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INTERIOR BACK VIEW.
and first row of brickwork 9 inches wide, house sufficiently large for ordinary purand between the piers 41 inches in width. poses, as it will be found capable of holding
some thirty or forty dozen of plants through the winter, a time when the amateur must of necessity loose many, if not all, his plants, without he has some contrivance of this kind to store them in. With a fervent hope, then, that these instructions will enable those of limited incomes to shelter their favourites during the inclement season, and thus give them an opportunity of competing with their more wealthy neighbours in the spring, I now bring my paper to a close, with the full confidence that I shall not only have added to the comfort of those who take a delight in gardening on a small scale, but shall also have been the means of causing them to prove the truth of that good old
adage, Having completed the brick-work, you must next turn your attention to the
“Where there is a will there is a way.” framework, which is, of the two, the most difficult; but with the aid of the above diagrams, the work will not only be greatly
THE URSINE SEAL, facilitated, but you will be able to
THE URSINE SEAL is a polygamist, like your coat according to your cloth,” or, in the Turk or the Mormon, and the number of other words, avoid much waste both in labour wives frequently amounts to fifty. The and material. The following are the di- cubs are usually very active, and are fond mensions necessary to be observed :
of playing and wrestling together. When West end-Back, 4 feet 2 in.; front, 2 one has thrown another on the ground, the feet 5 in.; width, 5 feet 2 in.; Fig. 1. father comes up growling, toys with the
East end-Back, 4 feet 2 in.; front, 2 feet victor, trying to overthrow it, and gives 5 in.; width, 5 feet 2 in.; door, 18 in.; the young animal more and more embraces, Fig. 2.
the greater the resistance it offers. It is not so attached to the lazy, idle cubs. These usually hang about the mother. All the cubs remain with their parents till they are a year old. The male loves its females and cubs remarkably, but often treats the
former with the severity of an Eastern Fig. 3.
pasha. He will fight for his cubs if you try to take them away, but if a mother neglects to pick up a cub in her mouth, and thus loses it, the father's fury is turned upon her. He seizes her by the teeth, and dashes her several times against a rock. So soon as she has slightly recovered she returns to her lord in a most humble posture, sheds many tears, and crouches at his feet. The male walks up and down, growling, rolling his eyes, and throwing his head about; but if he finds that he has no chance
of recovering the cub, he begins weeping Fig. 1.
too, so violently that the tears fall in drops
and wet his breast. When old, the Ursine Front—Height, 2 feet 5 in.; width, 11 Seal is deserted by his wives, and spends feet; with window in centre, 2 feet 8 in. the rest of his life in solitude, principally wide; Fig. 3.
in sleeping and fasting, but generally grows Top-7 feet 6 in.
by 11 feet, with sliding very fat, so that he proves the truth of the sash in the centre, 2 feet 8 in. wide; Fig. 4. French proverb, “Qui dort dine.”—Life in
This, when put together, will give you a 'the Sea, by Lascelles Wraxall.
All nature seems doomed to decay,
The bright joys of Summer away.
With the nooks we once loved so well;
And sad as a funeral knell. The easterly winds have bereft us
Of our flow'rets so varied and gay, And the swift-winged swallows have left us
For the lands of the South, far away. The robin re-visits us daily,
The song-thrush all mournfully sings,
Sail by on its gossamer wings.
By their side 'tis a treat to remain,
And soon will be with us again. But though the young blossoms are dying,
And Winter comes round in his turn, We should not be languidly sighing
For things that can never return. Let us hope there are brighter days near us!
That the flowers that around us decay Will blossom in Spring-time to cheer us,
And this hope will chase sorrow away. Tho' the sun 'neath the hills may be sinking,
And Night her dark mantle may fling O'er the earth, let us only be thinking
Of joys that the morrow will bring. And thus let us act as we wander
Through life's ever varying scene, For 'tis useless to mournfully ponder
O'er troublesome things that have been. Let us gaze on the past but a minute,
Many errors, no doubt, we shall find; And many a sound lesson in it
We may learn, if we all feel inclined. As to Winter, let's welcome him hither,
While we trust that the future will bring Flowers as fair as the host that now wither, And birds that as sweetly will sing !
W, H. H,
Smiling as they go,
To this world below.
Like a child at play,
And quickly flies away.
Brings fragrance o'er the lake;
Bring Autumn in their wake.
