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purposes of consultation; and no pains have been taken, whether by an index, or by numbers in the margin, to relieve the difficulty, so that it requires not a little labour and patience to find what one may be in quest of.]

Commentary on Romans. By Philippi. Part III. (completing the work.)

[The author, Professor of Theology at Dorpat, is Lutheran in his views, and very full on Imputed Righteousness, on which he wrote a separate treatise. This Commentary is condensed, well weighed, and most useful.]

The Three Epistles of John. By Z. Düsterdieck. Proleg. cxii. pp.


Introduction to the Apocalyptic Literature in general, and the Apocalypse of John in particular, by F. Lücke, is now complete, 8vo, pp. 1074.

Memoir upon Golgotha and the Holy Sepulchre. By Fallmerayer. 4to, pp. 48.

[From the Transactions of the Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences.]

Ein Blick auf Palestina und seine Christliche Bevölkerung. Vortrag von Carl Ritter. Berlin, 1852.

[An interesting sketch of Palestine and of its Christian population, by the celebrated geographer, Ritter. He shows the extraordinary light thrown on the book of Joshua by modern travels, and gives some interesting notices of the real spiritual concern excited by evangelical labours in Palestine.]

II. THEOLOGY-DOGMATIC, POLEMIC, AND PRACTICAL. An Encyclopædia for Protestant Theology and Church. Real Encyclopädie für Protestantische Theologie und Kirche.

[This important work (announced five years ago) is about to appear. It is edited by Dr Herzog, Ord. Prof. of Theology at Halle, with the assistance of a numerous corps of coadjutors, among whom may be named Giesler, Hagenbach, Lücke, Nitzsch, Thilo, Tholuck, Twesten, Ullman, Umbreit, &c. It is to contain, in articles alphabetically arranged, the results of scientific investigation in every department of theology, and will be issued in Nos. of five sheets each. Ten Nos. to make a Vol., and the work to extend to Ten Vols. Its publication is expected to occupy five or six years.]

Christ, or the Doctrine of the Old and New Testament of the Person of the Redeemer, biblico-dogmatically developed. (Christus oder die Lehre des A. u. N. Test., von der person des Erlösers, biblish-dogmatisch entwickelt.) By Adolph Schumann. Vol. I. 8vo, pp. 442. [Contains a discussion of the Messianic element in the Old Testament, and the teachings of Christ concerning himself. The doctrine of the apostles concerning Christ is to follow. The author's views are those of obsolete Rationalism with a modern dress.]

Christian Dogmatics. By J. P. Lange. Part III.-Dogmatics applied,
Polemics and Irenics. 8vo, pp. 344.

[This work is a mere philosophical speculation, which makes Christianity a glorification of all forms of Gentilism. Rudelbach unmasks the first part as not Christianity.]


D. Martin Luther's Christliche Lehren auf alle Tage im Jehre. erlesene Stellen aus seinen Sämmtlichen Schriften. Zweite umgearbeitete ausgabe. Hamburg, agentur des rauhen Hauses, 708 S. [This admirable selection from Luther's writings was published in 1817 by an aged minister of the Word, who had used it daily for thirty years, and who stated that to no other human book was he so much indebted. We can readily

suppose so, for the volume shows us the very heart of the great Reformer, and is replete with those rich views of Christ's substitution and of imputed righteousness on which he lived-the secret of his strength. The volume is distributed into portions, after the manner of Bogatsky, for every day of the year, and is reprinted by Wichern for the purposes of the Inner Mission. As a means of bringing the soul to central truth for its daily food, it may be very useful and acceptable to our German readers.]

F. Ahlfeld's Predigten

1. Predigten überdie Evangelischen Pericopen, 1, 2, 3.

Heft, 2te Auflage: 1850.

2. Der Vorlorne Sohn. Sieben Zeitpredigten.
3. Sontagsgnade.

Halle 1850.

Halle: 1848.

Halle: 1852.

4. Der Christliche Hausstand Funf Predigten. [The author of these sermons is one of those men whose rich gifts and popu lar oratory throw a fascinating spell upon the minds of thousands, essentially a poet in every sentence, and one whose deep and strong emotions spread a contagious sympathy to others. Though perhaps not full enough in stating doctrine, he shows more powerfully than almost any that doctrine as breathing in the believer's life. But it is not to criticise their literary merits that we notice his sermons. It is rather to call attention to one, who in reference to the Sabbath and to the family, has taken a position to be imitated not only by his countrymen but in all countries. In his preface to sermons on the Sunday, he points to England as a land determined, not withstanding her sbare in the world's commerce, to have her Sabbath, and tells how he exulted like a child when he heard that our Parliament declared that on that day no post should run. We never were more persuaded of our national influence, and of our national sin in not acting out that resolution. As to the family again, he is far in advance of the majority of his countrymen. He demonstrates that the restoration of eligion to the family is the great question of the age. He says, if the house has no religious worship, the worship of the church is as a streamlet in the sand, or as a drop falling on a heated stone, soon evaporated and gone.]

