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fewest words possible, because I think that

LOCAL TRADITIONS. for those who wish to cultivate a polite bearing, and conserve the good feeling which THE DISPOSAL OF THE BODY OF THE EARL OF

DERWENTWATER. usually accompanies gentlemanly conduct, a hint is alone sufficient.

MANY of the traditions which still linger 1. Do not talk too long together, for fear in remote places are still connected with of tiring your hearers, and so as to afford the attempts at rebellion in 1715 and 1745. others an opportunity of talking also. 2. In those days many of the leading gentry of Watch your listeners to be sure · hat they are the Borders and parts of Scotland were interested, and if they appearst to be, állow obliged to retire into hiding, in caves, the conversation to take its own shape in forests, and other wild and uncomfortable some other channel. 3. If you observe a places. At that time, when superstition person about to make a remark, give him prevailed amongst many of the superior the opportunity by pausing and assuming classes, and nearly all of the uneducated, an attentive and expectant countenance. particularly in country places, the circum4. If you tell stories let them be short, stances of those unfortunate gentlemen pointed, appropriate, and without digres- caused many things to occur which were atsion. 6. Avoid repetitions and hackneyed tributed to supernatural agency. Old buildphrases. 6. Use as few gestures as possible; ings, woods, and other places, to which the on a Frenchman gestures and grimaces sit supporters of the Pretender had fled for very well, because they are natural to the shelter, became peopled with apparitions, people, but the English gentleman seldom in- the fear of which made the temporary dweldulges in pantomime, and never in mimicry. lings of the fugitives comparatively safe, 7. Exercise your skill as a listener occasion- and caused it to be more easy for friends to ally, and listen attentively and with appre- communicate and supply them with food. ciation. If you are a listener by nature, and During these troubles many of those who hence not a talker, do not suffer yourself to escaped the hands of the executioner, were, become habitually dumb, or your society for the purpose of disguise, obliged to unwill be seldom acceptable. 8. Never anti- dertake the most ordinary employments. cipate a slow speaker, and avoid correcting It is well known that the Earl of Perth another in his pronunciation. Friends, on worked for long as an ordinary pitman. very familiar terms, may correct each other At the present day, in Northumberland, occasionally, but not in the presence of a there are few names more respected amongst third party, and always in a quiet and re- the country people of the district than that spectful manner. 9. Do not give advice of the Earl of Derwentwater, although it is unasked. 10. Give a speaker respectful at- now nearly a century and a-half ago since tention, and look him in the face while he met with an early grave. speaking. 11. Be not too free in speaking It may be worth while to glance briefly at your mind; remember that your mind may the particulars of the events which brought not be always right, and frankness of speech the young earl to an untimely end. Thomas is not to be commended, when its conclu- Forster, M.P. for Northumberland, with sions are built up by unsound reasoning on several gentlemen of the North, collected incorrect data; besides, by, plain speaking a force at a place called Greenrig, where you may frequently wound a sensitive per- they were met by the Earl of Derwentwater son, and one, too, having quite as noble -his coach covered and surrounded by views of things as yourself. People who armed men. In coming from Dilston, the pride themselves on speaking their minds are residence of the Earl, they drew their swords generally very vain of their opinions, and for at Corbridge, and in that state marched from getful of the old motto as to the good inten- various places to Warkworth. As they adtions with which a certain place is said to be vanced the numbers increased, and the chappaved. 12. Never burden ladies with argu- lain of the Pretender's force took possession of ments. They are very wise in dreading the ancient church at Warkworth, and issued them as they do. 13. Ireat females as be- an order for prayers to be offered up for the comes them, and indulge none of those va- Pretender instead of the King. In this nities, so prevalent at the present day, of town, Mr. Forster, who was the appointed regarding women as inferior beings. 14. general, in disguise and by sound of trumpet Swearing, coarse jokes, indecent anecdotes, proclaimed the Pretender as King of Brislang phrases, and personal allusions are not tain, Intelligence of this was conveyed uncommon, but not the less unprofitable, to Newcastle, which vigorously prepared for unreasonable, ungentlemanly, low, and re- defence. Seven hundred of the keelmen of prehensible.

the Tyne offered their services at an hour's

notice, and seven hundred men of the inha- ber of friends, who travelled at night-time, bitants came forward to defend the walls. resting during the day in places away from The train bands, militia, &c., were assem - towns. White-smocks, near Durham, is bled for review on Killing worth Moor, the still pointed out as the place where the body same place where, in after years, the loco- remained for a time, in order to avoid the City motive was perfected by George Stephenson. About the year 1815, the place of theinterLarge numbers of the regular army collected ment of the Earl of Derwentwater being at Newcastle. The Earl of Scarborough, matter of much uncertainty, the yault a the Lord-Lieutenant of the County, and Dilston was broken open, and the body found other gentlemen, also assembled; and a in a complete state of preservation; it ww strong body, under General Carpenter, went easily recognised by the suture round the northward, to attack the rebels, who re- neck, and by the appearance of youth, ani treated. After various marches, the rebels by the regularity of the features. After the retreated to Lancaster, which General Car- lapse of a century the teeth were found in penter besieged, and after a short resistance perfect state. To the disgrace of all con the town surrendered to the King. Then cerned, several of these were drawn by i the noblemen and considerable officers were village blacksmith, and sold for half-a-crom


