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THE EARL OF CHATHAM. In Charles-st. Berkeley sq. Sept. 24. aged 79, the Right Hon. John Pitt, second Earl of Chatham, and Viscount Pitt of Burton Pynsent, co. Somerset (1766), and Baron Chatham (1761), K. G. a Privy-Councillor, a General in the army, Colonel of the 4th regiment of foot, Governor of Gibraltar, High- Steward of Colchester, an Elder Brother of the Trinity-House, a Governor of the Charter-House, &c. &c.

which he presented immediately to his
Majesty, at a private audience; and it
will be found printed in the Royal Mili-
tary Calendar, 1820, vol. 1. pp. 376-386.

His Lordship attained the full rank of
General Jan. 1, 1812; and was appointed
Governor of Gibraltar in 1820, on the
death of the Duke of Kent.

The Earl of Chatham married, July 9, 1783, the Hon. Mary-Elizabeth Townsend, second daughter of Thomas first Viscount Sydney, and aunt to the present Viscount Sydney; but by her ladyship, who died May 21, 1821, he had no issue. The peerage has in consequence become extinct; and with it the annual pension Act of Parliament in 1778, immediately of 4,000l. which was settled upon it by after the first Earl's death; as well as the first Earl of Chatham for three lives another of 3.0007. which was conferred on in 1761.

This senior brother of the immortal Pitt, the eldest son of William the great Earl of Chatham, by Lady Hester Grenville, Baroness Chatham, only daughter of Richard Grenville, esq. and Hester Countess Temple, was born Sept. 10, 1756, at a period when his father was Secretary of State, and at the zenith of his glory. He succeeded to the peerage soon after he became of age, by the death of his father, May 11, 1778

His Lordship was appointed à Captain in the army, June 30, 1779, and in the 86th foot on the 30th Sept. following. He served with his regiment during the On the 6th July 1788 American war. his brother appointed him First Lord of the Admiralty; on the 3d April 1789 he was sworn a Privy-Councillor; and on the 15th Dec. 1790 was elected a Knight He was at the time of of the Garter. his death the senior Knight of that most noble Order, with the exception of the Sovereign and his royal Brothers. He continued to preside over the Admiralty until Dec. 1794.

The Earl of Chatham was the last surhas been raised to that dignity in the four viving Peer of the family of Pitt, which Chatham, and Londonderry. The first titled branches of Rivers, Camelford, of these titles, created in 1776 (to the elder line from John Pitt, Clerk of the in the race of Pitt in 1828, but has been Exchequer temp. Eliz.) became extinct perpetuated in that of Beckford (now, by assumption, Pitt-Rivers). The second, created in 1784 to the Earl of Chatham's cousin-german, Thomas Pitt, expired in 1804 on the premature death of his eccentric of Chatban, originating in 1761, expires in son, the second Lord Camelford. The title 1835. That of Londonderry, conferred Earldom, on the younger son of the in 1719 as a Barony, and in 1726 as an the Orleans diamond, became extinct with famous Governor Pitt, the purchaser of his younger son the third Earl in 1764. (See a more particular account of the Pitt xcvi. ii. 463.) family in the Gentleman's Magazine, vol.

On the 12th Oct. 1793 he attained the rank of Colonel in the army; and on the 26th Feb. 1795 that of Major-General. On the 5th Dec. 1799 he was appointed Colonel of the 4th foot; on the 24th Sept. 1796 he was appointed Lord President of the Council, which office he occupied until July 1801; when he was appointed Master-general of the Ordnance, in which post he continued until the dissolution of ministry, consequent on his brother's death, in Feb. 1806.

On the death of his mother, April 3, 1803, he succeeded to the barony of Chatham.

On the 31st of March 1807 he was reappointed to the Mastership of the Ordnance, which he then held until May 1810.

Having been promoted to the rank of Lieut.-General April 29, 1802, he was in 1809 entrusted with the military command of the unfortunate Walcheren expedition; a report of his conduct in

We believe the only male survivor of the Pitts is the venerable William Morton Pitt, esq. formerly M.P. for Dorsetshire. A pedigree of the family, be found in the History of that county, comprising all the several branches, will by Hutchins, vol. iii. p. 360.

