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acres of land to the State of Nevada by the United States, passed by the Legislature January 24, 1879, reads as follows:

WHEREAS, The grant of thirty thousand acres of land to the State of Nevada from the public domain for each Senator and Representative in Congress from the State, amounting in the aggregate to ninety thousand acres, was made by the Congress of the United States, by virtue of an Act of Congress entitled "An Act donating public lands in the several States and Territories, which may proride colleges of agriculture and mechanic arts.” approved April 14, 1864; and

WHEREAS, By virtue of an Act of Congress entitled "An Act concerning certain lands granted to the State of Nevada” approved July 4, 1866, and an Act of Congress entitled "An Act to continue in force a grant to the State of Nevada for college purposes," approved March 16, 1872, said grant was continued on condition that at least one college of agriculture and mechanic arts shall be built on or before the 10th day of May, 1877; therefore, be it

Resolved by the Senate and À ssembly conjointly, That our Senators be instructed, and our Representative in Congress be requested, to use all honorable means within their power to secure a further extension of time of not less than ten years to enable the State of Nevada to provide or establish at least one college building in conformity to the conditions of the grant approved April 14, A. P. 1864, and the several amendatory and supplementary Acts in relation thereto.

Resolved, That the Governor be requested to forward the enrolled copies of these resolutions to each of our Senators and Representative in Congress, and that each copy thereof be accompanied by a letter from His Excellency, urging upon our representatives their immediate attention to the subject matter thereof.

On March 3, 1883, Congress passed the following:

Be It Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress Assembled, That the fourth section of the Act donating public lands to the several States and Territories which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and mechanic arts, approved July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, be, and the same is hereby, amended so as to read as follows:

SEC. 1. That all moneys derived from the sale of the lands aforesaid by the States to which the lands are apportioned, and from the sale of land scrip hereinbefore provided for, shall be invested in stocks of the United States, or of the States having no state stocks, in any other manner after the Legislature of such States shall have assented thereto, and engaged that such funds shall yield not less than five per centum upon the amount so invested and that the principal thereof shall forever remain unimpaired; provided, that the moneys so invested or loaned shall constitute a perpetual fund, the capital of which shall remain forever undiminished (except so far as may be provided in section five of this Act), and the interest of which shall be inviolably appropriated, by each State which may take and claim the benefit of this Act, to the endowment, support and maintenance of at least one college where the leading object shall be, without excluing other scientific and classical studies, and including military tactics, to teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts, in such manner as the Legislature of the States may respectively prescribe, in order to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions of life.

The State has selected all the lands embraced in this grant except 13.95 acres.

University Grant–46,080 Acres An Act of Congress approved July 4, 1866, provides "that land equal in amount to seventy-two entire sections, for the establishment and maintenance of a University in said State, is hereby granted to the State of Nevada”. Of the 46,080 acres of land donated in this grant, all have been selected except 0.11 acres.

Public Buildings Grant-12,800 Acres An Act of Congress approved March 21, 1864, donates twenty entire sections of land to the State of Nevada, for the purpose of erecting public buildings at the capital of said State for legislative and judicial purposes. Of the 12,800 acres in this grant, 12,784.79 acres have been selected, leaving 15.21 acres due the State.

State Prison Grant-12,800 Acres An Act of Congress approved March 21, 1864, donated twenty entire sections of land for the purpose of erecting a suitable building for a penitentiary or State Prison. Of this grant, 12,782.86 acres have been selected, leaving a balance of 17.14 acres.

The 2,000,000-Acres Grant In 1841 Congress granted to all public-land States the sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections of land in each township, the proceeds of which were to be placed in a fund, the interest only of which should be used for school purposes. The Act of March 21, 1864, enabling the Territory of Nevada to form a State Government, carried this grant to the State of Nevada. The sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections aggregate one-eighteenth part of the State, or 3,992,000 acres. An Act of Congress approved June 16, 1880, granted to the State of Nevada 2,000,000 acres of land, on condition of the surrender to the United States of all the sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections undisposed of at that date.

The records of this office show that the State has selected 2,011,044.45 acres under this grant, while the General Land office reports 1,999,898.49 acres as having been selected. The discrepancy, no doubt, exists in the cancelation of selections of which this State has not been notified.