The corn gilds many a field,
The glittring sickle wield.
And plumes of russet-brown;
With snowstars in his crown.
With all its merry beams,
Will fade like pleasant dreams.
Like merry babes at play, And revel in each Season's joys As each one rolls away.
THE FUNERAL AT SEA.
We laid him down to rest;
No mould his coffin prest;
A solemn welcome rang, The murmuring winds breathed forth his knell,
The waves his requiem sang :
In ocean's pearly caves,
Where the green herbage waves;
(In hallowed precincts made), Filling the air with sweet perfume,
When summer sunsets fade.
Above his ocean grave,
Perchance each sea-borne wave
May bear upon its crest
The loved one's place of rest :
The language of the sea,
Breathing “The hour shall be
With solemn, holy dread,
M, W. MERRITT.
POETS' FANCIES. THEY come, they come, like midnight dreams
To the young and happy bride;
As closely are allied.
With the spirit of good-will;
They with happy feelings fill.
Oft they bear a magic charm To cheer a stranger or a friend, And the poet's breast to warm.
DOMESTIC HINTS AND RECEIPTS. of roasting it at home cannot be very great. Let
roaster at a very reasonable price, and the trouble it be kept in a plain tin canister, and when roasted
transfer it to a smaller one. Let the latter, CLEANSING THE HAIB.-Nothing but good can especially, be air-tight, as nothing deteriorates be derived from a due attention to cleaning the coffee so much as exposure to the air after it has hair. Our correspondent's objections about loss been roasted. of hearing, colds, &c., apply to an immoderate use PIQUE is a cotton material much worn in France, of water. Once a week is perhaps desirable, but and now being also made very useful in England. this will depend upon the individual; persons It is woven with small raised diamond patterns, with light, thin, and dry hair will require it more and others of various kinds, as its entire fabric, seldom than those with thick, greasy hair, or who generally white, but frequently in plain colours. perspire very freely. Nothing is better than soap When of a good quality it bears washing thoand water. The soap should be mild, and well roughly well. The newest style of piqué is covered and plentifully rubbed in the hair.
with printed flowers. The simple white, prettily A WIFx's POWER.---The power of a wife for braided, is perfectly suited for a child's dress. good or evil, is irresistible. Home must be the CURE FOR HYDROPHOBIA.—The Presse Mediseat of happiness, or it must be for ever unknown. cale Belge states on the authority of Father LeA good wife is to a man, wisdom, and courage, grand de la Liray, late interpreter to Admiral and strength, and endurance. A bad one is con- Rigualt de Genouilly, and one of the oldest and fusion, weakness, discomfiture, and despair. No most venerable missionaries in Tonquin and condition is hopeless where the wife possesses Cochin China, that in those countries hydrophobia firmness, decision, and economy. There is no is cured with complete success by boiling a handoutward prosperity which can counteract indo- ful of the leaves of Datura Stramonium, or Thorny lence, extravagance, and folly at home. No spirit Apple, in a litre of water, until reduced one-hall, can long endure bad domestic influence. Man is and then administering the potion to the patient strong, but his heart is not adamant. He delights all at a time. A violent paroxysm of rage ensues, in ent rise and action; but to sustain him he which lasts but a short time, and the patient is needs a tranquil mind, and a whole heart. He cured in the course of twenty-four hours. For the needs his moral force in the conflicts of the world. | benefit of our readers we may state that the leaves To recover his equanimity and composure, home of the stramonium are highly narcotic, and as must be to him a place of repose, of peace, of such are recommended in asthma under the form cheerfulness, of comfort; and his soul renews its of cigars, to be smoked as usual; but that the strength again, and goes forth with fresh vigour same leaves, taken in large quantities, whether in to encounter the labour and troubles of life. But powder or under the form of a decoction, will proif at home he finds no rest, and is there met with duce temporary idiotcy. As to its efficacy in conbad temper, sullenness, or gloom, or is assailed by firmed hydrophobia, it seems to be very earnestly discontent or complaint, hope vanishes, and he recommended by Father Legrand, who declares sinks into despair.
he has tried it several times, and invariably with CHEERFULNESS.-We are told, on the highest success. The great difficulty will of course conauthority, that the “merry heart is a continual sist in administering the remedy to the patient, feast," and we know that one of the simplest facts which probably must be done by main force, with of medical science establishes the conviction of the aid of a horn; but on this subject the Presse cheerfulness being the best and greatest supporter Medicale is silent. and promoter of health. May we advise that this RECEIPT FOR TOMATO SAUCE.--Cut six tomabeneficial cheerfulness should be cultivated as a toes in half, and having pressed out their juice, family virtue. By its means health is promoted, put to them some gravy, a bit of garlick, a little as well as loss of home; while the gloom that parsley, and a few drops of vinegar. These must damps the spirits, depresses also the vital ener. be boiled together for a short time, and passed gies, and makes the young members of a house through a sieve. hold eager and anxious to escape from that spot
[The three following receipts are frequently used which ought to be the well-beloved and attractive (as occasion requires) in our family, and I do not centre of the best affections of the heart.
think they have ever been published.-F. S. THE BLACKBERRY.-Very few regard this shrub Mills]. of the slightest value-it does, however, possess A LINIMENT FOR A BRUISE.--Mix one pennysome qualities which entitle them to the attention worth of each of the following, and rub upon the of others than the mere passer-by. For instance: bruise every evening:-Spirits of Wine, Laudathe blackberries have à dessicative and astrin- num, Camphor, Opodeldoc, Sal. Ammonia, and gent virtue, and are a most appropriate remedy Turpentine. for the gums and inflammation of the tonsils. RECEIPT FOR THE BOWEL COMPLAINT.-- Take Boerhave affirms that the roots taken out of the Tincture of Rhubarb, 1 oz.; Syrup of ditto, 1} oz.; earth in February or March, and boiled in honey, Laudanum, } oz.; Essence of Peppermint, oz.; are an excellent remedy against dropsy. Syrup mix in half-a-quartern of the best Brandy, and of blackberries, picked when only red, is cooling cork tightly. When required for use, take two and astringent, in common purgings or fluxes. teaspoonfuls in half a glass of warm water, and
The bruised leaves, stalks, and unripe fruit, ap- the pain will be almost instantly remedied. The plied outwardly, are said to cure ring-worm. taste is not disagreeable.
COFFEE.—In purchasing coffee, always prefer A FIEST-RATE TOOTH POWDER.-1 oz. of Prethe Mocha; next to this, the Bourbon and Mau- cipitated Chalk, 1 oz. of Powdered Peruvian Bark, ritius coffee; and lastly, the West India coffee. $ oz. of Powdered Bol. Armenia, and 4 drops of Never buy it roasted; you can procure a coffee Oil of Cinnamon, well mixed together,
at an average value of £15 each, represent a stock of £1,500,000 in the country.
The subject of ventilation is so important, and QUEEN CAROLINE's LOVE FOR HER HUSBAND. the want of pure air in most apartments and pub-One inscrutable attachment that inscrutable lic buildings so generally notorious, that we do woman has. To that she is faithful, through all not hesitate to call attention to a method of ventrial, neglect, pain, and time. Save her husband, tilation patented by Mr. W. Cooke. The ventishe really cares for 110 created being. She is good lators are constructed of wire gauze or perforated enough to her children, and even fond enough of zinc, and may be fitted to a window sash or single them; but she would chop them all up into little pane of glass, a door, wall, partition, &c. The pieces to please him. In her intercourse with all vitiated air passes out through the upper fold of around her, she was perfectly kind, gracious, and the ventilator, and is constantly replaced by pure natural; but friends may die, daughters may de- air. The most noticeable points of the inven. part, she will be as perfectly kind and gracious to tion-which appears to be of general application the next set. If the king wants her, she will to all kinds of buildings and apartments, as well smile upon him, be she ever so sad ; and walk as to carriages, ships, and steam-vessels, without with him, be she ever so weary; and laugh at his interfering with their present construction-are, brutal jokes, be sho in ever so much pain of body the prevention of draught, cheapness combined or heart. Caroline's devotion to her husband is a with extreme simplicity (highly important where prodigy to read of. What charm had the little the object affects the million), and facility of man?
