Henry. My lord of Warwick!
K. Llenry. Doth any name particular belong K. Henry. O my son:
l'nto the lodging where I first did swoon? Heaven put it in thy mind to take it hence,
War. 'Tis called Jerusalem, my noble lord. That thou might'st win the more thy father's love, 55 K. Henry. Laud be to God!-even there my Pleading so wisely in excuse of it.
lite inust end. Come hither, Harry, sit thou by my bed ; It hath been prophesy'd to ine many years, And hear, I think, the very latest counsel
I should not die but in Jerusalem; That ever I shall breathe. Ileaven knows, my son, Which vainly I suppos'd the Holy Land :By what by-paths, and indirect crook'd ways, 60 But, bear me to that chamber; there I'll lie; I met this crown; and I myself know well, In that Jerusalem shall Harry die. [Exeunt.
'i.e. curator : a bold figure. ? i. e. loval. Dr. Johnson says, “ There has long prevailed an opinion, that a solution of gold has great medicinal virtues, and that the incorruptibility of gold might be communicated to the body impregnated with it. Some have pretended to make potable gold, among other trauds practised on credulity." * i. e: turpitude, reproach. 'i. e. 'Counterfeited, ima
Feur is here used for that which causes foar. i. e, by order of succession. baps we should read my friends.
man, I have but very little credit with your worShallow's Seat in Glostershire.
ship. The knave is mine honest friend, sir;
therefore, I beseech your worship, let him be Enter Shallow, Falstaff, Bardolph, and Page. countenanc'd. Shal. By cock and pye: sir, you shall not away5
Shul. Go to;
he shall have no wrong. to-night.
Look about, Davy. Where are you, Sir John ? Fal. You must excuse me, master Robert Shal- Come, off with your boots.-Give me your hand, low.
master Bardolph. Shal. I will not excuse you; you shall not be Burd. I am glad to see your worship. excus’d; excuses shall not be admitted: there is no Shal. I thank thee with all my heart, kind no excuse shall serve; you shall not be excus’d. master Bardolph:--and welcome, my tall fellow. Why, Davy!
[to the page.] Come, Sir John. Enter Davy.
Fal. I'll follow you, good master Robert ShalDary. Here, sir.
low. Bardolph, look to our horses. [Encunt shalShal. Davy, Davy, Davy,-let me see, Davy: 15jlow, Bardolph, dc.]--If I were saw'd into let me see :--yea, inarry, William cook', bid quantities, I should make four duzen of such him coine hither.—Sir John, you shall not be ex- bearded hermit's staves as master Shallow. It is a cusid,
wonderful thing, to see the semblable coherence Davy. Marry, sir, thus ;-those precepts' can- of his men's spirits and his: They, by observing of not be serv'd: and, again, sir,--Shall we sow the 20 hin, do bear themselves like foolish justices; he, head-land with wheat?
by conversing with them, is turned into a justiceSual. With red wheat, Davy. But for William like serving-man: their spirits are so married in cook; are there no young pigeons?
conjunction with the participation of society, that Daty. Yes, sir. Here is now the smith's they tlock together in consent, like so many wildnote, for shoeing, and plough-irons.
125 geese. If I had a suit to master Shallow, I would Shal. Let it be cast, and paid:—Sir John, you humour his men, with the imputation of being shall not be excus'd.
near their master: if to his men, I would curry Davy. Now, sir, a new link to the bucket must with master Shallow, that no man could better needs be had :-And, sir, do you mean to stop any command his servants. It is certain, that either of William's wages, about the sack he lost the 30 wise bearing, or ignorant carriage, is caught, as other day at Hinckley fair ?
men take diseases, one of another: theretore, let Shal. He shallanswerit:-Some pigeons, Davy; men take heed of their company. I will devise a couple of short-legg'd hens; a joint of mutton; matter enough out of this Shaliow, to keep prince and any pretty little tiny kickshaws, tell William lIarry in continual laughter, the wearing-out of cook.
135 six fashions (which is four terms, or two actions), Davy. Doth the man of war stay all night, sir and he shall laugh without intervallums. 0, it is Shal. Yes, Davy. I will use bin well; A much, that a lie, with a slight oath, and a jest friend i' the court is better than a penny in purse. with a sad brow, will do with a fellow that never Use his inen well, Davy; for they are arrant had the ache in bis shoulders! O, you shall see knaves, and will backbite.
40 him laugh 'till his face be like a wet cloak ill Dury. No worse than they are back-bitten, sir; laid up. for they have marvellous foul linen.
Shal. [rvithin] Sir John!. Shal. Well conceited, Davy. About thy busi- Fal. I come, master Shallow; I come, master ness, Davy.
