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CONCISE DICTIONARY

OF THE

HOLY BIBLE.

BY REV. JAMES COVEL, JUNIOR.

DESIGNED FOR THE USE OF SUNDAY SCHOOL TEACHER &

AND FAMILIES.

WITH MAPS AND NUMEROUS FINE ENGRAVINOS.

NEW-YORK:
PUBLISHED BY G. LANE & P. P. SANDFORD,
For the Sunday School Union of the Methodist Episcopal Church,

at the Conference Office, 200 Mulberry-street.

J. Collord, Printer.

1843.

Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1839, by T. Mason & G. Lane, in the clerk's office of the Southern District of New-York.

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THE DICTIONARY, which is now presented to the reader, is the result of the most careful and patient investigation. The author, of course, has been indebted to various sources for materials ; but all the articles, with few exceptions, have been sent to the press in manuscript; and, during two years past, all the time which could in justice be spared from other duties has been exclusively devoted to the preparation of this work.

In most Dictionaries of the Bible, å large proportion of the matter consists of Scripture narrative. But Bibles are too numerous, and their contents too well understood by that class of persons who read Bible Dictionaries, to render such details necessary.

The object of this work is simply to explain and illustrate the meaning of this precious book; and no name or term occurring in the Bible has been omitted, respecting which any thing could be ascertained which was judged important in the accomplishment of this object, or which would seem to be desirable in a work of this kind. I have derived great assistance from works which would not be likely to fall in the way of common readers. Such as Gesenius's Hebrew and English Lexicon, translated from the Latin.

This invaluable work is purely a philological work; and although it rarely presents any allusion to theological sentisnents, no student of the Bible should be without it.

PREFACE TO DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE.

The Greek and English Lexicon of the New Testament, by Dr. Robinson, the translator of Gesenius.

This work bears in every page marks of integrity, learn. ing, and diligence. In both of the above-named works, attention has been given to the interpretations of difficult passages ; and therefore the two together form a good commentary on the original Scriptures. Besides, Dr. Jahn's Biblical Archæology, Robinson's Calmet, the Biblical Repository, the works of Professor Stuart, Dr. A. Clarke, Burckhardt, Macknight, Watson, and others, have been constantly at hand. Geographical articles have received particular attention ; no fact is stated but on the latest and best authority, and on which the reader may depend. The references are all made in every article for the purpose of illustration; and no article should be considered as read until every passage is examined.

Respecting the engravings, the reader may rely on their accuracy also. No pains or expense has been spared to procure those which are correct; and they are executed by one of the best artists in our country.

The division and accentuation of the words have been carefully attended to; and, in some instances, they have been respelled, as a guide to their correct pronunciation.

In the pronunciation, observe the following rules :

1. When a vowel is followed by an accent, it has the long sound, as Abel, but otherwise, the short sound as Ad'am.

3. Every final i, marked as a distinct syllable, has the iong sound as a'i, Hu-sha-i.

3. Ch is pronounced like k, as Che'bar, except in cherub, cherubim, Rachel, Chittim.

4. G is 1 before e, and i, as Gehazi, Gideon.

New-York, July 6, 1838.

A

BIBLICAL DICTIONARY.

AAR

AAR * AARON, (A'ron,) the son of the tribe of Judah, by of Amram and Joch'e-bed, of whom he had four sons, Na'the tribe of Levi. Aaron was dab and Abi'hu, E-le-a'zar three years older than his and Ith'a-mar, Ex. vi, 23. The brother Moses; and in effect. first two were killed by fire ing the deliverance of the from heaven, as a punishHebrews we find them con- ment for presuming to offer stantly associated. During incense with strange fire in the march of the children of their censers, Lev. x, 1, 2. Israel through the wilderness, From the two others the sucAaron and his sons were ap- cession of high priests was pointed by God to exercise continued in Israel. for ever the office of priests The account of the death in the tabernacle.

of Aaron is peculiarly solemn After the tabernacle was and affecting. As he and Mo. built, Moses consecrated Aa. ses, in striking the rock at ron to the high priesthood Meribah, Num. xvi, had not with the holy oil, and invested honoured God by a perfect him with his priestly robes, obedience and faith, he in his -his garments of glory and wrath declared unto them that beauty.” Two miraculous in- they should not enter into the terpositions confirmed him in promised land. Soon after, his office of high priest, as the Lord commanded Moses, of Divine appointment. The “Take Aaron, and Eleazar first was the destruction of his son, and bring them up to Koʻrah, who sought that office Mount Hor; and strip Aaron for himself, and of the two of his garments,"—his splenhundred and fifty Levites who did pontifical vestments, supporte1 his pretensions, “and put them upon Eleazar Num. xvi. The second was his son; and Aaron shall be the blossoming, of Aaron's gathered unto his people, and rod, which was designed "to shall die there.” In Deutero. cause the murmurings of the nomy it is said that Aaron Israelites against him to died at Mo-se'ra; because

that was the name of the diz. Aaron married E-lish'e-ba, trict in which Mount Hor was the daughter of Amminadab, / situated.

cease.

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