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graceful plants. If the definition of happi- | Dragon-flies, popularly termed Horseness is a correct one-keeping an object in stingers (perhaps because they never sting view with the consciousness of continually horses), hover and sweep along in the same drawing nearer to it-he who is engaged in situation with the butterflies, but far less making a collection ought, humanly speak- peaceful in their occupation; and woe to ing, to be a happy man.
any weaker insect that crosses their path. That the reader may, if he pleases, put It is stated that one has been seen to devour this theory to the test, the following brief three times its own bulk in an hour; and as instructions are penned on collecting British this process is going on, in bright weather, insects. The first question usually asked from sunrise to sunset, they must be forby the aspiring youth who has been smitten midable rivals to the entomologist. Numeby the sight of some well-filled cabinet is, rous beetles also occur in such localities, where to go to catch the insects—a question many being attached to certain trees, shrubs that involves a lengthy reply, as there is and plants. Umbelliferous flowers are the scarcely a situation on the face of the earth favourite resort of several of the group in which some of the tribe are not to be termed Longicornes, some of them preferfound, as might be expected when we learn ring felled timber. Many kinds conceal that our own country alone furnishes about themselves under loose bark, while others 12,000 different kinds of the most various form a secure retreat by boring far into the habits and instincts. At the same time, wood. Caterpillars of various moths and although it would be difficult to say where butterflies feed on the foliage and herbage, insects are not, there are certain localities and may be collected in numbers by holdwhere they especially congregate, and it ing a large net under the branches while will be serviceable to the beginner to have they are beaten with a stick. For this pursuch places pointed out. Among the best pose an open and inverted umbrella is a that can be named are woods and forests, in good substitute for the net. which many insects of all the orders are to Heaths, commons, and open fields are the be found. Butterflies flutter along the home of numerous butterflies, &c., and sheltered glades, and in clear spaces open to many of the predaceous beetles will be seen the sunshine. The splendid “Emperor” running in bright weather about the paths is found about oaks in the south of England, and sandy places, or lurking during the day but requires a net mounted on a long pole under stones and clods. The herbage should for his capture, as his imperial pride leads be swept with a hoop net, made of strong him to prefer the upper branches. I lately canvass or cheese-cloth, for delicate mateheard of an entomologist who used a gun rials will not stand the work; by this means and a charge of dust shot for the purpose ! multitudes of small beetles, and indeed Fortunately for the collector, his majesty small insects of all kinds, will be taken. occasionally descends in hot weather to The rails and fences should not be neglected, drink at some muddy pool. Many of the especially palings, which are a favourite moths will be found Äying in the day time, resting-place for sundry moths, and nearly but the greater number lie concealed until all wooden erections will show the round the evening, when they emerge from their tunnels formed by the little boring beetles. hiding-places, and some of them continue Sandy commons are productive of many of their revels "'till daylight doth appear.”. the bee and wasp tribe (Hymenoptera), and
A lantern strapped to the waist or hat is should be diligently searched by the collector often serviceable on a dark night, the light of that order, especially on hot sunny days. being a great attraction to nocturnal insects. Lanes with untrimmed hedges are often Immense numbers of moths have been good places for collecting, especially if the taken of late years by the method termed soil is sandy. As a general rule, it may be sugaring,"
," which consists in making a observed that sandy soils are far more fasyrup of coarse brown sugar, to which some vourable to insect life than clays; chalk add a little rum, and smearing it with a and limestone districts are usually producbrush on the trunks of trees in likely situa- tive. The hedge banks will furnish many tions. On a favourable evening the moths species, and generally show the burrows of will flock to the treat prepared for them, wild bees and other Hymenoptera. and indulge in the sweets till they fall to The various flowers and plants in gardens the ground from repletion. Their appetite, are attractive to many butterflies and other however, is subject to strange variations; insects, and are always worthy of a search and while on one evening they will come in when circumstances may prevent longer swarms to the sugar, on another they will excursions. Petunia beds are patronised all decline the invitation. The magnificent | by some of the rare Sphingidæ and the Hummingbird Hawk Moth is partial to the red | the subject. Whoever will search diliValerian. A light placed in an open win- gently in the localities here indicated will dow looking into a garden or near a wood meet with a great variety of insects, and will often attract numbers of moths, and in no long time may get up a collection, several scarce species have lately been taken which, if not large in a scientific sense, will on street lamps.
