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tiger's head. The floor was composed of sand and lime, under which bodies were unquestionably buried-the skeletons of two having been discovered. It is remarkable that no vestige of a window can be found, unless small aperture on the south wall of the chancel, and ten feet above the floor, be considered one. It must therefore be presumed that the services were performed by the light of tapers." The floor is already again deeply covered with the sand; among which, around the ruin, human bones are profusely scattered.

OUNLLE BRIDGE.

In repairing Oundle North Bridge lately a stone was discovered with the following inscription:-"In the year of our Lord 1570, these arches were borne down by the waters' extremetie. In the year of our LORD 1571, they were builded again with lime and stone." This was the "terrible tempest" mentioned by Stow in his Chronicle, which happened on the 5th of October, and which, among other damage, broke Wansford Bridge. (see Thompson's History of Boston.)

ANCIENT ENGLISH COINS.

Whilst a party of reapers were lately cutting down a field of grain in the parish of Penningham, Wigtounshire, they unexpectedly discovered between twelve and fifteen hundred pieces of silver coin-the majority of them being about the size of a sixpence, some larger. Most of these (says a correspondent of the Dumfries Courier) proved to be English Coins of Edward, but which of the Edwards cannot be discovered, because there is no date on many of them, and the head on the obverse is very similar on all. There were also a few Scottish coins of Alexander and Robert. On the obverse of the coins of Edward is a crowned head, surrounded with the legend "Edw. R. Angl. D'n's. Hib." On the reverse, a cross between twelve pellets surrounded with the legend of the place where the coin was struck-thus, "civitas London." or "villa Bristollie." The writer has specimens of these coins, struck at the following places, and bearing the respective names:-viz. London, Canterbury, York, Durham, Chester, Lincoln, Dublin, all of which are called "civitas;" and also Berwick, Newcastle, Bristol, St. Edmundsbury, which places bear the humbler title of "villa." The obverse side of the Dublin coin is different from that of others, having the crowned head enclosed in a triangle, on the exterior sides of which is the same legend as on the others-viz., Edw. R (1st side); Angl.

Dns, (2d side); Hib. (3d side). The writer has also specimens of the following, which were among the treasure—viz, one bearing on the obverse a crowned head, surrounded by a legend, which appears to be "Dux Limbergii I." and on the reverse a cross between twelve pellets, surrounded by the legend, very distinct, "Dux Brabantie;" on one of which the obverse and the reverse are the same with the Edwards. The poor people who found the coins estimated them so lightly, that one man who happened to be near bought 20 scores of them for 20s. They afterwards sold at prices varying from 3s. 9d. to 4s. 4s. 6d. 5s. and 6s. per ounce, and by retail at 4d. and 44d. each.

OLD SARUM CATHEDRAL.

Excavations have been made in different parts of the site of the ancient Cathedral at Old Sarum (see the plan in August Magazine, p. 143). The principal angles of the building are opened. The foundations are laid on the solid chalk, at the depth of six or seven feet, where the ground is highest. They consist of flints and fragments of stone, embedded in mortar; and are still surprisingly firm and compact. The soil itself, to the same depth, is factitious, and composed of fragments of stone and rubbish. length of the nave, from outside to outside, is 275 feet, and the breadth 75: the thickness of the wall, without facings, six feet.

The

At

The dimensions of the transept have not yet been satisfactorily made out. There is no appearance of a Crypt. the east end, within the building, an interment was discovered, at the depth of about three feet. Contrary to the usual custom, the head lay to the east, close to the foundation of the wall. There was, however, not the slightest trace of a coffin, or any species of envelope.

BRITISH TUMULUS.

An ancient British cairn, or tumulus, has been just opened on the high road to Filey near Scarborough. It was found to contain the skeleton of a man, an urn with ashes, and a drinking-cup, also of clay, both figured on the outside, a flint head of an arrow, and a hammer of whinstone. The body was crushed into a very small space, so that the knees nearly touched the chin. Mr. Gage, Treasurer of the Antiquarian Society, superintended the opening of the tumulus. The bones were so brittle as to fall to pieces immediately they were exposed to the air and touched. Mr. Tindall bas presented the contents to the Scarborough Museum.

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.

FRANCE.

FOREIGN NEWS.

