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I will prove:

Arm. But 0,-but 0

Cost. No egma, no riddle, no l'entoy; no salve Moth. —the hobby-horse is forgot', '

in the male, sir: O sir, plantain, a plain planArm. Call'st thou my love, hobby-horse ? tain ; nu l'enroy, no l'entoy, or salve, sir, but a

Moth. No, master; the hobby-horse is but a plantain ! colt?, and your love, perhaps, a hackney. But 5 Arm. By virtue, thou enforcest laughter; thy have you forgot your love?

silly thought, my spleen; the heaving of my lungs Arm. Almost I had.

provokes me to ridiculous smiling: 0, pardon Moth. Negligent student! learn her by heart. me, my stars! Doth the inconsiderate take salve Arm. By heart, and in heart, boy.

for l'envoy, and the word l'enroy for a salve? Moth. And out of heart, master; all those three 10 Moth. Doth the wise think them other ? is not

l'entoy a salve? Arm. What wilt thou prove?

Arm. No, page; it is an epilogue or discourse, Moth. A man, if I live; and this, by, in, and

to make plain

(sain. without, upon the instant: By heart you love her, Some obscure precedence that bath tofore been because your heart cannot come by her; in heart|15|1 will example it: you love her, because your heart is in love with The fox, the ape, and the humble-bee, her; and out of heart you love her, being out of Were still at odds, being but three. heart that you cannot enjoy her.

There's the moral: Now the l'envoy. drm. I am all these three.

Moth. I will add the l'entoy; Saythe moral again. Moth. And three times as much more, and yet 20 Arm. The fox, the ape, and the hunble-bue, nothing at all.

Were still at odds, being but three: Arm. Fetch hither the swain ; he must carry Moth. Until the goose caine out of door, me a letter.

Staying the odds by adding four. Moth. A message well sympathiz'd; a horse to Now will I begin your moral, and do you follow be embassador for an ass !

25 with


l'intor Arm. Ha, ha; what sayest thou?

The fox, the ape, and the humble-bee, Moth. Marry, sir, you must send the ass upon Were still at odds, being but three: the horse, for he is very slow-gaited: But I go. Arm. L'ntil the goose came out of door, Arm. The way is but short; away.

Staying the odds by adding four. Aloth. As swift as lead, sir.

30 Moth. A good l'entoy, ending in the goose;Arm. Thy meaning, pretty ingenious ?

Would you desire more? Is not lead a metal heavy, dull, and slow?

Cost. The boy hath sold him a bargain“, a goose Moth. Minimè, honest master; or rather,

that's flat:

[tat.--master, no.

Sir, your penny-worth is good, an your goose be Arm. I say, lead is slow.

|35To sell a bargain well, is as cunning as fast and Moth: You are too swift, sir, to say so:

loose: Is that lead slow, which is tir'd from a gun? Let me see a fat l'envoy; ay, that's a fat goose.

Arm. Sweet smoke of rhetorick: [he: drm. Come hither, come hither: How did Ile reputes me a cannon; and the bullet, that's this argument begin? I shoot thee at the swain.

40 Moch. By saying, that a Costard was broken Joth. Thump then, and I fee. [Exit. in a shin: then call'd you for the l'entum. Arm. A most acute juvenal; voluble and free Cost. True, and I for a plantain; thus came

[face: your argument in: By thy favour, sweet welkin', I must sigh in thy Then the boy's fat l'entoy, the

you Most rude melancholy, valour give thee place.

bought; My herald is return'd.

And he ended the market.
Re-enter Moth and Costard.

Arm. But tell me; how was there a Costard' Moth. A wonder, master; here's a Costard broken in a shin? broken in a shin.

Moih. I will tell you sensibly. Arm. Some enigma, some riddle: come,-thy 50 Cost. Thou hast no feeling of it, Moth; I will l'envoy' ;-begin.

speak that i'entoy :'In the celebration of May-day, besides the sports now used of hanging a pole with garlands, and dancing round it, formerly a boy was dressed up representing maid Marian ; another like a friar; and another rode on a hobby-horse, with bells jingling, and painted streamers. After the Reformation took place, and Precisians multiplied, these latter rites were looked upon to savour of paganism; and then mail Marian, the friar, and the poor hobby-horse, were turned out of the games. Some who were not so wisely precise, but regretted the disuse of the hobby-horse, no doubt, satirized this suspicion of idolatry, and archly wrote the epitaph above alluded to. Now Moth, hearing armado groan ridiculously, and cry out, But oh! but oh !