excite the wonder of the uninitiated, who Sand and gravel pits will repay investi- 66 couldn't have believed that so many difgation, as many beetles, &c., reside in such ferent kinds existed.”—GEORGE GUYON. places, and others often fall into them or are blown in on windy days. Holes in the THE ORDER OF THE HOSPITALS OF sides will show where insects have bur
HENRY VIII. AND EDWARD VI., rowed; a straw should be inserted as a
viz., ST. BARTHOLOMEW, CHRISTS, guide, and the inhabitant dug out with a
BRIDEWELL, ST. THOMẢS. -1557. small trowel or digger. Stones and clods in these and other situations should be
THE MATRON'S CHARGE. turned over as many beetles avail them- Your office is an office of great charge selves of their shelter.
and credit. For to yow is committed the Ponds and pools, as well as streams, should governance and oversight of all the women be fished with a hoop net of cheese cloth, or and children within this hospitall.
And other strong open material for the water- also to yow is geven authoritie to combeetles and bugs. They are very numerous maunde, reprove them, or any of them, and in species, and though seldom remarkable if any shall happen to disobey, whom yow for bright colouring, are often curious in shall not be able to correct, yow shall from form and of interesting habits.
time to time make such knowen unto the Although the best collecting is during the almoners and governors of the howse, that warmer portions of the year, yet even in they may take order with them as shall be the winter months much may be done. The thought meete by their wisdomes. water beetles just mentioned are still to be Your charge is also to searche and enquire taken, and will sometimes come to a hole whether the women doe their dutie, in washbroken in the ice. Then, as at other sea- ing of the children's sheetes and shirtes, sons, numerous beetles hide under bark, or and keeping clean and sweet those that are live in burrows in the wood, but most of committed to their charge; and also in the the insects of that order shelter themselves beddes, sheetes, coverletes, and apparaile in moss, which should, therefore, be ga- (with keeping cleane their wardes and thered without much disturbance, and car- chambers), mending of such as shall be ried home in closely-tied bags to be ex- broken from time to time. And specially amined at leisure by shaking a little at a yow shall geve diligent heede that the saide time over a white cloth. This is also the washers and nurses of this house be alwaies season for digging for the pupæ or chrysa- well occupied and not idle, and that their lides of moths; they are mostly found three linen be holsomly and cleanely washed; or four inches in the ground where the roots and the same first received from the keepers of trees fork on the surface, and generally be (after the washing thereof) quietly deoccur in that part of the fork nearest to the livered unto them. trunk.
Yow shall also once every quarter of the Those who wish to make a general col- yeare examine the inventorie, which shall lection must seek for insects in more dis- be delivered unto yow, of the implements of agreeable situations than those hitherto this house; as of beddes, bolsters, mattresses, mentioned. A large number of beetles are blanquets, coverlets, sheetes, pallads, shirtes, carrion feeders, most of them belonging to hosen, and such other-whether any of the the group termed Necrophaga ; and as vul- same be purloyned, embezzeled, spoiled, or tures feast on the carcase of a camel, so do otherwise consumed, and to make such lacke these small scavengers revel in a dead cat and faults, as by yow shall be espied, or dog. Many species attach themselves to knowen unto the almoners of this howse for old bones and skins, and a still larger sec- the tyme beinge, that they may take order tion burrow in cattle droppings in fields therein. and pastures. The list of productive situa- Yow shall also geve great charge unto all tions might be indefinitely extended, as the nurses of every warde, that no childe many small groups, and even individual be received by them before the name of the species, have haunts peculiar to them- same child be entered into the warde-booke, selves; but information on these points is nor that any be delivered to nurse or otherbest sought in works professedly written on wise, but that they be also entered, and to
whom they are delivered, with the day and shall goe to your bed, and not to sit up any month when the same is done.
