Изображения страниц


the pipes are not frozen in the street, and care is takon to turn the taps at the right time, it is

impossible that any stoppage can take place; and TO PREVENT THE FREEZING OF WATER might not be employed on a more extensive scale

it is worthy of consideration if the same system PIPES,

to the street water-pipes of towns. The trouble and inconvenience caused by the

A freezing of water-pipes, not only in the dwellings

Dthe towns but also in many of the large houses of the gentry, is very great. In parts of the Metropolis, during the present short visit of winter, thousands of houses been “frozen out," and a complete water famine has raged. This has been partly caused by the service-pipes from the main having been laid too close to the [A is the stop-cock, to prevent the admission of surface. This the housekeepers are unable to water from the main. B, tap, which, when prevent. But in other cases the evil has been open, will clear the other pipes of water. C, pipe caused by the want of attention in the wash- communicating with the various parts of prehouses and other parts of the premises, owing mises.] to the want of knowledge or care. In many in- To Clean SILK.-Dresses cleaned by the stances the leaden service-pipes are placed for a

following method have not the appearance of long distance exposed to outward air instead of being cleaned :-Quarter of a pound of honey; inside the buildings. In these cases straw and quarter of a pound of soft soap; two winehay is often used for wrapping the pipes: it will, glasses of gin; three gills of boiling water. Mix however, be found that oakum, easily made by the and let it stand until blood-warm. Spread the untwisting of old rope rolled carefully to the silk on a clean table, with a cloth under itwidth of about a quarter of an inch round all there must be no gathers. Dip a nail-brush parts of the leaden water-pipes likely to be affected into the mixture and rub the silk well, espeby the frost resists a great deal of frost; but cially where there are stains, or the most dirt it is much better, in addition to this, to enclose or spots, and with a sponge wet the whole the pipe and covering with a wooden case of brea ith generally, and rub gently. Then rinse thin deal about four inches or four and a half the silk in cold soft water; hang it up to drain,

inches square, and then and iron it damp. The quantity stated is for a
fill the inner space with plain dress.
sawdust tightly packed in. CISTERN CEMENT. - Ashes two parts, three
This is not attended with parts clay, one part sand, mixed with oil, will
a great cost in the first make a cement as hard as marble, and im-
instance; and if regularly penetrable by water for ever.

tarred and painted, will BooK-BINDING.--Some idea may be formed last for years. In some old houses in St. Giles's, of the extent of the London book-binding trade which have been made suitable for letting in in the nineteenth century, when we state that tenements hy the Earl of Shaftesbury's Association the weekly consumption of leaf gold enriching for Improving the Dwellings of the Industrial the exterior of books, amounts to about 3,600,000 Classes, the lead service-pipe-protected in this square incher; and that the weight of paper way - has been passed outside each house four shavings sold annually by the London binders, stories high, so that there might be a water cut off the edges of books, amounts to 350 tons! supply on each landing. These pipes have been A high medical authority has given the followin use four or five winters, and during that time ing simple restorative, which is generally within the water has flowed in at all seasons.

reach of all:-"I can state from experience," he At the Model Lodging House, in Stratton Street, says, “that a glass of milk and water, with a in the same neighbourhood, another method has small teaspoonful of salt, is the best refreshment been tried with success. In this building there is that a fatigued or famished person can take." accommodation for a large number of families; each set of rooms is provided with a water

cistern. REFRESHING DRINKS FOR THE SICK. It is evident that if the pipes are clear of water, Boil two ounces of harshorn shavings in one no stoppage can be caused by the frost; it has, quart of water; when quite dissolved, set it aside therefore, been arranged that a stop-cock is placed to settle, and before it is cold, strain it through a in a position which will prevent any water leaking tammy upon half a lemon, sliced thin, with sugar from the main pipes when the service is not to taste; cover it, and let it remain till cold, mix. needed. From this stop-cock the pipe dips towards ing with it a glass of Moselle or French wine. 2 point where there is a tap. The main water, Apple Water is very delicate. two large supply having been turned off, it will be found apples in slices, and pour one quart of boiling that all the pipes made for supplying the different water on them; or on roasted apples; strain in rooms are more or less filled with water; which, two or three hours, and sweeten lightly. if left without proteetion, would be liable to freeze. Or, Peel and quarter four large rennet apples, In order to prevent the chance of this a tap is or any other firm acid apples; put them in one placed at the lowest point of the pipes; when ihis quart of water, with the peel of half a lemon, and is turned, in less than one minute every drain of a handful of washed currants; let all boil for one water is emptied from the pipes into the sewer. hour, then strain, and add sugar to taste. Let it

This plan might be carried into effect in all remain till cold. A little wine may be added to it buildings, large or mall, and by this means, if I when about to be drunk.