THE Moniteur contains a statement of the receipts at the Royal Treasury for the first nine months of the present year, as compared respectively with the corresponding periods of the years 1833 and 1834. The gross amount of the receipts for the last nine months has been 431,540,000f., which shows an increase of 10,018,000f, as compared with the first nine months of 1833, and an increase of 11,152,000f., as compared with the first nine months of 1834. A long report of the Keeper of the Seals on the administration of Civil and Commercial Justice, has been published. This report

comprises the last four months of 1831, and the years 1832 and 1833. The num ber of civil causes on the rolls of all the tribunals of First Instance was 128,138 for 1832, and 121,560 for 1833. The number of causes in 1833 was less considerable than in 1832 by 6,578, and less than in 1831 by 1,393. The total number of causes despatched in 1832 was 121,155; in 1833, 120,492. The commercial causes also were more numerous in 1832 than in 1833. In 1832 the number was 116,204; in 1833, it was 103,157.

A singular circumstance has lately occurred, showing the oppressive spirit of the French Government on one hand, and the popular feeling on the other. The Minister of the Interior having suspended from his functions the Mayor of Thorigny, for having been present at a feast given in honour of the popular Member of the Chamber of Representatives, M. Odillon Barrot, and for having allowed the entertainment to take place in a building belonging to the Municipality, the whole of the members of the Municipal Council have resigned office! In the declaration accompanying their resignation they say " The gloomy jealousy of Ministers dismisses a Mayor, an honourable and respected man, merely for offering a dinner to M. Odillon Barrot, whom the King himself is always ready to receive and to invite with kindness. Oh! if the King knew this! As for us, we should feel ourselves disgraced by being at all associated with an act so iniquitous, and a policy so disgusting. May our countrymen open their eyes to the abyss whither Doctrinarian obstinacy is leading. Increasing taxes, the revolution spat upon, the restoration praised and

imitated, the jury in disgrace, honour in the back-ground, the enemies of freedom and the country caressed, its friends and those of the King disowned and persecuted-such are the grievances which separate, by all their turpitude, the Ministry from the nation, and which provoke us to the resolution which, Monsieur le Prefet, we communicate to you."

The French Government have issued an Ordinance, announcing a reduction in the duties on iron and coal imported into that part of the country situated from the sands of Olonne to Bayonne, and along the shores of the Mediterraneanthat on coal from 1 franc to 6 sous the 100 kilogrammes, and on cast iron from 9 to 8 francs the 100 kilogrammes. The duties on wrought iron are reduced a fifth, and iron rails for roads are to be admitted as if they were iron bars.

HOLLAND.

On the 19th of Oct. the King opened the Session of the States General with a speech in which he announces that the political situation of Holland remains unchanged, and that, to provide as much as possible for the ease of his subjects in the absence of any means of settling the relations with Belgium, he has granted furloughs to the militia and schuttery. The country is stated to be in general in a flourishing condition.

SPAIN.

At no period of her history has Spain excited more anxious attention than at the present. All the Foreign Journals appear to be engrossed with her affairs, and with speculations on the probable strength of the parties into which that country is at present divided. M. Mendizabal, who may be said to represent the. liberal or Queen's party, has apparently succeeded, by his recent concessions, in pacifying the more democratical section of the nation. The principles on which he undertook to form the ministry, have been given in an address from him to the Queen, of which the following is the most important passage:-"A compact, strong, homogeneous, and above all, a responsible ministry, being constituted—a ministry strengthened by the sympathies and support of the national representation-the government of your Majesty will have to dedicate simultaneously and indefatigably

its exertions and cares to bring to a speedy and glorious end, without any other than national means, that fatricidal war, the shame and disgrace of the age in which we live, and depressive of the will of the nation; to settle at once, and without degrading them, those religious corporations whose reform they themselves require in accordance with the public interest; to commit to wise laws all the rights which emanate from and are, so to speak, the sole and steady support of the represen tative system; to reanimate, invigorate, or rather to create and establish, the public credit, the wonderful force and magic of which may be studied in prosperous and free England." To these sentiments the Queen has expressed her cordial

assent.

