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ark to the field of battle, to renderness is not only swearing, but, perthem successful against the Phi- haps, in some respects, swearing listines, 1st Sam. iv, 3, 5.-4. of the worst sort; as it is a direct Wantonly, in swearing by him, or breach of an express command, creatures in his stead, Matt. v, and offends against the very letter 34, 37.-5. Angrily, or sportfully of that law which says, in so many cursing, and devoting ourselves or words, “Thou shalt not take the others to mischief and damnation. name of the Lord thy God in vain.' -6. Perjuring ourselves, attest. It offends against politeness and ing that which is false, Mal. iii, 5. good breeding, for those who com-7. Blasphemously reviling God, mit it little think of the pain they or causing others to do so, Rom. are inflicting on the sober mind, ii, 24. Perhaps. there is no sin which is deeply wounded when it more common as to the practice, hears the holy name it loves disand less thought of as to the guilt honoured : and it is as contrary to of it, than this. Nor is it thus good breeding to give pain, as it common with the vulgar only, but is to true piety to be profane. It with those who call themselves is astonishing that the refined and wise, humane, and moral. They elegant should not reprobate this tremble at the idea of murder, practice for its coarseness and vultheft, adultery, &c., while they garity, as much as the pious abhor forget that the same law which it for its sinfulness. prohibits the commission of these " I would endeavour to give crimes, does, with equal force, for some faint idea of the grossness bid that of profaning his name. of this offence by an analogy, (oh! No man, therefore, whatever his how inadequate!) with which the sense, abilities, or profession may feeling heart, even though not seabe, can be held guiltless, or be ex- soned with religion, may yet be onerated from the charge of being touched. To such I would eara wicked man, while he lives in nestly say_Suppose you had some the habitual violation of this part beloved friend, -to put the case of God's sacred law. A very ce- still more strongly, a departed lebrated female writer justly ob- friend,-a revered parent, perserves, that “ It is utterly inex- haps--whose image never occurs CUSABLE ; it has none of the pal- without awaking in your bosom liatives of temptation which other sentiments of tender love and livevices plead, and in that respect ly gratitude ; how would you feel stands distinguished from all oth- if you heard this honoured name ers both in its nature and degree bandied about with unfeeling faoff guilt. Like many other sins, miliarity and indecent levity; or, however, it is at once cause and at best, thrust into every pause effect ; it proceeds from want of of speech as a vulgar expletive ? love and reverence to the best of Does not your affectionate heart Beings, and causes the want of recoil at the thought? And yet that love both in themselves and the hallowed name of your truest others. This species of profane- Benefactor, your heavenly Fa
ther, your best friend, to whom | always our duty to pray that you are indebted for all you enjoy; Christ's kingdom may be advancwho gives you those very friends in ed in the world, and to profess whom you so much delight, those our daily dependence on God's very talents with which you dis- providential care. Nevertheless, honour him, those very organs of there is no reason to believe that speech with which you blaspheme Christ meant that his people him, is treated with an irreve- should always use this as a set rence, a contempt, a wantonness, form ; for if that had been the with which you cannot bear the case, it would not have been varivery thought or mention of treated as it is by the two evangelists, ing a human friend. His name Matt. vi, Luke xi. It is true, inis impiously, is unfeelingly, is un- deed, that they both agree in the gratefully singled out as the ob- main, as to the sense, yet not in ject of decided irreverence, of sys. the express words; and the doxotematic contempt, of thoughtless logy which Matthew gives at large levity. His sacred name is used is wholly left out in Luke. And, indiscriminately to express anger, besides, we do not find that the joy, grief, surprise, impatience; disciples ever used it as a form. and what is almost still more un- It is, however, a most excellent pardonable than all, it is wanton-summary of prayer, for its brevity, ly used as a mere unmeaning ex- order, and matter, and it is very pletive, which, being excited by lawful and laudable to make use no temptation, can have nothing of any single petition, or the whole to extenuate it ; which, causing of it, provided a formal and superno emotion can have nothing to stitious use of it be avoided. That recommend it, unless it be the great zeal, as one observes, which pleasure of the sin.” Mrs. Moore is to be found in some Christians on Education, vol. ii, page 87 ; either for or against it, is to be laGill's Body of Div., vol. iii, page mented as a weakness; and it will 427 ; Brown's Syst. of Relig., p. become us to do all that we can 526.