Scarce gave


A MISERLY uncle, who, wealthy and stout,

Thought not of the needy residing about,

Yet spoke to his nephew of duty and care,
OH! hail, little Zephyr, so gay and so free, And though his allowance was scanty and spare,
That one scarce can help wishing a zephyr to be. Obliged him a part with the beggars to share.
Who has seen half the landscapes, who's travella The nephew, a generous sensible youth,
so far?

Had gladly complied, but his uncle forsooth, Borne so softly upon thine ethereal car?

him a halfpenny more than enough. Thou hast swept o'er the meads when the morn. So, barely sufficient his wardrobe to store, ing was bright,

His nephew determined to ask him for more,
And scattered the dew from the lily so white;
Thou hast roved in the dales where the nightin- Ah! no, to his uncle that altered the sense ;

Or from his own purse all the alms to dispense; gale sings, And played with the plumes on her delicate wings; "How can you for shame, with so large a supply,

And to his entreaties would only reply, Thou hast searched in the woodlands each flowery To ask for an increase, extravagant youth;

nook, And mingled'thy voice with the murmuring brook.

I kindly allow you far more than enough. Thou hast whispered along through the rustling But I cannot afford you one halfpenny more.'

'Tis your duty young man to remember the poor, corn, When the reaper was heated, and thirsty, and The nephew then thought now a trick I will play of worn;

And then I shall see what my uncle will say ; Thou hast fanned his hot brow and refreshed him He talks of my duty from morning to night, anew,

But ne'er brings his own for one moment in sight. To thrust his keen sickle the golden stalks An old tattered cloak and a bonnet of straw,

through. Thou has crept through the forest in winter's chill Conceal'd the fine features entirely of one

The edges of which were both ragged and raw, night, By the flickering stars and the moon's pallid light; Totally different from that of his own.

Who passed for a beggar, and spoke in a tone When no murmur was heard in the stillness save thine,

The uncle reclined in a large easy chair, As thou shook'st the crisp snow from the towering But angrily shouted aloud, who is there? pine.

For in plaintive tones at the window heardThou hast wandered away to the crimson-tinged "A penny, a morsel, can surely be spared. sky,

Kind sir pray bestow but a morsel of bread, When the setting sun's rays flashed triumphant and blessings for ever shall rest

on your head; on high,

Oh, turn me not destitute thus from your door, And the fleecy clouds looked in such bright masses

Without a small coin from your plentiful store." rolled,

"Begone, you're a vagrant, a tramp fit for gaol, Like mountains of silver washed over with gold. I'úl soon make you tell quite a different tale ; Thou hast breathed o'er their beauty alone thy Pray what's it to me if you starve on the road; soft lay,

Begone quick you varmint and leave my abode, Till they purpled, and faded, and melted away. Or soon in a prison safe lodged you shall be, Thou hast kissed the fair forehead of many a belle, Not a morsel or penny will you get from me." And flirted-ah, Zephyr! we know it so well, With half of the nymphs, and the fairies beside,

The beggar then threw off his bonnet and cloak, Who far in the woods by the brooklets abide.

And in his own voice to the miser he spokeThou hast furled the thick smoke from the grim Tho thou plainly dost tell me that duty is mine ;

“So uncle, thou find'st it no duty of thine, battle-field, When the soldier lay stretched by his sword and To help the distressed and each beggar to feed, his shield,

And never to turn from a creature in need."
And the heart that beat fiercely an hour before, " 'Tis hard from thy coffers tho'laden with gold,
Is silenced for ever and stiffened in gore:

With money which cannot be counted or told,
And the spirit has soared from that bosom so cold, To take but a penny to give to the poor,
And no tear has been shed, and no knell has been And yet 'tis my duty to do this and more."

Float on, little Zephyr, float merrily on !
Don't try to grow grand, or thy beauty is gone:

Be ambitious, and swell io a tempest, and then
Thou will never he loved or thought well of again.

Look up, ye weary and forlorn,
B. B. F.

With earnest, stedfast eye,

Look up, and one bright star at least
I HAVE a little dressing-room,

You surely will descry.
The window's very small;

Look up, nor think thou art alone,
But thence I see, what ought to be,

Tho' earthly friends are few,
My hope, my aim, my all:

There's one above who cares for thee,
For thro' its solitary pane

And seeks thee for His own.
No view of earth is given;

He bids thee upward look to Him,
But gazing high, 'mid starry sky,

When troubles deep oppress,
I catch a glimpse of Heaven, D.M, R. And tho' thy sight be weak and dim,

Will comfort, cheer, and bless. C.S.

