Transactions of the Society for the Promotion of Useful Arts, in the State of New-York

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s.n., 1814 - Всего страниц: 418
 

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Стр. 78 - Rheede has exhibited in a coarse delineation of its leaves only — its flowers, in their perfect state, are among the loveliest objects in the vegetable world ; and appear, through a lens, like minute rubies and emeralds in constant motion from the least breath of air. It is the sweetest and most nutritious pasture for cattle ; and its usefulness added to its beauty induced the Hindus, in their earliest ages, to believe that it was the mansion of a benevolent nymph.
Стр. 175 - I conceive that the gross dry flour-lime, and the oxygen in the air, will furnish more carbonic acid gas to the woad, and retain such principles as are essential, to a better effect. For I have experienced, that woad which requires the most lime to preserve a temperate degree of fermentation, and takes most time, is best, so that at length it comes to that heat which is indispensable to the production of good woad. In this couch it is always particularly necessary to secure the surface as...
Стр. 176 - The couching-house should have an even floor of stone or brick, and the walls the same ; and every part of the couch of woad should be beaten with the shovel, and trodden, to render it as compact as possible. The grower of woad should erect a long shed in the centre of his land, facing the south, the ground lying on a descent, so as to admit the sun to the back part ; and here the woad should be put down as gathered, and spread thin at one end, keeping children to turn it towards the other end.
Стр. 176 - ... is in full proof to bear grass ; for here they generate and become destructive, so as often to render it very necessary to plough such land, corn it, and form a new turf ; and though this is so often prohibited, yet it is often consistent with the best principles of husbandry. Here woad is every thing, and corn after it to a certain degree, which experience will determine, according to the kind of land. Those who grow woad in large quantities, have moveable huts for their workpeople ; and also...
Стр. 176 - ... but I am convinced it cannot be regularly obtained but by temperance and time. Good woad, such as the richest land produces, if properly prepared, will be of a blackish green, and mouldy; and when small lumps are pulled asunder, the fracture and fibres are brown ; and these fibres will draw apart like small threads, and the more stringy they are, and the darker the external appearance and on the green hue, the better the woad ; but poor land produces it of a light brownish green. The fibres only...
Стр. 177 - ... except in carriage. A friend of mine in London took a large quantity of land whereon had been wood just grubbed up. He planted woad on it, and engaged a person from the north to manage it ; and the produce was so abundant as to afford immense profit. I believe he only woaded two years, and then let it. His tenant's produce did not by any means equal his, because the land began to want change. I know not I suppose from 100 to 120 degrees.
Стр. 78 - Even the Veda celebrates it ; as in the following text of the A't'har•vana :' " May Durva, which rose from the water of life, which has a hundred roots and a hundred stems, efface a hundred of my sins, and prolong my existence on earth a hundred years...
Стр. 170 - I again ventured, but soon found my error. On examining the roots (for after it had begun to vegetate strong, it was observed to decay and wither) I found thousands of the wire-worm at them, entwined in every root. I immediately strewed lime, (four loads, of six quarters each, on the four acres,) and harrowed it ; when rain coming on soon after, washed it in, and destroyed them all, and gave me an extraordinary crop; but the...
Стр. 171 - ... ripe show near their end a brownish spot inclining to a purple towards its centre, while other parts of the leaves appear green, but just beginning to turn of a more yellowish shade ; and then they must be gathered, or they will be injured. Woad is to be gathered from twice to four and even five times in the season, as I once experienced (it was an early and a late season), and for the next spring I saved an acre for seed, of which I had a fair crop.
Стр. 83 - ... being remarkably fond of it. In October the roots are taken up, the offsets carefully separated and immediately used to form a new plantation, and the roots, after being dried, are sold, either without further preparation, or ground to a coarse powder and sprinkled with an alkaline- ley. The roots lose four-fifths of their weight in drying, and the produce of an acre is about two thousand pounds weight of dry saleable madder.

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