-humourously pieces ont his exclamation with the sequel of this epitaph. Meaning, a hot, mad-brain’d, unbroken young fellow; or sometimes an old fellow with juvenile desires. 3 Welkin is the sky. *i. e. a head. 5 The l'entou, which is a term borrowed from the old French poetry, appeared always at the head of a few concluding verses to each piece, and either served to convey the moral, or to address the poem to some particular person.

6 To sell á bargain here means to lead a person to say something, which being applied to himself makes him appear ridiculous, so Armado is supposed to call himself a goose. The head was ancienlly called the costurd, as observed above. A costurd likewise signified a crab-stick.

of grace;

goose that


1, Costard, running out, that was safely within, Cost. I will come to your worship to-morrow Fell over the threshold, and broke my shin. morning. Arm. We will talk no more of this matter.

Biron. It must be done this afternoon. Hark, Cosi. Till there be more matter in the shin. slave, it is but this : Arm. Sirrah, Costard, I will enfranchise thee. 5 The princess comes to hunt here in the park,

Cost. O, marry me to one Frances;-I smell And in her train there is a gentle lady; [name, some l'envoy, some goose, in this.

When tongues speak sweetly, then they name her Arm. By niy sweet soul, I mean, setting thee And Rosaline they call her: ask for her; at liberty, 'enfreedoming thy person; thou wert And to her sweet hand see thou do cominend immurd, restrained, captivated, bound. 101 his seal’d-up counsel. There's thy guerdon; go. Cost. True, true; and now you will be my

(Gires him money. purgation, and let me loose.

Cost. Guerdon,-0 sweet guerdon?! better than Arm. I give thee thy liberty, set thee fi om dur- remuneration; eleven-pence farthing better:-ance; and, in lieu thereof, impose on thee nothing Most sweet guerdon !- I will do it, sir, in print?. but this: Bear this significant to the country maid 15/-Guerdon-remuneration.

[Erit. Jaquenetta: there is remuneration; [Giring him Biron. 0 !--And I, forsooth, in love! T, that money.] for the best ward of mine honour, 15, re

have been love's whip; warding my dependants. Moth, follow. [Erit. i very beadle to a humorous sigh;

Moth. Like the sequel, I. Signior Costarci, A critic; nay, a night-watch constable : adieu.

[Eril.20 A domineering pedant o'er the boy, Cost. My sweet ounce of man's flesh! my in- Than whom no mortal so magnificent! [boy; cony' Jew!

This wimpled', whining, purblind, wayward Now will I look to his remuneration. Remunera- This signior Junio's giant-dwarf, Dan Cupid; tion! O, that's the Latin word for three far- Regent of love-rhimes, lord of tolded arins, things: three farthings—remuneration.--Ilhat's 25 The ancinted sovereign of sighs and groans, the price of this inkle? a penna:--No, I'll give Liege of all loiterers and malcontents, you a remuneration : why, itcarries it.-Remune- Dread prince of piackets, king of codpieces, ration !-why, it is a fairer name than French Sole iniperator, and great general crown. I will never buy and sell out of this word. Of trotting paritors', -O my little heart !

30 And I to be a corporal of his tield, Enter Biron.

And wear his colours like a tumbler's hoop'! Biron. O, my good knave, Costard! exceed- What? what? I love! I sue! I seek a wife! ingly well met.

A woman, that is like a German clock,
Cost. Pray you, sir, how much carnation rib- Suilla repairing; ever out of frame;
bon may a man buy for a remuneration? 35 And never going aright, being a watch,
Biron. What is a remuneration ?

But being watch'd that it may still go right? Cost. Marry, sir, half-penny tarthing.

