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ROMAN VASES IN BLACK WARE.

ware

CHANGES OF FORTUNE.

decrepitated and split. They were so much

vitrified as to resemble modern stone ware, THE principal subjects represented on yet, as all of them have proofs of having vases of ancient Roman pottery of black been rejected by the potters, it is probable

are hunting scenes—such as dogs that this was not the proper colour of the chasing stags, deer, hares, also, dolphins, ware. Almost all were of the pinched-up ivy wreaths, and engrailed lines; and engine fluted shape, and had no bas-reliefs, having turned patterns. In a few instances, men been ornamented with patterns laid on in with spears are represented, but in a rude white colour. The kilns are supposed to be and debased style of art. The principal of the third century of our era, and the form is the cup of a jar shape, sometimes ware was in local use, for some of it was with deep oval flutings, as on one found at found at Bittern. Castor; but dishes, cups, plates, and mortars are not found in this ware.

In 1154, Sir Stephen Forster was Lord Some of the vases of this ware have orna- Mayor of London. He had been long in ments, and sometimes letters painted on prison and penury, on account of his inorthem in white slip upon their black ground, dinate profuseness. It chanced that a most as represented in our engraving. They are fantastical widow, who knew not how to get generally of a small size, and of the nature rid of her immense wealth, saw him begging of bottles or cups, with inscriptions, such as at the gate; she admired his fine person, AVE, hail! VIVAS, may you live! ÍMPLE, learnt his history, paid his debts, and marfill; BIBE, drink; VINVM, wine ; VIVA, ried him; asking of him only this one life; VIVE BIBE MVLTIS; showing that favour, that he would lavish away her forthey were used for purposes purely convivial. tune as fast as he could. Forster, probably Such are the vases found at Etaples, near from perverseness, became a sober husband Boulogne, the ancient Gessoriacum, and at and a prudent manager, and only expended Mespil.

large sums in adding a chapel and other Some rarer and finer, specimens from advantageous appendages to Ludgate, where Bredene, in the department of Lis, have a he had suffered so many hardships. moulding round the foot. Great quantities are found in England, Holland, Belgium, In the time of James I. poison was too and France. It is found on the right bank frequently resorted to, especially on the of the Rhine. A variety of this ware has continent, as a means of getting rid of inbeen lately found at a spot called Crockhill, dividuals who had rendered themselves in the New Forest, together with the kilns obnoxious to certain parties who were prosein which it was made, and a heap of potter's cuting their own private ends; and so sherds, or pieces spoilt in the baking. The extensively did this infamous practice prepaste was made of the blue clay of the vail that there was a class of persons who neighbourhood, covered with an alkaline were known to have studied the art of glaze of a maroon colour, perhaps the result secret poisoning, and whose services could of imperfect baking; for the pieces when be engaged for a high reward. In order to submitted again to the action of the fire, counteract the operations of the poisoners,

THE POISON CUP.

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GERMAN COSTUMES OF THE SIXTEENTH felt hat with red and white plume, dagger, CENTURY.

and sword. The accoutrements of the horse The costume-sketch which we give on

are simply black, with some metal ornanext page, is taken from an original draw- ments. The young lady is the besutiful ing, having the following superscription :

Leonora Caimingen, who was at that time a

great favourite of the Court of Wurtemberg. “ Varium et mutabile semper foemina Haec suo quem amat scripsit.

In travelling thus (which was at that time Georgius Wolfgang von Kalthenthal, 1579." the only mode), females of the higher rank

only were accustomed to make use of masks, The group represents the above-named or veils, for thə preservation of their comyoung knight, with his youthful wife, plexions, that custom being generally, untaking a ride. She wears a blue silken usual. The ancestral castle of the knights dress, with a boddice of gold brocade, of Kalthenthal was situated between Stutttrimmed with fur, and a rose-coloured silk gardt and Boeblingen, on the summit of a scarf; the head-dress is quite plain, the rock overhanging to the valley of Heplaeh. hair being fastened with a golden dagger set It exists no longer. in jewels. The knight's dress consists of a light green doublet, with dark green

A MAGICIAN'S MIRROR AND BRACELET. stripes; slashed hose, edged with white; A strange blending of pure science and yellowish leather surcoat without sleeves, gross superstition is remarkably illustrated riding boots of untanned leather, and grey l in the history of the celebrated Dr. Dee.

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Born in London in 1527, John Dee raised It is now in the collection of Lord Londeshimself at an early age to a great re- borough. reputation for his learning, in the ma- It is a polished oval slab of black stone, of thematical sciences especially, in the most what kind we have not been able to ascercelebrated universities in his own coun- tain, but evidently of a description which try and on the continent. He is said to was not then common in Western Europe, imbibed a taste for the occult sciences and Dr. Dee, who died in 1608, may have while a student at Louvain, but thero considered it as extremely precious, and as was evidently in his temper much of only to be obtained by some extraordinary an enthusiastic and visionary turn, which means. It was one of the ornaments of must have given him a taste for such mys- Horace Walpole at Strawberry Hill; and terious pursuits, without the necessity of an Walpole has attached to it a statement of external im ulse. One of the oldest and its history in his own hand-writing, from most generally-credited of magical opera- which we learn that it was “long" in the tions, was that of bringing spirits or visions possession of the Mordaunts, earls of Peterinto a glass or mirror, a practice which has borough, in whose catalogue it was described continued to exist in the East even to the as “the black stone into which Dr. Dee present day, and which prevailed to a very used to call his spirits.” It passed from considerable extent in all parts of Western that collection to Lady Elizabeth Germaine, Europe during the sixteenth century. The from whom it went to John Campbell, Duke process was not a direct one, for the magi- of Argyll, whose son, Lord Frederick Campcian did not himself see the vision in the bell, presented it to Horace Walpole. This mirror, but he had to depend upon an inter- interesting relic was bought at the Straw. mediate agent, a sort of familiar, who in berry Hill sale for the late Mr. Pigott; and England was known by the name of a skyrer, at the more recent sale of that gentleman's and whose business it was to look into the collection it passed into the hands of Lord mirror and describe what he saw. Dr. Dee's Londesborough. Its history and authentiprincipal skyrer was one Edward Kelly, and, city appear, therefore, to be well made out. during his connexion with him, Dee kept an It is believed that Butler alluded to this exact diary of all his visions, a portion of indentical stone in his well-known lines :which was printed in a folio volume by Meric Casaubon in 1659. In this journal