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

with their strength, and hopeful with their hope. FAMILY COUNCIL.

Thus, instead of viewing them as teeming with

mournful lessons of decay, you will find that one LADIES AND GENTLEMEN OF THE COUNCIL, way or another they have answered a purpose, and It grieves us to say one word of discouragement only give place to nobler things. Here are lessons 60 early in the New Year, but our Presidential of hope-here are directions and incitements to duties compel us to observe that neither the Let the noblest endeavour. In society you will regard ters nor Definitions bear upon them the marks of old friends with a great joy; you will look on the advance. The holidays no doubt have had some old beggar with a wise commiseration of his thing to do with this falling off; several, indeed sorrow, for that he too was once young and full most all, bear the marks of haste, and plainly

of hope, but now, being old and hopeless, the show that the Christmas and New Year's parties more is your need to comfort and soothe him, have prevented our esteemed Council from doing Thus age will be a fountain of the tenderest and themselves justice. The best—always excepting most charitable or reverent feeling; childhood a those we publish-are from Emma š. P., c. s., perpetual stream of hope ; manhood a strong H. A. J., Nina Gordon, Catherine M. P., Anna inspiration to emulous endeavour. Every object Hiltown, Captain J. R., Rosa F., and J. Eastman, in nature, animate and inanimate-the stars as --the others are sad failures.

they roll, and seasons as they pass-you will look

on with a feeling that they once were young, that ON THR ADVANTAGES OF SIMPLICITY, AND CUL- they have answered, or still answer, a wise pur-1 TIVATING A CONTENTED SPIRIT.

pose. And what should disconcert you in the

contemplation of all those mighty movements ? MY DEAR FRIEND,

Is it that you will feel yourself as a barren island I have observed of late that you in a golden sea ?

If such should ever be your seemed discontented with your lot, and have pur. fancy, do not indulge it, for simplicity herself will posed often to attempt removing the imaginary tell you that the summer of the heart, the season load of misery which depressed your mind. I say of thought has begun with you; that you must be "imaginary" because you are surrounded with "up and doing,", and trust to reap a golden every comfort, and have every incentive to hope harvest, even the harvest of immortality, which, and joy which mortals can ever hope to be blessed serenely enthroned above “the wreck of matter with. I ascribe your misery not altogether to a and the crash of worlds," shall hear with un. diseased mind-for there are none so joyful as you speakable ecstacy the welcome of angels-—"Well in the social bower-but to the false estimates you done good and faithful servant, enter into the joy form, arising from the false views you take of of thy Lord." things. Permit me, then, to offer a few sugges

W. YOUNG SOMERVILLE. tions, which may haply give a richer light to your sun, and a happier glow to your world.

MY DEAR EMMA I would earnestly exhort you to cultivate “Sim

Exposed as you are to a social atmoplicity” as a basis whereon to pile the super- sphere in which so much that is artificial prestructure of a contented mind. In defining the dominates, I cannot, as your true friend, forbear term, let me state that you know what a person to warn you of the seductive nature of surroundmeans when he speaks of “looking to the sunny | ing influences, and bid you beware of inhaling side of things." "Well, this is much the same that which will prove fatal to all true nobility of spirit which the sentiment of simplicity engenders. soul and independence of purpose, as well as to It looks to the childhood of things, as the astute any substantial peace of mind or enjoyment of intellect looks to their progress, and as the life. Perhaps, my dear girl, I cannot more effecsublimed soul looks to their ends and purposes. tually aid you in this respect than by commendNow it seems to me that you look too much ing to your regard a principle directly opposed to "before,” imagining that all manner of miseries all the hollow semblances and so-called refineshall eventually beset you and the things that are ments of fashionable society, I refer to that un. your's; thus inverting the constitution of your assuming grace, -Simplicity. Those who all their mind by putting, so to speak, the last first, and, lives have been starving out their intellectual in your maudlin credulity, the first last, you see a and moral natures by a constant round of dissi. world in dotage.

