Biopiracy: The Plunder of Nature and Knowledge
North Atlantic Books, 2016 - Всего страниц: 168
"Internationally renowned environmentalist Vandana Shiva argues that genetic engineering and the cloning of organisms are "the ultimate expression of the commercialization of science and the commodification of nature... life itself is being colonized." The resistance to this biopiracy--the use of intellectual property systems to legitimize the exclusive ownership and control over biological resource and biological products and processes that have been used over centuries in non-industrialized cultures--is the struggle to conserve both cultural and biological diversity. Since the land, the forests, the oceans, and the atmosphere have already been colonized, eroded, and polluted, Northern capital is now looking for new colonies to exploit and invade for further accumulation--in Shiva's view, the interior spaces of the bodies of women, plants, and animals. Featuring a new introduction by the author, this edition of Biopiracy is a learned, clear, and passionately stated objection to the ways in which Western businesses are being allowed to expropriate natural processes and traditional forms of knowledge. "--
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agriculture animals bacterium biodiversity conservation biological diversity Biopiracy bioprospecting biotechnology breeders breeding Bt cotton Caesarean sections capacity capital centralized chemical claims colonization commercial communities countries created creation creativity crops cultural displacement dominant earth ecological economic ecosystems ethical European exchange exploitation farmers fertility forests free trade freedom GATT genes genetic engineering Genetic Resources global Green Revolution haplochromines herbicide homogenization human hybridization India indigenous knowledge industry innovation inputs intellectual property rights International invention IPRs junk DNA knowledge systems life-forms living systems ment molecular biology monocultures monopoly Monsanto nature neem Nile perch non-Western oilseed rape organisms paradigm patent protection patriarchal percent pharmaceutical piracy political processes production proteins raw material reductionism reductionist regeneration regenerative reproduction resistance Satyagraha scientific scientists seed self-organization social society soil species structural Syngenta terra nullius Third World tion transgenic transnational corporations treated TRIPS agreement ture Vandana Shiva violence women