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dation of the city, to the close of the empire, which Miss Corner dates on the deposition of Augustulus, in the year of our Lord 476. Both histories are written on the same principle. Every paragraph contains reference figures which apply to questions at the end of each chapter, to assist the teacher in catechising the pupil on the subject about which he has just been reading. There is a good map prefixed to each volume : that on Rome exhibiting the whole empire in its utmost extension; and the same in the volume on Greece, shewing the whole of the ancient Grecian territories; with a very neat vignette of the City of Athens. These volumes complete Miss Corner's “ Historical Library;" and they will be found most useful for private tuition, and in public seminaries . another excellent feature in each volume is a Chronological Table, which will be found exceedingly useful both to the teacher and the pupil.
The Adult Learners First Book, (GOOMBRIDGE & Sons) is an easy introduction to the reading of the Holy Scriptures, by a Clergyman of the Church of England ; it is designed for the use of those who have not had the opportunity of an early education; “and, it appears to me,” says the reverend author, “ of no small importance as regards influence, discipline, and the improvement of moral character, that benevolent or christian persons should in every way help forward such efforts in those with whom Providence has associated them, and at the same time, as is here attempted, put the best thoughts before their minds, in such a way as shall, with God's blessing, create a desire to know more fully that blessed Book, which even in its shortest and simplest words, contains so much heavenly wisdom. On one page there are lessons in print, and on the opposite page the same words in a type representing manuscript; in order to teach the learner to read writing as well as print. The design is good, and the execution corresponds; and a few lessons by a friendly assistant, will soon enable a willing adult to read with ease.
Papal InfALLIBILITY, (Rivington's, 8vo.). This excellent pamphlet is from the pen of the Reverend and Venerable George S. Faber, in the form of a letter to a dignitary of the Church of Rome, in reply to a communication received from him. There are more subjects than infalliblity handled in this tract; and indeed it seems to have been nearly omitted; but the omission is so well supplied by other matter that the defect can be the more easily supplied. It is somewhat strange that an infallible church cannot decide, where or in whom its own infallibily is lodged, or even in what it consists. Italian writers place it in the Pope as St. Peter's successor and heir, who they say is infallible, both in matters of faith and practice; but how the church should be infallibly guided by popes, whose own faith is erroneous and heretical, and their own practice the most wicked of all men in the world, is not so clear; for, it is the faith of the Court of Romc that if the Pope should command the practice of sin, and forbid that of virtue, papists are bound to believe and practice ac. cordingly; and Bellarmine says, this is the foundation of Christianity. Some popish doctors teach that the Pope is only infallible when in the Conclave, or now, perhaps, in the Propaganda; and others in a general Council; but some councils have declared their supremrcy over the Popes, and have deposed them; which pope, let us ask, was the infallible one, when the councils of Basil and Constance deposed three out of four popes that then claimed the infallible chair? Where was the infallibility of the pope when he was under the command and obeyed the orders of Buonaparte? Was it the Pope or Buonaparte that was infallible, or in his present attempted usurpation on the church and realm of England--are we to ascribe the infallibility to Pio Nono, or to the Society of Jesuits in the Propaganda? But let their infallibility be either here or there, or no where, we subscribe heartily to Faber's opinion grounded on the sure word of prophecy: “The efforts now making by your Church for the recovery of its lost domination, I can only esteem the last struggles of a corrupt form of Christianity rapidly progressng to its final destINED, EXTINCTION'