Bildung und Christenthum. Vortrag von Dr L. Wiese. Berlin, 1852. [This is a beautiful discourse, in which the author shows the necessity of Christianity to true culture, and sketches the Platonic enthusiasm of Florence, the career of Bessanon, of Tiberius Hemsterhuys, of Olympia Morata, and of the Princess Galitzin,-the two latter escaping at last to Christianity.]


Hengstenberg's Opfer der Heiligen Schrift. Vortrag. Berlin, 1852. [Within the compass of this discourse of 65 pages the celebrated author compresses the thinking of his life on the subject of the Old Testament sacrifices. With some defects, this is perhaps the most satisfactory explanation of the subject to be met with. The sin offering is referred simply to the atonement. The burnt-offering, he shows, was offered by those who were in a state of grace, and denoted the living sacrifice of the believer. The thank-offering-the Zebach or Schelamim-did not, like the two former, represent the person of the offerer, but only his gift and as proving this, the thank-offering could never immediately follow a sin-offering, and had always a burnt-offering as its necessary foundation. Then the meat-offering, always following only the burnt-offering and thank-offering, denoted good works: for good works must always be preceded by the dedication of the whole person. The meat-offering, he further explains, required to be without leaven (1 Cor. v.), without honey (1 John ii. 16), with oil, denoting the Spirit, with salt (Col. iv. 6), with incense (Ps. cxlii. 1). He finds, in a word, something analogous to the whole Christian life in these sacrifices. And the character of his simple but able delineation is almost wholly relieved of the suspicious conjectures so generally adhering to discussions of this nature.]

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The Gospel of Marcion. By G. Volckmar. 8vo, pp. 268.

[Text, and criticism with reference to the Gospels of Justin Martyr, the Clementines, and the Apostolical Fathers. A revision of the more modern investigations, according to the sources themselves, for the determination of the text and the interpretation of the Gospel of Luke.]

The History of the Christian Church in Ancient Times. By Professor
H. U. J. Thiersch. Vol. I.

[Devoted to the Church in the Apostolical age, and the origin of the New Testament Scriptures. The volume was prepared from materials collected by the author before he was withdrawn from his former sphere of labour, by the adoption of Irvingite notions. The English Review, however (we observe), speaks of it as strongly tinged with Irvingism," and of the English edition as "translated by an Irvingite who has considerably developed its tendencies in bis annotations." Theirsch has moreover gone to the utmost extreme in proposing an Irenicum with Rome, and in smoothing the points of difference.]

History of Christian Theology in the Apostolic Age. By Ed. Reuss, (Professor at Strasburg), in 2 vols., 8vo. (French.)

A New Edition of Eusebius has been issued by Schwegler (Tübingen), with brief notes and full and valuable indices.

Also, vols. I. and III. of Tertullian, by Fr. Oehler. Vol. I. containing "Libri apologetici et qui ad ritus et mores Christianorum pertinent," and Vol. III. "Dissertationes." Vol. II. is in progress.

Weigel of Leipsic announces as forthcoming Vol. I. of the Bibliotheca Patrum Græcorum Dogmatica. Edited by Prof. Thilo. This volume is to contain Athanasius.

The Apostolical and Post-apostolical Age, with reference to the differences and agreements of Paul and the other Apostles, of Gentile and Jewish Christians. A Prize-Essay by G. V. Lechler. 4to, pp. 348. [A Prize-essay.]

The Epochs of Ecclesiastical Historiography. By F. C. Baur. 8vo, pp. 269. Tübingen.

[He distinguishes six epochs: 1. The old Catholic, represented by Eusebius and others, on through the middle ages. 2. The old Protestant, represented by Flacius and the Magdeburg Centuriators. 3. The opposition to the Centuriators, on the Romish side by Baronius, on the Protestant by Arnold. 4. The gradual transition from the dualistic view of the world to the idea of historical development, Mosheim, Walch, and others. 5. The pragmatic method, Planch, Henke, &c. 6. The striving after an objective view of history characterises the most recent church historians, Marheinecke, Neander, Gieseler, Hase, and others. The consideration of these is followed by a seventh section, containing the results, and hints upon the idea of the church, the periods of church history, its arrangement, and the relation of general to special church history. He makes no mention in the work of any French or English name. is essentially rationalistic.]

The work

A Ritual of the Cathari. Edited by E. Cunitz. 8vo, pp. 88. [Dr Cunitz found the MS. (now published for the first time) in the library at Lyons. It consisted of thirteen pages appended to a New Testament in the Romish language. The registrar of the Rhone department took it for a Waldensian or Albigensian relic. The author and Dr Gieseler both regard it as a remnant of the formularies and rituals of the Cathari, belonging to the 13th or 14th centuries, and in the language of the Troubadours of that time. It consists of three parts,-viz., a formulary for confession, for introduction into the

first grade of church communion, and for introduction into the final grade. If the supposition be correct, this is the first of the writings of the Cathari ever published. A German translation is given with the text, followed by a critical dissertation upon their life and doctrine.]

Synchronous History of the Church and of the World in the Middle Ages. By J. F. Damberger. 8vo. Vol. II., pp. 979.

Pragmatical History of the German Councils, from the Fourth Century to the Council of Trent. By A. J. Binterim. Vols. III. and IV. -2d edition.

