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Lesson 53. — This picture of early times in our national life, like an earlier, one by the same author, shows with what interest history may be invested if pleasantly written.

Lesson 54. — This anonymous poem is a beautiful example of fidelity. How does its treatment of the subject differ from that of Lesson 42 ?

Lesson 55. General Lew WALLACE (1828– ): a popular novelist. Ben Hur, from which this extract is made, is his greatest work. It will be of interest to young readers as well as older ones in that it pictures with great intensity a time of which we cannot know too much, namely, the human life of our Lord.

Lesson 56. — This selection is from Ivanhoe, previously referred to as one of Scott's great novels. See note on Lesson 21, and portrait of author (page 240). Archery belongs to an earlier time than our own. It will be of interest to consult an encyclopædia for an account of it as a mode of warfare as well as a game of skill.

Lesson 57. – OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES, M.D. (1809– ), Cambridge, Mass.: see portrait. Dr. Holmes was for a number of years a professor in the Medical School of Harvard University. In later life he has devoted all his energies to literature, and is in the foremost rank of American authors and poets. He is best known to people in general through his short poems. Old Ironsides, The One-Hoss Shay, Dorothy Q., The Last Leaf, are among the most popular.

Consult an encyclopædia for an account of the Nautilus, from the fabled story of which this beautiful lesson is drawn.

Lesson 58. — JOHN JAMES AUDUBON (1780–1851), New Orleans, La.: a celebrated naturalist. The Birds of America, his greatest work, presents more than four hundred life-size plates, which are true to nature in form and coloring. To prepare for this and his other volumes, Audubon spent a large part of his life in the forests studying the habits of birds.

Lesson 59. — What earlier lesson contains a story of Alexander? SAMUEL Taylor COLERIDGE (1772–1834), England. Though a philosopher and prose writer, Coleridge is best known to readers in general as a poet. His Christabel and The Ancient Mariner are found in every collection of English poetry. A rhythmical poem, Kubla Kahn, is an exquisite specimen of verse.

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Lesson 60. — Marco Bozzaris was a famous Greek patriot. He defended Missolonghi successfully for a long time, but fell Aug. 20, 1823. He is remembered as a hero, and called the Leonidas of modern Greece.

The author of this martial poem is Fitz-GREENE HALLECK (1795–1867). His life was passed mainly in New York with mercantile affairs. Many of his poems are well known. Alnwick Castle, Burns, Fanny, and Red Jacket may be readily found in collections.

Lesson 61. -- The author of this little description is coinmonly known as Mark Twain (SAMUEL C. CLEMENS, 1835– souri. As a facetious writer and lecturer he is widely known. Innocents Abroad, Roughing It, The Prince and Pauper, are among his published books.

Lesson 62. — WILLIAM HICKLING PRESCOTT (1796-1859), Salem, Mass. A distinguished historian. Prescott came from a family of high honor. His grandfather commanded the forces at the battle of Bunker Hill. His father was an eminent judge. The Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, The Reign of Philip 11., and The Conquest of Peru are his leading historical works.

Lesson 63. — Martin John SPAULDING (1810–1872), Kentucky. Archbishop in the Roman Catholic Church. A prominent orator and lecturer.

Lesson 64. — Paul REVERE (1735–1818). An American patriot, as the poem teaches.

HENRY W. LONGFELLOW. See Lesson 24. Other poems which should become familiar at this time are, A Psalm of Life, The Skeleton in Armor, The Building of the Ship, The Song of Hiawatha, Evangeline, and Miles Standish.

Make this lesson a special study in expression.

Lesson 65. Mrs. HARRIET BEECHER STOWE (1814– ). Mrs. Stowe is a sister of Rev. Henry Ward Beecher. She is wellknown everywhere as the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin. Distinguish in this lesson between irritability and ill-nature, and tell where they find common ground.

Lesson 66. — JOHN WILSON (1785–1854), Scotland. Under the pseudonym Christopher North, Professor Wilson wrote essays upon a great variety of subjects, which were marked by their high

literary quality and popular style. Material for class composition is suggested by this lesson.

Lesson 67. — Sir WALTER Scott's writings are so eminently useful in the formation of literary taste that more selections are here drawn from them than from any other author. An account of Scott's life and times, longer than can be given here, should be placed within the range of pupils' reading. This selection is from The Lady of the Lake, previously referred to in these pages. What is the meaning of ambuscade? See portrait.

Lesson 68. John RUSKIN (1818– ), England. Is the most gifted writer on art in the English language. His interpretation of moral truths and his descriptions of nature are unsurpassed in loftiness of style and purpose.

Lesson 69. — THOMAS HUGHES. A prominent English writer. Dr. Thomas Arnold was for many years the head-master of the celebrated Rugby School in England.

Lesson 70. — John BOYLE O'REILLY, Ireland and America (1844–1890). Editor and poet. In Bohemia is one of his best known and most characteristic poems. The


from which this lesson is taken was read at an anniversary at Plymouth, Mass.

