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ati amongst the Anglo-Saxons as to not to him, “Begone, Indian dog! there re its universal and instantaneous is nothing here for thee.'' After giving ad. From the period of its first intro- this lesson of charity, the Red-skin disapion, it underwent little or no change peared in the forest, leaving the white man nearly five centuries; the chief acces- to his conscience. i which it received being Latin terms duced by Christian missionaries.

WHY SHOULD WE MAKE HOLIDAY wn to the middle of the seventh cen

TRIPS? few comparatively of the educated rs composed in their own language, and

Now, what is there in change of air or was regarded as exclusively adapted scene that does us all so much good ? It exigencies of literary composition.

is often said, that till railroads gave the (To be concluded in our next.)

facility for moving, people could do without all this, and stayed at home and enjoyed them

selves. People did do without it, that is cerRACTICAL LESSON ON HOSPI- tain ; but that they would have been better for TALITY.

it, lived longer, and led happier lives, is no Indian of the Virginian States, when less certain. It may be, too, that they did unting, followed the game into the not require it quite so much as we do at the ican possessions. The weather was present day; for taking things more slowly, nd rainy. He stopped at a planter's, more easily some would say, their minds, he begged for shelter, which was re- kept at a lower pressure, did not, probably, Hungry and thirsty, he besought a require so imperatively the periodical of bread and a glass of water. But to “ turning out to grass.” Read the accounts request “No' was the answer; to of the easy way in which the old road I was added, “Get away, Indian dog! travellers took matters, dined on their is nothing here for thee.” Several journey and smoked their pipes afterwards ; afterwards this same planter had—no or how the old merchants or tradesmen , by the hand of Providence-lost his locked up counting-house and shop-they in the woods, and, coming up to the do so now in some places—and walked off to

of a savage, in his turn begged for dinner. How different is it now,-how pretality, which was immediately granted valent is that condition, especially in large a very good grace. On inquiring the towns, which Dr. James Johnson calls ace from where he was to the white “Wear and Tear,"--a condition between 8 possessions, the Indian who had re- sickness and health, not curable by physic, d him so cordially replied, “You are and which he compares to a ship still seaar from home to think of returning worthy, but with rigging and seams reto-night; remain, therefore, here, and quiring overhauling, caulking, &c.! How orrow morning I will myself guide you common, too, is the etiolation or blanching to your house.” The American grate- caused by town life, and which the above

accepted this offer, and spent the quoted author traces as indicative, in the t with the Indian, who seemed to take higher classes, of “no avocation”- in the ure in showing him every attention ; middle and lower classes, of “ unhealthy The next day, according to his promise, avocation.” No avocation! unhealthy avocainducted the planter to his habitation. tion! the one with its ennui, its indulgences, n about to take leave, the Red-skin and its excitements—the other with its overed and faced his guest, bidding him work and anxieties, and its excitements, at him, and try to remember where he are, one or other of them, wearing, tearing, seen him before. The unfortunate blanching most of us, till it becomes, at te man instantly recognised the hunter some period or other of our career, a question nad so barbarously treated a few years of hopeless bad health, or hypochondriacism, re. He was seized with inexpressible or change of air and scene : we might cite or at the idea of the fate that he was it as one of those beneficent provisions inced awaited him. He attempted to balances, if we may so call them—of Prok, but could not find words to express vidence, by which those very powers of er his gratitude or shame. But the mechanism so productive of increased wear Ean, mildly checking his endeavour, and tear in life at least in business life ly and simply said, “ Another time, bring us also the remedy in the increased n a poor 'Indian, cold, hungry, and facilities for locomotion.- Health Resorts of sty, comes to thy door to ask a shelter, Britain, and how to Profit by them. By ist of bread, and a drop of water, say | SPENCER THOMSON, M.D.

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NOTES AND QUERIES FOR ley, in his annual for 1852, states the follow: NATURALISTS.


“During the destructive war, which for a space

of thirty years desolated all Germany, till it was NOTES.

terminated by the peace of Westphalia, the car. THE FRIGATE BIRD.

riers who conducted the inland traffic of the This is an aquatic bird, nearly allied to the country used to unite themselves into large com. cormorant, from which it differs in having a panies, for their mutual defence, in order that they

orked tail and very short feet, the membranes of might travel with greater security against the which are deeply notched, an extraordinary spread numerous marauding parties which infested every of wing, and a beak both mendibles of which are part of the empire. One of these carriers had a curved at the top. Its scientific name is Tachy- horse which was of an extremely vicious diso pedts. Captain Wraxall, in his very interesting position, and greatly addicted to biting and kickwork, “Life in the Sea,” gives the following ac- ing, from which even his master was not always count of its habits :