Nay, to be perjur'd, which is worst of all: Biron. O, why then, three-farthing-worth of And, among three, to love the worst of all: silk.

A whitely wanton with a velvet brow, Cost. I thank your worship: God be with you.40 With two pitch-balls stuck in her face for eyes ;

Biron. (), stay, siave; I must employ thee: Ay, and by heaven, one that will do the deed, As thou wilt win my favour, good my Knave, Though Argus were her eunuch and her guard: Do one thing for me that I shall entrcat.

And I to sigh for her! to watch for her! Cost. When would you have it done, sir? To pray for her! Go to; it is a plague Biron. (), this afternoon.

45 Thai Cupid will impose for my neglect Cost. Well, I will do it, sir : Fare you well. Of bis almighty dreadful little might. [groan: Biron. (), thou knowest not what ii is.

Well, I will love, write, sigh, pray, sue, and Cost. I shall kuow, sir, when I have done it. some men must love my lady, and some Joan. Biron. Why, villain, thou must know tirst.

[Erit. · Inconi, or kony, in the north, signifies fine, delicate-as a kony thing, a fine thing. ? 1. e. reward. i. e. with the utmost nicety. * The reimple was a hood or veil which fell over the face. apparitor, or paritor, is an officer of the bishop's court, who carries out citations for fornication and other matters cognizable in his court. • That is, hanging on one shoulder, and falling under the op posite arı.


5 An



so hard

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Cost. Which is the greatest lady, the highest ? A Pavilion in the Park near the Palace.

Prin. The thickest, and the tallest. [iruth. Enter the Princess, Rosaline, Maria, Katharine,

Cost. The thickest and the tallest!'tis so; truth is Lords, Attendants, and a Forester.

In your waist, mistress, were as slender as mywit, Prin. W AS that the king that spurr'd his horse 5 One of these maids' girdles for your waist should

be fit. Against the steep uprising of the hill?

Are not you the chief woman? you are the thickBoret. I know not; but, I think, it was not he.

est here. Prin. Whoe'er he was, he shew'd a mounting Prin. What's your will, sir? what's your will? mind.

101 Cost. I have a letter from monsieur Biron, to Well, lords, to-day we shall have our dispatch;

one lady Rosaline. On Saturday we will return to France.

Prin. O, thy letter, thy letter; he's a good Then, forester, my friend, where is the bush,

friend of mine: That we must stand and play the murderer in? Stand aside, good bearer.---Boyet, you can carve;

For.flere by, upon the edge of yonder coppice; 15 Break up this capon',
A stand, where you may make the fairest shoot. Boyet. I am bound to serve.--

Prin. I thank my beauty; I am tair that shoot, This letter is mistook, it importeth none here;
And thereupon thou speak’st, the fairest shoot. It is written to Jaquenetta.
For. Pardon me, madain, for I meant not so. Prin. We will read it, I swear :

[car. Prin. What, what? first praise me, then again 20 Break the neck of the way, and every one give say, no?

Boyet. [Reads.]“ By heaven, that thou art fair,is O short-liv'd pride! Not fair? alack for woe! “ most intallible; true, that thou art beauteous; for. Yes, madam, fair.

“ truth itself, that thou art lovely: More fairer Prin. Nay, never paint me now;

“ than fair, beautiful than beauteous, truer than Where fair is not, praise cannot menu the brow. 25 truth itself, have commiseration on thy heroical Here, good my glass, take this for telling true; “ vassal! The magnanimous and most illustrate?

[Giving him money. king Copbetua set eye upon the pernicious and Fair payment for foul words is more than due. " indubitate beggar Zenelephon; and he it was

For. Nothing but fair is that which you inherit. " that might rightly say, teni, vidi, vici; which

Prin. See, see, my beauty will be sav'd by merit. 30“ to anatomize m the vulgar, (O base and obscure O heresy in fair, sit for these days!

vulgar) videlicet, he came, saw, and overcame: A giving hand, though foul,shall have fair praise.-- “ He came, one; saw, two ; overcame, three. Butcome, the bow :-Now mercy goes to kill, " Who came? the king; Why did he come? to And shooting well is then accounted ill.