On assuming the reins of government, Mendizabal at once induced the Queen to revoke the decree of the 3d of September, which was a proclamation of war on the part of the Toreno ministry against the Juntas, and to issue an act of complete amnesty. All the cities which had declared against the Toreno administra

tion, then successively declared their assent to the programme of M. Mendizabal, and offered their submission and sin. cere support to the Government. By an address to the nation, Mendizabal has promised to call the Cortes together on the 16th of November, for the express purpose of modifying the Estatuto Real, or Royal Statute, on the authority of which they were originally convoked in 1834. The Cortes are to be convoked according to the present electoral law; but are especially summoned to revise it. In the meantime, a commission, composed of five celebrated men, headed by M. Calatrava, has been appointed to prepare a new electoral law, which will be submitted to the Cortes on their assembling. M. Calatrava's associates are, M. Quintana, a Procere, Alcala Galiano, the Deputy, Madrid de Avila, of the Royal Council of Spain and the Indies, and M. Ortigosa, Archdeacon of Carmona. these are liberal politicians.

All

The following is a list of the new Ministry M. Mendizabal, President of the Council and Minister of Finance; General Alava, Foreign Affairs; Gomez Becerra, Chief of the Saragossa Junta, and an old Member of the Cortes, Minister of Justice; M. Ulloa, Procurador for Cadiz, Minister of Marine; M. Almodovar, Chief of the Junta of Valencia, Minister of War; and M. Martin de los Heros, Minister of the Interior.

A Royal Order relating to the Censorship of the Press, has been issued, by

which free scope is permitted for the examination of all political questions, and the utmost latitude in criticising and calling in question the acts of the Govern

ment.

PORTUGAL.

A division of Portuguese troops, upwards of 6000 strong, has received orders to march to the assistance of the QueenRegent of Spain; the advanced guard entered Zamosa on the 6th: they amounted to 1500 men.

The Portuguese Government have, by a decree dated Oct. 7, discontinued

the pay of Field-Marshal Lord Beresford, the avowed friend of Don Miguel, until the Cortes shall have had time to

decide upon the subject.

GERMANY.

The profound policy of the Court of Vienna has discovered a simple and a of the Black Sea. The Austrian Gopeaceful mode of vindicating the freedom vernment has established a line of steam

packets between Vienna and Smyrna,

and another between Vienna and Trebisond-thus traversing the whole of the Euxine.

DENMARK.

The Assembly of the States is now in Session at Copenhagen; but a Royal decree has prohibited the publication of their debates. It is understood that the finances of the kingdom are in a most disgraceful plight, owing to the profuse expenditure of the Sovereign. It would appear that for some years past the Government had rendered no account of the disposal of the revenue.

TURKEY.

By advices from Constantinople we learn that Lord Durham, the British ambassador to the Russian court, had been received with the highest marks of distinction. On the 11th of Sept. he was presented to the Sultan. Nothing had been omitted on the part of the Turks which could contribute to the brilliancy of this audience, or add to the cordiality of the reception. On the 15th Lord Durham embarked on board the Pluto, which sailed in the afternoon for the Black Sea, on its way to Odessa.

An official bulletin has been published, announcing that the Albanian insurrection was completely at an end; and that the Ottoman army had entered Scutari on the 17th of September; the Vizir of Rumelia having previously brought the insurgents to battle near Schewa, and totally defeated them.

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES.

INTELLIGENCE FROM VARIOUS PARTS OF

THE COUNTRY.

A circular has been transmitted to the Sheriffs by Lord John Russell on the important matter of Prison Discipline, in reference to the Act recently passed on that subject, and the regulations agreed to by the House of Lords. The principal objects sought to be accomplished are, an uniform introduction of the solitary system, separation and classification of prisoners, due and stated inspection of prisons, residence of chaplains of prisons, appointment of schoolmasters, construction of solitary cells for the punishment of the refractory, and the introduction in certain cases of the discipline of the whip. -Lord John Russell lately met two Commissioners and a Surveyor at the Dartmoor Prisons, to inspect them, and the barracks, offices, &c. previous to their being adapted to a Penitentiary for convicts on the solitary system.

Dr. Lushington has recently given the opinion that the parishioners have not a right to appoint the Parish Clerk, except they have acquired such right by immemo rial custom. In all other cases the right of appointing the clerk belongs to the incumbent. There is no particular form of appointment necessary; but by the 91st Canon the appointment ought to be signified to the parishioners on the ensuing Sunday. The Clerk is entitled to ancient and accustomed fees, and to nothing else of right. The parishioners cannot be compelled to pay him any salary.

Sept. 20. That interesting natural phenomenon, the Mirage, was witnessed on Agar, one of the Mendip hills. It was first observed about 5 o'clock in the evening, and represented an immense body of troops, mounted and fully accoutred, which appeared to move along sometimes at a walking pace, and at other times at a quick trot, with drawn swords at the carry.' The phenomenon was observed for upwards of an hour, and was doubtless occasioned by the Bath troop of yeomanry cavalry, which was assembled on the day in question at Twerton, a distance of 15 miles from the place where it was witnessed.

Oct. 8. Ashburton House, Putney. heath, formerly occupied by the late W. Jones, esq. Marshal of the King's Bench prison, was totally destroyed by fire, nothing remaining but the external walls. In consequence of some dispute the house got into Chancery, and has been unoccupied for the last two years, except by po

liceman Lyall and his wife, put in to take care of it.

Oct. 8. The third anniversary of the South Lancashire Conservative Association was celebrated by a grand dinner, in the new and splendid hall of the Association lately erected at Newton, a borough on the line of the railway, half way between Manchester and Liverpool. This is the great parent of all the other Conservative associations throughout the kingdom. The Association owes its origin principally to the exertions of Mr. Hulton of Hulton, and of Mr. Entwistle, M.P., and at its commencement mustered scarcely a dozen members: it has now upwards of 2.000. Lord Francis Egerton presided on this occasion.

Oct. 9. The first anniversary of the Chester and South Cheshire Conservative Association was celebrated at the great room of the Albion Hotel, in the city of Chester. This room was built by the Conservatives of Chester expressly for their meetings, and it is very nearly as large as the great room of the Crown and Anchor. The Association numbers more than 800; and covers were laid for 350. The company was one of the most respectable in point of rank, property, and influence that ever yet congregated within the walls of Chester. The Right Hon. Lord Delamere presided as chair

man.

Oct. 19. The Queen paid a visit to the city and University of Oxford, accompanied by the Duchess of Saxe- Weimar, where she was most enthusiastically received. The first place her Majesty visited was the Theatre. The lower gallery was perfectly crowded with splendidly-dressed ladies, and the floor was filled by Masters of Arts and their friends. On the right of the throne were two chairs of state, one of which was occupied by her Majesty, and the other by the Duchess of Saxe- Weimar. The Duke of Wellington, as Chancellor, delivered a suitable address to her Majesty, to which she read an appropriate answer. The Duke then took his seat, and the honorary degrees of Doctor of Civil Law were conferred upon Prince Ernest of Hesse-Philippsthal, Earl Howe, Earl Denbigh, and the Hon. W. Ashley. Her Majesty then proceeded to the Town Hall, where she received an address from the authorities of the city, and after having entertained a select party at dinner, at the Angel Inn, held a drawingroom from 9 till 11 o'clock. The next day her Majesty received an Address from

the County, after which she proceeded to view the University-at the Radcliffe Library being addressed by the Bishop and Clergy, and partaking of an enter tainment provided by the Provost and Fellows of Queen's College. Her Majesty afterwards visited the University Printing-office, and in the evening again entertained a select party to dinner. She proceeded from Oxford to Blenheim and Strathfieldsaye

LONDON AND 118 VICINITY.

Oct. 7. In the evening an alarming fire broke out at the Penitentiary, Milbank, Capt. Chapman, the Governor, in order to prevent the flames extending, ordered the communication from one wing to the other to be cut off, and a strong body of workmen proceeded to the roof, with pickaxes, saws, &c. and at length accomplished their object, thereby preserving the eastern pentagon. The whole of the angle side of the prison is destroyed. It has been ascertained that the tire was perfectly accidental, and was caused by the linen on one of the horses in the airing chamber, having fallen off the horse upon the grated floor through which the hot air rises from the furnace below into the

PROMOTIONS,

GAZETTE PROMOTIONS.

chamber. The damage is estimated at 5,000L.

Oct. 21. The first stone of the City of London Schools was laid by Lord Brougham. The site of the building is Honeylane market, Milk-street. According to the plans and drawings exhibited on the occasion, the building will be in the Gothic style of architecture, and will be very large and commodious. It seems that as long ago as 1438, a sum of 194, was left by a citizen of London for the endow. ment of an institution for the education of the citizens of London; that from the original bequest 9001, per annum is now produced, and that the Corporation have patriotically devoted that income to the support of the Schools now about to be erected. The Act of Parliament on which the School is founded, and the plans on which it is to be built, were inclosed in a glass vase, which, together with the coins of the realm, were deposited upon a brass tablet, beneath the first stone, an immense mass weighing upwards of six tons. la the evening a numerous and respectable company, patrons of the institution, sat down to dinner at the City of London Tavern. Mr. Hall, the Chairman of the Committee, presided.

