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for they will have what is good ; or they go among the residences of mechanics, for their wives, they say, like what is good as well as the coachmen. Wednesdays and Fridays are the best days, because they are regular fish days. These two days are considered to be those on which the poorer classes generally run short of money. Wednesday night is called "draw night” among the mechanics and labourers,—that is they then get a portion of their wages in advance; and on Friday they run short as well as on Wednesday, and have to make shift for their dinner with the few halfpence they have left. They are glad to pick up anything cheap, and the street-fishmonger never refuses an offer. Besides, he can supply them with a cheaper dinner than any other person. In the herring season the poor generally dine upon them; the poorer classes live mostly upon fish; and the “dropped" and "rough” fish is bought chiefly for the poor. The fish-huckster has no respect for persons whatever ; one assured me, that if Prince Halbert was to stop him in the street to buy a pair of soles of him, he'd as soon sell him a “rough pair as any other man,-indeed, I'd take in my own father,” he added, if he wanted to deal with me.”
SEVERAL ARTICLES are sold by the street fishmongers chiefly by night. These are oysters, lobsters, pickled salmon, hot eels, stewed muscles, and the like. The reason why the latter articles sell better by night is, my informant says, " Because people are lofty-minded, and don't like to be seen eating on 'em in the street in the day time.” Shrimps and winkles are the staple commodities of the afternoon trade, which lasts from three to half-past five in the evening. These articles are generally bought by the working classes for their tea ; but they all assured me they never heard of a huckster keeping any accounts; and they one and all were convinced I should not find such a thing in the trade. The hucksters generally go out with a boy to cry their goods for them. If they come to have two or three hallooing together, it makes more noise than one could do, and the boys can shout better and louder than the men. They have found the trade so bad lately that many have been obliged to have a drum for their “ bloaters," to drum the fish off, as they call it. The more noise they can make in a place the better they find it. .... These boys are about twelve years of age, and generally get “ 2d. and a bit of victuals" a-day for their services. The parties who employ these boys do a little better than others; but those who sell for themselves are greatly injured by them. ...."Ten out of twelve,” said one in answer to my inquiry as to the state of education among the class, “ can't reall a hay from a bull's foot. I thinks costermongers generally the worst scholars a going.” “ If you take the generality of costerniongers," I was told by another, “ you will find them mostly of the lowest class,- generally a reprobate set of people, that is, abusive and vulgar in their language.' We all know one another all over London, by sight if not by name, by meeting one another at the markets, and by being continually about the streets selling.” Their amusements generally of an evening are · dancing and singing. They meet at some public-house in the neighbourhood-men and women, and occasionally a few youths. They have a regular fiddler, and they dance fourhanded reels; frequently they have a “clog-hornpipe," in wbich the men dance in wooden shoes. Sometimes they do the “pipe dance." For this a number of tobacco-pipes, about a dozen, are laid close together on the floor, and the dancer places the toe of his boot between the different pipes, keeping time with the music. Two of the pipes are arranged as a cross, and the toe has to be inserted between each of the angles, without breaking them. Sometimes one of the party does the hornpipe in fetters.
RURAL WALKS IN CORNWALL.