longer, and once every night arise and se that Yow shall also neither receave nor deliver the children be covered, for taking of colde. any thinge that is in the wardrop, unless Theis are the especial partes of your yow cause the same to be written by them charge, whiche ye shall endeavour every of that are appointed thereto. And be suer to yourselves with all your powers to observe receave from the nurses in the country, when and keep; or els ye shall not only remaine any children die, their apparaile.
under the correction and punishment that Yow shall take such order among the shall be thought meete, by the discretion of nurses or otherwise, that the hall be kept the governors; but also to be expulsed and swete and cleane, and suffer non of the banished this howse for ever. And whatchildren to be there after their meales, ex- soever faults ye shall perceave by any other cept it be at service time, and when it shall Officers in this howse, the same ye shall deplease the governors to appoint them. clare unto the governors, and not otherwise
Yow shall twice or thrice in every week medle or make, but in your owne busines.arise in the night and go as well into the Noorthouck's History of London. sick warde, as also into every other warde, and there se that the children be covered in the beddes, whereby they take no colde.
THE ARABS OF ALGERIA. And lasť of all if yow shall perceave, that FAITHFUL to his traditions, the Arab of if any officer or officers of this howse doe Algeria still cleaves to the patriarchal life, abuse themselves either in worde or deede, abhorring the contamination of large towns, yow shall admonish the governors of the preferring tents to dwellings of a more same, and not medle any further therein, durable kind, and a roving to a settled ex. neither to have to doe with any officer or istence. Agriculture is the only tie that officers, other than appertaineth to your binds him to the soil ; but flocks and herds own office and charge as aforesaid.
are more compatible with his native bias. CHARGE OF THE NURSES AND KEEPERS
His philanthropy is confined to his own OF THE WARDES.
race; he despises every religion but his
own; he looks down upon the benefits of Yourcharge is faithfully and truely to serve civilisation, except so far as they can be in this howse, to obey the matron thereof. incorporated into his actual mode of life, or
Ye shall also flie and eschue all rayling, be turned to account in the chase or in the skoldinge, swearing, and drunkennes. camp. He is content with his own slovenly
Ye shall in your behaviour and doings be mode of tilling the ground. He ranks vertuous, loving, and diligent.
science with the occult arts. He has no Ye shall also carefully and diligently ambition to be more educated than he is. oversee, keep, and govern all those tender It is enough for him that his marabouts babes and yonglings that shall be committed should acquire knowledge for the good of to your charge, and the same holsomly, the public. He is naturally indolent, and cleanely, and swetely noorish and bringe therefore prefers taking from others when up. And in like manner shall ye keepe he can, and, when he cannot, doing withyour wardes and every part thereof swete out superfluities, to the securing them by and cleane.
the sweat of his brow. He has Ye shall also, to avoid all idleness, when patriotism, because he has no fixed home; your charge and care of keping the children no incentive to peace, because he has só is paste, occupie yourselves in spinning, little to lose; indifferent to what may sewing, mending of sheetes, or some other happen, because, like all Mohammedans, he vertuous exercise, such as yow shall be ap- is a fatalist. In his temperate habits, in pointed unto.
his intercourse with his brethren, he may Ye shall not resort, or suffer any man to exercise those virtues which travellers are resort to yow, before yow have declared the fond of attributing to the Bedouin of the same to the almoners or matron of this desert; but in his dealings with Europeans, howse, and have obtayned lycence and the Arab of Algeria is cunning, thievish favor so to doe.
and lying; his frugality seems the effect of Ye shall at lawful times, according to indolence rather than of choice; his treachery such order as is and shall be taken in this ill accords with our prepossessions of his chihouse, be within your wardes and places of valry; his superstitions are more deeply lodging, and se that all your children before rooted in him than his religion; and his love they be brought to bed, be washed and of independence assumes the effect of impacleane, and immediately after every of yow I tience of the restraints which govern society,
WINTER WILL NOT LAST FOR EVER.