The following table shows the condition of the various grants of land donated by the United States to the State of Nevada:

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STATE LAND LAWS On August 4, 1909, this office completed a compilation of the statutes of the United States relative to grants of lands hy the United States to the State of Nevada, also the statutes of Nevada with the Acts and amendments of the Legislature of 1909, relating to the sale of lands granted to the State of Nevada by the several Acts of Congress, together with the rules and regulations of the State Land Office, adopted in conformity with said statutes.

The session of the Legislature of 1911 passed the following Acts relating to the assessment of patented state lands and state lands under contract:


[Approved March 20, 1911] The People of the State of Nevada, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact

us follows: SECTION 1. Hereafter no patented land of any description in the State of Nevada owned by any individual, partnership, association, estate, corporation or otherwise, and no land held under any state land contract shall be assessed for less than one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, either by the County Assessors of the various counties or by any State Board of Assessors or similar body.

SEC. 2. If the County Board of Equalization shall ascertain that any land within its county has been assessed upon a valuation of less than one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, or has not been assessed at all, said board shall immediately notify the County Assessor to pay into the county treasury the taxes due on such land upon a valuation of at least one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre in such a sum as will yield the full amount of taxes due upon such land upon its true value and which valuation shall not be less than one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre. If such County Assessor fail to pay such taxes within ten days aiter such notification by the County Board of Equalization, it is hereby made the duty of the District Attorney to file and prosecute diligently a suit against such Assessor and his surety or sureties on his official bond for the amount of such taxes.

Sec. 3. If at any time hereafter the State Board of Assessors should place a valuation upon any lands within the State of Nevada, the provisions of this Act shall apply to such valuation so placed, and in the event of the violation of the provisions of this Act by said State Board of Assessors, it is hereby made the duty of the Attorney-General to instruct the various District Attorneys to file and prosecute diligently suits against the several Assessors comprising said board as hereinbefore provided.



(Approved March 24, 1911) The People of the State of Nevada, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact

as follows: SECTION 1. All contracts made by the State of Nevada for the sale of lands may be renewed as now provided by law by the contractor, or by his or her successor in interest, or by the holder of or claimant under the original contract, or by the agent of such contractor, successor in interest, holder or claimant, regardless of whether the original contractor be living or dead; but, unless otherwise ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction, such new contract shall be made only in the name of the original contractor, and it shall be suflicient if the same be signed by such successor in interest, holder, claimant or agent. All rights under any new or renewed state land contract, by whomsoever heretofore or hereafter made, and regardless of whether the original contractor be or may have been living or dead at the time of the making thereoi, and all rights under any patent issued under any new contract in the name of the original contractor, whether he be or may have been living or not at the time of the making of the contract or the issuance of the patent, shall inure to and become vested in him or her or in his or her heirs, devisees, assignees in interest, or other legal representatives, the same as if such contract had been renewed by the original contractor or such patent had been issued during the life of such deceased contractor.

These Acts will appear in the next compilation of the state land laws, which will be issued after the adjournment of the next session of the Legislature.

For the guidance of those who may desire to acquire lands in this state and for the information of the public in general, the following rules and regulations, which contain a synopsis of the state land laws, are herewith appended :



Carson CITY, NEVADA, April 22, 1912. There have been granted by the United States to the State of Nevada, at different times, lands to the amount of 2,732,884.70 acres in different grants. All these grants have been exhausted by selections, and selections for new lands under these grants have been suspended. Therefore all sections in the general land laws relating to the selection and sale of lands not heretofore selected and approved under said grants are obsolete.

First-Applications for the purchase of lands not heretofore approved (deeded) to the State by the United States cannot be entertained and will in all cases be refused.

Second-Contracts for the purchase of lands approved to the State can be had immediately following application, but cannot be awarded to applicants for other lands which have been heretofore selected and on which the approval has been suspended in the United States General Land Office, until they shall have been approved to the State. An official notification to enter into contract on an application previously filed will be mailed in due time to the postoffice address of each applicant or his or her agent as recorded in this office. Contracts may be signed by any person for the applicant, by adding his own name as agent.