No. VI. ST. GERENNIUS OR GERRANS; ST. JUST; ST. ANTHONY ; CHURCHES
IN ROSELAND, ETC. If you look at the map of Cornwall, you will see on the south coast, a long and narrow peninsula jutting out into the sea, opposite the town of Falmouth. This peninsula is called Roseland. Now the ancient name of the parish of Philleigh, which is situated hereabouts, was Eglos-Ros, which means the "Heath Church ;" and it was from “ Ros” that the peninsula derived its name. Nearly about the middle of Roseland, on the eastern coast, lies the parish of Gerrans ; on the one side of the St. Mawe's river, which runs up to Porthcuel, lies St. Just,“ St. Just in Roseland," as it is called to distinguish it from the parish of St. Just in the deanery of Penwith : on the other side is S. Anthony in Roseland, so called to distinguish it from St. Anthony in Meneage, and St. Anthony in East : higher up are Philleigh and Veryan. ' • The Church and Churchtown of Gerrans are' situated on the summit of a hill facing the English Channel : the village is poor but the church is a fine building, and would be almost perfect, were it but a little loftier. It is one of the very few Cornish churches which possesses a spire; and this, although of late work, has good windows and doors, and is well proportioned. The church consists of a nave and chancel, with south aisle to both; a north transept, a tower and spire, and a south porch. '1t was, with the exception of the tower and spire, rebuilt in 1849 ; but the windows, doorways, arcades, &c., of the old church have been worked in again; and the old design and ground plan scrupulously adhered to. The benches, roof, skreen, and stalls, are of oak, as is also the altar. The old font remains in a good state of preservation; and there are some early examples of the lancet windows of the thirteenth century. Here a priest's tomb was discovered during the restoration, laid bottom upwards under the rectorial pew, (or pen ;) it has a good floriated cross carved on it in bas-relief, and has been placed under an arched recess in the north transept. The piscina remains; and the aumbrye, which is now used as a credence table. The benetura, or holy water stoup, remains in the porch. There are beautiful floriated crosses, of various designs, on four of the gables. In the churchyard the ancient stone cross has been reerected; the rounded head inclines considerably from the perpendicular, symbolically of the inclination of Our Lord's head on the cross. It consists of a flattened shaft, with a circle or disk on the top; and it was formerly used as a coping stone of the churchyard wall, in which position it was known by the village children as “The great custace."
PORTSCATHA, a thriving fishing place, is situated at the fout of the hill, close to the sea coast. The situation is most beautiful : opposite is Porth-kernick, and the noble headlands of the Nare and Deadman. Nearly in a line with the Nare is a fine gull-rock. The church of Gerrans is dedicated to St. Gerennius, a King of Cornwall. I will tell you something about this King Gerennius. He was a mighty King of Cornwall in the year of Our Lord God, 589 ; and lived in a noble castle in Gerran's parish, of which traces still remain, called Din-gerein. St Gerennius was a Christian King, a member of the Holy Catholic Church; and as such was known and loved by the bishops and prelates of the land. Now it happened that during the reign of St. Gerennius the yellow fever raged iu Wales ; not only among the poor peasants, but it carried off a noble king, King Maglocun. It was then that St. Telian, the Bishop of Llandaff, together with some other bishops, came into Cornwall for refuge, and were kindly and hospitably received by their friend, King Gerennius, at his Castle of Dingerein. After a time, St. Telian left St. Gerennius, and
went into Armorica, where he abode seven years and seven months. When he was returning from thence, to go into his own country again, he visited on his way bis friend King Gerennius, and found him on his deathbed. Right glad was the King to welcome his saintly friend once more, and to receive at his hands the Holy Sacrament of Christ's Body and Blood. And so having done, he returned to Llandaff, and saw his friend no more on earth. But St, Telian has long since been gathered unto his Fathers too, and doubtless he, who, with the Holy Catholic Church, believed in the Communion of Saints, as did, St. Gerennius, met his friend again.
From PORTSCATHA you can see, on the summit of the opposite hill, a gloomy mass; it is an enormous barrow, and beneath it lies the bones of the Saintly King Gerennius :-it turns to the east, and testifies to the belief of St. Gerennius in the resurection of the just, through the power of HIM WHOSE Name is The East. ú . PHILLEIGH CHURCH, which is in a very dilapidated condition, is dedicated to St. Felix, St Felix the first succeeded St. Dionysius as Bishop of Rome in the year 269: he was inartyred in 274, and enrolled among the saints. At the extremity of the peninsula, formed by the sea and the Pothcuel River, is situated the Church of St. Anthony. St. Anthony was born at Coma in Egypt, in the year 251, and is said to to have founded the Monastic Institutions. He sold all his possessions, and distributed them unto the poor, for the love which he bore unto Christ's Holy Catholic Church. When he had delivered up all his earthly riches to the poor, he retired unto the wilderness, where (like his Master before him,) he was grievously tempted and tormented of Saten, and that even for twenty years. At the end of this time he overcame the Devil, and fully prevailed against him ; when he found his blessing desired by a crowd of disciples, who admired his virtues, and desired to follow the example of Christ, as