“Kelly did all his feats upon more than one magical mirror is evidently

The devil's looking-glass of stone,

When, playing with him at bo-peep, mentioned, and that which we here engrave He solv'd all problems ne'er so deep." is believed to have been of the number,

Hudibras. Part II, Canto 3.

Christmas with our Ports.

A SONG FOR CHRISTMAS EVE.
THERE is music, merry music,

Floating on the breeze to-night,
And the music, merry music,
Yields to me supreme delight.

If there be a heart that's sad,
We will strive to make it glad,
For our village bells are ringing,

And the Christmas waits are singing.
Then may music, merry music,

Glad the hearts of young and old;
We will not give Christmas reason

To think his reception cold.
We will fill the loving cup,
We will keep old customs up;
We will hang the berries red

High in bunches overhead.
Our hearis shall beat as one, our thoughts and

wishes blend,

Not a heart will be shut,
In castle or in hut;
Friends from far and near

Will join us in our cheer,
Friends we long have known, and on whom we

may depend.

In ages long gone by,
When Christmas time drew nigh,
The grey-haired Celtic priest,

To celebrate the feast,
Went to some stately oak to cut the mistletoe.*

A golden scythe he used,
A multitude there mused,
And sang aloud in strains

of Bethlem's hallow'd plains, And of Him who spoke more than the wise

could know.
There is music, merry music,

Floating on the breeze to-night,
And the music, merry music,
Yields to me supreme delight.

O the yule log shall blaze,
And our voices we will raise;
For at such a time as this

Not a thing should go amiss.
Then with music and with singing,

With mistletoe and berry,
While Father Christmas stays, my friends,
O let us all be merry !

C. MARSHALL

And they cluster round the worthy man,

All fear is banish'd from the place; No awkward courtesy appears,

The grateful heart beams in the face. How pleasing 'tis to see ʼmid those

Whom Heaven has blessed with worldly store, A heart enlarg'd and bountiful

That loves to aid the suffering poor. But hark! the merry chimes begin,

Bidding all come to pray and praise, And ʼmid the assembly we discern

The widow's grateful happy face. The glad occasion has revived

Bright hopes within her lonely breast, And faith takes hold upon her heart,

Despair once gloomily possest. And now her soul's deep sentiment

Is, that whatever be life's scene, Her gratitude shall ne'er decay, But in the bright or gloomy day, Be like the laurel-ever green.

LUCINDA B.
WELCOME, CHRISTMAS!
WELCOME, Christmas! merry Christmas!

Welcome to us once again;
Welcome, Christmas! merry Christmas!

With thy laughter-loving train!
Thou of all the happy seasons,

Bringest joy to youthful hearts,
At thy coming weary sadness

From their presence soon departs.
Joy is thine, oh, merry Christmas!

Joy, and fun, and harmless mirth!
At thy bidding joy and gladness

Soon o'erspread the loving earth.
Boys and girls with cheerful faces,

Hastening homeward from their task,
Greet thee with a hearty welcome,

And a blessing on thee ask.
Fathers, mothers, brothers, sisters,

Uncles, aunts, and cousins sweet,
Flock around the little dear ones,

Their return to “home” to greet.
Turkeys, geese, and roasted beef,

And all thy season does afford,
With Christmas pies and rich plum-pudding,

Steam upon the well-spread board.
Christmas presents showering on them,

Bon-bons, mottoes, sweatmeats, cakes,
Dates, and figs, mince-pies, and tartlets,

Each one to his fill partakes.
And the Boys and Girls' Companion

For their leisure hours, does lie
On the side-board, filled with pictures

To attract the youthful eye,
Telling them of games and puzzles

Fitted for this joyous ason,
And, to fill the happy hours,

Tales of wonder, sense, and reason.
Oh, the merry games of Christmas!

Joyous are they, every one;
Christmas trees, charades, and forfeits,

Snatch-apple, and snap-dragon,
Blind-man's buff, and hunt-the-slipper,

And the dizzy Christmas ball,
Fascinate the youthful darlings,

And give pleasure to them all.

CHRISTMAS MORNING. THERE were joyous hearts one Christmas morn,

In a cottage by the lone seashore, For in the night some friend had borne

A well-filled hamper to the door.
How bright each pallid face appear'd

When gazing at the precious food,
And the widow raised her heart to Heaven

In overflowing gratitude.
Take but a glance in the hall close by,

For the master keeps an open door;
How heartily each voice responds
To a toast propos’d--the poor,—the poor !

• Our friends will doubtless recollect that the Druids considered the mistletoe a special gift from the Divinity to the oak, and the gathering of this plant was the most sacred of ceremonies.

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