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able place the hundred contains Each will I dare say easily get a free passage. hundred is then divided into alphabetical Do not buy smart but strong clothes, and districts, and each district subdivided into stock yourself well with shoes, for cloth sections, each section containing about boots are twelve shillings a pair here. thirty acres, and numbered according to Crockery is very dear; we had to give sixquality in each district, and laid out with pence a piece for common blue pudding fences, N. S. E. W., while between every plates, and tenpence each for common cups two sections each way is a road, so as to and saucers; so if you are fortunate enough form the land in blocks or squares contain- to have any of them you had better bring ing three hundred and twenty acres.

them; and take care of your ship things,

for you will find them all useful; and for Currency Creek, Adelaide, the voyage provide all that you can,-a

South Australia, May, 1850. bottle or two of English wine, some bacon, My dear Jane,

a cake, and a Dutch cheese, which you will This day twelve months we came to find a great treat with the biscuits. If you Adelaide, and I have very much to be thankful could take a small bag of flour you would for, for I little thought we should be so find it a great comfort, to make a bit of comfortably settled in so short a time. We bread when you are poorly, as you are sure left Mypiniga at the expiration of our six to be; so keep on deck as much as possible, months, for I found I could not do the and do not take any messes, for sea-sickness work with a young child; and a man like will have its course.

John wants you to my husband, who can turn his hand to bring some currant bushes; you are to pack anything, can do much better on a farm of them in moss; and I should like some his own than in service; but it is a very rhubarb, mustard and cress seed, and ingood plan to get six months' experience deed all the seeds you can get. I forgot to before you enter into anything for your ask you to bring a pound of white cotton, selves.

and some darning ditto; also tape of differWe are fifty miles in the bush, and I ent sizes, and a pound of coarse sewing have seen but one woman this seven weeks. silk, to make crackers for stock-whips, I see plenty of men, rough-looking but which have handles two feet long, with a kind-hearted bushmen. I must tell you, thong of from fourteen to thirty feet in that by keeping in service we should not length; they make such a noise you can have done so well as we are now doing. In hear them for miles. And now, dear Jane, the course of the next month we shall be when you know what ship you are coming milking twenty cows, so you may be sure in, write, if it's only a line; and perhaps we have enough to do; but I have the we may get that before you are aware, and black women to do my washing, and very shall be on the look out; and write again good washers they are, so that I manage before you get to Adelaide, and give it to pretty well. And now, my dear Jane, if the pilot, and he will post it long before you have not altered your mind, and still you are on shore. Then do you stay on think of coming to Australia, I shall be board till John comes or sends; we have very glad of a companion, and you will find only one post a week, on Thursday; so that a comfortable and happy home here, and I whatever day you arrive we shall not get it feel cor vinced we shall all be happy toge- till the Thursday after. Do not leave the ther; although I fancy I shall soon lose ship if you can help it; but if you are forced you, for it is almost impossible for a girl to to come on shore before we come, go to Mr. keep single long in the bush.

watchmaker, street, tell him who know there are sixteen or eighteen bache- you are, and ask him to recommend you the lors in Currency Creek, all farmers ; is it best inn, and leave word with him where not a pity they should not have wives you are lodging, but be sure and make no The farmers' wives are sadly put out, for as acquaintances, as there are some queer chasoon as they send for a girl from Adelaide, racters in Adelaide. some of the bachelors are sure to steal her away ; so do not marry in England unless you are sure the man can turn his hand to TRCTI AND JUSTICE.-Truth and justice are almost anything, for those are most likely the immutable laws of social order. Far from us to succeed in the bush; and I am sure you be the dangerous maxim, that it is sometimes would not like to live in the town. I forgot useful to mislead, to enslave, and to deceive to tell you we have a very nice garden, perience has at all times proved, that these with plenty of cherries, grapes, peaches ;- sacred laws can never be infringed with impuand now I must tell you how to come. You I nity.-Laplace.

Do you

ORIGINAL POETRY.

AUTUMN.
Now summer garbs of smiling green

Each forest flings away,
And dressed in russet brown is scen

To hail the Autumn day.
The stately Oak his branches waves,

And rears to heaven his head;
The Willow in the streamlet laves

Her foliage tinged with red.
Soon both shall stiff and frozen lie

In Winter's iron hold,
At whose approach, with north winds fly

Those varied shades of gold.
How true a type of manhood's pride,

To stern misfortune bendins;
While cynic tools his error chide,

With blame their pity blending.
While to the Oak, through Winter's storm,

The Ivy firmly clinging,
And round the stricken giant's form

Her close embraces flinging--
Reminds us c'er of woman's lovc

(In wealth how oft neglected !) – Faithful in grief and care to prove

Its partner still respected. - TEXTA.

THE LOVE OF NATURE. Ir Nature to a loving child

Discloses beauties ever new,

Invites with sweetest scent and hue, And makes a pathway o'er the wild: Oh! where shall Pity find a tear

For those who pass her slories by;

Who seek ’mid yarish throngs the jor Which blossoms in her lowliest sphere? Earth hath no sadder sight to show

Than mocked Ambition's anguish vain;

It sought to wield a world-wide reign And thrive on others' want and woe. While he who seeks Life's daily store,

In a right spirit from Nature's hand

Drinks nectar in a fairy land, And Heaven throws wide its golden door.

