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to a spunge.
Por. That he hath a neighbourly charity in
Shn. For three months,---well. him ; for he borrow'd a box of the var' of the Eng. Buss. For the wluch, as I toki you, Anthonio lishman, and swore he would pay him again.
shall be bound. when he was able: I think, the Frenchman becane Shy. Authonio shall become bound,-well. his surety, and seal'd under for another.
5 Bass. May you stead me? Will you pleasure me? Ner. How like you the young German, the Shall I know your answer? duke of Saxony's nephew ?
Shy. Three ilocsani ducats, for three months, Por. Very vilely in the morning, when he is and Anthonio bound. sober; and most vilely in the afternoon, when he
Buss. Your answer to that. is drunk: when he is best, he is a little worse than 10 Shy. Anthonio is a good man. a man; and when he is worst, he is little better Bass. Have you heard any inputation to the than a beast: an the worst fall thai ever tell, 1 contrary? hope, I shall make shift to go without him. Shij. Ho, no, no, no, no ;-my meaning, in say
Ner. It ne should offer to chuse, and chuse the ing he is a good man, is, to have you understand right casket, you should refuse to perform your 15 me, that he is sufficient: yet his means are in supfather's will, if you should refuse to accept him. position: he hath an argosy bound to Tripolis, anoPor. Therefore, for fear of the worst, I pray
ther tothe Indies; I understand moreover upon the thee, set a deep glass of Rhenish wine on the Rialto, he hath a third at Mexico, a fourth for Eng. contrary casket; for, if the devil be within, and land, and other ventures hebath,squander’dabroad: that temptation without, I know he will chuse it. 20 But ships are but boards, sailors but men: there I will do any thing, Nerissa, ere I will be marry'd be land-rats, and water-rats, water-thieves, and
land-thieves; I mean, pirates; and then, there is Nor. You need not fear, lady, the having any of the peril of waters, winds, and rocks: The man these lords; they have acquainted me with their is, notwithstanding, sufficient:—three thousand determination : which is, indeed, to return to their 25|ciucats;-I think, I may take his bond. home, and to trouble you with no more suit: un
Bass. Be assur’d, vou may.
[be assur'd, less you may be won by some other sort than you
Shy. I will be assurd, I may; and, that I may father's imposition, depending on the caskets. I will bethink me: May 1 speak with Anthonio?
Por. If I live to be as old as Sybilla, I will die Bass. If it please you to dine with us. as chaste as Diana, wless I be obtained by the 30. Shy. Yes, to smeli pork; to cat of the l-abita. nianner of my father's will: I am glad this parcel tion whi h your prophet the Nazarite conjured of wooers are so very reasonable; for there is not the devil into: I will buy with you, sell with yoll, one among them but I dote on his very absence, talk with you, walk with you, and so following: and I pray God grant them a fair departure.
but I will not eat with you, drink with you, nor Ner. Do you not remember, lady, in your fa- 35 pray with you.
What news on the Rialto: - ther's time, a Venetian, a scholar, and a soldier,
Who is he comes here? that came hither in company of the marquis of
Enter Anthonio. Montserrat?
Bass. This is signior Anthonio. Par. Yes, yes, it was Bassanio ; as I think, so Sh. [ Aside.] Ilow like a fan ning publican he he was call's.
4011 hate him for lit is a Christian :
[looks! Nir. True, madam; he, of all the men that But more, för that, in lou simplicity, ever my foolish eyes look'd upon, was the best He lends out monry gratis, and brings down deserving a fair laily.
The rate of usunce here with us in Venice. Por, Tremember him well; and I rememberhim If I can catch him once upon the hip', worthy of thy praise. ---How now! what news ? 451 will feed fat the ancient grudge I bcar bim. Erler a Sertant.
lie bates our sacria nation; and he fails, Sr. The four strangers seek tor you, madam, to Even there where merchants inost do congregate, take their leave: and there is a tore-runner come On me, my bargains, and my well-won ihriit, from the ti th, the prince of Morocco; who brings Which he calls interest: Cursed be my tribe, word, the prince, his master, will be here to night. 5011 I forgive hiin!
Por. If I could bid the fifth welcome with so Bass Shylock, do you hear? good heart as I can bid the other four farewell, I Sh. I am debating of my present store; sho ild be glad of his approach: if he have the And, by the near guess of my memory, condition of a saint, and the complexion of a de. I cannot instantly raise
gross vil, I had rather he should shrive me than wive55Of full three tholisand ducuis: What of that? me. Corne, Nerissa. Sirrah, go before.- Whiles Tubal, a wealthy Hebrew of my tribe, we shut the gate upon one wooer, anothe: Will furnish me: But soft; Ilow many months knocks at the door.
desire?- Rest you fair, good signior; SCENE III.