[Erit Fulstatt: Dary. I beseech you, sir, to countenance Wil- 45
SCENE II. liam Visor of Woncot, against Clement Perkes o
The Court, in London. the hill.
Enter the Eurl of Warwick, and the Lord Chief Shal. There are many complaints, Davy, againsi
Justice, that Visor ; that Visor is an arrant knave, on my „War. How now, my lord chief justice; whither knowledge.
50 away? Dapy. I grant your worship that he is a knave, Ch. Just. How doth the king? sended. sir: but yet, God forbid, sir, but a knave should War. Exceeding well; bis cares are now all have some countenance at his friend's request. An Ch. Just. I hope, not dead. honest man, sir, is able to speak for himself, when War. He's walk'd the way of nature; a knave is not. I have serv'd your worship truly, 55 And, to our purposes, he lives no more. sir, these eight years; and if I cannot once or twice Ch. Just. I would his majesty had caļld me in a quarter bear out a knave against an honest
with him: p. 48. * Anciently, the lower orders of people had no surnames, but in their stead were content to adopt the titles of their several professions. : Precept is a justice's warrant.
The service that I truly did his life,
tar. Here comes t'ze prince. Hath left me open to all injuries.
Enter King Henry. War. Indeed, I think, the young king love: Ch. Just. Good morrow; and heaven save your you not.
Inajesty! Ch. Just. I know, he doth not; and do arm 5 K. Henry. This new and gorgeous garment, myself,
majesty, To welcome the condition of the time;
Sits not so easy on me as you think. Which cannot look more hideously uponi me Brothers, you mix your sadness with some fear; Than I have drawn it in my fantasy.
This is the English, not the Turkish court; Enter Lord John of Lancaster, Gloster, and Cla-10 Not Amurath an Amurath succeeds, rence, &c.
But Harry, Harry:-Yet be sad, good brothers, War. Here come the heavy issue of dead For, to speak truth, it very well becomes you; Harry :
Sorrow so royally in you appears,
Ch. Just. Alas, I fear, all will be overturn'd. For me, by heaven, I bid you be assurd,
I'll be your father and your brother too ;
20 Let me but bear your love, l’!! bear your cares. Lan. We meet like men that had forgot to speak. Yet weep that Harry's dead; and so will I:
War. We do remember; but our argument But llarry lives, that shall convert those tears, Is all too heavy to admit much talk.
By number, into hours of happiness. Lan. Well, peace be with him that hath made Lun. &c. We hope no other from your majesty, us heavy!
25 K. Henry. You all look strangely on me:-and Ch. Just. Peace be with us, lest we be heavier!
(To the Ch. Just Glo. O, good my lord, you have lost a friend You are, I think, assurd I love you not. indeed :
Ch. Just. I am assur'd, if I be measur'd rightly, And I dare swear, you borrow not that face Your majesty hath no just cause to hate me. Of seeming sorrow; it is, sure, your own. (find, 30 K. Henry. No! How might a prince of my Lan. Though no man be assur'd what grace to
great hopes forget You stand in coldest expectation :
So great indignities you laid upon me? I am the sorrier; 'would, 'twere otherwise. What! rate, rebuke, and roughly send to prison Cla. Well, you must now speak Sir John Fal- The immediate heir of England! Was this easy! staff fair ;
35 May this be wash'd in Lethe, and forgotten? Which swims against your stream of quality.
Ch. Just. I then did use the person of your Ch. Just. Sweet princes, what I did, I did in
The image of his power lay then in me:
Your highness pleased to forget my place,
The majesty and power of law and justice, I'll to the king my master that is dead,
The image of the king whom I presented, And tell him who hath sent me after him.