see; Why did he see? to overcome; To whom Thus will I save my credit in the shoot: 351 came he? to the beggar; What saw he? the Not wounding, pity would not let me do't ; beggar; Whom overcame he? the beggar: The If wounding, then it was to shew my skill, “ conclusion is victory: On whose side? the king's: That more for praise, ihan purpose meant to kill. " the captive is enrich’d; On whose side? the And, out of question, so it is sometimes ;

beggar's: The catastrophe is a nuptial; On Glory grows guilty of detested crimes ; [part, 40" whose side? the king's?-10; on both in one, When, for fame's sake, for praise, an outward or one in both. I am the king; for so stands We bend to that the working of the heart : " the comparison: thou the beggar; for so witAs I, for praise alone, now seek to spill

" nesseth thy lowliness. Shall I command thy The poor deer's blood that my heart means no - love? I may: Shall I enforce thy love ? I could: Boyet. Do not curst wives hold that self-sove- 45“ Shall I entreat thy love? I will. What shalt thou reignty

“ exchange for rags: robes; For tittles? titles ; Only for praise' sake, when they strive to be " For thyself? me. Thus, expecting thy reply, Lords o'er their lords?

[ford I prophane my lips on thy foot, my eyes on thy Prin. Only for praise: and praise we may af- picture, and my heart on thy every part. To any lady ihat subdues a lord.

501 “ Thine, in the dearest design of industry, Enter Costard.

“ Don ADRIANO DE ARMADO." Prin. Here comes a member of the common- Thus dost thou hear the Nenean lion roar wealth.

'Gainst thee, thou lamb,that standest as his prey; Cost. God dig-you-den all! Pray you, which is Subniis-ive fall his princely feat before, the head lady?

And he fron forage will incline to play: Prin. Thou shalt know her, fellow, by the rest But if thon strive, poor soul, what art thou then? that have no heads.

Food for his rage, repasture for bis den. · That is, Open this letter. Our poet uses this metaphor, as the French do their poulet, which signifies both a young fowl and a love-letter. 2 Illustrate for illustrious.

Prin, lords, away:

Prin. What plume of feathers is he, that in- Cost. Indeed, a' must shoot nearer, or he 'll dited this letter? [hear better?

ne'er hit the clout'. What vane? what weather-cock? Did you ever Boyet. An if my hand be out, then, belike, Boyet. I am much deceived, but I remember

your hand is in,

[the pin. the stile.

[ere while'. 5 Cost. Then will she get the upshot by cleaving Prin. Else your memory is bad, going o'er 'it Mar. Come, come, you talk greasily, your Boyet. This Armado is a Spaniard, that keeps

lips grow foul. here in court;

[sport Cost. She's too hard for you at pricks, sir ; A phantasm, a Monarcho, and one that makes

challenge her to bow). To the prince, and his book-mates.

101 Boyet. I fear too much rubbing: Good night, Prin. Thou, fellow, a word:

my good owl. [Exeunt all but Costurd. Who gave thee this leiter?

Cost. By my soul, a swain ! a most simple clown! Cost. I told you, my lord.

Lord, lord! how the ladies and I have put him Prin. To whom shouldst thou give it?


[gar wit! Cost. From my lord to my lady.

150’my troth, most sweet jests! most incony vulPrin. From which lord to which lady? When it comes so smoothly off, so obscenely, as Cost.From mylord Biron,a good master of mine,

it were so fit. To a lady of France, that he called Rosaline. Armatho o' the one side,-0, a most dainty man! Prin. Thou hast mistaken his letter. Come, To see him walk before a lady, and to bear her tan!

20 To see him kiss his hand! and how most sweetly Here, sweet, put up this; 'will be thine another

a' will swear!day. [Erit Princess attended. And his page o' t'other side, that handful of wit ! Boyet. Who is the shooter? who is the shooter": Ah, heavens, it is a most pathetical nit! Ros. Shall I teach you to know?

Sola, sola!

[Shouting within. Boyet. Ay, my continent of beauty.


[Exit Costard. Ros. Why, she that bears the bow.

SCENE II. Finely put off!