A. Y. SOMERVILLE.

CONSOLATION.
WEEP not, thou disappointed one,
Check the warm gushing of thy tears;
Look up in simple faith to Heaven
And pray for strength to bear thy grief
In calm resignedness.

Let me
With gentle touch efface those tears
That quiver on thine eye-lashes,
And let thine eyes gaze into mine-
Mine, which while yet I speak to thee
Are moist from very sympathy.
Why weepest thou, unhappy one ?
Tell me the secret of thy heart
And me share thy grief with thee;
Let us be one in sorrow,

No!
We will not weep. Still every tear
That flows unbidden from the fount
of deep unuttered grief, and now
Oh! rather let us join in prayer
That Heaven will bless our griefs, and smile.
A smile that shines thro' tears of grief,
Is far more sunny than a smile
Of ordinary joy. Of Hope,
Of Gratitude, of Faith, and Love,
It speaks, more eloquent than all,
And breathes within its very self
Of Consolation.

CYCLAMEX, 'TIS MINE. 'Tis mine, sweet child,” the mother said,

As her infant lay at rest;
She smiled as she gazed on its cherub form,

Ani fondly her babe caressed.
'Tis mine! 'tis mine!” with lordly voice

Cried that “tyrant sleek and grim;" And he snatch'd the babe from its mother's

Thinking nouglit could baffle him. [arms, “Stay, stay, 0 Death !" an angel spake,

And he laid the monster low; “My Master hath sent for this lovely one,

From this world of sin and woe." “My Master hath need of this ' spotless lamb,”

Ere sin shall defile its breast;
It must dwell in that better land' on high,
Where alone is peace and rest."

WEALTH.
THERE is a wealth material; but, allied
With nothing else, how poor a ground for pride!
The simple grovelling mortal this may claim,
Without one talent or one lofty aim.
There is a mental wealth: but this alone
Is but a sorry opulence to own;
Though it command the wonder of mankind,
'Tis pitiful, with goodness uncombined.
There is a moral wealth; rich treasure this!
Religion's dowry-surest source of bliss :-
Where such with learning, wisdom, doth combine,
The human most resembles the divine.
Blind mercenaries, grasping but to hold-
There is no worth inherent in your gold!
Alone, 'tis but a minister of sin-
Real affluence is found the man within.

SAMUEL E.

HO PE. WHEN the sky that groweth

Gloomy, dark, and drear, Aud the wind that bloweth,

Tell the storm is near: Though the earth is wearing

Many a threatening sign, Do not be despairing,

Soon the sun may shine!
Though misfortune meet you

On your sunny way,
Soon success may greet you

With a cheering ray:
Do not idly sorrow,

Do not e'en complain, Then perchance the morrow May bring joy again.

MEPHISTOPHETES.

women

.

INFANT MANAGEMENT

never occurs to her that those who come

after her must, in their turn, go through the How strongly Dr. Combe's experience same painful and profitless experience with impressed him with the necessity of an ac- their children, unless, with rational forequaintance with physiology and the con- sight, they be prepared, by the requisite stitution of the infant frame being made an instruction and training, for those duties essential part of female education, appears which they may soon be called on to perfrom the following earnest appeal, which we form. have transferred from a new edition of his “ It is true that all

are not able work on Infant Management, in the destined to become mothers; but how very hope that it may attract more general atten- small is the proportion of those who are tion

unconnected by family ties, friendship, or ". In no point of view is it possible to de- sympathy, with the children of others ! fend the prevailing error of leaving out How very few are there who, at some period what ought to constitute an essential part of of their lives, would not find their usefulfemale education. Till this defect be re- ness and happiness increased by the possesmedied, thousands of young beings, whosion of a kind of knowledge so intimately might have been preserved, will continue allied to their best feelings and affections ! to be cut off at the very outset of existence, “ It may, indeed, be alleged, that mothers to the lasting grief of those who would require vo knowledge of the laws of the have been happy to guard them against infant constitution, or of the principles of every danger, had they only known how. infant management, because medical aid is Even in the best regulated families, it is always at hand to correct their errors. Acrare to meet with a mother who, before cording to the present habits of society, becoming such, has devoted the least atten- however, professional men are rarely contiön to the study of the infant constitution, sulted till the evil is done, and the health to the principles on which it ought to be broken ; but even if they were, intelligence treated, or to the laws by which its prin- and information are needed in the mother, eipal functions are regulated. She enters to enable her to fulfil their instructions.” on her important charge with less preparation than if it were a plant or a flower, in- THE TRAP-DOOR SPIDER. stead of a being in whose existence and THERE are few insects of such extraHappiness her whole soul is centred. Yet ordinary habits as the Trap-door Spider, to HER exclusively the infant looks for that and the following account of it by Professor cherishing and affectionate care which its Jones is so interesting, that we are glad to delicate frame requires; to her it directs extract it from his extellent work on Insect every appeal, in the full confidence that she Architecture:will be ever watchful for its happiness and In the Ionian islands, and also in the relief, and that from her a look or a cry will West Indies (as well as in the south of procure the requisite sympathy or aid. Sie France, and in Corsica), there are found it is who provides its nourishment, regulates certain spiders (Cteniza) commonly known its exercise, and watches over its slumbers. as Trap-door Spiders, which make a cylinBut when we inquire to what extent her drical nest in the earth, and cover the education has fitted her for the intelligent entrance with a door of their own construcdischarge of the duties which thus consti- tion, framed of alternate layers of silk and tute the chief objects of her social existence, earth, and fastened to the opening by a we find that, in the majority of instances, hinge of stout silk. These spiders also on no one point relating to them has she re- line their nests throughout with numerous crived even a tittle of instruction : and that layers of silken web to the thickness of slie marries and becomes a mother without stout cartridge paper, and finish it with the a suspicion of her deficiency in the most greatest care. This beautiful lining is yet or linary information concerning the nature further strengthened in particular parts, and functions of the infant whom she is where the nest is likely to be exposed to suddenly called upon to cherish and bring danger. But the greatest amount of skill up. When her heart is wrung by witness- and care is bestowed upon the trap-door ing its sufferings, and she knows not to what and its silken hinge. The door is about hand to turn to save it from impending the eighth of an inch thick, rough on the danger, she bitterly laments her ignorance outside, not much unlike an oyster-shell, and helplessness. But not being aware which it also resembles in being thick and that much of the difficulty and danger pro- strong near the hinge, but thinner towards ceeds from her defective education, the ideal the circumference. The breadth of this

[graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small]

hinge is various, but sometimes it is very a degree, the trap-door opened. From this considerable, as shown in the figure accom- it would appear, that the entrance to such a panying. It also possesses great elastic nest could be effected as easily by the force, so that, on being opened, it closes enemies of the spider as by the spider itagain of itself. This is principally accom- , self; this, however, is not the case; for plished by a fold or doubling of the web at repeated observation has shown that the each end of the hinge, which permits the spider keeps guard at the entrance, and door to be opened nearly to a right angle actually holds the door with her fore-feet with the aperture, but no further unless and palpi, while the hind-feet are extended violence be used. The under-side of the down the side of the nest, and the mandibles

are thrust into the opposite side near the door. By this means the insects get such power as to resist with considerable force the opening of the door. If it be asked how this is known, we are able to refer to the experiments of careful observers, who extracted a number of nests from the ground, and opening them at the lower end, looked up, and saw the spider so occupied. A section view of the nest will show that the curved form of the cover, and the shape of the side walls, must favour this method of keeping the door shut. In some cases, small hollows were formed round the interior edge 1 of the lid, into which the spider thrust its feet when keeping guard. It is a curious fact, that when several of these spiders enclosed in their nests were kept as a matter

of curiosity in a box of earth, and the doors door is perfectly smooth and firm, being frequently opened to examine their proceedshaped so as to fit accurately, and yet to ings, one or two of them, as if wearied at offer no resistance when pushed open by these repeated interruptions, effectually the insect.

closed their doors by weaving a piece of As might be expected, there are varieties silken tapestry, which was spread over the in the shape and size of these nests. Some interior of the opening, and rounded like specimens found in the island of Zante had the inside of a thimble. This was so strongly the silken layers of the lid extended into a attached to the door and to the side walls, sort of handle, or lever, just above the that no opening could be made without des. hinge, on pressing which, in ever so slight Itroying the nest.

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TRAP-DOOR SPIDER.

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EARLY one morning, when the air seemed fresher, and the sky brighter than usual, and birds, flowers, and people were enjoying the change from dull gloomy weather, with its accompanying storms, to sparkling sunshine, fragrant breezes, and a blue sky, our well-mounted party

left Beyrout, and, scampering over the EASTERN RAMBLES AND

yellow sands for several miles, at last REMINISCENCES.

espied Sidon, which presented rather an

imposing appearance rising from the RAMBLE THE ELEVENTH.

shore.

Trotting through the guard-house, and SIDON, ITS RUINS AND HISTORICAL AS: passing by groups of lazy Turkish soldiers, SOCIATIONS—THE PROGRESS OF THE PLAGUE

IN SYRIA – SAREPTA –AR- smoking and playing at dominoes, we RIVAL AT SOOR OR TYRE.

entered the town. How soon our ideas These tow'rs that long withstood the blast, respecting it changed! The interior was These mossy tow’rs are mouldering fast, gloomy and wretched, irregularly built,

While Flora's children stay, To mantle o'er the lonely pile,

and contrasting forcibly with the shady To gild destruction with a smile,

groves and gardens, filled with varions And beautify decay.

kinds of fruit-trees, with which the town

is surrounded. Oh, here shall Contemplation love Unseen and undisturb'd to rove;

The streets are narrow, the cafés dirty, And bending o'er some mossy tomb, and the general aspect of the interior unWhere valour sleeps, or beauties bloom, comfortable. Its name flourishes too often Shall weep for glory's transient day, And grandeur's evanescent ray!”

in the history of the plague to make you MRS. HEMANS. feel at ease; the people have such a

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