PREFERMENTS, &c.

Aug. 12. Knighted, Capt. David Dunn, R.N. Aug. 24. James Hilton, of Bodlondeb, Conway, co. Carnarvon, esq. Major 2d Lancashire Militia, and Elizabeth his wife, only child of Gilbert Ford, M.A. Rector of North Meols, to take the name of Ford in addition to Hilton.

Sept. 12. Sir C. T. Metcalfe, Bart. to be G.C.B. Sept. 23. H. S. Fox, esq. to be his Majesty's Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States of America.-H. C. J. Hamilton, esq. to be his Majesty's Minister Plenipotentiary to the Emperor of Brazils.-J. H. Mandeville, esq. to be his Majesty's Minister Plenipotentiary to the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata.David Urquhart, esq. to be Secretary to his Majesty's Embassy at the Sublime Ottoman Porte.

Sept. 25. George Houlton, esq. to be Ensign of the Yeomen of the Guard.

8th Foot, Lieut.-Col. Sir W. Plunkett De Bathe, Bart. to be Lieut.-Col.-Unattached, Major Brook Firman to be Lieut.-Col.; and Capt. J. Jones to be Major.-Durham Militia, John Bowes, esq. to be Lieut.-Col.

Oct. 1. W. Norris, esq. to be Chief Justice, and Oct. 2, John Jeremie, esq. to be Second Puisne Judge of the Supreme Court of Ceylon.

Oct. 9. 4th Foot, Lieut.-Gen. John Hodgson, to be Col-8th Foot, Major T. Gerard Ball, to be Lieut. Col.-Capt. S. Baynes, to be Major. -45th Foot, Capt. St. Lawrence Webb, to be Major.-69th Foot, Major Eaton Monins, to be Lieut.-Col.; Capt. Walter Ogilvy, to be Major. -83d Foot, Major-Gen. Hastings Fraser, to be Colonel.

Oct. 16. 25th Foot, Capt. W. J. D'Urban, to be Major.--40th Foot, Brevet Major J. H. Barnett, to be Major.

ROYAL NAVY.-Com. Back, to be Captain.

12

Members returned to serve in Parliament. Waterford Co.-W. Villiers Stuart, of Dromana. Dungarvan. Michael O'Loghlen, esq.

ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS.

Rev. J. G. Breay, to a Preb. in Lichfield Cath. Rev. C. Taylor, to a Freb. in Hereford Cath. Rev. T. Baker, Hartlebury R. co. Worcester. Rev. F. Barker, St. Mary Edgehill P.C. co. Lancaster.

Rev. J. W. Campbell, Eye V. Suffolk.

Rev. W. H. Cartwright, Dudley V. co. Wore.
Rev. R. P. Clarke, Cricket St. Thomas R. co.
Somerset.

Rev. G. Cowell, Lydgate R. co. York.
Rev. E. Crane, Crowle V. co. Wore.
Rev. G. H. Cranford, Oldswinford R. co. Wore.
Rev. J. D. Eade, Aycliffe V. co. Durham.
Rev. J. E. Eckley, Credenhill V. co. Hereford.
Rev. T. Edmondes, Ashley R. co. Cambridge.
Rev. R. Foley, Kingswinford R. ce. Stafford.
Rev. P. Hansell, Kingsdon R. Somerset.
Rev. J. H. Hanson, Buryhill V. co. Hereford.
Rev. J. W. Hawkesley, Redruth R. Cornwall.
Rev. G. Hilton, Badlesmere V. and Leveland
R. Kent.

Rev. N. Hoare, St. Lawrence R. Limerick.
Rev. A. G. H. Hollingsworth, Stowmarket V.
Suffolk.

Rev. R. E. Hughes, Alkerton R. Oxon.
Rev. J. Hatton, Knipton R. co. Leicester.
Rev. J. D. Money, Sternfield R. Suffolk.
Rev. H. Moncrieff, Church of Baidernock, co.
Stirling.

Rev. C. Nairn, Church of Forgan, co. Fife.
Rev. E. Page, Bawdrip R. Somerset.
Rev. S. Powell, Detton R. co. Hereford.
Rev. T. Price, Shellesley Walsh R. co. Worc.
Rev. R. Richards, Wootton Courtenay R.
Somerset.

Rev. E. H. Abney to be Chaplain to the Earl of Caithness.

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