[marry, Boyet. My lady goes to kill horns; but, if thou Enter Dull, Holofernes', and Sir Nathaniel. Hang me by the neck, if horns that year miscarry. Nath. Very reverend sport, truly; and done Fively put on!

30 in the testimony of a good conscience. Ros. ell then, I am the shooter.

Hol. The deer was, as you know, sanguis, in Boyet. And who is


deer? (near. blood, ripe as a pomewater, who now hangeth Ros. If we chuse by horns, yourself; come not like a jewel in the ear of Cælo,—the sky, the welFinely put on, indeeri!

kin, the heaven; and anon falleth like a crab, on Alar. You still wrangle with her, Boyet, and 35 the face of Terra,—the soil, the land, the earth. she strikes at the brow.

Nath. Truly, master Holofernes, the epithets Boyct. But she herself is hit lower: Have I hit

are sweetly varied, like a scholar at the least: But, her now?

sir, I assure ye, it was a buck of the first head. Ros. Shall I come upon thee with an old saying, Hol. Sir Nathaniel, haud credo. that was a man when king Pepin of France was a 40 Dull. 'Twas not a haud credo, 'twas a pricket. little boy, as touching the hit it?

Hol. Most barbarous intimation! yet a kind of Boyet. So I may answer thee with one as old, insinuation, as it were, in via, in way, of explithat was a woman when queen Guinever of Bri- cation; facere, as it were, replication; or, rather tain was a little wench, as touching the hit it. ostentare, to shew, as it were, his inclination-afRos. Thou canst not hit it, hit it, hit it, [Singing. 45/ter his undressed, unpolished, uneducated, unThou canst not hit it, my good muin.

pruned, untrained, or rather unletter'd, or raBoyet. An I cannot, cannot, cunnot,

inerest, unconfirmed fashion,—to insert again my An I cannot, another can. [Ex. Ros. & Kat. Maud credo for a deer. Cost. By my troth, most pleasant' how both Dull. I said, the deer was not a haud credo; did fit it!

50 'twas a pricket'. Alar. A mark marvellous well shot; for they Hol. Twice sod simplicity, bis coctus !—0 thou both did hit it.

monster ignorance, how deformed dost thou look! Boyet. A mark! O, mark but that mark; A Vuth. Sir, he hath never fed on the dainties mark, says my lady! [may be.

that are bred in a book; he hath not eat paper, Let the mark have a prick in't, to mete at, if it 55 as it were; be hath not drunk ink: his intellect Miur. Wide o' the bow hand! ľfaith, youi is not replenished; he is only an animal, only hand is out.

(sensible in the duller parts: A pun upon the word stile. i.

P, a little while ago. 3 Shooter here means suitor. "i.e, the white mark at which archers took their aim. The pin was the wooden nail which upheld it. Warburton says, that by Holofernes was designed a particular character, a pedant and a schoolmaster of our author's time, one John Florio, a teacher of the Italian tongue in London. • A species of apple. A buck is the first year, a furn; the second year, a pricket; the third year, a sorell; the Jourih year, a soure; the jithe year, a buck of the first head; the sixth year, a compleat buck.



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And such barren plants are set before us, that we the gist is good in those in whom it is acute, and thankful should be

I am thankful tur it. (Which we of taste and fceling are) for those parts Naith. Sir, I praise the Lord for you; and so

that do fructify in us more than he. may my parishioners; for their sons are well tuFor as it would ill become me to be vain, indis- 5 tor'd by you, and their daughters profit very creet, or a fool,

[in a school : greatly under you: you are a good member of So were there a patch' set on learning, to see him the commonwealth. But;omne bene,say!; being of an old father's mind, Hol. Michercle, if their sons be ingenious, they Many can brook the weather, that love not the shall want no instruction: if their daughters be wind.

10 capable, I will put it to them: But, rir sapit, qui Dull. You two are book-men; Can you tell pauca loquitur; a soul feminine saluteth us. by your wit,

Enter Jaquenetta, and Costard. What was a month old at Cain's birth, that's not Jaq. God give you good-morrow, master par

five weeks old as yet? Hol. Dictynna, goodman Dull; Dictynua, 15 Hol. Master parson,-quasi person. And if good man Dull.

one should be pierc'd, which is the one? Dull. What is Dictvnna?

