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Bread has he none, the snow must be his drink And, ere his eyes can close upon the day, lie eagle of the Alps o'ershades her prey.

Now couch thyself where, heard with fear afar, Tanders through echoing pines the headlong Aar; in rather stay to taste the mild delights Of pensive Underwalden's pastoral heights. --Is there who 'mid these awful wilds has seen The native Genii walk the mountain green ? Or hand, while other worlds their charms reveal, Set music o'er the aërial summit steal? We a'er the desert, answering every close, Rin steam of sweetest perfume comes and goes. - iad sure there is a secret Power that reigns Here, where no trace of man the spot profanes, Magt: but the chalets†, flat and bare, on high bapended 'mid the quiet of the sky; ( ¿stant herds that pasturing upward creep, Asi, zot untended, climb the dangerous steep. Hil: no irreligious sound or sight Esses the soul from her severe delight. At ise voice the sabbath region fills

Iep that calls to Deep across the hills,
And with that voice accords the soothing sound
O drowsy bells, for ever tinkling round ;
Fait wail of eagle melting into blue
Beach the cliffs, and pine-woods' steady sugh‡;
The solitary heifer's deepened low;

Or runbling, heard remote, of falling snow.
All motions, sounds, and voices, far and nigh,
Bond in a music of tranquillity;

ve when, a stranger seen below, the boy Stats from the echoing hills with savage joy.

When, from the sunny breast of open seas,
And bays with myrtle fringed, the southern breeze
Co on to gladden April with the sight

(4 green isles widening on each snow-clad height:
When shouts and lowing herds the valley fill,
And louler torrents stun the noon-tide hill,
The pasural Swiss begin the cliffs to scale,
Leaving to silence the deserted vale;
Atad like the Patriarchs in their simple age
Mve, as the verdure leads, from stage to stage:
High and mure high in summer's heat they go,

*The people of this Canton are supposed to be of a more medy disposition than the other inhabitants of the A: th, if true, may proceed from their living more

There is from the middle region of the Alps.

Fb: 17 are surutner buts for the Swiss herdsmen.

*t, a soich word expressive of the sound of the thrugh the trees.

And hear the rattling thunder far below;
Or steal beneath the mountains, half-deterred,
Where huge rocks tremble to the bellowing herd.

One I behold who, 'cross the foaming flood, Leaps with a bound of graceful hardihood; Another high on that green ledge ;—he gained The tempting spot with every sinew strained; And downward thence a knot of grass he throws, Food or his beasts in time of winter snows.

-Far different life from what Tradition hoar Transmits of happier lot in times of yore! Then Summer lingered long; and honey flowed From out the rocks, the wild bees' safe abode : Continual waters welling cheered the waste, And plants were wholesome, now of deadly taste: Nor Winter yet his frozen stores had piled, Usurping where the fairest herbage smiled: Nor Hunger driven the herds from pastures bare, To climb the treacherous cliffs for scanty fare. Then the milk-thistle flourished through the land, And forced the full-swoln udder to demand, Thrice every day, the pail and welcome hand. Thus does the father to his children tell Of banished bliss, by fancy loved too well. Alas! that human guilt provoked the rod Of angry Nature to avenge her God. Still, Nature, ever just, to him imparts Joys only given to uncorrupted hearts.

"Tis morn with gold the verdant mountain glows;

More high, the snowy peaks with hues of rose.
Far-stretched beneath the many-tinted hills,

A mighty waste of mist the valley fills,
A solemn sea! whose billows wide around
Stand motionless, to awful silence bound:
Pines, on the coast, through mist their tops uprear,
That like to leaning masts of stranded ships appear.
A single chasm, a gulf of gloomy blue,
Gapes in the centre of the sea-and through
That dark mysterious gulf ascending, sound
Innumerable streams with roar profound.
Mount through the nearer vapours notes of birds,
And merry flageolet; the low of herds,
The bark of dogs, the heifer's tinkling bell,
Talk, laughter, and perchance a church-tower knell:
Think not, the peasant from aloft has gazed
And heard with heart unmoved, with soul unraised:
Nor is his spirit less enrapt, nor less
Alive to independent happiness,
Then, when he lies, out-stretched, at even-tide
Upon the fragrant mountain's purple side :
For as the pleasures of his simple day

Beyond his native valley seldom stray,
Nought round its darling precincts can he find
But brings some past enjoyment to his mind;
While Hope, reclining upon Pleasure's urn,
Binds her wild wreaths, and whispers his return.