sent to London, and led handcuffed together each; and much of the coffin was carried through the streets to the Tower. When away by the curious. James, Earl of Derwentwater, was beheaded, A few years since, and it may be so at preon February 23, 1716, his death was a na- sent, by passing a light attached to a long tional matter of regret. It is reported to stick through the iron grating of the vault, this day by the country people, that at the the now-dilapidated coffin of the Earl could time of the execution strange sounds were be seen. As is well known, the wide-spreadheard and terrible sights seen; stars fell, ing lands of the Derwentwater family were great trees were blown down, and the river confiscated and applied to the uses of GreenDerwent ran with blood. The Earl expressed wich Hospital; and the writer has seen the a last wish to be buried with his ances- heir to those titles and vast wealth carrying tors at Dilston. This seems to have been a butcher's basket in the streets of Newdenied to him ; for it was ordered that he castle-on-Tyne. should be buried in the church-yard of St. Giles's, Holborn. Either a sham funeral took place, or else the body was afterwards re- means; and no one is poor whose in-comings

No man is rich whose expenditure exceeds his moved, and was certainly carried by a num-exceed his out-goings.-Haliburton.

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versed with Jacob. From that rock the new MOSQUE OF OMAR.

mosque took its name of Gameat-el-Sakhra, The engraving represents the Great and became almost as sacred an object to Mosque at Jerusalem. It is built on the ex- the Mussulmans, as the mosques of Mecca act site of Solomon's Temple, and takes its and Medina. The Caliph El-Oulid contriname from its original founder, the Caliph buted still more to the embellishment of Omar. It is a Turkish edifice, and is El-Sakhra, and covered it with a dome of devoted to the worship of Mahomet. copper, gilt, taken from a church at Bal

Titus having taken Jerusalem in the beck. In the sequel, the crusaders consecond year of Vespasian's reign, not one verted the Temple of Mahomet into a sancstone was left upon another of that Temple tuary of Cbrist; but when Saladin re-took where Christ had done such glorious things, Jerusalem, he restored this edifice to its and the destruction of which he had pre- original use. dicted, When the Caliph Omar took Jeru- The form is an octagon, either side being salem, in 636 A.D., it appears that the site seventy feet in width; it is entered by four of the Temple, with the exception of a very spacious doors; the walls are white below, small part, had been abandoned by the intermingled with blue, adorned with Christians.' Said-Eben-Batrick, an Arabian pilasters, but above, it is faced with glazed historian, relates that the Caliph applied to tiles of various colours. The interior is the Patriarch Sophronius, and inquired of described as paved with gray marble; the him what would be the most proper place at plain walls are covered with the same mateJerusalem for building a mosque. Sophro- rial in white. It contains many noble nius conducted him to the ruins of Solo- columns, in two tiers. The dome is painted, mon's Temple. Omar, delighted with the and gilt in arabesque, whence depend anopportunity of erecting a mosque on so tique vessels of gold and silver; immediately celebrated a spot, caused the ground to be beneath it stands a mass of limestone, recleared, and the earth to be removed from a ported to have fallen from heaven when the large rock, where God is said to have con- spirit of prophecy commenced. On this sat

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fusel, by distillation with the same acid and however, very poor, all the large trees chromate of potass. The oil of pineapples having been removed. We rode for several is obtained from the product of the action of miles into it, and found the soil dry and putrid cheese on sugar! or by making a hard, but supporting a prodigious undersoap with butter. The artificial oil of bitter growth of gigantic harsh grasses that almonds is now largely employed in per- reached to our heads, though we were fuming soap confectionary; extracted by mounted on elephants.' Tigers, wild elenitric acid and the fetid 'oil of gas tar. phants, and the rhinoceros are said to be Many a fair forehead is damped with eau de found here; but we saw none. mille fleurs without the knowledge that its “The old and new Mechi rivers are essential ingredient is derived from the several miles apart, but flow in the same drainage of cow-houses !

depression, a low swamp many miles broad, which is grazed at this season, and culti

vated during the rains. The grass is very At the foot of the Himalayas, and not rich, partly owing to the moisture of the far from the European station of Darjeel- climate, and partly to the retiring waters of ing, there is a tract of country which is the rivers; both circumstances being the still inhabited by a tribe of very ancient effects of proximity to the Himalayas. origin, called the Mechs; they are rapidly Hence cattle (buffaloes and the common degenerating, and indeed may be said to be humped cow of India) are driven from the even now almost worn out as a distinct tribe. banks of the Ganges 300 miles to these They are but rarely visited by Europeans; feeding grounds, for the use of which a but Dr. Hooker inspected their district in trifling tax is levied on each animal. The 1850, and gives the following brief descrip- cattle are very carelessly herded, and many tion of its appearance :

are carried off by tigers.” “We arrived on the third day at the We give a sketch of

a pocket-comb Mechi river, to the west of which the which Dr. Hooker obtained from one of Nepaul Morung begins, whose belt of Sal the natives: it is, at all events, much forest loomed on the horizon, so raised by more tasteful in its form and ornamentarefraction as to be visible as a dark line, tion than the usualrun of English pocketfrom the distance of many miles. It is, combs.

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