Cost. Marry, master school-master, he that is Nath. A title to Phabe, to Luna, to the moon. likest to a hogshead, Hol. The moon was a month old, when Adam Hol. Of piercing a hogshead! a good lustre of was no more ;

[live-score. 20 conceit in a turf of earth; fire enough for a flint, And raught not to five weeks, when he came to pearl enough for a swine : 'tis pretty; it is well. The allusion holds in the exchange'.

Jaq. Good master parson, be so good as read me Dull. 'Tis true, indeed; the collusion bolds in this letter: it was given me by Costard, and sent the exchange.

me from Don Armatho: I beseech you, read it. Hol. God comfort thy capacity! I say the al-25 Hol. Fauste, precor gelida quando pecus omne lusion holds in the exchange.

sub umbra Dull. And I say the pollusion holds in the ex- Ruminat, -and so forth. Ah, good old Mantuan'! change; for the moon is never but a month old: I

may speak of thee as the traveller doth of Veand I say beside, that 'twas a pricket that the

--Vinegia, Vinegia,

(nice; princess Kill'a.


Chi non te ride, ei non te pregia'. Hol. Sir Nathaniel, will you hear an extempo- Old Mantuan ! old Mantuan! Who understandeth ral epitaph on the death of the deer? and, to hu- thee not, loves thee not,-Ut, re, sol, la, mi,fu.mour the ignorant, I have callid the deer the Under pardon, sir, what are the contents? or, raprincess kill'd, a pricket.

ther as Horace says in his— What, nıy soul, verses? Nath. Perge, good master Holofernes, perge; 35 Nath. Ay, sir, and very learned. so it shall please you to abrogate scurrility.

Hol. Let me hear a staff, a stanza, a verse ; Hol. I will something aitect the letter; for it Lege, domine. argues facility.

Nath.If love make me forsworn, how sliall I The praiseful princess pierc'd and prick'd a

swear to love?

[vou'd ! pretty pleasing pricket;

40 “Ah, never faith could hold, if not to beauty Some say, a soure; but not a sore, 'till now made Though to myself forsworn, to thee I'll faith

sore with shooting : [from thicket; The dogs did yell; put L to sore,

sorel jumps “ Those thoughts to me were oaks, to thee Or pricket, sore, or else sorel, the people fall

“ like osiers bowed. a hooting

[O sore I*:45“ Study his bias leaves, and makes his book thine If sore be sore, then I to sore makes fifty sores;


[comprehend: Of one sore 1 an hundred make, by adding but “ Where all those pleasures live, that art would Nath. A rare talent.

[one more L. “ If knowledge be the mark, to know thee shall Dull. If a talent be a claw, look how he claws

" sulice;

[commend : him with a talent.


" Well learned is that tongue, that well can thee Hol. This is a gift that I have, simple, simple; " All ignorant that soul, that sees thee without a foolish extravagant spirit, full of forms, figures,


[admire) shapes, objects, ideas, apprehensions, motions, (“ Which is to me some praise, that I thy parts revolutions: these are begot in the ventricle of Thy eye Jove's lightning bears, thy voice bis memory, nourished in the womb of pia mater', and 55 dreadful thunder, sweet fire. delivered upon the mellowing of occasion: But “Which, not to anger bent, is niusick, and

· Patch here means a silly, foolish, fellow. The term is supposed to have been adopted from a celebrated fool named Putch, and who wearing, perhaps in allusion to his name, a party-colour'd dress, all stage fools have ever since been distinguished by a motley coat. ?i, e. reach'd not. i. e. the riddle is as good when I use the name of Adam, as when you use the name of Cain. Alluding to L being the numeral for 50. » Baptista Spagnolus (surnamed Mantuanus, from the place of his birth) was a writer of poems, who tlourished towards the latter end of the 15th century. His Eclogues were translated before the time of Shakspeare. • That is, “O Venice, Venice, he who has new ver seen thee, bas thee noi in esteem."

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