WINTER will not last for ever,
THE DEW DROPS.
Two children were playing,
Themselves were arraying;
“Dear sister,” cried Clara,
“Come hither, and see,
Shine over the lea;
The other stood silent,
A moment t'would seem,
Her eyes' gentle beam. “They're tears," she answered, “angels shed, Because the pretty flowers lie dead."
Once more the flowers appear,
Thou darling of the year!
And snaps his icy chain,
To welcome thee again.
Gives place to zephyrs fair;
Float through the balmy air. The fields bedecked with garlands bright,
BY ROWLAND BROWN.
in the night,
though they give us a strange delight; And strong as the dew to freshen the flower, or
quicken the slumbering seed, Are those little things called “Letters of Love"
to hearts that comfort need; When alone in the world, amidst toil and sin,
'Their still small voices wake music within. They come, they come, these letters of love, bless
ing and being blest, To silence fear with thoughts of cheer, that give
to the weary rest! A mother looks out on the angry sea, with a
yearning heart in vain, And a father sits musing over the fire, as he heareth
the wind and the rain; And a sister sits singing a favourite song, unsung
for a long, long while, Till it brings the thought, with a tear to her eyes,
of a brother's vanished smile; And with hearts and eyes more full than them
all, Two lovers look forth for these blessings to fall; And they come, they come, these letters of love,
blessing and being blest, To silence fear with thoughts of cheer, that give
to the weary rest! Oh! never may we be so lonely in life, so ruin'd
and lost to love, That never an olive-branch comes from our ark of
home from some cherished dove; And never may we in happiest hours, or when our
prayers ascend, Feel that our hearts have grown too cold for a
thought on an absent friend ; For like summer showers to the fainting flowers,
They are stars to the heart in its darkest hours; And they come, they come, these letters of love,
blessing and being blest, To silence fear with thoughts of cheer, that give
to the weary rest!
TO A SNOWDROP.
That peepest forth 'mid sleet and drifting snow,
Thy virgin form to nipping gales that blow;
Clad in soft grace and spotless purity
Beneath their idle rage; no ray o'er thee
Doth pitying deplore thy barren lot. Yet thou art dear, for thee I joyful mark
The harbinger of scenes, when o'er my cot
Shall pour his thrilling lay, and woodlands ring
Breathe odours sweet of Spring; And birds and tiny insect tribes,
Their humble anthems sing. Rejoicing for the happiness
of those fair sunny days, The whole creation seems to join,
To hymn its Maker's praise.
RECEIPT FOR MENDING GLASS OR CHINA. DOMESTIC HINTS AND RECEIPTS. Mix the white of an egg with flour, to form a
thin paste; put it on the edges of the pieces, then
join them, and leave till dry.-S. A. W.M. CERTAIN CURE FOR BRONCHITIS,
ROSE WATER. We extract the following letter addressed to
WHEN the bushes of roses are full, the Editor of the Morning Post:“Sir,-The prevalence of the above and other
As most of them are about June, severe diseases of the throat and chest, induce me
'Tis high time to gather, or pull
The leaves of the flowers. As soon to acquaint you with a certain cure of the simplest kind, with which, if I had been aware of the As you're picked all you need for the time, illness of the late Emperor of Russia, and that of
To each quart of water unite the late Lady Stratheden, their lives might have A peck of the leaves, which, if primebeen saved by a telegram or a post-letter.