Third- Applications to purchase land, and the money deposited therefor, can be withdrawn only for such part as the State may be unable to convey, or in the event of an error in description, or otherwise. To adjust an erroneous description of lands heretofore selected but not approved, the State must first obtain the cancelation of said selection in the United States General Land Office at Washington, D.C. Blanks for withdrawal will be supplied on demand.

Fourth-Claim and right to purchase land may be withdrawn by either of the following parties: 1st, the applicant; 2d, the legal representative of a deceased applicant, who must deposit with the Register the duly attested order of the court having jurisdiction of the estate of the deceased; 3d, the person shown, in an "abstract of title to be the attorney in fact, grantee, assignee, or other legal representative of the applicant. Such abstract must be certified to by the County Recorder of the county in which the lands are situated, and must describe such lands by legal subdivisions.

Fifth-The grantee, assignee, attorney in fact, or other legal representative of an applicant should transmit to the State Land Office (for filing with the application or contract represented by him or her) such evidence of the facts as will authorize the Register to treat him or her as the legal successor or representative of the applicant or contractor named therein. The filing thereof by the State Land Register will invest the party in interest with the right to receive official notifications, make payments, and finally receive the patent in the name of the applicant, or person named in decree of court. (See Section 16 of General Land Law.]

Sixth-Patent will invariably issue in the name of the applicant, except when otherwise ordered by a court having jurisdiction.

Seventh-Orders of court above referred to must specifically state the act and thing to be done by the person authorized, and must accurately describe the land by legal subdivisions of survey, as written in the application.

Eighth-After the filing of a formal application for land, no subsequent application for the same land will be filed unless accompanied by an affidavit claiming a preferred right to purchase such land, based upon occupancy or possession, dating prior to the filing of the first existing application for such land, or an affidavit setting forth some other legal cause why such first applicant should not be allowed to purchase such land. [See Section 13, General Land Law.]

Ninth-Upon the inauguration of such a contest as is provided for in Rule 8, the first existing applicant will be notified as required by section thirteen, General Land Law.

Tenth-Except by an order of court, no application will be segregated so as to describe, in separate contracts, portions of its contents then subject to completion of sale; but, in event of nonapproval, or other cause rendering an application not wholly subject to completion, the contract will issue for so much thereof as may be so subject. No partial payment of annual interest on a contract can be certified under the law as construed by the Supreme Court. [See 21 Nevada Reports, p. 510, State of Nevada r. J. E. Jones, State Land Register, No. 1389.] A contract entered into between the State of Nevada and an applicant for state lands, is held to constitute an entire contract for all the lands described therein, and cannot be separable, and if the purchaser fail to pay interest upon all the lands embraced in the contract, he forfeits all, the Legislature intending the contract to be entire and indivisible. Therefore, the whole amount of each annual interest payment, as stipulated in the contract, must be deposited with the State in accordance with section eight, as amended March tenth, nineteen hundred and nine. Should two or more parties (represented by deed, mortgage, or other assignment) be mutually interested in a contract, the deposit of a portion of the interest payment will not protect the contract, unless, within the time stipulated, the remainder shall be deposited by the other party or parties. For instance, should remittances be received by the State from nine out of ten parties mutually interested in a contract, and the remaining tenth share not be received within the time specified, the entire contract would be forfeited under the law. Therefore, in all such cases, the various parties, mutually interested in one contract with the State, should arrange among themselves to have the whole amount of interest deposited by one of their number, not later than when due, and not merely forward their respective shares, relying upon the others doing likewise.

Eleventh-When not personally deposited in the Treasury or Land Office, a land payment must be remitted in such manner as to insure its prompt receipt by the State, and in the net amount. Drafts and checks are declined by the State Treasurer, and their collection devolves upon the Register, who expressly reserves to himself the right of returning any and all such remittances. To accommodate the remitters he must indorse such checks, advance the amount of discount or exchange on same, and personally become responsible for collection of such amounts.

Twelfth-Applicants or their legal agents must keep the Register advised of any change in their postoffice address from that originally stated in each application. Otherwise important notices may never be received by the parties interested, thereby causing forfeiture of rights. The blank forms for notifying this office of change in postoffice address will be supplied upon request therefor.

Thirteenth-In accordance with section eight of the General Land

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