[Tonilerinio. A pub'ick Place in Venice. 60 Your worship was the last man in our months. Entir Bassain and Shilock.
sinth. Shyluxk, albeit l neither lend vor borSh. Three thousand ducata,--well.
By taking, nor by giving of escess, [row, Buss. Ay, sir, for three months.
Tyet, to supply the ripe walls of my friend, ? This is a phrase taken from the practice of wrestlers,
P'll break a custom :-Is he yet possess’d, You, that did void your rheum upon my beard, How much you would ?
And foot me as you spurn a stranger cur Shy. Ay, ay, three thousand ducats.
Over your threshold; monies is your suit. Anth. And for three months.
[so. What should I say to you? Should I not say, Shy. I had forgot--three months, you told me 5% Ilath a dog money: Is it possible Well then, your bond; and, let me see-But “ A cur can lend three thousand ducats ?" or
(row, Shall I bend low, and in a bondman's key, Methoughts, you said, you neither lend nor bor- With 'bated breath, and whispering hun bleness, l'pon advantage.
way this,-“ Fair sir, you spit on me on WednesAnih. I do never use it.
" day last; Shy. When Jacob graz'd his uncle Laban's “ You spurn’d me such a day; another time This Jacob from our ho y Abraham was [sheep, “ You call’d me-dog ; and for these courtesies (As his wise mother wrought in his behalf) "I'll lend you thus much monies." The third possessor : ay, he was tire third,
enth. I'm as like to call thee so again, Anth. And what ottim? did he take interest ? (15/To spit on thee again, to spurn thee too. Shy. No, not take interest; not as you wouid it thou wilt lend this money, lend it not sar',
is to thy friends ; (for when did friendship take" Directly inierist: mark what Jacob did.
A breed of barren metal of his friend ) When Laban and himselt were compromis’d,
But lend it rather to thine eneiny ; That all the canlings ·, which were streak’d, and 20 Who if he break, thou may’st with better face
Exact the penalty. Should fall as Jacob's hire; the ewes, being rank, Shy. Why, look you, how you storm! In the end of autumn turned to the rams: I would be triends with you, and have your love, And when the work of generation was
Forget the shames that you have stained me with,
This is kind ( oifer.
Shy. This kindness will I show:
olir single bond; and, in a merry sport, And thritt is blessing, mnen steal it not [for; if you repay me not on such a day,
Anth. This was a venture, sir, that Jacob serv'a In such a place, such sum, or sums, as are
Of your fair Hesh, to be cut off and taken
Shy. I cannot tell; I make it breed as fast:- Anth. Content, in faith ; I'll seal to such a bond, But note me, signior.
And say, there is much kindness in the Jew, Anth. Mark you this, Bassanio.
40 Bass. You shall not seal to such a bond for me, The devil can cite scripture for his purpose.
i'll rather dwell' in my necessity.' An evil soul, producing holy witness,
Anth. Why, fear not, man; I will not forfeit it: Is like a villain with a smiling cheek;
Within these iwo months, that's a mouth before A goodly apple rotten at the heart:
This bond expires, I do expect return 0, what a goodly outside falshood hath! [sum. 45 Of thrice: three times the value of the bond. [are ;
Shy. Three thousand ducats,—-'tisa good round Shy. O father Abraham, what these Christians Three months from twelve, then let me see the Whose own hard dealings teaches them suspect rate.
(vou: The thoughts of others! Pray you, tell me this; Anth. Well, Shylock, shall we be beholden to If he should break his day, what should I gain
Shy. Signior Anthonio, many a time and oft 50 By the exaction of the forfeiture? In the Rialto you have rated me
I pound of man's tlesh, taken from a man, About my monies and my usances * :
is not so estimable, profitable neither, Sull have I borne it with a patient shrug;
As tlesh of muttons, beefs, or goats. I say,
And, for my love, I pray you, wrong me not. And all for use of that which is mine own.
Anth. Yes, Shylock, I will seal unto this bond. Well then, it now appears, you need my belp: Shy. Then meet me forthwith at the notary's; Go to then: you come to me, and you say,
Give him direction for this merry bond, “Shylock, we would have monies;" You say so :160 And I will go and purse the ducats strait;
'i. e. Jambs just dropt. '. e. of nature. Meaning, lascivious, obscene. * Use and usunce were both words forinerly employed for usuru. A guberdine means a course frock. That is, interest noney bred from the principal. ?To dwell, here seems to mcan the same as to continue.