[The author is well known as the learned champion of the Roman Catholic interest.]

The Reformation in East Friesland up to the year 1535. By C. A. Cornelius, Priv. Doc. in the University at Breslau. 8vo, pp. 66.

[The author claims for this apparently unimportant district of Holland no mean influence upon the course of the Reformation, especially during what he calls its second period; that, viz., between the time when it was a contest between the learned, and the time when its cause was espoused by governments.]

History of German Protestantism in the years 1555–1581. Vol. I. By H. Heppe. 8vo, pp. 665.

[This volume carries down the history to 1562. Large use has been made of original sources, especially of those furnished by the archives at Cassell. The anthor is thoroughly Lutheran in his views and sympathies.]

The Spirit of the Lutheran Theologians of Wittenberg in the course of the 17th century. By Prof. Tholuck. 8vo, pp. 434.

[This work is preparatory to the history of Rationalism, for which the distinguished author has long been collecting materials. He promises soon to issue "The Academical Life" of the same period. A practical collateral object is, by the picture presented of Lutheranism as it then was, to rebuke Lutheranism as it is. In a notice in Zancke's Literarisches Centralblatt the work is said to contain "a rich mine of materials not only for the history of the Lutheran theologians of Wittenberg, but for the history of the numerous controversies within the Lutheran Church at that period."]

Hessian Church History since the Reformation. By F. W. Hassenkamp. Vol. I., pp. 640. Marburg.

[A valuable work, and full of research without parade.]

History of the Christian Life in the Rhenish and Westphalian Evangelical Church. Vol. II. The 17th century, or the Dominant Church and the Sects. By M. S. Goebel. 8vo, pp. 880. Coblentz.

[The author has written with great candour and impartiality, and holds the balance between Lutheran and Reformed.]

Contributions to the Church History of the Evangelical Lutheran Congregation at Frankfort on the Maine, with special relation to Liturgy. By C. Becker. 8vo, pp. 217.

[The author is a worthy Evangelical Lutheran Minister.]

Dr Hirsch (Prof. Berlin), Erinnerungen an den grossen Churfürsten and an seine Gemahlin Louise von Oranien. Berlin, 1852.

[A very instructive account of the great Elector, and of his consort, with notices of their Christian character, and of the state of Prussia and of the Netherlands at that period; but not quite just to Calvinism and the Reformed.]

Uber die Bedeutung Berlins in der grossen Zeit unserer Zeit von Frahndorf Vortrag. 1852.

[The author shows that Prussia owes all to her Protestantism, points out

those modern tendencies from which Christianity has nothing to expect, and shows in a masterly manner that atheism is the last absurdity of the whole previous philosophy.]


The Philosophy of the Greeks. By Dr Ed. Zeller. Vol. III., Part 2. [This part completes the work. The subjects of the new part are the later Sceptics; then, as forerunners of New Platonism, the New Pythagoreans, the Pythagoreising Platonists and later Stoics, the Jewish Philosophy before Philo, and Philo. The principal topic of the volume, however, is New Platonism, which is first discussed in general-its nature, origin, and development; then at length, in Plotinus and his School, Jamblich and the Syrian School, and the School of Athens.]

The History of Philosophy (Geschichte der Philosophie). By Dr Heinr.
Ritter. Vol. XI.

[A chapter of this volume is given to Descartes, one to Geulinox, one to Spinoza, and one to Pascal and Malebranche, as exhibiting the consequences of the Cartesian philosophy in France. Book V. discusses "The Rationalism of Descartes and the Cartesian School." Book VI. treats of the beginnings of "English Philosophy in Sensualism and Rationalism." The particular topics are English Philosophers before Locke, Locke, and Shaftesbury. Vol. XII., completing the work, is to appear in a year.]

Religion and Philosophy in their World-Historical Development and
relation to each other. By A. Gladisch. 8vo, pp. 235.
Sketch of the History of Philosophy. By J. N. Uschold. 8vo, pp. 266.


Mythology of the Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Germans, and Northern
Nations. By J. Spitzer. Part II. 8vo, pp. 139.

Universal History of Culture. By Wachmutt. Vol. III. 8vo, pp. 658. [This volume contains the history of modern culture. It is divided into four books:-1. Formation of the Christian-European Culture. 2. Civil, Ecclesiastical, and Judicial Constitution. 3. Natural Science, Material Interests, War. 4. Mental and Moral Culture. This last book is subdivided, thus: (1.) Education, Learning, Scientific Culture generally. (2.) Spoken Language, Writing, Printing, Popular Literature. (3.) Philology, Antiquities, Palæography. (4.) History. (5.) Philosophy. (6.) Doctrines of Religion, Piety, Morality. (7.) Poetry, Elegant Prose. (8.) Painting, Statutary, Architecture. (9.) Music, Dancing, the Drama.]

Comparative Grammar of Sanskrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian,
Old Slavic, Gothic, and German. By Bofp. Part VI. 4to, pp.


Several Parts of Grimm's German Lexicon have been issued. It had the unprecedented patronage of 7000 subscribers before the first number was issued.

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