secure, and which embroiled him with his fellor. “The frigate bird soars over the tropical waters. travellers. They were one evening attacked in a In proportion to the bird's height (three feet) its ravine by three hungry wolves, which, after a long wings surpass even those of the condor in length; contest, they found they should hardly be able to for, when extended, they measure fourteen feet compel to quit them without allowing them some from one tip to the other. It flies in the highest prey. It was therefore agreed among themselves regions of the air, so that it can be hardly seen that they should pay the owner of the vicious with the naked eye, and swoops like an arrow on horse the price of that animal, and make a sathe luckless fish, which have been only that crifice of him to the wolves. The bargain was moment driven from the water by the Bonita. It soon concluded, and the horse having been taken is often met with 1,200 miles from land, and yet is out of harness and turned loose, the wolves at: said to return every night to its solitary rock-nest. tacked him immediately. He, however, defended Still, Quoy and Gaymard assert (Voyage de himself courageously with his teeth and heela l'Uranie), that this bird is rarely found far from retreating at the same time into the interior of the coast; and when it is so, it is probable that the forest, while the carriers availed themselves there is an unknown rock somewhere in the vici- of the opportunity of hastening to a place of nity. Large flocks of frigate birds brood on the safety, not a little rejoiced at getting rid of a Paumotu group, where Captain Wilkes found troublesome a companion, so much to their ad several trees covered with their nests. When the vantage. As they were sitting at their supper at old birds flew away, they swelled up their red the inn where they usually stopped for the night, crops to the size of a child's head, so that they a knocking was heard at the house-door, which, on seemed to carry a bladder of blood on their necks.” being opened by the maid, a horse pushed in his

head; the girl, frightened, shrieked out, and ANSWERS TO QUERIES.

called to the carriers, who, coming to the door, orella HORSE versus WOLF (pp. 27, 85).-Peter Par. were no less surprised than rejoiced to see the

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ie conqueror of the three wolves, though think, too, that for the venemous bite of the he wounded, yet still faithful to his master; viper, or adder, as it is often called, there is on account of his meritorious conduct on this nothing so good as the creature's fat rubbed over sion, they agreed to forgive him his former the wound. That any fatty matter rubbed gently ameanours, and retain him in their com- and persistently into the bitten limb in this case "-DAVID FRANCIS PARK.

is beneficial there can be no doubt. For the faintnot often that in a contest between a horse ness which affects those who have met with this olves the former comes off victorious; most accident, repeated small doses of brandy should we find the result to be like that here be administered, or sal volatile, or some other led :-"The Echo de la Creuse states, that, stimulant, to rouse the system to repel the torthstanding the advanced period of the sea- pidity caused by the poison; maslard poultices a the night of the 5th instant several wolves may also be applied to the feet, calves of the legs, ed four horses grazing in a field in the com- and the spine, and warm poultices to the limbs, of Gueret. One of the horses being fet- which will probably be much swollen, and very was incapable of making his escape, and was painful. Persons have died from the effects of a unately devoured by the wolves."

viper bite, but this has not often happened ; in ER AND ADDER (p. 86).-INQUIRER.-It is the majority of cases they recover, if proper means aly true, that viper and adder are but dif- are used.--Family Doctor.

names for the same animal, which is the PUPF-ADDER (P. 86).-This is the most venompoisonous snake in the island of Great ous of all the serpent tribe. It is a native of n; but the adder is exclusively the Scottish Africa, through which quarter of the globe it nation, while the viper is that of England, appears to be widely distributed. Its scientific in some counties it is found in great abun- name is Clotho arietans, like its common one,

In the islands of Caledonia, where heath derived from a habit it has of inflating itself, and minates, the adder is extremely abundant, making a puffing noise when provoked. jological inquirer finding it in his way when colour of this deadly snake is very similar to the s out to pursue his investigations. The Isle sandy and stony places which it frequents; and 1, for example, was wont to be very full of as it flattens itself against the ground when not inch-feared adder, concealed by the branches excited, there is less likelihood of its being obärple heath, beside which waved the served. According to Dr. Burchell, the venom of bell of our beloved Scotia, those flowers so this reptile is so deadly that there is no chance of

celebrated by our island poets. This species saving the life of the person bitten otherwise Zuber grows to about two or three feet in than by instantly cutting out the flesh around 2, though often found to be smaller. Its general the wound. Instead of darting forward when

is a dirty yellow, with along the back a irritated, like most serpents, this throws itself of irregular black spots, joined at the points. backward to attack; and is, therefore, especially is the only poisonous British species of dangerous to those unaware of this peculiarity.