And struck me in my very seat of judginent ;
Whereos, 'Meaning, a base, ignominious pardon, begged by a voluntary concession of offence, and anticipatios of the charge. 2 The chief justice, in this play, was Sir William Gascoigne, of whom the following memoir is given by Sir John Hawkins: “While at the bar, Henry of Bolingbroke had been his client; and upon the decease of John of Gaunt, by tlre above Henry, his heir, then in banishment, he was appointed his attorney, to sue in the court of Wards the livery of the estates descended to him. Richard II. revoked the letters patent for this purpose, and defeated the intent of them, and thereby furnished a ground for the invasion of his kingdom by the heir of Gaunt; who becoming afterwards Henry IV. appointed Gascoigne chief justice of the King's Bench in the first year of his reign. In that station Gascoigne acquired the character of a learned, an upright, a wise, and an intrepid judge. The story so frequently alluded to of his committing the prince for an insult on his person, and the court wherein he presided, is thus related by Sir Thomas Elyot, in his book entitled, The Governour: “The mostę rengmed prince king Henry the fyfte, late kynge of Englande, durynge the lyfe of his father, was noted to be fiers and of wanton courage: it hapned, that one of his servantes, whom he well fquoured, was for felony by him committed, arrained at the kynges benche: whereof the prince being aduertised, and incensed by lyghte persones aboute him, in furious rage came hastily to the barre, where his seruant stode as a prisoner, and commanded hym to be vngyued and set at libertie: wherat all men were abashed, reserued the chiefe justice, who huinbly exhorted the prince, to be contented, that his seruaunt mought be ordred, accordynge to the aunciente lawes of this realmne: or if he wolde haue hym saued from the rigeur of the lawes, that
Whereon, as an offender to your father,
Into the hands of justice.--You did commit me: I gave bold way to my authority,
For which, I do comit into your hand
My futher is gone wild into his grave,
To frustrate prophecies; and to raze out
Where it sball mingle with the state of floods?, K. Henry. You are right,justice, and you weigh And How henceforth in forınai majesty. this well;
Now call we our high court of parliament: Therefore still bear the balance, and the sword: And let us chuse such limbs of noble counsel, And I do wish your bonours may increase, 123 that the great body of our state may go "Till you do live to see a son of mine
In equal rank with ihe best-govern'd nation; Odlend you, and obey you, as I did.
That war, or peace, or both at once, may be So shall I live to speak my father's words ;- As things acquainted and familiar to us; Happy am I, that have a man so boli,
In which you, father, shall have foremost hand.-That dares do justice on my proper son :
To the Lord Chief Justice. And not less happy, having such a son,
Our coronation done, we will accite,
As I before remember'd, all our state; he shulde opteyne, if he moughte, of the kynge his father, bis gratious pardon, wherby no lawe of iustyce shuide be derogate. With whiche answere the prmce nothynge appeased, but rather more inflamed, endeuored him selfe to take away his seruant. The judge considering the perillous example, and inconuenience that mought therby insue, with a valyant spirite and courage, commanded the prince upon bis alege.ince, to leaue the prisoner, and depart his way. With which commandinent the prince being set all in a fury, all chafed and in a terrible maner, came vp to the place of iugement, men thynking that he wold haue slayne the iuge, or have done to hym some damage: but the iuge sittynge styll without mouing, declaring the maiestie of the kynges place of iugement, and with an assured and bolde countenai nice, had to the prince, these wordes followyng, 'Syr, remembre your selfe, I kepe here the place of the king your soueraine lorde and father, to whom ye owe double obedience, wherfore estesoones in his naine, I charge you desyate of your wylfulnes and vnlaufull enterprise, & from hensforto give good example to those, whiyche hereafter shall be your propre subiectes. And nowe, for your contemple and disobedience, goo you to the prysone of the kynges benche, wherevnto I commyttee you, and remayne ye there prisoner vntyll the pleasure of the Kynge, your father be further knowen.'. With whiche wordes bringe abashed, and also wondrynge at the inerua ylous grauitie of that worshypfulle justyce, the noble prince layinge his weapon aparte, doynge reuerence, departed, and wente to the finges benche, as he was commanded. “Whereat bis seruauntes di daynynge, came and sbewed to the kynge all the hole affaire. Whereat he awhyles studyenge, after as a man all rauyshed with gladnesse, holdynge his eien and bandes vp towarde heuen, abraided, saying with a loude voice, O mercyfull God, howe noche am I, aboue all other men, bounde to your intinite goodnes, specialiy for that ye haue gyuen me a iuge, who feareth nat to minister iustyce, and also a soune, who can suffie semblably, and obeye iustyce?” And here it may be noted, that Shakspeare has deviated from history in bringing the chief justice and Henry V. together; for it is expressly said by Fuller, in his Worthies in Yorkshire, and that on the best authority, that Gascoigne died in the life-time of his father, viz. on the first day of November, 14 Henry IV. See Dugd. Origines Juridic. in the Chronica Series, foL 54. 56. Mr. Malone adds, that in the foregoing account of this transaction, there is no mention of the prince's having struck Gascoigne, the chief justice.-Speed, however, who quotes Elyot, says, on I know not what authority, that the prince gave the judge a blow on the face. To defeat the process of justice. ?i. e. to treat with contempt your acts executed by a representative. i. e. image to yourself a son. *i. e, admonition. "The meaning seems to be My wild dispositions having ceased on iny father's death, and being now as it were buried in his tomb, he and wildness are interred in the same grave.
• i. e. seriously, gravely. Sad is opposed to wild. ?i. e. the assembly, or general meeting of the floods: for all rivers, running into the sea, are there represented as holding their sessions.