What was there in those wonderful letters fitting and removal, so that a servant can readily of thirty pages long, which he wrote to her when adjust it. Dust is excluded, and the admission of he was absent, and to his mistresses at Hanover, air being imperceptible, it may be kept in use when he was in London with his wife? Why did with safety in sick rooms and sleeping apartments Caroline, the most lovely and accomplished prin- during the night-a matter of considerable mocess of Germany, take a little red-faced, staring ment. As an example of simple and inexpensive princeling for a husband, and refuse an Emperor? means of obtaining ventilation in stables without Why, to her last hour, did she love him so ? She draught, and preventing the accumulation of amkilled herself because she loved him so. She had monia and heated air, and thereby conducing to the gout, and would plunge her feet in cold water the preservation of horses' sight, Mr. Cooke's inin order to walk with him. With the film of vention certainly demands the special attention of death over her eyes, writhing in intolerable pain, gentlemen owning valuable horses. To those she yet had a livid smile and a gentle word for her who have experienced the want of fresh air in our waster.-Thackeray.
courts of justice, churches, theatres, apartments,
or railway carriages-and who has not ?—we reAGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS.—The wildness of commend a personal inspection of the invention the forest is subdued by implements of iron; the itself, the exceeding ingenuity displayed in the are and the spade are the pioneers of cultivation, arrangement, by which, when out of use, it reand the portable steam-engine, the improved mains entirely out of sight, being of itself well plough, horse-hoe, and drill follow in their train. worthy of observation.-Building News. A large and important department of manufacturing skill is that which is devoted to agricul- good uses for a new kind of bronze, made by
We learn that workers in metal are finding tural implements and machines, to those mechan. ical aids by which the produce of the soil is melting together ten parts of aluminum with developed. Count Gasparin, in his “Cours ninety of copper. It is described as being tena«i'Agriculture,” presents an analysis and classifi- cious as steel, and being well adapted for the cation of agricultural implements
, according to bearings of machinery. À polisher, who used it the nature of the operations which they are des
for bearings in his lathe, which made 2,000 revotined to perform. Descriptive works and treatises than bearings made of other kinds of metal. It
lutions a minute, found it last six times longer on the subject of different implements have been is good also for pistol barrels, and is to be tried published from time to time. The aggregate value of this manufacturing industry, we have,
for rifles and cannon. lowever, not seen estimated with any precision.
TAE NEAREST STAR.- Astronomers assert that The quantity of implements in use, and the wear Sirius, or the Dog Star, is the nearest to us of all and tear on them must be large. Mr. M. Queen the fixed ones; and they compute the distance from in 1835, drawing his deductions from the re- our earth at 2,200,000,000,00 of miles. They port of the Agricultural Committee of 1833, maintain that a sound would not reach our earth calculated the dead stock-chietly implements, from Sirius in 50,000) years; and that a cannon carts, machinery, &c.-at £162 for a farm of 100 ball, fiying with its usual velocity of 480 miles an acres, and the wear and tear thereon at £44 per hour, would consume 523,211 years in its passage annum. Mr. Braithwaite Poole, in his statistics of thence to our globe. British Commerce for 1850, stated the quantity of ANCESTORS.-The number of ancestors which agricultural implements conveyed through the a person may have is astonishing at first sight. kingdom yearly at 1,450 tons, worth £72,500. At first, two parents; in the second, four, the But this is necessarily a very vague and insufficient parents of his father and mother; the third, estimate, and applies only to those sent by rail. eight, the parents of his two grandfathers and way. Still, adding this to the value of the imple mothers; by the same rate of progression, 1,025 ments and carts and machinery exported, it gives in the tenth, and at the twentieth degree, or at a total value of upwards of £3,000,000. Of carts the distance of twenty generations, every person and waggons there are said to be upwards of has above 1,000,000 ancestors, as common arith300,000 in use in Great Britain and Ireland, which, 'metic will demonstrate.
Castle and grounds; this was a sure proof that his Lordship was not of a cynical nature; for, possessing almost the finest grounds in England,
he might have denied us access, for fear we should LADIES AND GENTLEMEN OF THE COUNCIL.-injare his plants and other valuable things. The Conglomerations, strangely enough, have | After leaving his Lordship, we rambled all over almost in every case been disfigured by some ob- his grounds, leaving no part worth visiting onjectionable sentiment, gross improbabilities or ab- trod; and then we went into the Castie, to view surdity. For example, Snow 'styles abstemious- the curiosities both of old armour and numerous
whim,” and this error is committed carved gods used by the ancients hundreds of merely to make a rhyme ; while Rosa F. speaks of years since. We then retraced our steps to the a coach as having been “seized with some dis. village, where we had left our provisions with ease.” Indeed, we are not particularly well pleased some friends, with orders that they should be with any of the performances this month. We ready for our use; and having at last got there, we must beg the Council in future efforts to well
sat down to dinner, and I verily believe that no weigh and consider their subjects before com countryman of ours ever enjoyed his meal 80 mitting their thoughts to paper. Let there be much as we did after our day's ramble. Having purpose in them as well as interest. As usual, finished our dinner, we got our horses yoked, and Rosa F., Marguerite, F. S. Mills, Rolando, T. W.T., set off for our homes. After going about eight C. S., G. W. R., Aline, Leila S., Snow, Annie Lin. miles, we overtook a gentleman with his infant ton, Nina Gordon, Albert, Illa, Caledonian, Nar- son in his arms, who turned out to be one of our cissa, A. H. K-9, are among the best: but we friends, who had been debarred from accompanydesire to see progress.
We cannot conceive a ing us by some pressing business that had come more beautiful exercise: but without the labour of in that very morning. Away we went again, and thought, it will prove unprofitable.
reached our homes at about ten o'clock. And having thus concluded my short sketch, I beg to
take my leave. CONGLOMERATION.
J. W. DARLING. A PIC-NIC; AND ITS PREPARATIONS, For three weeks we had looked forward to this LADIES AND GENTLEMEN OF THE LETTER event with pleasure, although with some doubt as WRITING COUNCIL.-We respectfully invite your to whether it would come off or not, as it had earnest attention to the following important subbeen raining for a long time previous; and as ject:-PRACTICAL RULES FOK READING, IN ORDER rain is an intervention that is difficult to over- TO DERIVE THE MOST IMPROVEMENT FROM IT. come, we might well be filled with doubt as to the Let them be embodied in a parental letter to a issue. But being determined to have everything sou or daughter. ready, in case it should be a fine day, we called a
GENTLEMAN. meeting a few days previous, and the ladies having declared their intention of providing the eatables, One who never wounds the feelings of another. we chose two of our number, and gave them abso- | -Pauline. lute power to provide what vehicles they thought The coxcomb's aim.--.BERTHA. would be best, and also to provide the necessary One whose virtue and piety regulates the acquibeverages both for the abstemious amongst us as sition and distribution of his means.-W. Y. S. well as their more jovial friends. Thus, having One who considers the happiness of others esour work set, we were quite satisfied it would be sential to his own.-J. C. duly accomplished; and the ladies having faith. A privileged guest in the court of the world.fully promised not to adulterate their share of ALEXANDER. the provisions, the meeting broke up.
A genuine man, whom riches cannot contami. The eventful day at last arrived, and a beautiful nate, nor poverty disconcert.- ELSPIE. one it was, far exceeding our most sanguine expec- The happy medium between a fop and a clown. tations. At the appointed time (ten o'clock), about | --ESTELLE. thirty ladies and gentlemen had gathered up; and St. Paul's portrait of Charity realized.-L. W. having got the ladies safely into the carriages, we The most noble peer among the lords of creaset off, followed with the good wishes of many of tion.--Rosa F. our beneficent old friends who had come to see us “'Tis 'manners make the gentleman, the want off. After a beautiful drive of about two hours of them the fellow."-AMELIA. and a-half, without any calamity having happened A passport to the best society.-G. M.F.G. to us, we arrived at the village where we intended He who is truthful, courageous, and honourto put up, before proceeding to the delightful able.-LUCINDA B. woods of W— Castle. While here, we indced A well-educated Englishman.--ALINE. had an occasion for our commiseration; for, laid One who cultivates the heart rather than the on a mattress, we beheld a poor man who had head.-Daisy H. been lamed in some neighbouring ironstone A name which more get than deserve it.mines by a large piece of iron-ore falling on to his J. W. A. and E. HILL. leg. When on our way to the Castle, we had the One who is kind without cringing, and indepleasure of meeting the owner (who, being done pendent without being quarrelsome.—'T. W.S. with parliamentary intrigue for a time, had come See Psalm xv.-LEILA S. to enjoy himself at his beautiful country seat), One who does unto others as he would others who very kindly informed us, that he had given should do unto him. — F. S. M. and LITTLE orders that we should be shown all over the 'GIGGIE.