Once, Man entirely free, alone and wild, Was blest as free-for he was Nature's child. He, all superior but his God disdained, Walked none restraining, and by none restrained: Confessed no law but what his reason taught, Did all he wished, and wished but what he ought. As man in his primeval dower arrayed The image of his glorious Sire displayed, Even so, by faithful Nature guarded, here The traces of primeval Man appear; The simple dignity no forms debase; The eye sublime, and surly lion-grace: The slave of none, of beasts alone the lord, His book he prizes, nor neglects his sword ; -Well taught by that to feel his rights, prepared With this "the blessings he enjoys to guard."

And, as his native hills encircle ground For many a marvellous victory renowned, The work of Freedom daring to oppose, With few in arms, innumerable foes, When to those famous fields his steps are led, An unknown power connects him with the dead : For images of other worlds are there; Awful the light, and holy is the air. Fitfully, and in flashes, through his soul, Like sun-lit tempests, troubled transports roll; His bosom heaves, his Spirit towers amain, Beyond the senses and their little reign.

And oft, when that dread vision hath past by, He holds with God himself communion high, There where the peal of swelling torrents fills The sky-roofed temple of the eternal hills; Or, when upon the mountain's silent brow Reclined, he sees, above him and below, Bright stars of ice and azure fields of snow; While needle peaks of granite shooting bare Tremble in ever-varying tints of air.

*Alluding to several battles which the Swiss in very small numbers have gained over their oppressors, the house of Austria; and, in particular, to one fought at Næffels near Glarus, where three hundred and thirty men are said to have defeated an army of between fifteen and twenty thousand Austrians. Scattered over the valley are to be found eleven stones, with this inscription, 1383, the year the battle was fought, marking out, as I was told upon the spot, the several places where the Austrians, attempting to make a stand, were repulsed anew.

And when a gathering weight of shadows brown
Falls on the valleys as the sun goes down;
And Pikes, of darkness named and fear and

Uplift in quiet their illumined forms,

In sea-like reach of prospect round him spread,
Tinged like an angel's smile all rosy red-
Awe in his breast with holiest love unites,
And the near heavens impart their own delights.

When downward to his winter hut he goes, Dear and more dear the lessening circle grows; That hut which on the hills so oft employs His thoughts, the central point of all his joys. And as a swallow, at the hour of rest, Peeps often ere she darts into her nest, So to the homestead, where the grandsire tends A little prattling child, he oft descends, To glance a look upon the well-matched pair; Till storm and driving ice blockade him there. There, safely guarded by the woods behind, He hears the chiding of the baffled wind, Hears Winter calling all his terrors round, And, blest within himself, he shrinks not from the sound.

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And from his nest amid the storms of heaven Drives, eagle-like, those sons as he was driven; With stern composure watches to the plainAnd never, eagle-like, beholds again!

When long-familiar joys are all resigned, Why does their sad remembrance haunt the mind? Lo! where through flat Batavia's willowy groves, Or by the lazy Seine, the exile roves; O'er the curled waters Alpine measures swell, And search the affections to their inmost cell; Sweet poison spreads along the listener's veins, Turning past pleasures into mortal pains; Pin, which not a frame of steel can brave, Bows his young head with sorrow to the grave.*

Gay lark of hope, thy silent song resume! Ye flattering eastern lights, once more the hills illume !

Fresh gales and dews of life's delicious morn,
4 th, lost fragrance of the heart, return!
Alsa! the little joy to man allowed,
Fakes like the lustre of an evening cloud;
Or Lar the beauty in a flower installed,
Wase season was, and cannot be recalled.
Yet, when opprest by sickness, grief, or care,
And taught that pain is pleasure's natural heir,
We still confide in more than we can know ;
Iwath would be else the favourite friend of woe.

Mid savage rocks, and seas of snow that shine,
en interminable tracts of pine,
Within a temple stands an awful shrine,
By an uncertain light revealed, that falls
On the mute Image and the troubled walls.
Oh! give not me that eye of hard disdain
That views, undimmed, Einsiedlen's + wretched

Whi ghastly faces through the gloom appear,
Avertive joy, and hope that works in fear;
We prayer contends with silenced agony,
Surely in other thoughts contempt may die.
If the sad grave of human ignorance bear
One flower of hope-oh, pass and leave it there!

The tall sun, pausing on an Alpine spire, Fens o'er the wilderness a stream of fire: Now meet we other pilgrims ere the day Ose on the remnant of their weary way;

• The well known effect of the famous air, called in Frwart, Ilang des Vaches, upon the Swiss troops.