Towards the summer's close it brings By keeping always to the front, the above-named ts young alive; these are very active, being traveller, when he fell in with the puff-adder, was

take refuge in the stomach of the mother generally enabled to destroy it without much difdanger is apparent; but this idea may ficulty. Now we are upon the subject of this risen from the case of their production, or snake, we may relate an anecdote of another heir extreme swiftness deceiving the human venomous reptile, also found in the same part of

A poison-fang is in each upper jaw.- the world. We quote it from F. Flemming's acIN J, RITCHIE.

count of the Geography, Natural History, &c., 38.—This is the Vipera Berus of natural of Southern Africa. Not even the puff-adder has e only poisonous reptile indigenous to this a more sinister fame than the monster toad, y; the fat of it was formerly in high re- about a foot long, and eight inches wide, with a or making ointment, and country people spotted green back, yellow belly, and large red cen ask at the druggist's for viper's oil, eyes, which, the Kaffirs say, spit fire. Men and he olive oil, or any other oil which may be animals abhor it; horses are shy when it appears, uted for it, to make, combined with “oil of or when its discordant croak is heard in the

and a variety of other ingredients, a marshes :at for rheumatic affections, spasms, &c.; “Three brothers, Dutch boers, lived together Len find, too, that faith and friction toge- in a large farm-house, in the western district of - wonders, but it is the fat of the reptile Clanwilliam, in the old Cape Colony. One day, has most of the credit. Country people whilst two of them were out, a'smouse,' or pedlar

came to the farm, having, amongst other articles, rare thing to see a wire-worm where previously I a quantity of Cape wine for sale. After some had often killed a hundred in a half-an-hour, and little bargaining, the Dutchman bought a cask of where my plants were eaten up in a wholesale wine; and, getting it tapped, he drew off a cupful, manner. Let any one collect a number of these and drank it. Shortly after the pedlar had de- most destructive pests and put them among soil parted, the young man complained of thirst ; and in a box, and then apply the above mixture. Let telling the servant to inform his brothers, should him look for them the next morning and comthey return, where he was, and to prepare the municate the result; or, indeed, in half-an-hour dinner by the time he returned, he went out to a after. This can be used on a large scale as well neighbour's spring to obtain a drink of water. as on small flower-beds. He had hardly gone, ere his elder brother came THE WATER-SPIDER (p. 86).—This amusing in, and inquired for him. Hearing where he was, insect differs little from the ordinary house-spider and seeing the wine, he told the servant to bring in the shape of the body, but its habits are him a cupful of it; and she having done so, he altogether different. Although it is called a waterdrank it and went out, saying he would go to the spider, it requires much more air than water a well and seek his brother. Neither returned; plants are able to supply it with; it is therefore and, some two hours afterwards, the third brother furnished by nature with a skin or bag over the came home from hunting, and hearing what had abdomen, which is capable of containing air; this, happened, he went out in search of his brothers, when filled, presents the appearance of a globale and found them both together lying at the spring, of quicksilver. The insect is capable of replenishquite dead. He immediately sent for the Veldt- ing this bag at pleasure by means of four smal! cornet of the district, and caused search to be teats. Great amusement may be derived by made for the pedlar. He was easily found, and watching the operations and movements of these came to the farm, protesting his innocence of little creatures. Instead of spinning a web as the the murder of the Dutchman, of which their common spider does, they weave a nest or bag of brother accused him. In the altercation which white silky fibres, which contains air; CODSEtook place between them, the farmer ac- quently by this means it always insures a concused the pedlar of having poisoned the stant supply. Strange to say, these insects are wine which he had sold. This the latter very nearly the only ones that may be placed in a indignantly denied; and to prove (as he said) | fresh-water aquarium without any danger of that he had not done so, he called for a large being devoured by the fish or other insects.-T.P. cupful of it. This he received, drank it, and a few minutes afterwards was a corpse. The wine was then spilt out; and after the cask had been

QUERIES. emptied, something was heard rattling about in the inside. The head was immediately stove in, witnessing last spring the active motions of a

Activity of Birds.--I was mach delighted at when an immense Donder-paade,' or monster pair of birds, of 'I do not know what species, toad, was found in it."

which built in our garden. They were incesThere was no analytical chemist at Clanwil- santly on the wing, and one or other of them oat

constantly bringing food to the young birds. Has liam; so the settlers believed that the toad had

any calculation ever been made of the number of poisoned the wine, and there was no one to prove times during a day that the little fledglings have them wrong-or right.

been thus supplied with insect nutriment-for WIRE-WORM (p. 86). A correspondent of The

of such, I suppose, the food consisted ?-IF

QUIRER. Gardener's Chronicle says:-"To destroy this pest

Power of the Human Eye over Wild Animals.most effectually.-Towards' the end of last year, I have several times heard it asserted that no when my carnations and other plants had all been wild animal can endure the human gaze steadily removed from my flower-beds, and previous to the fixed on it, but will, if the gazer quail not, bei

continue steadfast for a time, turn and flee. Is latter being turned up for exposure to the winter this so P and what well authenticated instances frosts, I took sulphuric acid, in the proportion of can be adduced in proof of it ?-A DOUBTER one gallon to twenty of water, and applied the Octopos.-I met with this term in my reading mixture plentifully to the soil. In two days I the other day, and want to know what it means. again repeated the operation, having previously octo means eight, but here I stick fast. Please

I have got far enough in Latin to be aware that turned up the soil and seen that it had been well help me out of my difficulty.-HENRY B. pulverized. After the lapse of ten or fourteen Silkworms.- Again, I keep silkworms, and have days I gave a plentiful application of powdered read something about their natural history, food, lime, and shortly after turned the soil up in ridges is: Where did they originally come from? What

and mode of breeding, &c. What I want to know as usual. The result has been, that it is now a) is their early history P-HENBY B.

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mance and the reality of the story; and its

recollection is enhanced to me by this MENT.

having been one of the liveliest, as it was MR. FITZPATRICK, in his Memoir of Lady the last, interview I ever had with Lady Morgan, relates, in connexion with her Morgan.” marriage, an interesting, though painful incident, which Sir J. Emerson Tennent

THE LEAF INSECT. communicated to him. Writing to Mr. Fitzpatrick, Sir Emerson says:

AMONG all the wonderful things that have “One great tie between her and my come to us from the East, there are few family was the affection with which she more wonderful than the creature whose regarded a mutual friend, many years dead, name stands at the head of this article. the late Major Crossley, of Glenburn, near It is so named because of its resemblance Belfast. And on the occasion I am now to a leaf, so much so, that to tell the differalluding to, Lady Morgan, during dinner, ence is, to many persons, impossible. It is told me, for the first time, the story of their found in the islands of the Indian seas, and early intimacy. Major Crossley's family on the continent of India; and though atlived at Lisburn, where she became ac-tempts have been made to bring it to Europe, quainted with him, when her father was on they all failed until lately. Specimens carone of his professional tours in the north of ried by the overland route as far as the Ireland. She was then very young, and Mediterranean, there died, even in that Crossley, who was younger still, became so warm climate. At last, Mrs. Blackwood, attached to her as to offer marriage. She wife of Major Blackwood, of Ediriburgh, told me she would bave accepted him at had a few eggs brought over, some of which once, but that neither of them could boast were successfully hatched and reared in the of possessing a single shilling; and the Botanical Garden at Edinburgh, where they result was a prospective engagement, to be have been viewed by numbers of admiring realized only so soon as means were apparent visitors. We think it likely that our readfor their future subsistence. To devise this, ers will be interested in a brief description she suggested as a career, that an application of this remarkable insect. should be made to the Marquis of Hertford The egg is barrel-shaped, about the size for a cadetship in the Indian army; and as of a small pea, and has quite the appearance Crossley's family had some local claims, of a seed. In this, great part of the insect's their request was successful, and he was infancy is passed, and at last it comes out speedily appointed to a regiment in the jointed, and with six legs, by pushing off Presidency of Madras. The correspondence one end of the little barrel. Its colour is continued for some years, though so inter- reddish-yellow, and it has the appearance ruptedly that a considerable suspension took of a half-dried leaf; but after it has eaten place, during which the lady's position and a few leaves of the plant on which it lives, prospects had been uniformly rising, and it becomes bright green. At Edinburgh, it her marriage was at length solemnized with feeds freely on the myrtle, and an ordinary Sir Charles Morgan, the ceremony having eye would be quite at a loss to decide which taken place at Baron's Court, the residence is the insect and which is the leaf. “Its of Lord Abercorn, in the County of Tyrone. habit of carrying itself,” says a scientific On the morning of the wedding the post observer, “tends to add to the deception. arrived before the procession to the church, It bears its tail generally curled up a little, and the sisters of the bride took charge of just about as much bent as the myrtle leaf. her letters for Miss Owenson. These she As it bends its tail up, however, the curl opened on her return to the house; and would be the wrong way, unless the insect amongst them was one from Crossley, ac- walked back downmost, which, in point of counting for his long silence by the anxieties fact, is its constant habit, adhering to the of a period of uncertainty, which had now under side of the leaves. This habit brings ended by his receiving some promotion in to light another beautiful contrivance for the army, and a staff appointment in the still further heightening its resemblance to service of the Nizam. This was the long- a leaf. The upper surface is opaque green, looked-for point in his career; and having the under surface glossy glittering green, at last attained independence, he wrote to just the reverse of the myrtle or guava leaf; claim the performance of their early en- so that by reversing its position, it brings gagement, and propose an immediate union. the glossy side up and the dull side down. The old lady told me this little novel-her Between each of the claws there is a large animation heightened at once by the ro- spongy pad, which, as with flies walking on

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