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prophecy was the Divine preparation for our Saviour's advent, so some knowledge of that wonderful system and of the Levitical sacrifices and ordinances would seem to be essential for a right understanding of His various offices; nor is there (I am persuaded) any reason why Christians at an early period of life, or with very limited opportunity of study, should not intelligently apprehend the meaning of those events and ceremonies which aré parables of Christian truth.

The minuteness and continuity of the types by which our Lord and His Church were prefigured, convey to the student's mind a conviction of the inspiration of the older Scriptures, which enables him to cast off the sceptical doubts so commonly suggested; and the object of the present volume is to assist those who are responsible for the religious instruction of their households, in teaching their children and their servants the affecting lessons, and sublime mysteries



which are completely veiled to so many when they read the Old Testament.

In preparing these expositions, I have done little but gather the thoughts of others; and as in Readings on Genesis (to which this volume is a sequel), I have made use of many reflections, and frequently of whole passages, in the commentaries of Matthew Henry and in this volume more especially) the present Bishop of Lincoln.


ASHINGTON RECTORY, Purification of St. Mary the Virgin, 1876.




Exodus, i. 1-14.

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i Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt : every man and his household came with Jacob.

2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah,
3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin,
4 Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher.

5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already.

6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.

7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.

8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph.

9 And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we.

10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them ; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out

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any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.

11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure-cities, Pithom and Raamses.

12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel.

13 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour :

14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in mortar, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field : all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.

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THE second book in the Bible is one of the five books written by Moses, which (when spoken of in one word) are sometimes called the Law ;' and sometimes the Pentateuch,' which signifies five books.' You will see the word 'pente' (which means 'five') in the word Pentecost,' which properly means 'fiftieth.'

The word 'Exodus' means 'coming out;' and this name is given to the second of the books written by Moses, because it gives an account of the deliverance of the children of Israel (or their 'out-coming ') from their bondage in the land of Egypt.

The book opens with the names of the sons of Jacob, and a second statement of the number of persons who came into Egypt, namely, seventy. God had promised Abraham that his seed should

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