See to my house, left in the fearful guard'
Bass. I like not fair terms, and a villain's mind. Of an uni hriity knave; and presently
Anth. Come on; in this there can be no disinay, I will be with you.
[Exit. My ships come home a month before the day. Anth. Hie thee, gentle Jew.
[Exeunt. This Hebrew will turn Christian; he grows kind.) 5
Never to speak to lady afterward
way of marriage: therefore be advised. Erter the Prince of Morocco, and three or four
Mór. Nor will not; come, bring me unto my
chance. followers accordingly; with Portia, Nerissa, and her train. Flourish Cornets.
Por. First, forward to the temple; after dinner
Your hazard shall be made. Mor. MISLIKE me not for my complexion, 120 Mor. Good fortune then !
[Cornets. The shadow'd livery of the burnish'd To make me blest, or cursed'st among men.
[Ercunt. To whom I am a neighbour, and near bred.
A Street in Venice.
25 And let us make incision for your love,
Enter Launcelot Gobbo. To prove whose blood is reddest, his or mine. Laun. Certainly, my conscience will serve me I tell thee, lady, this aspect of mine
to run from this Jew my master: The fiend is at Hath feared the valiant; by my love, I swear,
mine elbow,and tempts me, saying to me,"Gobbo, The best regarded virgins of our clime 30“ Launcelot Gobbo,good Launcelot, or goodGobHave lov'd it too: I would not change this hue,
"bo, or good Launcelot Gobbo, use your legs, Except to steal your thoughts, my gentle queen.
“ take the start, run away.”—My conscience says, Por. In terms of choice I am not solely led
-“No: take heed, honest Launcelot; take heed, By nice direction of a maiden's eyes:
honest Gobbo; or," as aforesaid,“ honest LaunBesides, the lottery of my destiny
“ celot Gobbo ; do not run; scorn running with Bars me the right of voluntary chusing:
" thy heels.” Well, the most courageous fiend But, if my father had not scanted me,
bids me pack: “Via !” says the fiend ; “ away!" And hedg’d me by his will, to yield myself says the fiend, "for the heavens; rouse up a brave His wife who wins me by that means I told you,
mind,” says the fiend, “and run.” Well, my eonYourself, renowned prince, then stood as fair,
"science hanging about the neck of my heart, As any comer I have look'd on yet,
" says very wisely to me,-" My honest friend For my affection.
"Launcelot, being an honest naii's son,”—or raMor. Even for that I thank you;
ther an honest woman's son ;-for, indeed, my fa. Therefore !
pray you, lead me to the caskets, ther did something smack, something grow to, he To try my fortune. By this scimitar,
had a kind of taste;-well, my conscience says, That slew the Sophy, and a Persian prince,
" Launcelot, budge not.” “ Budge,” says the That won three fields of Sultan Solyman,
fiend. “ Budge not,” says my conscience.I would out-stare the sternest eyes that look, Conscience, say 1, you counsel well. Fiend, Out-brave the heart most daring on the earth, say I, you counsel well. To be ruld by my Pluck the young sucking cubs from the she-bear, 50 conscience, I should stay with the Jew, my masYea mock the lion when he roars for prey, ter, who, God bless the mark, is a kind of devil; To win thee, lady : But, alas the while!
and, to run away from the Jew, I should be ruld If Hercules, and Lichas, play at dice
by the fiend, who, saving your presence, is the deWhich is the better man, the greater throw vil himself. Certainly, the Jew is the very devil inMay turn by fortune from the weaker hand; 55 carnation; and, in my conscience, my conscience So is Alcides beaten by his page;
is but a kind of hard conscience, to offer to counAnd so may I, blind Fortune leading me, sel me to stay with the Jew: The fiend gives the Miss that which one unworthier may attain,
more friendly counsel. I will run, fiend; my And die with grieving.
beels are at your commandment, I will run. Por. You must take
1601 Enter old Gobbo, his father, with a basket. And either not attempt to chuse at all,
Gob. Master, young man, you, I pray you ; Or swear, before you chuse,—if you chuse wrong, lwhich is the way to master Jew's ?
· Frarful guard means a guard that is not to be trusted, but gives cause of fear. >j. e. hath, made the valiant afraid.
Laun. [aside.] O heavens, this is my true-begot- ja beard hast thou got! Thou bast got more hair ten fatner! who, being more than sand-blind, on thy chin, than Dobbin my thill-horse' has on high-gravel blind, knows me nut:- I will try con- his tail. clusions with him.