to promote on each side more moLORD'S PRAYER, is that derate sentiments concerning the which our Lord gave to his disci- use of it. See Doddridge's Lecples on the Mount. According to tures, lec. 194; Barrow's Works, what is said in the sixth chapter vol. I, p. 48: Archbishop Leighof Matthew, it was given as a di- ton's Explanation of it; West on the rectory; but from Luke xi, 1. Lord's Prayer; Gill's body of Disome argue that it was given as a vinity, vol. iii, p. 362, 8vo.; Forform. Some have urged that the dyce on Edification by Public Insecond and fourth petition of that struction, page 11, 12; Dendam's prayer could be intended only for Exposition of the Lord's Prayer. temporary use ; but it is answer LORD'S SUPPER is an ordied, that such a sense may be put nance which our Saviour instituted upon those petitions as shall suit as a commemoration of his death all Christians in all ages; for it is and sufferings. 1. It is called i VOL. II.
sacrament, that is, a sign, and anclares that he is our's, and we by cath. An outward and visible sign it declare to be his.-5. A standof an inward and spiritual grace ; ing ordinance, for it is to be oban oath, by which we bind our served to the end of time, 1st souls with a bond unto the Lord. Cor. xi, 26. It seems to be quite Some, however, reject this term an indifferent thing, what bread is as not being scriptural; as like- used in this ordinance, or what wise the idea of swearing or vow- coloured wine, for Christ took ing to the Lord. See Vow.-2. that which was readiest. The eatIt is called the Lord's supper, be- ing of the bread and drinking of cause it was first instituted in the the wine being always connected evening, and at the close of the in Christ's example, they ought Passover supper; and because we never to be separated : wherever therein feed upon Christ, the bread one is given, the other should not of life, Rev. iii, 20. 1st Cor. xi.be withheld. This bread and wine 3. It is called the communion, as are not changed into the real body herein we have communion with || and blood of Christ, but are only Christ, and with his people, 1st emblems thereof. See TRANSUBCor. xii, 13. 1st Cor. x, 17.-4.STANTIATION. It is called the eucharist, a thanks The subjects of this ordinance giving ; because Christ, in the in- should be such as make a credible stitution of it, gave thanks, 1st profession of the gospel : the ige Cor. xi, 24. and because we in norant, and those whose lives are the participation of it, must give immoral, have no right to it ; nor thanks likewise.-5. It is called || should it ever be administered as a feast, and by some a feast upon a test of civil obedience, for this is a sacrifice (though not a sacrifice perverting the design of it. None itself,) in allusion to the custom but true believers can approach it of the Jews' feasting upon their with profit; yet we cannot exsacrifices, 1st Cor. x, 18.
clude any who make a credible As to the nature of this ordi- profession, for God only is the nance, we may observe, that, in judge of the heart, while we can participating of the bread and only act according to outward apwine, we do not consider it as ex-pearances. piatory, but, 1. As a commemora Much has been said respecting ting ordinance. We are here to the time of administering it. Some remember the person, love, and plead for the morning, others the death of Christ, 1st Cor. xi, 24. afternoon, and some for the even-2. A confessing ordinance. Weing; which latter, indeed, was hereby profess our esteem for the time of the first celebration Christ, and dependence upon him. lof it, and is most suitable to a -3. A communicating ordinance: supper. How often it is to be obblessings of grace are here com- served, cannot be precisely ascermunicated to us.4. A covenant- tained from scripture. Some have ing ordinance. God, in and by been for keeping it every day in this ordinance, as it were, de- the week; others four times a
week; some every Lord's day ; || known, that we need say nothing which many think is nearest the of it here. apostolic practice, Acts xx, 7. We will only subjoin a few diOthers have kept it three times a rections in what frame of mind we year, and some once a year ; but should attend upon this ordinance. the most common is once a month. It should be with sorrow for our It evidently appears, however, past sins, and easiness and calmboth from scripture, 1st Cor. xi, ness of affection, free from the dis26. and from the nature of the orders and ruffles of passion; with ordinance, that it ought to be fre- a holy awe and reverence of the quent.
