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Rhod, a wheel; and in like manner the term was applied to a shield, on account of its orbed or circular shape. A shield is evidently meant in such passages as the following
"The brave and haughty hero with a notched rhodawg."
Cynddelw. "The scattering of the wolf of slaughter with the goldenbossed rhodawg."—Ll. P. Moch.
RHON-A pike, or lance.
RHUCHEN-A coat; a leathern jerkin. In the Mabinogi
of "Kilhwch and Olwen" there is mention made of
"A swineherd with a rhuchen of skin about him."
RHUDDBAR-A ruddy spear.
RHUWCH-A rough-fringed mantle or garment. Llywarch Hen wore one :
Though light some may deem my rhuwch."
According to the Laws of Hywel Dda, a free tenant's rhuwch was valued at sixty pence, and that of a villain at thirty pence.-Myv. Arch., iii., p. 424.
SAE-A kind of woollen stuff, say :
"A robe has been sent to thee,
Beneath the leaves, of black sae."-D ab Gwilym.
SAETH-An arrow. According to the old Welsh Laws, every master of a family was required to possess a
"how with twelve saeth in a quiver;" and have the the same in readiness against "the attacks of a foreign army, and of strangers, and other depredators." Their legal value was fourpence.
It is not very clear whether the tela, which, according to Cæsar, the Britons used in their first engagement with the Romans,
"Alii ab latere aperto, in universos tela conjiciebant."
were arrows, or some other missiles. That the word, in its primary acceptation, referred to the former, is evident from the Laws of Justinian :
"Telum autem [ut Caius noster ex interpretatione legum duodecim tabularum scriptum reliquit] vulgo quidem id appellatur, quod ab arcu mittitur. Sed et omne significat quod manu cujusque jacitur."
In the "Lady of the Fountain" we read of two youths whose "saethau had their shafts of the bone of the whale, and were winged with peacock's feathers." -P. 42. In the tale cited, sub voce Bwa, the messenger from the court of North Wales expresses his desire to have "a bow of red yew in his hand, ready bent, with a tough, tight string, and a straight round shaft, with a compass-rounded nock, and long slender feathers, fastened on with green silk, and a steel head, heavy and thick, and an inch across, of a green blue temper, that would draw blood out of a weathercock."
Giraldus Cambrensis states that the people of Gwent excelled as archers, and he gives two or three extraordinary examples in proof of his assertion. SAFFAR-A spike, a spear.
"They will tremble at their rage, serpents with saffar of
SAFFWN-A beam, or a shaft.
"A saffwn of ample wrath is its spike.”—Cynddelw.
or lance. This weapon was used in the
SAFFWY-A pike, or lance.
battle of Cattraeth.
"He would not say but that Cynon should see the corpse Of one harnessed and saffwyawc (holding a pike), and of a wide-spread fame."—Gododin.
SAID--That part of any tool which goeth into the haft;
"The love segan of the ladies;
Guto the panegyrist, a lodger midst mead,
Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal, 1460.
SINDAL-Sindon; fine linen; cambric. The word was used by the old writers to signify a thin kind of silk, like cypress.
"The couch which the maiden had' prepared for him (Owain) was meet for Arthur himself; it was of scarlet, and fur, and satin, and sindal, and fine linen."-Lady of the Fountain.
Gwynfardd Brycheiniawg, 1160-1220, in his Ode on St. David, describes him as being robed in sindal. "Dewi son of Sant with a sindal vest."
SWCH-A Soc; a point; the boss of a shield.
"He bore a heavy three-edged sword with a golden hilt, in a scabbard of black leather, having a swch of fine gold on the point (i. e., being tipped with fine gold)."-Dream of Rhonabwy, p. 407.
To hold the swch of a shield upwards was regarded as a signal of peace.
"Behold one of the ships outstripped the others, and they saw a shield lifted up above the side of the ship, and the swch of the shield was upwards, in token of peace."-Branwen, p. 104.
Impelled are sharp weapons of iron-gashing is the blade,
TABAR--A tabard. The word was known in the sixth century, as it is mentioned by Taliesin.
TALADDURN-A front ornament.
TALAITH-Properly a head-band, such as that wherewith a nurse ties the head of a little child; also, a crown, a coronet, a diadem.
"The three taleithiawg cad (diademed warriors) of the isle of Britain; Trystan son of Tallwch, Huail son of Caw, and Cai son of Cynyr the handsome knight; and one was taleith
iawg over the three, namely, Bedwyr son of Pedrog."-Triad 69. Third Series.
The sons of Rhodri the Great were likewise styled "the three taleithiawg princes, by reason that each of them did wear on his helmet a coronet of gold, being a broad head-band indented upwards, set and wrought with precious stones."-Vide Wynne's Hist. of Wales, p. 34. Hence also the word came to signify a princi
pality, or a province.
TALEITHIG-A fillet, a bandlet.
TARIAN-A shield. Gwrgan the Freckled, the fiftieth king of Britain, "enacted a law that no one should bear a tarian, but only a sword and bow; hence his countrymen became very heroic."-Iolo MSS., p. 351. Ancient writers represent the tarianau of the Britons as very small; to which description the specimens which occasionally come to light exactly agree. They seem to have been borne in the hand, rather than on the arm.
A simple tarian was valued at eightpence; but should it be of blue or gold enamel, its value was twenty-four pence.—Myv. Arch., iii., p. 423.
TASEL-A bandage; a sash; a fringe; a tassel. TEDDYF-A Socket; a hollow for receiving a handle, or the like.
"The smith of the palace ought to perform all the jobs of the palace gratuitously, except three things; those are particularly the rim of a pot, the edge of a coulter, and the teddyf of a hatchet and of a spear head."-Welsh Laws.
TEISBAN-A piece of tapestry; a quilt; a hassock.