Laun. It should seem then, that Dobbin's tail Gob. Master, young gentleman, I pray you, grows backward; I am sure he had more hair on which is the way to master Jew's?
bis tail, than I have on my face, when I last saw Laun. Turn up on your right hand, at the next him. turning, but, at the next turning of all, on your Gob. Lord, how thou art chang'd! How dost left; marry, at the very next turning, turn of no thou and thy master agree? I have brought him hand, but turu down indirectly to the Jew's house a present: How agree you now?
Gob. By God's sontier, 't will be a hard way to Laun. Well, w il; but for mine own part, as hit. Can you tell me whether one Launcelot, that I have set up my rest to run away, so I will not dwells with him, ciwell with him, or no?
rest till I have run some ground: My master's a Laun. Talk you of young ma-ter Launcelot?- very Jew; give him a present! give him a halter: Mark me now, [uside.] now will I raise the wa-151 am famish'd in his service; you may tell every ters: -Talk you of young master Launcelot? tinger I have with my ribs. Father, I am glad
Gob. No, inaster, sir, but a poor man's son; his you are come; give your present to one master father, though I say it, is an honest exceeding poor Bassanio, who, indeed, gives rare new liveries; man, and, God be thanked, well to live.
if I serve not him, I will run as far as God has Laun. Well, let his father be what he will, we 20 any ground.-0 rare fortune! here comes the talk of young master Launcelot.
man ;---to him, father; for I am a Jew, if I serve Gob. Your worship's friend, and Launcelot, sir. the Jew any longer.
Laun. But I pray you ergo, old man, ergo, I Enter Bussanio, with Leonardo, and a follower beseech you; Talk you of young master Laun
or two more. celot?
125 Buss. You may do so :but let it be so hasted, Gob. Of Launcelot, an' please your mastership.
supper be ready at the farthest by five of the Laun. Ergo, inaster Launcelot, talk not of mas- clock. See these letters deliver'd; put the liveries ter Launcelot, father; for the young gentleman to making; and desire Gratiano to come anon to (according to fates and destinies, and such odd say- my lodging ings, the sisters three, and such branches of learn-30 Laun. To him, father. ing) is, indeed, deceased; or, as you would
Gob. God bless your worship! in plain terms, gone to heaven.
Buss. Gramercy; Wouldst thou aught with me? Gob. Marry, God forbid! the boy was the very Gob. Here's my son, sir, a poor boy, staff of my age, my very prop.
Laun. Not a poor boy, sir, but the rich Jew's Luun. Do I look like a cudgel
, or a hovel-post, 35 man; that would, sir, as my father shall specify, -a staff, or a prop?-Do you know me, father? Gob. He hath a great infection, sir, as one would Gob. Alack the day, I know you not, young
say, to servegentleman : but, I pray you,
my boy Laun. Indeed, the short and the long is, I serve (God rest his soul!) alive, or dead?
the Jew, and have a desire as my father shall speLaun. Do you not know me, father?
40 cify, Gob. Alack, sir, I am sand-blind, I know you Ġob. His master and he (saving your worship’s not.
reverence) are scarce cater-cousins: Laun. Nay, indeed, if you had your eyes, you Laun. To be brief, the very truth is, that the might fail of the knowing me: it is a wise father Jew having done me wrong, doth cause me, as my that knows his own child. Well, old man, I will 45 father, being I hope an old man, shall frutify unto tell you news of your son: Give me your blessing; oll, truth will come to light; murder cannot be hid Gob. I have here a dish of doves, that I would long, a man's son may; but, in the end, truth will bestow upon your worship; and my suit is,out.
Laun. In very brief, the suit is impertinent to Gob. Pray you, sir, stand up; I am sure, you so myself, as your worship shall know by this honest are not Launcelot, my boy.
old man; and though I say it, though old man, Laun. Pray you, let's have no more fooling about yet poor man, my father. it, but give me your blessing; I am Launcelot, Bass. One speak for both;-What would you? your boy that was, your son that is, your child thai Laun. Serve you, sir. shall be.
155) Gob. This is ihe very defect of the matter, sir. Gob. I cannot think, you are my son.
Bass. I know thee well, thou hast obtain'd thy Laun. I know not what I shall think of that: but I am Launcelot, the Jew's man; and, I am Shylock, thy master, spoke with me this day, sure, Margery, your wife, is my mother.
Ind hath preferr'd thee; if it be preferment, Gob. Her name is Margery, indeed: I'll be 60 To leave a rich Jew's service to become sworn, if thou be Launcelot, thou art my own flesh The follower of so poor a gentleman. and blood. Lord worshipp'd might he be! what Luun. The old proverb is very well parted be? That is, I will try experiments with him. Thill, or fill, means the shafts of a cart or waggon.
tween my master Shylock and you, sir; you have Bass. No, that were pity; the grace of God, sir, and he hath enough. I would entreat you rather to put on Buss. Thou speak’st it well: Go, father, with Your boldest suit of mirth, for we have friends thy son:
That purpose merriment: But fare you well, Take leave oi thy old master, and enquire 5 I have some business. Niy lodging out:-give him a livery
Gra. And I must to Lorenzo, and the rest;
[To his followers. But we will visit you at supper-time. [Excunt. More guardedi' than his fellows: see it done.
S C Ε Ν Ε III.
Shrlock's House. ing on his palm} li any man in Italy have a fairer
Enter Jessica and Launcelot. tables, which doth offer to swear upon a book, I Jes. I am sorry, thou wilt leave my father so; shall have good fortune.---Go to, here's a simple Our house is heil, and thou, a merry devir, line of life! here's a small triile of wives: alas, tit- Didst rob it of some taste of tediousness: teen wives is nothing; eleven widows, and nine 15 But fare thee well; there is a ducat for thee. maids, is a simple coming-in for one man and And, Launcelot, soon at supper shalt thou see then, to 'scape drowning thrice; and to be in pe- Lorenzo, who is thy new mister's guest: ril of my life with the edge of a feather-bed'; Give hin this letter; do it secretly, bers are simple’scapes! Well, if fortune be a wo- And so farewell; I would not have
father huuli, she's a good wench for this geer.-Father, 20 See me talk with thee.. come; I'll take my leave of the Jew in the twink- Laun. Adieu!--tears exhibit my tongue.--ling of an eye.
Most beautiful pagan,-most swert Jew! if a [Erpunt Launcclot and old Gobbo. Christian did not play the knave, and get thee, I Bass. I pray thee, good Leonardo, think on this: am much deceiv'd: butadieu! these foolish drops These things being bought, and orderly bestow'd, 25 do somewhat drown my manly spirit; adieu! Return in haste, for I do feast to-nighi
[Erit. My best esteem'd acquaintance; hie thee, go. Jes. Farewell, good Launcelot.Leon. My best endeavours shall be done herein. Alack, what heinous sin is it in me, Enter Gratiano.
To be asham’d to be my father's child ! Gra. Where's your master?
30 But though I am a daughter to his blood, Leon. Yonder, sir, he walks. [Exit Leon. I am not to his manners: O Lorenzo, Gra. Signior Bassanio,
If thou keep promise, I shall end this strife; Bass. Gratiano !
Become a Christian, and thy loving wife. [Erit. Gra. I have a suit to you.
SCENE IV. Buss. You have obtair’d it.
35 Gra. You must not deny me; I must go with
The Street. you to Belinont.
Enter Gratiano, Lorenzo, Sularino, and Salanio. Buss. Why, then you must ;-But hear thee, Gratiano:
Lor. Nay, we will slink away in supper-time; Thou art too wild, too rude, and bold of voice;- 40 Disguise us at my lodging, and return
All in an hour. Parts, ibat become thee happily enough,
Grue. We have not made good preparation). And in such eves as ours appear not faults: Putu herethouart not known, why,therethey shew
Sul. We have not spoke us yet of torch-bearers. Someibing too liberal-pray thee, take pain
Sala. "Tis vile, unless it may le quaintly ordered; Toallay with some cold drops of modesty [viour, 45 And better, in my mind, not undertook. [hours
Lor. 'Tis now but four o'clock: we have two Thy shipping spirit; lest, through the wild beha
To furnish us:--l be misioustru'd in the place I go to, And lose my hopes.
Enter Launcelot with a letter. Gra. Signior iassanio, hear me:
Friend Launcelot, what's the news? I do not put on a sober habit,
Laun. An it shall please you to break up this', Talk with respect, and swear but now and then, lit shall seem to signily. Wear prayersbooks in my pocket, look demurely; Lor. Throw the hand: in faith, 'tis a fair hand; Nay, more, while grace is saying, hood mine eyes
And whiter than the paper it writ on, This with my bat, and sighi, and say, amen;
is the fair hand that writ. l'se all the observance of civility,
5.5 Gra. Love-news, in faith. Lik ore well studied in a sad ostent'
Linn. By your leave, sir. To please bis grandam, never trust me more. Lor. Whither goest thou?
Bass. Well, we shall see your bearing. [me Laun. Marry, sir, to bid my old master the
Gra. Nay, but I har to-night; you shall not gage Jew to sup to-night with my new master the By what we do to-night.
6o Christian. ? That is, more ornamented. ? The chiromantic term for the lines of the hand.
3 A cant phrase to signify the danger of marrying. * That is, too gross, licentious.
! That is, grave apo pearance. To break up was a term in carving.