Divine Majesty, yet with a graciAs to the posture : Dr. Dodd-ous confidence and earnest desires ridge justly observes, that it is toward God; with raised expectagreatly to be lamented that Chris- tion; prayer, joy, and thanksgivtians have perverted an ordinance, ing, and love to all men. intended as a pledge and means coming from it we should admire of their mutual union, into an oc- the condescensions of Divine casion of discord and contention, grace ; watch against the snares by laying such a disproportionate of Satan, and the allurements of stress on the manner in which it is the world. Rejoice in the finishto be administered, and the pos- ed work of Christ, depend upon ture in which it is to be received. the gracious influence of the SpiAs to the latter, a table posture rit, that we may keep up a sense seems most eligible, as having of the Divine favour, and be longbeen used by Christ and his apos- ing for heaven, where we hope at tles, and being peculiarly suitable last to join the general assembly to the notion of a sacred feast ; l of the first-born. and kneeling which was never in The advantages arising from the troduced into the church till tran- participation of the Lord's supper substantiation was received, may are numerous,
1. It is a mean prove an occasion of superstition. of strengthening our faith in the Nevertheless, provided it be not Lord Jesus Christ.-2. It affords absolutely imposed as a term of great consolation and joy.—3. It communion, it will be the part of increases love.-4. It has a tenChristian candour to acquiesce in dency to enlighten our minds in the use of it in others by whom the mystery of godliness.-5. It it is preferred. It appears, that gives us an utter aversion to all standing was at least frequently kinds of sin, and occasions a hearused in the Christian church, viz. ty grief for it.-6. It has a tenalways on the Lord's day, and be- dency to excite and strengthen all tween Easter and Whitsuntide. holy desires in us.—7. lt renews The manner in which this ordi- our obligations to our Lord and nance is administered, both in the Master.-8. It binds the souls of church of England, and among Christians one to another. See Protestant Dissenters, is so well Case's Sermons, ser. 7; and Hen
ry, Earle, Doolittle, Grove and -2. Love of benevolence, which is Robertson, on the Lord's Supper; an inclination to seek the happiDr. Owen's Charnock's, Dr. Cud- ness or welfare of any being.-3, worth's, Mr. Willett's, Dr. Wor- Love of complacence, which arises thington's, Dr. Watts's, Bishop from the consideration of any obWurburton's, Bishop Cleaver's, and ject agreeable to us, and calcuDr. Bell's, Pieces on the Subject. lated to afford us pleasure. A variety of other treatises, ex LOVE TO GOD is a divine planatory of the nature and design principle implanted in the mind of the Lord's supper, may be seen by the Holy Spirit, whereby we almost in any catalogue.
reverence, esteem, desire, and de. LOT is a mutual agreement to light in Him as the chief good. It determine an uncertain event, no includes a knowledge of his natuother ways determinable, by an ral excellences, Psal. viii, 1. and appeal to the providence of God, a consideration of his goodness to on casting or throwing something.us, 1st John iv, 19. Nor can these This is a decisory lot, Prov. xvi, two ideas, I think, be well sepa33. Prov. xviii, 18. The matter, rated; for, however some may therefore, to be determined, in or- argue that genuine love to God der to avoid guilt, should be im- should arise only from a sense of portant, and no other possible way his amiableness, yet I think it will left to determine it; and the man- be difficult to conceive how it can ner of making the appeal solemn exist, abstracted from the idea of and grave if we would escape the his relative goodness. The pas. guilt of taking the name of God sage last referred to is to the point, in vain. Wantonly, without ne- and the representation given us of cessity, and in a ludicrous man- the praises of the saints in heaven ner, to make this appeal, must be accord with the same sentiment : therefore highly blameable. And “ Thou art worthy, for thou hast if thus the decisory lot, when wan- redeemed us by thy blood," Rev. tonly and unnecessarily employed, v, 9. See SELF-Love.
'« Love be criminal, equally, if not more so, to God is a subject,” says bishop must the divinatory lot be, which Porteus, “which concerns us to is employed for discovering the enquire carefully into the true nawill of God : this, being no mean ture of. And it concerns us the of God's appointment, must be more, because it has been unhapsuperstitious, and the height of pily brought into disrepute by the presumption.
extravagant conceits of a few deLOVE consists in approbation vout enthusiasts concerning it. Of óf, and inclination towards an ob- these, some have treated the love ject that appears to us as good. of God in so refined a way, and It has been distinguished into, 1. carried it to such heights of seLove of esteem, which arises from raphic ecstacy and rapture, that the mere consideration of some common minds must for ever deexcellency in an object, and be- spair either of following or underJongs either to persons or things. standing them; whilst others have