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE COUNCIL OF TRENT. In the sixteenth century the unblushing wickedness and shameful venality of the Court and whole Church of Rome, with the confederated hierarchy, had reached to such a pitch, that a reformation both in the head and members became absolutely necessary. The emperor and all the German princes, both papal and protestant, united in their demands for a general council of the western church. Clement VII. long eluded their demands by the usual trimming policy of the Court of Rome; but when he could no longer resist the universal desire, he proposed either Mantua, Placentia,or Bologna as the place for its assembling. The protestant princes decidedly objected to either of these cities, or to any place within the kingdom of Italy, as being under the influence of the pope; rightly asserting, that as the controversy had arisen in Germany, the council ought to be assembled in that country. In the midst of shuffling and breach of faith Pope Clement died; and he was succeeded by Paul III. who expressed his determination to convoke a council at Mantua. The protestants again objected to this place; and they assembled at Smalcald, in the year 1537, and solemnly protested against such a partial and corrupt council as might be expected to assemble, in such a place and under such influence. In the year 1541, the emperor ap
pointed a conference at Worms, between the protestant and popish parties, which was afterwards removed to Ratisbon; but, says Mosheim, all attempts at reconciliation were generally disconcerted by the intrigues and artifices of Rome, whose legates and creatures were always lying in wait to blow the flame of discord in all those counsels that seemed unfavourable to the ambition of its pontiffs.” Paul incessantly urged the emperor to exterminate the protestants by the sword, which he was only prevented from effecting by the prompt and resolute measures for self defence which were adopted by the protestant chiefs, the Elector of Saxony and the Landgrave of Hesse ; for the pope had instigated the emperor to put all to the sword, who should oppose the decrees of the proposed council ; the meeting of which was to serve as a signal for taking arms. Accordingly the deliberations of the council had scarcely begun, in the year 1546, when the protestants perceived unmistakable marks of an approaching storm, and a formidable union betwixt the emperor Charles V. and the pope to overwhelm and crush them by a sudden blow.
“LISTening to the sanguinary councils suggested by Paul, the emperor formed, in conjunction with that subtle pontiff," the design of terminating the debates about religion by the force of arms;" but their blood-thirsty intentions were disappointed by the vigour of the protestant leaders. In the midst of the bloodshed which he was endeavouring to perpetrate, Paul III. was summoned to “his own place" in the year 1549; and he was succeeded by Julius III., who consented to the assembling of the council at Trent. The pretence for its convocation was to settle the doctrines of the papal church and to correct its dicipline; but its real design was to rivet the power and to exalt the ambition of the pope and the Court of Rome. The protestant princes and ministers were summoned to the bar of this council to defend or to explain their tenets; and with solemn hypocrisy they were offered a safe, conduct. But, having the fate of John Huss before their eyes, who was burnt alive, notwithstanding he had a safe-conduct,
and a canon also of the council of Constance, which decreed that no faith is to be kept with those whom the Church of Rome calls heretics; moreover the notable clause, in a letter of Martin V., in his epistle to Duke Alexander of Lithuania “ Be assured thou sinnest MORTALLY if thou keep thy faith with heretics ;" the protestants declined the insidious invitation and the dangerous honour.
Julius III was a most immora! and debauched character; he created his monkey-keeper a CARDINAL; and he also used this monkey Cardinal for his unnatural lusts. This infamous Sodomite was succeeded by Marcellus II. ; who, in his turn, was followed by Paul IV.; who excommunicated Queen Elizabeth, and offered rewards for her assassination, which several attempted to execute. He went to purgatory in due time, and was succeeded by Pius IV.; under whose pontificate the business of the council proceeded in right earnest, in registering his edicts, as shall be shewn in future numbers.
THE COUNCIL of Trent gave a new face, and imposed a new faith on the Roman Church. Many of its decrees are drawn up in a vague, indefinite; and ambiguous manner, so as to enable the pope to step in as a judge of controversies, and to . present any face to a proselyte that may deceive and seduce him to apostacy. The popish doctrines in general overthrow the very foundations of morality; they render the bonds of both divine and human obligations entirely precarious, by the blasphemous authority ascribed to the pope-the lawless man of Scripture---whereby he is exalted above, and dispenses with all laws; and he is constituted an arbitrary and self-willed dictator both of faith and morals. This antichristian power has been freely exercised; and out of its inexaustible treasury all his deluded followers have received abundance of dispensations to commit sin. Hence solemn treaties have been annulled ; promises, vows, and oaths have been made void ; marriages, within the forbidden degree, have been legitimated ; whilst others, lawfully contracted, have been condemned and dissolved; subjects have been absolved from