And they will be if plucked off aright“Only last Monday I saw a widow lady who May be placed in a still near at hand, had lost her voice for three months, and was in
On a very slow fire. When done the depth of despair, under the apprehension, not Bottle off, and permit it to stand only that her voice would never return, but that
For three days, ere you cork down each one.
G. M. F. G. she was near leaving her six young children orphans and unprotected. On my recommending
BREAD POWDERS. my remedy, she did not reject it upon the consolation that she was “ under the doctor's hands," Bread Powder.-- It is now three or four years but immediately sent her little girl with a half- since various mixtures came into general notice penny to procure the article. I saw her again on for producing fermentation without yeast.
We Wednesday morning, when she told me in her do not suppose it will ever be generally used for natural voice, and with raptures of joy, that she the production of a large quantity of bread; but was cured! On the same day I sent a recom
it is an article to be by no means despised in mendation of the same remedy to another lady, cookery. One recommendation is, that anything who, with her daughter, were then laid up, and may be made with it with very little time and had lost a relative only a fortnight before with trouble: it will makethe same complaint. I had the pleasure to hear
Beautiful fancy loaves, by mixing one tablethe next morning that they both had sleep, which spoonful of bread powder with two pounds of they had not had before for several nights.
flour, and making with cold water into a stiff "I never knew this remedy fail with young or dough; also old; but as it is so very cheap and innocent, I think it superfluous to refer to more cases, and
A delicate white bun. Half a pound of butter will therefore only name the article, which is the worked to a cream; three quarters of a pound of common salt petre, to be had at the oil-shop, and powdered loaf sugar, one pound of flour, à dessert one halfpenny-worth of which is sufficient to cure spoonful of bread powder, and a little nutmeg. any individnal. The way to take it is to suck it- Let these be thoroughly mixed each in the turn a small lu.mp at a time-and swallow it as it dis. they are mentioned, and add milk to make it solves.-1 am, Sir, yours respectfully,
moist enough for buns, which should be put into “BLANEY BLANCHE COBBETT. a quick oven at once, and about ten minutes will “ Queen's Prison, April 7."
bake them. Sagar as cheap as the finest moist
may often be bought as “lump-dust," and it serves [Half a teaspoonful dissolved in a wine-glass of very well for such purposes without the trouble of water, and used as a gargle, is certainly safer, and crushing. quite as effectual.--Ev.]
Hasty dumplings may also be made in two BARLEY WATER.-One ounce of pearl barley, minutes superior to the common dough dumphalf-an-ounce of white sugar, and the rind of a lings, by simply adding half a tablespoonful of lemon; put it into a jug. Pour upon it one bread powder to one pound of flour and mixing quart of boiling water, and let it stand for eight with water, being careful not to make them too or ten hours; then strain off the liquor, adding a wet. These served up very hot with melted butter slice of lemon, if desirable. This infusion makes and sugar, form a pleasant and occasionally a a most delicious and nutritious beverage, and will convenient change in the pudding way; but we be grateful to persons who cannot drink the do not recommend the frequent use of any boiled horrid decoction usually given. It is an admira- dumpling for very young children or persons of ble basis for lemonade, negus, or weak punch, a weak digestion. glass of rum being the proportion for a quart.
Cakes also, whether plain or plum, are made TO POLISH PLATE.
with much less trouble by substituting bread
powder for yeast. Indeed it has become to some FOR polishing plate 'tis essential to get
an almost necessary addition to the cookingSome whitening, and water to make it quite wet; board, a small pinch mixed in the dry flour for Place this on the metal and when it is dry, pie-crust lightens it very much. The use of it is To dislodge the said powder, the hardbrush apply. generally more suitable for anything to be baked After this take a leather-one perfectly clean- than boiled, and anything made with it should be And rub till there is not a spot to be seen.
put into the oven as soon as possible. Chemists Having tried many methods, I firmly maintain, have different modes of preparing it: in all The above is the best of the whole-being plain. large towns some chemist can be found who
G. M. F. G. would prepare it at a reasonable price.