The present representatives of the great the Lady Hester Stanhope, now the sinEarl of Chatham are his grand-daughters Griselda, wife of John Tekell, esq. gular resident in the East, and Lady daughters of the third Earl Stanhope (a third sister, Lady Mary, wife of Thomas Taylor, esq. died in 1814): and Hester

1835.] OBITUARY.—Dr. Brinkley, Bp. of Cloyne.-Hon. G. Walpole. 547

Harriet, wife of Lieut.- Gen. Sir W. H.
Pringle, K.C.B. daughter of the Hon.
Edward Jas. Eliot, elder brother to the
present Earl of St. German's.

DR. BRINKLEY, BISHOP OF CLOYNE. Sept. 14. At the house of his brother in Leeson-street, Dublin, aged 72, the Right. Rev. John Brinkley, D.D. Lord Bishop of Cloyne, President of the Royal Irish Academy, F.R.S., &c. &c.

This distinguished mathematician was a native of Woodbridge, Suffolk, and received the early part of his education at the grammar-school in that town, and from thence he removed to Mr. Tilney's at Harleston. He graduated at Caius college, Cambridge, B. A. 1788, as Senior Wrangler, and senior Smith's Prizeman, and afterwards was elected a Fellow of that society. He proceeded M. A. 1791, B. and D.D. 1806. Dr. Law, Bishop of Elphin, brother of the late Lord Ellenborough, introduced Mr. Brinkley to the notice of the board of Trinity college, Dublin, and in 1792 he was appointed Andrew's Professor of Astronomy. He devoted himself earnestly to the duties of his office, and published for the use of the students an elementary treatise on Astronomy, which is generally considered the best introduction to that science in our language. Dr. Brinkley's discovery of the parallax of the fixed stars, in 1814, which was for a time controverted by Mr. Pond, was the first circumstance that gave him a European reputation; which has been since well supported by his valuable communications to the Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy. As a professor, he was chiefly remarkable for his zeal in searching out and encouraging rising merit; he was one of the first to appreciate the abilities of his successor Sir William Hamilton, and he laboured zealously to extend his fame. When George IV. visited Ireland, he was so pleased with his reception in Trinity college, that he resolved to bestow the next vacant bishopric on one of its members. Mr. Goulburn (who was at the time looking to the representation of the University of Cambridge) procured, it is said, the appointment for Professor Brinkley, who appeared to belong to the Dublin University, though really a graduate of Cambridge. He was consecrated Bishop of Cloyne in 1826; and shortly after resigned his Professorship.

Dr. Brinkley, as Bishop, promoted many exemplary curates, whose labours had been overlooked by his predecessors, and he separated several parishes from his see, to give the inhabitants the benefit of a resident rector. From the time of his elevation, his health gradually declined,

and he was forced to abandon scientific pursuits altogether. He has, however, left behind him some valuable matbematical manuscripts, which there is reason to believe will be published under the superintendence of Sir William Hamil


His Lordship, though in a very declining state of health, had undertaken a long and fatiguing journey to be present at the late conference of the Irish Bishops. His earthly remains were deposited in the vault of Trinity college, the heads of the University anxiously paying every tribute of respect to the memory of a true friend of science.

According to the provisions of the Church Temporalities' Bill, Dr. Kyle, Bishop of Cork and Ross, will be invested with the charge of Cloyne, in like manner as the Bishop of Ossory, Dr. Fowler, took charge of Ferns and Leighlin; and the temporalities of Cork and Ross will go to the Ecclesiastical Fund.


Lately. Aged 77, the Hon. George Walpole, Comptroller of Cash in the Excise Office; uncle to the Earl of Orford.

He was born on the 20th June 1758, the second son of Horatio second Lord Walpole of Wolterton, (nephew of the great Sir Robert Walpole,) who, on the death of Horatio fourth Earl of Orford (the celebrated Horace Walpole), became the fourth Lord Walpole, of Walpole, and in 1806 had the Earldom of Orford revived in his person by a new creation. His mother was Lady Rachel Cavendish, third and youngest daughter of William third Duke of Devonshire, K.G.

Having adopted the military profession, Mr. Walpole in 1792 attained the rank of Lieut.-Colonel, and in 1794 the Lieut.Colonelcy of the 13th dragoons.

In 1795 he repaired to Jamaica, at that time involved in the calamities of intestine war, in consequence of a quarrel with the Maroons. Col. Fitch, who was entrusted with the command of the troops employed against them, having fallen into an ambuscade, Col. Walpole was employed by the Earl of Balcarras for the reduction of the insurgents, with the local rank of Major-General. Instead of attempting to inclose the enemy with a cordon, while the country remained uncleared, he employed a body of negroes to cut down the woods, and obtained several advantages over the enemy. When the Assembly of the Island had recourse to Spanish blood-hounds, he refused to employ them except for intimidation, and at length happily succeeded in the complete subju

548 OBITUARY.-Sir T. Wallace, Bart.-Sir J. Dalrymple, Bart. [Nov.

esq. of Dunlop, by Frances-Anne, daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Wallace, the fifth Baronet, and the patroness of the poet Burns. In consequence of a private arrangement, his second brother, the late General Dunlop, of Southwick, who for years represented the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, heired the family estates, while the deceased succeeded to the titles and possessions of his grandfather Sir Thomas Wallace of Craigie-a family which traces its descent from the twelfth century, and, what is nobler still, gave birth to (as a cadet) the hero of Scotland Sir William Wallace. Another member of this house, who bore the name of Sir Thomas, was second in command at the battle of Sark, and killed the English commander with his own hand, although he himself afterwards fell mortally wounded. The late Mrs. Dunlop had five sons, all of whom arrived at man's estate. The second, General Andrew, died while Governor of Dominica; and General James, who served with distinction in America, India, and Spain, was father to the present Laird of Dunlop, and liberal member for Ayrshire. John, the fourth, died comparatively young; as did Anthony, the fifth, after gaining distinction as an officer in the navy.

In his youth Sir Thomas Wallace adopted the military profession, and saw much service in America. He rose to the rank of Lieut.-Colonel, but retired shortly after the peace of 1784. He succeeded to the Baronetcy of Nova Scotia, on the death of his maternal grandfather, the remainder extending to heirs general.

gation of the enemy. This, however, was not accomplished without a solemn promise on his part that the Maroons "should not be sent off the island." The subsequent conduct of these people was considered by the Governor and Assembly of Jamaica, as an absolute violation of the capitulation; but Major-Gen. Walpole thought otherwise, and so soon as he learnt it was the intention of the Legislature to transport the Maroons to Nova-Scotia, he expostulated with Lord Balcarras, and declared his decided disapprobation of a measure which, in his opinion, amounted to a direct infringement of the Treaty to which he had been a party.

On the meeting of the Assembly, the Governor was complimented with a vote of thanks, by which the sum of seven hundred guineas was presented to him for a sword; and a similar vote was passed at the same time, offering five hundred guineas for the like purpose to MajorGen. Walpole. But the latter, replete with indignation at the late proceedings, rejected the compliment with contempt, and transmitted a letter in return, in which he accused the members of perfidy, and made use of such strong expressions, that they not only thought proper to expunge the answer from their minutes, but even debated on the propriety of arresting the writer, who retired from the Island, and sheathed his sword as an officer of the line for ever.

In Jan. 1797, on a vacancy for the town of Derby, he was returned to Parliament through the interest of his mother's family; and in the same year he voted in favour of Parliamentary Reform. In 1798 he acted as second to Mr. Tierney, in his duel with Mr. Pitt, who was accompanied to the field by Mr. Ryder (the present Earl of Harrowby). Continuing to represent Derby, and to act with the Whig opposition, he was, on their coming into power in March 1806, appointed Under-Secretary of State to Mr. Fox, in the Foreign department; and we presume it was at the same period that he obtained the grant or reversion of his office of Comptroller of the Excise.

At the election of 1807 he was returned for Dungarvan, for which he was rechosen in 1812 and 1818, and finally retired from Parliament in 1820.

Mr. Walpole has died unmarried.

SIR THOMAS WALLACE, BART. Oct. 4. At Corbelly, near Dumfries, aged 85, Sir Thomas Dunlop Wallace, the sixth Baronet of Craigie, co. Ayr, Bart. (1669).

He was the eldest son of John Dunlop,

He was twice married; and by his first wife Eglinton, daughter of Sir William Maxwell, the fourth Bart. of Montreith, co. Wigton, and sister to Jane Duchess of Gordon, has left issue his son and successor, Sir John Alexander Wallace, K.C.B. a Major-General in the army, who commanded the gallant 88th regiment with great distinction in Spain during the Peninsular war, as also in Egypt, India, and various other parts of the world.

MAJOR-GEN. SIR JOHN DALRYMPLE, BT. May 26. At the residence of his brother-in-law, Bruntsfield-house, Scotland, Sir John Dalrymple, the fifth Baronet, of North Berwick, co. Haddington (1697), a Major-General in the army.

He was the second son of Sir Hew Dalrymple Hamilton, the third Baronet, by his cousin-german Janet, daughter of William Duff, esq. of Crombie. He was appointed Cornet in the 28th dragoons in 1795, Lieutenant in 1797, and served for three years at the Cape of Good Hope,


from 1796 to 1798. In 1800 he attained the rank of Captain, and in 1802 he was reduced to half-pay.

He was appointed to command the flank battalion, styled the North Berwick volunteers, Jan. 1, 1803, and removed to a company in the 73d foot in July, and thence to the 42d in August of the same year. In Jan. 1805 he was, on a vacancy, returned to Parliament for the Haddington district of burghs: but vacated his seat on being ordered to foreign service, March 17, 1806.

In March 1805 he was appointed to a Majority in the 64th, in Dec. following to a Lieut.-Colonelcy in the 10th foot, and moved to the 22d in Oct. 1806. He served those two years in the West Indies, and three in the East Indies 1807 to 1809. He attained the rank of Colonel in 1813, and of Major General in 1819. Subsequently he had a command in Madras.

OBITUARY.-Lt.-Col. Hardy.-John Willis, M.D.

He succeeded to the Baronetcy on the 23d Feb. 1834, on the death of his elder brother the late Sir Hew Dalrymple Hamilton, Bart. (of whom a memoir will be found in vol. 1. of our present series, p. 553). He married, July 30, 1806, Charlotte, only daughter of the late Sir Patrick Warrender, of Lochend, county Haddington, Bart. M.P. and sister to the present Right Hon. Sir George Warrender; by whom he had issue two sons and five daughters: 1. Helen-Jane; 2. Georgina; 3. Sir Hew Dalrymple, born in 1814, who has succeeded to the Baronetcy; 4. Charlotte; 5. Janet; 6. John; and 7. Patricia.


April 16. At Trinidad, aged 50, Lieut.Col. Henry Hardy, Lieut.-Colonel of the 19th foot, and the officer in command of his Majesty's troops serving in that island.

At the early age of fifteen he entered the army as Ensign in the 12th foot, and joined that regiment in 1801 in the East Indies. He was promoted to a Lieutenancy in the following year, and to a Company in the 3d Ceylon regiment in 1804. In 1809 he exchanged into the 19th foot, then serving in Ceylon, and on the arrival of Gen. Sir R. Brownrigg, as Commander of the Forces, he was appointed principal Aide-de-Camp. In 1814 he was promoted to the rank of Major by brevet, and was appointed by General Brownrigg his Military Secretary; in which important and confidential situation be obtained the sincere esteem of that distinguished officer, who, on occasion of the conquest of the kingdom of Kandy in 1815, promoted him to the rank of Lieut.-Colonel, and soon after to the


office of Deputy Quartermaster-general. His intrepid conduct and able manageable rebellion which ensued two years ment on that service, during the formidafter, contributed very materially to the crushing of that insurrection, and to the complete conquest of that most difficult country.

rigg to England, and, having been apIn 1820 he accompanied Sir R. Brownpointed to a Majority in the 16th foot, by purchase, exchanged to half-pay, for the purpose of returning to his post in Ceylon; but he was obliged again to quit it, by ill-health, in 1826.

He was then appointed to a Majority in the 9th foot, and in 1828 to a Lieut.Colonelcy in his old regiment, the 19th, upon which he embarked for the West Indies, and took the command of the corps, with which he continued until his lamented death. The Governor of Trinidad Sir G. Hill, in a letter addressed on the day after Col. Hardy's decease to him "to express in Orders the estimation his successor Lieut.- Col. Doherty, desired that excellent gentleman. His Majesty in which, as Commander-in-Chief, I held has lost in him one of his most loyal subjects, and one of his most valuable military officers. The officers of the 19th hospitable cheerful companion, whose have lost their friend, their adviser, their courteous manner and moral example secured the well-being, and much contributed to establish the character, of that corps for all that is correct and gentlemanlike. The non-commissioned officers and privates of the 19th regiment lost, in the lamented death of Colonel Hardy, a their wants and difficulties, and a genehumane protector, a charitable reliever of the education of their children. Society at rous contributor to and superintendent of large has been deprived of a truly honest deplore the loss of a sincere friend." and honourable member; and I have to


Oct. 2. At the house of his relation the Rev. Peregrine Curtois, Vicar of Branston near Lincoln, in his 84th year, John Willis, M. D. of Greatford, in that county.

He was the second and last surviving Doctor Willis, whose virtues, skill, and of the five sons of the justly celebrated benevolence he inherited. successfully rendered, together with his sional services, as is well known, were His profesfather's, to Our venerated Sovereign George III. and he was held in the highest esteem by every branch of the Royal Family. The establishment, founded by his father above seventy years since, has

been continued by him to the present time, with the same distinguished repute. He enjoyed the blessing of good health and spirits, the result of a life spent in constant submission and love towards his Maker and good-will towards man, to the latest moment.

Few men have been more extensively beloved; his splendid establishment at Greatford enabled him to give a most liberal patronage to numerous tradesmen and others, and in all cases his friendship was found to be enduring and valuable. On Monday in the week of his death, he was one of the splendid party at Burghley-house to meet the Duchess of Kent and the Princess Victoria; on the Tuesday he had a large dinner party at his own house; on Wednesday he went to Long-hill; and on Thursday attended at Lincoln races with General Reynardson, and dined at the ordinary in full health and spirits. His health was proposed and drunk with that enthusiasm and joyous feeling which the mention of bis name always inspired, and the worthy Doctor returned thanks in a pleasing and cheerful manner. After enjoying the conviviality of the party for a few hours, be returned to Mr. Curtois's, and retired to rest as usual. Upon being called by his servant in the morning, in answer to the inquiry after his health, he said he had enjoyed a most comfortable night's rest, and never felt better; but shortly after his servant found him extended on the floor quite dead, with a placid mild smile beaming, as in life, from his countenance. He has left property to the amount of about 300,0007. By his will the estates and establishment at Greatford and Shil

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of Alured Popple, esq. and left three sons. Gabriel Mathias, esq. was attached to the same office; Andrew Mathias, esq. was Surgeon Extraordinary to the Queen; and the gentleman now deceased was for some years Treasurer of the Household to her Majesty.

Mr. Mathias received his education at Eton, and thence removed to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he took the degree of B.A. 1774, without any honour in mathematics. He was consequently not qualified for the then only classical honour at degree, the Chancellor's medal. However, in the next year he obtained one of the Member's prizes for the best dissertation in Latin prose, and in 1776 he gained one of the same prizes as a senior Bachelor. In the latter year he was elected to a fellowship in his college; and in the second volume of Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, p. 676, is printed the admirable Latin letter which he ad. dressed to the several members of the society previous to the election, as well as that of the late Bishop Mansel, on the

like occasion.

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In 1783 he published An Essay on the evidence external and internal, relating to the poems attributed to Thomas Rowley.'

In 1794 appeared the first part of an anonymous poem entitled The Pursuits of Literature,' which, when completed in four parts, attracted universal attention, chiefly on account of the notes, which abound in deep and discriminating criticism on public men and opinions. It was justly observed that "the cause of literature has never been supported in a day of danger and perversion, upon principles more excellent, or with powers better adapted to their object." After ascribing this work to various writers of bigh rank, the general voice united in fixing it on Mr. Mathias, though many still thought that he had received material assistance from correspondents.

His other works, chiefly of a light, satyrical, and evanescent nature, and many of them privately printed, were as follow:

Latin Ode, addressed to Mr. Orde, Governor of the Isle of Wight. 1791.

'A Remonstrance from the Parrot to the Public Orator' (Latin). March 1794. The Imperial Epistle from Kien Long to George III. 1794.


Letter to the Marquis of Buckingham, chiefly on the subject of the numeman.' 1796. rous French emigrant Priests, by a Lay

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