And (heaven consigning to my good intents)
Re-enter Davu. No prince, nor peer, shall have just cause to say, Davy. There is a dish of leather-coats for you. Heaven shorten Harry's happy life one day![Exe.
[Setting them before Bardolph. SCENE IIT.
5 Shallow's Seat in Glostershire.
Dirty. Your worship? I'll be with you
stra'ght. -A cup of wine, sir? Enter Falstaff, Shllow, Silence, Bardolph, the
sil.(Singing] 1 cupa tine, that's briskandfine, Page, and Davy.
And drink unto the leman mine ;Shal. Nay, you shall see mine orchard: where, And a merry heart lives long-u. in an arbour, we will eat a last year's pippin of 10 Ful. Well said, master Silence. my own grafting, with a dish of carraways', and Sil. An we shall be merry, now comes in the so forth ;-come, cousin Silence ;--and then to sweet of the night. bed.
Ful. Health and long life to you, master Silence! Fal. You have here a goodly dwelling, and a rich. Sil. Fill the cup, and let it come;
Shul. Barren, barren, barren; beggars all, beg: 15 I'll pledge you a mile to the bottom. gars all, Sir John :-marry, good air.- -Spread, Shul. Honest Bardolph, welcome: If thou Dary, spread, Davy: well said, Davy.
want'st any thing, and wilt not call, beshrew thy Fül. This Davy serves you for good uses: he is heart.-Welcome, mylittletiny thief; [to the page] your serving.man, and your busband-man.
and welcome, indeed, too.---''ll drink to master Shal. A good varlet, a good varlet, a very good 20 Bardolph, and to all the 'cavaleroes about London. varlet, Sir John.-By the mass, I have drank too
Davy. I hope to see London once ere I die. much sack at supper: a good varlet. Now Bard. An I'might see you there, Davy, sit down, now sit down:-come, cousin.
Shal. You'll crack a quart together. Ha! will Sil. Ah, sirrah! quoth-a,
you not, master Bardolph? We shal: do nothing but eat, and make good chear, 25 Bard. Yes, sir, in a pottle pot.
[Singing Shal. I thank thee:-The Knave will stick by And praise heaven for the merry year ; thee, I can assure thee that: he will not out; he When flesh is cheap and females dear?,
lis true bred. And lusty lads roam here and there ;
Bard. And I'll stick by him, sir.
[One knocks at the donr. Ful. There's a merry heart !-Good master Si- Shal. Why, there spoke a king. Lack nothing: lence, I'll give you a health for that anon.
be merry. Look who's at door there: Ho! who Shal. Give master Bardolph some wine, Davy. knocks?
Davy. Sweet sir, sit:--I'll be with you anon; Fal. Why, now you have done me right. -most sweet sir, sit.- Master page, good master 35
[To Silence, who drinks a bumper. page, sit: 'Proface! What you want in meat, Sil. [Singing) Do me right“, and dub me knight: we'il have in drink. But you must bear; The Samingo'. Is't not so? heart's all.
Fal. 'Tis so. Shal. Be merry, master Bardolph ;-and my Sil. Is't so? Why, then say, an old man can do little soldier there, be merry.
(Re-enter Dury. Sil. [Singing] Bemerry, be merry, my wife has all;
Dary. An it please your worship, there's one For women are shews, both short and tall :
Pistol come from the court with news. 'Tis merry in hall, when beards wag all,
Fal. From the court? let him come in.-
Pist. Sir John, 'save you, sir!
Pist. Not the ill wind which blows no man once, ere now.
"A comfit or confection so called in our author's time, according to Dr. Warburton; but a dish of apples of that name, according to Dr. Goldsmith; and Mr. Steevers says, there is a pear called a carr(!ra', which may be corrupted from caillouel, Fr. 2 Here the double sense of the word dear must be remembered. 3 Italian, from profaccia ; that is, much good may it do you. “That is, the intention with which the entertainment is given. This was the term by which an airy, splendid, irregular fellow was distinguished. • To do a man right and to do him reason, were formerly the usual expressions in pledging healths. He who drank a bumper expected a bumper should be drank to his toast. It was the custom of the good fellows in Shakspeare's days to drink a very large draught of wine, and sometimes a less palatable putation, on their knees, to the health of their mistress. He who performed this exploit was dubb’d a knight for the evening. Samingo, that is, San Doming", as Sir T. Hanmer has rightly observed. But what is the meaning and propriety of the name here, has not been shewn. Justice Silence is here introduced as in the midst of his cups: and Mr. Warton says, he remembers ablack-letter baslad, in which either a San Domingoor a signior Doiningo, is celebrated for his miraculous se ts in drinking. Silence, in the abundance of his festivity, touches upon some old song, in which this convivial suint or signior was the burden. Perhaps too the pronunciation is here suited to the character.