German Armies: War and German Society, 1648-1806
Routledge, 2002 - Всего страниц: 432
German armies examines the diversity of German involvement in European conflict from the Peace of Westphalia to the age of Napoleon. Challenging assumptions of the Holy Roman Empire as weak and divided, this study provides a comprehensive account of its survival in a hostile environment of centralizing belligerent states. In contrast to the later german states, the Empire was inherently defensive, yet many of its component territories embarked on expansionist, militaristic policies, creating their own armies to advance their objectives. The author examines the resultant tensions and explains the structure and role of the different German forces. In addition, a number of wider issues are addressed, such as war and the emergence of absolutism, the rise of Austria and Prussia as great powers, non-violent forms of conflict resolution and the relative effectiveness of German military and political institutions in meeting the challenge of revolutionary France. Drawing on a range of sources, the author provides a detailed analysis of the German dimension of the great struggles against Louis XIV's France, competition for supremacy in the Baltic and Mediterranean and the prolonged wars with the Ottoman Turks. German armies extends the boundaries of military history by placing ancien regime warfare within a wider social, cultural and international context.
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1 War and German politics
2 From Westphalia to the Réunions 164884
3 War on two fronts 168399
4 Habsburg strategy in continental conflict 170021
5 Princely leagues and associations
6 The Reich and the European powers 171440
7 Between civil war and partition 174092
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alliance allies ambitions Anglo-Dutch Aretin armed princes army Association August Austrian auxiliaries Bavaria bishop Brandenburg Braubach Carl Charles Charles’s co-operation Cologne command conflict continued contributions defeat defence despite diplomatic duke Dutch Dutch Republic dynastic efforts elector emperor estates forces formal France Franconia French Friedrich further garrison German Geschichte Hannovers Gotha Guelph Habsburg Hanover Hanoverian Hessen-Darmstadt Hessen-Kassel Hungary imperial politics infantry influence Italy Johann Joseph Kreis structure Kreise Kreistruppen Krieg Landgrave Leopold lesser territories Lothar Franz Louis Lower Saxon Ludwig Mainz maritime powers Max Emanuel Mecklenburg military militia million fl mobilization Münster negotiations Netherlands neutrality northern Northern War Ottoman Palatinate peace Philippsburg Poland Preußische Armee Prinz Eugen Prussia reform regiments Reich Reichsarmee Reichstag remained Rhenish Rhineland rulers Saxony Schnath Schönborn soldiers Spain Spanish subsidies Swabia Sweden Thirty Years War traditional treaty troops Turkish Turks Upper Rhine Vienna Westphalian Wilhelm Wittelsbach Wolfenbüttel Württemberg Würzburg