pation, and have been guided rather by the vary. I could recommend you, if I am right in these ing standard of public opinion, than any just conjectures, to a never-failing mine of solace appreciation of moral truth or beanty, may scorn ment-the Bible--that will tell you that “all is in the mention of simplicity, as a subject both dull a good hand; that it is for us to believe, love, and and common-place. But their disapproval is no obey." I would further, for confirmation of the argument against it, and even in this their scorn truths it incalcates as directly applicable to your we may suspect they are but partially sincere, for case (for the Bible has al ife-giving word for each may not their habit of affectation extend even to of us) bid you cast your eyes abroad, and look on this, and serve as a disguise for that envy which things with the eye and lieart of simplicity. You it is policy to conceal. And truly they may well are fond of ancient monuments and the hoary envy the unfailing streams of satisfaction that ruins which environ our home; contemplate flow from this fountain of simplicity, a fountain them as associated with your childhood, as fair of nature's own filling, where her children drink flowers on the border o'. life ; encourage a curiosity and are refreshed. to learn the history of their origin, and wander You, my dear young friend, I think need not delightedly down the vista of the past, till they be told that simplicity, far from being commonbecome young again, till you can converse with place, is in fact so high an attainment that it conthe mighty of the days that are gone, grow strong Istitutes the perfection of excellence. It may be

termed the highway of genius, yet it is a path in LADIES AND GENTLEMEN OF THE LETTERwhich the lowly may walk and not err. It is the WRITING COUNCIL.--We beg to solicit a Letter aim of the great masters of art in all departments, from a friend to a friend ASKING PECUNIARY and constitutes the charm of their noblest per- HELP IN AN EMERGENCY. formances; and why? because their eyes are fixed

LINBAMENT. upon the great standard of perfection-Nature,

The mind shining through its fleshly veil.-L.W. who in all her works exhibits a majestio sim

Nature's own stamp upon her children.“ plicity; and this very simplicity that nature her

AMELIA. self employs is the key that unlocks the great

What the maiden sees when she “ secret of all true nobility of character, as well as

peeps into

the draw-well."-CATIE. all dignity and grace of manners; it also adds a charm to personal appearance more potent than

Sorrow's touch upon the form of beatity.

J. C. L. the most costly ornaments.

Self-conceit in the fop.-LRILA S. In looking at the moral bearing of the principle, we cannot fail to perceive how adapted it is

The fascinating

spell which binds resemblancos

together.-W.Y. s. to secure to our compound nature the develop

By their works ye shall know them.-J. C. ment of the highest good. “Virtue is natural to the human mind," and the harmony that plays its


That which a noble soul makes siguificant of amongst the various faculties, when, hand in hand with simplicity it is allowed to exert its tells its happy parents o' its consatiguitity.

The twinkling o'a sweet babe's eye that doubly native power, shows something of the original

ELSPIE. grandeur of humanity, and proves that "he who made us bent us to the right." Simplicity may

A definition in lines.--LILY H.

The love which runs like a silver thread through truly be said to be "the vase that contains the

the dark intricacies of the heart.- Rosa F. sacred treasure of virtue," preserving it purc


The aim of sculptor and painter. -ALPHA. all vitiating alloy. "Tis further, the personifica

The force of nature.--8. D. tion of truth, the sign of internal sincerity, and the guarantee of whatever is ingenuous and

The types we use in sun printing.--ANNA H. straightforward in the outward deportment; and

Nature's statuary.-D. M. R. thus it will ever be, for where all is frank and

Pencillings of the mind on the outward form.

M. W. M. honest there can be no motive for concealment. Another advantage is, that it preserves our facul

The first part of a great idea seen by the mind's ties unfettered from all conventional rules, and eye: H. A.: rids us from a thousand anxieties as to what a

The daughter of photography.~ALBERT S. fickle world may think or say; thus it gives the hour of suffering:-STEPHANIE,

The silvery tones of a well-known voice in the mind leisure to repose itself, as well as opportunity to decipher its powers for the race of true J. R.

Glen Tilt, with the eagle espying.-CAPTAIN excellence. Had this principle but scope to sway the sceptre

PROHIBITORY. which of right belongs to it, what a transforma- The Decalogue.-L. W. and CATIE. tion would it effect on the face of society. Affec

Touch it if you dare.-M. A. and S., and tation would then be ashamed of her mask, and BERTH. $. grow weary of her attempts to deceive, while

A single lady with a ring upon the wedding candour and truth would impart a confidence to finger.-J. C. L. social intercourse which would cause the genial

The face of a policeman to the beggar.-LEILA S. streams of peace and goodwill to flow from heart

The monitions of conscience in a bad cause. to heart. But, alas! we must own that in the

W.Y.S. existing state of things there seems but little

The sting of the wasp's address to unwary in. chance for our meek-eyed grace. Simplicity, I

truders.-ALEXANDER. fear, must still remain in the shade, and her

The prerogative o' truth in settin' her claims whispered teachings be unheard except by the aboon our selfish purposes.--ELSPIB, few, the multitude will still be dazzled by the

The moral which the bee of wisdom extracts şuperficial and showy, and grasp at the shadow from the weeds in the garden of folly.-J. T. instead of the substance. But, my dear friend, is