Ta shrine is resorted to, from a hope of relief, by mies, from every corner of the Catholic world, lluring under mental or bodily afflictions.

While they are drawing toward the sacred floor Where, so they fondly think, the worm shall gnaw

no more.

How gaily murmur and how sweetly taste

The fountains reared for them amid the waste! Their thirst they slake :-they wash their toilworn feet,

And some with tears of joy each other greet.
Yes, I must see you when ye first behold
Those holy turrets tipped with evening gold,
In that glad moment will for you a sigh
Be heaved, of charitable sympathy;
In that glad moment when your hands are prest
In mute devotion on the thankful breast!

Last, let us turn to Chamouny that shields With rocks and gloomy woods her fertile fields: Five streams of ice amid her cots descend, And with wild flowers and blooming orchards blend ;

A scene more fair than what the Grecian feigns
Of purple lights and ever-vernal plains;
Here all the seasons revel hand in hand:
'Mid lawns and shades by breezy rivulets fanned,
They sport beneath that mountain's matchless

That holds no commerce with the summer night.
From age to age, throughout his lonely bounds
The crash of ruin fitfully resounds;
Appalling havoc ! but serene his brow,
Where daylight lingers on perpetual snow;
Glitter the stars above, and all is black below.

What marvel then if many a Wanderer sigh, While roars the sullen Arve in anger by, That not for thy reward, unrivalled Vale! Waves the ripe harvest in the autumnal gale; That thou, the slave of slaves, art doomed to pine And droop, while no Italian arts are thine, To soothe or cheer, to soften or refine.

Hail Freedom! whether it was mine to stray, With shrill winds whistling round my lonely way, On the bleak sides of Cumbria's heath-clad moors, Or where dank sea-weed lashes Scotland's shores ; To scent the sweets of Piedmont's breathing rose, And orange gale that o'er Lugano blows; Still have I found, where Tyranny prevails, That virtue languishes and pleasure fails, While the remotest hamlets blessings share In thy loved presence known, and only there ;

*Rude fountains built and covered with sheds for the accommodation of the Pilgrims, in their ascent of the mountain.

Heart-blessings outward treasures too which the


Of the sun peeping through the clouds can spy,
And every passing breeze will testify.
There, to the porch, belike with jasmine bound
Or woodbine wreaths, a smoother path is wound;
The housewife there a brighter garden sees,
Where hum on busier wing her happy bees;
On infant cheeks there fresher roses blow;
And grey-haired men look up with livelier brow,—
To greet the traveller needing food and rest;
Housed for the night, or but a half-hour's guest.

And oh, fair France! though now the traveller sees
Thy three-striped banner fluctuate on the breeze;
Though martial songs have banished songs of love,
And nightingales desert the village grove,
Scared by the fife and rumbling drum's alarms,
And the short thunder, and the flash of arms;
That cease not till night falls, when far and nigh,
Sole sound, the Sourd* prolongs his mournful cry!
-Yet, hast thou found that Freedom spreads her

Beyond the cottage-hearth, the cottage-door :
All nature smiles, and owns beneath her eyes
Her fields peculiar, and peculiar skies.
Yes, as I roamed where Loiret's waters glide
Through rustling aspens heard from side to side,
When from October clouds a milder light
Fell where the blue flood rippled into white;
Methought from every cot the watchful bird
Crowed with ear-piercing power till then unheard;
Each clacking mill, that broke the murmuring

Rocked the charmed thought in more delightful


Chasing those pleasant dreams, the falling leaf
Awoke a fainter sense of moral grief;
The measured echo of the distant flail
Wound in more welcome cadence down the vale;
With more majestic course + the water rolled,
And ripening foliage shone with richer gold.
-But foes are gathering-Liberty must raise
Red on the hills her beacon's far-seen blaze;
Must bid the tocsin ring from tower to tower !—
Nearer and nearer comes the trying hour!
Rejoice, brave Land, though pride's perverted ire

*An insect so called, which emits a short, melancholy cry, heard at the close of the summer evenings, on the banks of the Loire.

The duties upon many parts of the French rivers were so exorbitant, that the poorer people, deprived of the benefit of water carriage, were obliged to transport their goods by land.

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Great God! by whom the strifes of men are

In an impartial balance, give thine aid
To the just cause; and, oh! do thou preside
Over the mighty stream now spreading wide:
So shall its waters, from the heavens supplied
In copious showers, from earth by wholesome

Brood o'er the long-parched lands with Nile-like wings!

And grant that every sceptred child of clay
Who cries presumptuous, "Here the flood shall

May in its progress see thy guiding hand,
And cease the acknowledged purpose to withstand;
Or, swept in anger from the insulted shore,
Sink with his servile bands, to rise no more!

To-night, my Friend, within this humble cot Be scorn and fear and hope alike forgot In timely sleep; and when, at break of day, On the tall peaks the glistening sunbeams play, With a light heart our course we may renew, The first whose footsteps print the mountain dew. 1791 & 1792.


Left upon a Seat in a Yew-tree, which stands near the lake of Esthwaite, on a desolate part of the shore, commanding a beautiful prospect.

NAY, Traveller! rest. This lonely Yew-tree stands
Far from all human dwelling: what if here
No sparkling rivulet spread the verdant herb!
What if the bee love not these barren boughs!
Yet, if the wind breathe soft, the curling waves,
That break against the shore, shall lull thy mind
By one soft impulse saved from vacancy.
Who he was

That piled these stones and with the mossy sod
First covered, and here taught this aged Tree
With its dark arms to form a circling bower,
I well remember.-He was one who owned

No coerman soul. In youth by science nursed,

And led by nature into a wild scene
Ofty hopes, he to the world went forth
A firstred Being, knowing no desire
When genins did not hallow; 'gainst the taint
Waschte tongues, and jealousy, and hate,
And on-against all enemies prepared,
Al bet neglect. The world, for so it thought,
Owed Lim no service; wherefore he at once
With fignation turned himself away,

And with the food of pride sustained his soul
In Gade. Stranger! these gloomy boughs
Hal charms for him; and here he loved to sit,
Etly visitants a straggling sheep,

scre-chat, or the glancing sand-piper :

And on these barren rocks, with fern and heath,
Anduper and thistle, sprinkled o'er,
Fiting his downcast eye, he many an hour
A marved pleasure nourished, tracing here
A km of his own unfruitful life:

And, Eting up his head, he then would gaze

the more distant scene,-how lovely 'tis Tura seest—and he would gaze till it became Farber, and his heart could not sustain The beauty, still more beauteous! Nor, that time, ben nature had subdued him to herself, Would he forget those Beings to whose minds War from the labours of benevolence The world, and human life, appeared a scene Lostred loveliness: then he would sigh, Listurbed, to think that others felt At be rast never feel: and so, lost Man! viscary views would fancy feed,

This eye streamed with tears. In this deep vale de, this seat his only monument.

If This be one whose heart the holy forms Og imagination have kept pure, Stranger! henceforth be warned; and know that pride,

Her disguised in its own majesty, leteness; that he who feels contempt

any Eving thing, hath faculties

be has never used; that thought with him sa e infancy. The man whose eye a vrer un himself doth look on one, Tit of Nature's works, one who might move Twi man to that scorn which wisdom holds Isawful, ever. O be wiser, Thou! Introrted that true knowledge leads to love; 1- fruity abides with him alone

the silent hour of inward thought, Castil saspect, and still revere himself, wire of heart.









Nor less than one-third of the following poem, though it has from time to time been altered in the expression, was published so far back as the year 1798, under the title of "The Female Vagrant." The extract is of such length that an apology seems to be required for reprinting it here: but it was necessary to restore it to its original position, or the rest would have been unintelligible. The whole was written before the close of the year 1794, and I will detail, rather as matter of literary biography than for any other reason, the circumstances under which it was produced.

During the latter part of the summer of 1793, having passed a month in the Isle of Wight, in view of the fleet which was then preparing for sea off Portsmouth at the commencement of the war, I left the place with melancholy forebodings. The American war was still fresh in memory. The struggle which was beginning, and which many thought would be brought to a speedy close by the irresistible arms of Great Britain being added to those of the allies, I was assured in my own mind would be of long continuance, and productive of distress and misery beyond all possible calculation. This conviction was pressed upon me by having been a witness, during a long residence in revolutionary France, of the spirit which prevailed in that country. After leaving the Isle of Wight, I spent two days in wandering on foot over Salisbury Plain, which, though cultivation was then widely spread through parts of it, had upon the whole a still more impressive appear. ance than it now retains.

The monuments and traces of antiquity, scattered in abundance over that region, led me unavoidably to compare what we know or guess of those remote times with certain aspects of modern society, and with calamities, principally those consequent upon war, to which, more than other classes of men, the poor are subject. In these reflections, joined with particular facts that had come to my knowledge, the following stanzas originated.

In conclusion, to obviate some distraction in the minds of those who are well acquainted with Salisbury Plain, it may be proper to say, that of the features described as belonging to it, one or two are taken from other desolate parts of England.

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