Lesson 71. — RAPHAEL PUMPELLY (1837– ), Oswego, N.Y. Was professor of mining in Harvard University, and afterwards at the head of the U. S. Geologic and Mining Surveys. Across America and Asia and Researches in China, Mongolia, and Japan are his leading published works. In connection with this lesson selections may be read from the writings of George Kennan in past numbers of the Century Magazine.

Lesson 72. — ROBERT BURNS (1759–1796). The national poet of Scotland. His poems are mostly in the popular dialect of his country rather than in pure English. It is said that there is hardly a cottage in Scotland where a copy of Burns' poems does not find an honored place, and “scarcely a lassie who does not lighten her toils by humming snatches of his songs.” To a Mouse, Auld Lang Syne, Bonnie Doon, Bannockburn, and Tam O’Shanter are examples.

Lesson 73. — This forcible expression of scientific truth is by the author of Madame How and Lady Why, previously named. It will be interesting to trace the courses of prevailing winds upon a chart or geographical map.

Lesson 74. – EDWARD EVERETT is again represented. (See Lesson 11.) The respect of all Americans should be paid him for his zeal in securing Mount Vernon, the home of Washington. From his own personal efforts in speaking and writing he earned or raised ninety thousand dollars to purchase it for the nation.

Starland is the name of a series of lectures given to young people and afterward published in book form. If possible, it or some other book of its kind should be read.

Lesson 75. — GEORGE BANCROFT (1800–1891), Worcester, Mass. Is one of the highest rank of historians. His History of the United States, in nine volumes, is described as eloquent, philosophical, and thoroughly American.

For a language exercise make a synopsis of the leading characteristics of Washington, as here portrayed.

Lesson 76. — Josiah G. HOLLAND (1819–1881), Springfield, Mass. Author, journalist, and poet. Under the pseudonym “ Timothy Titcomb ” several very popular volumes of letters, etc., were written, full of practical instruction and advice.

Lesson 77. — Dr. John Brown (1810–1882). A Scottish writer of great sagacity and eloquence. Rab and His Friends, Marjorie Fleming, and With Brains, Sir, are well-known short extracts from his published volumes.

Lesson 78. — JOSEPH RODMAN DRAKE (1795–1820), New York. Contemporary and friend of Halleck. (See Marco Bozzaris, page 218.) Author of The Culprit Fay, a purely imaginative poem. This poem of the American flag should be made familiar for its beauty as well as for its patriotism.

Lesson 79. — HENRY GRADY, Georgia. An editor and statesman, whose zeal and enthusiasm for the advancement of what is called the “New South” made his death in 1889) an occasion of great sorrow.

Lesson 80. - ROBERT SOUTHEY (1774–1843). First poetlaureate of England. He also wrote much in prose. Poems well known to children are How the Water Comes Down at Lodore and The Battle of Blenheim.

Lesson 81. — CHAUNCEY A. GOODRICH (1790–1860), New Haven, Conn. Historian and editor.

DANIEL WEBSTER (1782–1852), New Hampshire and Massa

chusetts. Lawyer and statesman. The selection here made and the Reply to Hayne on Nullification (a two days' speech) are perhaps the best known among Webster's many eloquent orations. His oratory was unequalled in his own and is unsurpassed in later times.

John ADAMS (1736–1826), Quincy, Mass. Second president of the United States.

Lesson 82. — This noble poem by WORDSWORTH (see note on Lesson 42) should receive more than passing attention. Parts, at least, are worthy of being memorized.

Lesson 83. — Dartmouth College is the alma mater (loved mother) to which Webster refers.

Lesson 84. — Paul H. HAYNE (1830–1886), Charleston, S.C. Author, editor, and poet.

A sonnet is a poem generally of a lyrical nature, and restricted to fourteen lines, with a peculiar arrangement of rhymes.

Milton's On his Blindness, many of Shakespeare's, Mrs. Browning's, and Wordsworth's sonnets are of rare beauty.

Lesson 85. — LAURENCE STERNE (1713-1768). One of the greatest English humorists. Tristram Shandy is his most valued work. The standards have changed so greatly that humorous and satirical writers of that time are seldom read as a whole now.

Lesson 86. — WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT (1794–1878), Massachusetts and New York. For nearly fifty years the editor of the New York Post, but most eminent as a poet. In a volume of Bryant's poems a great variety of tastes will be met, and a great variety of subjects treated. See portrait.

Lesson 87. — THOMAS BABINGTON MACAULAY (1800–1859). See portrait and note on lesson.

Lesson 88. — GEORGE GORDON (Lord) BYRON (1788–1824), London. A celebrated English poet. Childe Harold and Don Juan are among his longer poems, and are remarkable for the originality and beauty of their diction. This lesson should be used for rhetorical training.

Lesson 89. — The name of EDMUND BURKE (1729–1797) is one of the greatest in English political literature.

Warren Hastings was Governor-General of India. His administration was at various times acknowledged to be satisfactory, and he was received with great distinction by George III. and his

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