"No thoroughfare, by order of the Lord Mayor." it not consoling to reflect that there is a remedy

-CECILIA. for all the depravity and derangement that is at

“Don't touch it, it is not yours.”—ELSIE. work amongst mankind? “Heaven's easy artless

The warnings of conscience.-NIÑA GORDON. unencumbered plan”– Christianity, is the only

Thus far shalt thou go, and no further. grand restorative for a fallen world; knowing

LILY H. this, let us ask ourselves the important question,

Now, Massa Teddy, don't be pullin de needles do we bow to its sway? are we guided by its un

ou yer sister's knittin'.-Tif. erring rule? If so, our eye will be single, our

Mamma's shake of the head.-CHOTIC. aim simple, and a spirit of humility and content.

Touch not, taste not, handle not.-CHOTIC ment will spread for us a continual feast; and we

ALPHA, and NELLIE. shall be blessed with that

A custom-house officer.

Nfollowers allowed.- ALBERT S. " Which nothing earthly gives, or can destroy, The soul's calm sunshine and the heartfelt joy."

The flaming sword at the gate of Eden.- Colt.
I remain your sincere friend,

“If she will, she will, you may depend on it;
If she won't, she won't, and there's an end of it.


and gay.


Persisting in having the last word.-J. C. L. d. Then last name the poet whose anguish and The reprobate's watch-word.-J.C.

grief, The keenest weapon in the annals of human Seeks in sorrowful verses some little relief; strife.-PINK.

Who o'er his Narcissa, so young and so fair, The unruly sheep which misleads the flock.- Laments in a language uncommon and rare; ELSPIE.

Place these sons of Parnassus in proper array, "No I wont,” accompanied with a slight stamp And they'll tell you a month that is cheerful of the little foot. -LILLIE DAISIE. A disposition of the coltish order.-LILY H.


The spoilt child's "I don't care."-Rosa F.
The road to ruin.-M. W. M.

city of Hindustan, The conduct of some young gentlemen on mis

b. A preposition.

c. A city famed for the celebration of Grecian tletoe night.-H. A. J. The vagaries of the human heart.-ALBERT S.

games. Extravagance of every kind.-J. E.

d. A renowned patriot. An impetuous torrent of nature ever ready to

. A Saxon monarch.

G. H. break out unless controlled-SCEPHANIE.

37. "I will do as I please.”—AGNESE.

I'm an old burthen run down the line,

And if you would find me search for the Tyne. WORDS FOR DEFINITION.



a. A common herb. ENIGMAS, CHARADES, &c. 6. A poetical tale or fiction represented by scenes,

c, To beat soundly with a cudgel,


e, President of the Muses, Spaces to be filled up poetically.

f. A common fowl.





well; And.................................... joy,

a. To give intelligence,

tell, Far ....................................

b. A celebrated Italian composer.

C. A musical instrument. When..........


beams, d. A small pointed instrument. And.. ........gay,

H. F. P.D. I ..................................... think of .....................................away.


EXPRBOBBD But .................. come,

a. The opposite of heat. Rinuing water And .......................... care;

b. A church. A solid defence. A.. ................ me,

c. Our Sovereign's, A path over a river. Who ....................... share.

d. A covering for the head. Fashion. This


e. A colour. What every one must obey. My

thine: f. Relation, An auction, I'm .................................. smile




My first is warm and soft,

And worn by ladies oft; Q. Take the writer whose size both of body and My next a passive verb will show, mind,

As every schoolboy well does know, Were much more gigantie than common you'll My third is neither high nor grand, find;

And sometimes is applied to land. Whose brains were employ'd for the good of The same in a different sense you take,

And it an active verb will make. And perfect the language you find in each page; My whole is a word that is used to express Whether out with his Rambler you venture to A rather old-fashioned trimming for dress. roam,

MABIA AND TINEY. Or stay with his Rasselas, shut up at home. 6. When tired of his numbers, I'd have you to

42. name,

At every wedding I'm sure to be there, An Archbishop of Ireland recorded by fame,

I form both the bridegroom and blushing bride Whose writings will ever be held in esteem,

By those who make saered religion their theme. A nice kind of fruit, behold me again c. Next remember the writer, whose delicate lay,( And peel rouud 94: apple disclosing my name. Deserved from Apollo a chaplet of bay;

1. ALLIE. Who, in Hagley's sweet groves for his Lucy did

43. mourn

My first is a male bird; my second is a fish; And wept with true sorrow long over her urn. I and my whole is a despised inséet. E. K.

the age,


« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »